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Henry Phillips (horticulturist)

Henry Phillips was a botanist, horticultural writer and landscape gardener from the seaside resort of Brighton in England. After spending time as a banker and teacher in London and Sussex, he came to national attention for his botanical articles and books, was renowned for his landscape gardening work in Brighton during its period of rapid growth. In the 1820s he became involved in several major schemes in the town and neighbouring Hove, encompassing gardens and similar, his grandiose Anthaeum project, an elaborate indoor botanical garden topped by "the largest dome in the world", ended in disaster when the structure spectacularly collapsed just before its official opening. Phillips was born in around 1779 in the West Sussex village of Henfield; the first 40 years of his life were spent in London and Sussex: he worked for a bank in Worthing and lived in the town moved to Brighton with his wife, Elizabeth Willmer who he had married on the 18 December 1800 at Petworth. In 1815 they moved to the Bayswater area of London, where Phillips opened "an academy for young gentlemen" and taught there.

He and his wife lived at Bedford Square on the seafront. They moved to nearby Regent Place. During his time in Worthing and London, Phillips developed a strong interest in botany and landscape gardening. By the 1820s, he was both locally and nationally known for his landscape gardening work and his writing, he gave botanical lectures in Brighton, his first book, Pomarium Britannicum, was published in 1820, he wrote several others in the 1820s. He joined The Royal Horticultural Society and, in 1825, the Linnean Society of London. In 1824 when painter John Constable came to Brighton on one of his regular visits to help improve his wife's ill health, he met Phillips and they became friends. In early 1831, the Brighton Herald newspaper stated that Phillips was due to sail on 1 February of that year to Caracas, where he would be appointed as the official botanist of Simón Bolívar's estate. Whether he did travel to South America or not is unknown, but Bolívar had died in December 1830. Around the same time, Phillips is believed to have designed the conservatory at Edward Cross's Surrey Zoological Gardens, which opened in 1831.

On the 27 January the Sussex Advertiser reported that Mr Henry Phillips, senior, of Brighton one of the most active supporters of the Anthaeum is now confined to Horsham Goal, "the fall of that noble structure is understood to have caused the pecuniary difficulties which led to his imprisonment. He is thus deprived of the means of supporting Mrs Phillips, those of his family, who are dependent on him. Henry had children: Marmaduke, Mary Cobden and Edgar, his surviving children were William, Daintry and the teacher and author Montagu Lyon. On the 13 May 1839 the Sussex Advertiser reported a melancholy event, the inquest on Mr Henry Phillips, junior of 26, Russell Square, who had taken his own life. Phillips died at 26 Russell Square, Brighton, on 8 March 1840 at the age of 61, he was suffering from enteritis. The 1851 census for 26, Russel Square, Brighton lists Elizabeth Phillips, aged 71 and brothers Daintry Phillips and Barclay Phillips. In 1852 Barclay Phillips married Alethea Burton and had issue Barclay Willmer Phillips and Ernest Willmer Phillips.

Henry Phillips' reputation as a landscape gardener brought him much work in the Brighton and Hove area. Together with local architect Amon Henry Wilds he designed The Level, a triangular area of former common land between the Ditchling and Lewes Roads, it was owned by Thomas Read Kemp until he donated it to the people of Brighton in 1822. It became a popular venue for games and similar public events. In 1823, he produced a proposed layout for the gardens on the Kemp Town estate, a high-class speculative residential development being built east of Brighton by Thomas Read Kemp; this scheme was not implemented, Read Kemp decided to put iron railings round the open space instead. Five years though, Phillips' revised scheme was put in place; the Kemp Town Enclosures, as the gardens became known, covered 15 acres and had paths around the edges surrounded by informally laid out flowers and small shrubs which were planted on small mounds to protect them from the windy weather on the exposed clifftop.

Planting began early in 1828: the Brighton Herald of 8 February 1828 reported that "the plants possess great novelty and beauty of style... 20,000 plants have been selected to embellish the grounds". The Brighton Guardian stated that "from the size and beauty of the trees, we should have taken it for a grove of seven years' standing, rather than... a few weeks only". Phillips charged Read Kemp £371.10s.8d, paid when he went to the first meeting of the Kemp Town Enclosures Management Committee on 3 June 1828. The original layout consisted of three linked sections, one of which featured a "rustic wooden summer-house", used until 1935 when it became too dilapidated to keep; the flowerbed which surrounded it was removed at the same time in favour of grass. Another unexecuted scheme for Thomas Read Kemp was an extravagant plan to develop the empty downland between Read Kemp's house in the embryonic Montpelier suburb and the completed Bedford Square with large villas surrounding an informally pl

1992 PBA Third Conference

The 1992 Philippine Basketball Association Third Conference was the third and last conference of the 1992 PBA season. It started in September 20 and ended on December 13, 1992; the tournament is an Import-laden format, which requires an import or a pure-foreign player for each team. The following format will be observed for the duration of the conference: The teams were divided into 2 groups. Teams in a group will against teams in the other group twice. Ties are broken among point differentials of the tied teams. Standings will be determined in one league table; the top five teams after the eliminations will advance to the semifinals. Semifinals will be two round robin affairs with the remaining teams. Results from the elimination round will be carried over. A playoff incentive for a finals berth will be given to the team that will win at least five of their eight semifinal games; the top two teams will face each other in a best-of-seven championship series. The next two teams will qualify for a best-of-five playoff for third place.

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2011 Pac-12 Football Championship Game

The 2011 Pac-12 Football Championship Game was played on Friday, December 2, 2011 at Autzen Stadium in Eugene, Oregon to determine the 2011 football champion of the Pac-12 Conference. The game featured the UCLA Bruins of the South Division against the Oregon Ducks of the North Division, it was the first football conference championship for the Pac-12 Conference, or any of its predecessors. The game took place at Oregon's Autzen Stadium, as the Ducks' conference record of 8–1 was better than UCLA's record of 5–4; the Ducks defeated the Bruins 49-31, would earn a berth in the 2012 Rose Bowl. At the Rose Bowl Game, the Ducks defeated the Wisconsin Badgers 45–38 for the Rose Bowl Championship trophy. UCLA was named South Division Champions and earned a berth in the game though it only had the second best record in the South Division. Both Oregon and Stanford finished with identical 8-1 conference records in the North Division; the three-hour-27-minute game started at 5:20 p.m. PST/6:20 p.m. MST and televised by Fox Sports.

Oregon running back LaMichael James was the game MVP. On November 28, 2011, UCLA Coach Rick Neuheisel was fired, but he was allowed to coach in the Championship game. UCLA received the ball to start the game, but running back Johnathan Franklin fumbled on the game's second play to allow Oregon to score first on a 30-yard by LaMichael James. UCLA forced a fumble on a reception by Oregon running back De'Anthony Thomas, but were unable to capitalize on it. However, quarterback Darron Thomas threw an interception, returned by linebacker Patrick Larimore for a 35-yard score; the Ducks came right back to score on a 10-yard run by Darron Thomas and took advantage of Franklin's second fumble late in the quarter to score on a 7-yard reception by tight end Colt Lyerla. The Bruins opened the second quarter with a 37-yard strike from Kevin Prince to receiver Nelson Rosario for their second touchdown of the game; the Ducks however added to their lead with a 3-yard touchdown run by James and a 25-yard reception by receiver Daryle Hawkins, set up by a fumble UCLA running back Derrick Coleman.

With 11 seconds left in the half UCLA was able to drive downfield and make a 44-yard field goal to trail Oregon 35-17. The first points of the second half were scored by Prince with a 1-yard run. However, the Ducks continued to pull away, scoring on a 5-yard run by James and a 22-yard touchdown reception by tight end David Paulson on back to back possessions. Prince was knocked out of the game during the second series of the quarter and was replaced by Richard Brehaut; however Brehaut threw an interception for the Bruins' fourth turnover of the game. Prince returned to lead the Bruins on the longest scoring drive of the game, which culminated in a 19-yard touchdown reception to Rosario for the game's final score. Oregon set several marks during the game: Running back LaMichael James became the first player in conference history to rush for 1,500 or more yards three times in a career, he tied LenDale White with second-most career rushing touchdowns in conference history at 52. Quarterback Darron Thomas set a school record for career touchdown passes with 63.

He became the first player in program history to throw for 30 touchdowns in two seasons. The game marked the 82nd consecutive sellout for an Oregon football game at Autzen Stadium, going back to 1999. List of Pac-12 Conference football champions

12th Academy Awards

The 12th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, honored the best in film for 1939. The ceremony was held on February 29, 1940, at a banquet in the Coconut Grove at The Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, it was hosted by Bob Hope. David O. Selznick's production Gone with the Wind received the most nominations of the year with thirteen. Other films receiving multiple nominations included: Mr. Smith Goes to Washington; this was the first year in which an Academy Award was awarded in the category of special effects, the first time that two awards for cinematography were presented. This event marked the first time that more than one film had received ten or more Oscar nominations. Hattie McDaniel became the first African-American to receive an Academy Award, winning in the Best Supporting Actress category for Gone with the Wind. AMPAS presented Academy Awards of Merit in twenty categories. Nominees for each award are listed below. Academy Honorary Awards were presented to: Douglas Fairbanks "recognizing the unique and outstanding contribution of Douglas Fairbanks, first President of the Academy, to the international development of the motion picture".

Motion Picture Relief Fund "acknowledging the outstanding services to the industry during the past year of the Motion Picture Relief Fund and its progressive leadership". Presented to Jean Hersholt, President. William Cameron Menzies "for outstanding achievement in the use of color for the enhancement of dramatic mood in the production of Gone with the Wind"; the Technicolor Company "for its contributions in bringing three-color feature production to the screen". The Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award was presented to David O. Selznick; the Academy Juvenile Award was presented to Judy Garland for The Wizard of Oz. Prior to the announcement of nominations, Mr. Smith Goes to Washington and Gone with the Wind were the two films most tipped to receive a significant number of nominations. Mr. Smith Goes to Washington premiered in Washington with a premier party hosted by the National Press Club who found themselves portrayed unfavourably in the film. S. Senate. Joseph P. Kennedy, the U. S. Ambassador to Britain urged President Franklin D. Roosevelt and the studio head Harry Cohn to cease showing the film overseas because "it will cause our allies to view us in an unfavourable light".

Among those who campaigned in favour of the film were Hedda Hopper who declared it "as great as Lincoln's Gettysburg speech", while Sheilah Graham called it the "best talking picture made". Screen Book magazine stated that it "should win every Academy Award". Frank Capra, the director, James Stewart, the film's star were considered front runners to win awards. Gone with the Wind premiered in December 1939 with a Gallup poll taken shortly before its release concluding that 56.5 million people intended to see the film. The New York Film Critics Award was given to Wuthering Heights after thirteen rounds of balloting had left the voters deadlocked between Mr. Smith Goes to Washington and Gone with the Wind; the press were divided in their support for the nominated actors. Time magazine favoured Vivien Leigh and used her portrait for their Christmas 1939 edition, The Hollywood Reporter predicted a possible win by Leigh and Laurence Olivier with the comment that they "are, for the moment, just about the most sacred of all Hollywood's sacred cows".

West Coast newspapers in Los Angeles, predicted Bette Davis would win for Dark Victory. Observing that Davis had achieved four box office successes during the year, one paper wrote, "Hollywood will stick by its favourite home-town girl, Bette Davis". Capra was the incumbent President of the Academy, in a first for Academy Awards ceremonies, sold the rights for the event to be filmed. Warner Bros. obtained the rights, for $30,000 to film the banquet and the presentation of the awards, to use as a short, it was shot by the cinematographer Charles Rosher. Variety noted the stars in attendance were conscious of being filmed at the event for the first time and the event was marked by glamour with fashion-conscious actresses wearing the best of gowns and jewellery; the Los Angeles Times printed a accurate list of winners, despite a promise to withhold the results of the voting, so many of the nominees learned before arriving at the ceremony who had won. Among these were Clark Gable and Bette Davis.

Following the banquet, Capra opened proceedings at 11pm with a short speech before introducing Bob Hope who made his first appearance as host of the awards. Looking at a table laden with awards awaiting presentation, he quipped, "I feel like I'm in Bette Davis' living room". Mickey Rooney presented an Academy Juvenile Award to Judy Garland, who performed Over the Rainbow, a "Best Song" nominee from The Wizard of Oz; as the evening progressed, Gone with the Wind won the majority of awards, Bob Hope remarked to David O. Selznick, "David, you should have brought roller skates". Making a speech, Selznick paused to extend praise and gratitude to Olivia de Havilland, a "Best Supporting Actress" nominee, made it clear in his speech he knew she

Vivienne Westwood

Dame Vivienne Isabel Westwood is a British fashion designer and businesswoman responsible for bringing modern punk and new wave fashions into the mainstream. Westwood came to public notice when she made clothes for Malcolm McLaren's boutique in the King's Road, which became known as "SEX", it was their ability to synthesise clothing and music that shaped the 1970s UK punk scene, dominated by McLaren's band, the Sex Pistols. She was inspired by the shock-value of punk—"seeing if one could put a spoke in the system". Westwood went on to open four shops in London expanding throughout the United Kingdom and the world, selling an varied range of merchandise, some of it linked to her many political causes such as the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, climate change and civil rights groups. Westwood was born in the village of Tintwistle, Cheshire, on 8 April 1941, the daughter of Gordon Swire and Dora Swire, who had married two years two weeks after the outbreak of World War II. At the time of Vivienne's birth, her father was employed as a storekeeper in an aircraft factory.

In 1958, her family moved to Harrow, Westwood took a jewellery and silversmith course at the University of Westminster known as the Harrow Art School, but left after one term, saying: "I didn't know how a working-class girl like me could make a living in the art world". After taking up a job in a factory and studying at a teacher-training college, she became a primary school teacher. During this period, she created her own jewellery. While she continued teaching and making jewellery, this led to her discovering design when she met Malcolm McLaren who became a major inspiration to her designs in punk fashion. In 1962, she met a Hoover factory apprentice, in Harrow, they married on 21 July 1962. In 1963, she gave birth to Benjamin Westwood. Once she met Malcolm McLaren, it meant the end of Westwood's marriage to Derek. Westwood and McLaren moved to a council flat in Clapham, while living there, they had a son together in 1967, Joseph Corré. Westwood continued to teach until 1971. McLaren became manager of the punk band the Sex Pistols and subsequently the two garnered attention as the band wore Westwood's and McLaren's designs.

Westwood was one of the architects of the punk fashion phenomenon of the 1970s, saying "I was messianic about punk, seeing if one could put a spoke in the system in some way". The store that she co-managed with McLaren, SEX, was a meeting ground for early members of the London punk scene. Westwood inspired the style of punk icons, such as Viv Albertine, who wrote in her memoir, "Vivienne and Malcolm use clothes to shock and provoke a reaction but to inspire change. Mohair jumpers, knitted on big needles, so loosely that you can see all the way through them, T-shirts slashed and written on by hand and labels on the outside, showing the construction of the piece. It's OK to not be perfect, to show the workings of your life and your mind in your songs and your clothes." Westwood was the designer who let her clothes speak for themselves, as independent designs and as her own statements of culture. This idea that she uses her clothing as a statement of her own is a motif consistent throughout her time as a designer.

Although this is a factor as to why she was ridiculed as a designer, it was such a strong proclamation to his and her designs that she remained this way within her collections. This idea was attributed to her past collaborations with Gary Ness, who assisted Westwood throughout her designing with inspirations and titles for her collections. McLaren and Westwood's first fashion collection to be shown to press and potential international buyers was Pirate. Subsequently, the partnership of McLaren and Westwood -, underlined by the fact that both their names appeared on all labelling - showed collections in Paris and London with the thematic titles Savages, Buffalo/Nostalgia Of Mud, Punkature and Worlds End 1984. After the partnership with McLaren was dissolved, Westwood showed one more collection featuring the Worlds End label: "Clint Eastwood", she dubbed the period 1981-85 "New Romantic" and 1988–91 as "The Pagan Years" during which "Vivienne's heroes changed from punks and ragamuffins to'Tatler' girls wearing clothes that parodied the upper class".

From 1985-87, Westwood took inspiration from the ballet Petrushka to design the mini-crini, an abbreviated version of the Victorian crinoline. Its mini-length, bouffant silhouette inspired the puffball skirts presented by more established designers such as Christian Lacroix; the mini-crini was described in 1989 as a combination of two conflicting ideals - the crinoline, representing a "mythology of restriction and encumbrance in woman's dress", the miniskirt, representing an "equally dubious mythology of liberation". In 2007, Westwood was called upon to design an academic gown of a prestigious academic institution, she was approached by Patricia Rawlings, Baroness Rawlings Chairperson of King's College London after King's petitioned the Privy Council for its own right to award degree-awarding powers in its own right. In 2008, the Westwood-designed academic dresses for King's College London have been unveiled. On the gowns, Westwood commented: "Through my reworking of the traditional robe I tried to link the past, the present and the future.

We are what we kn

Vattiyoorkavu (State Assembly constituency)

Vattiyoorkavu State assembly constituency is one of the 140 state legislative assembly constituencies in Kerala. It is one of the 7 state legislative assembly constituencies included in the Thiruvananthapuram Lok Sabha constituency. Vattiyoorkavu Legislative Assembly Constituency is composed of the following local self governed segments: The following list contains all members of Kerala legislative assembly who have represented Vattiyoorkavu Legislative Assembly Constituency during the period of various assemblies:Key INC CPI * Bypoll Percentage change denotes the change in the number of votes from the immediate previous election. Due to the election of the sitting MLA K. Muraleedharan as the MP from Vatakara, Vattiyoorkavu Constituency went to bypoll in 2019. There were 1,97,570 registered voters in Vattiyoorkavu Constituency for this election. V K Prashanth Won by 14465 votes during the election conducted in October 2019. There were 1,95,239 registered voters in Vattiyoorkavu Constituency for the 2016 Kerala legislative assembly Election.

Vattiyoorkavu Thiruvananthapuram district List of constituencies of the Kerala Legislative Assembly 2016 Kerala Legislative Assembly election 2019 Kerala Legislative Assembly by-elections