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Heraion of Samos

The Heraion of Samos was a large sanctuary to the goddess Hera, on the island of Samos, Greece, 6 km southwest of the ancient city of Samos, in the low, marshy basin of the Imbrasos river, near where it enters the sea. The late Archaic temple in the sanctuary was the first of the gigantic free-standing Ionic temples, but its predecessors at this site reached back to the Geometric Period of the 8th century BC, or earlier; the site of temple's ruins, with its sole standing column, was designated a joint UNESCO World Heritage Site, along with the nearby Pythagoreion in 1992. The core myth at the heart of the cult of Hera at Samos is that of her birth. According to the local tradition, the goddess was born under a lygos tree. At the annual Samian festival called the Toneia, the "binding", the cult image of Hera was ceremonially bound with lygos branches, before being carried down to the sea to be washed; the tree still featured on the coinage of Samos in Roman times and Pausanias mentions that the tree still stood in the sanctuary.

Little information about the temple is preserved in literary sources. The most important source is Herodotus, who refers to the sanctuary's temple calling it "the largest of all the temples that we know of." He includes it among the three great engineering feats of Samos, along with the Tunnel of Eupalinos and the harbour mole at Pythagoreio. Otherwise, most of the sources are scattered references in works written long after the heyday of the sanctuary. Pausanias, whose Periegesis of Greece is our key source for most of the major sites of mainland Greece, did not visit Samos. Archaeological evidence shows that the area was the site of a settlement in the Early Bronze Age and cult activity at the site of the altar may have begun in late Mycenaean period; the first temple of Hera was constructed in the eighth century BC. The peak period of prosperity in the sanctuary began in the late seventh century with the first phase of monumental building, which saw the construction of the Hekatompedos II temple, the south stoa, two colossal kouroi, the Sacred Way, which linked the sanctuary to the city of Samos by land.

In the second quarter of the sixth century BC, there was a second greater phase of monumentalisation, with construction of the monumental altar, the North and South Buildings, the Rhoikos Temple. This was followed by a third phase of monumentalisation which saw the North Building expanded and the beginning of work on a third larger temple to replace the Rhoikos Temple; this peak period coincides with the period when Samos was a major power in the Aegean, culminating in the reign of the tyrant Polycrates. In the Classical period, Samos came under Athenian domination and activity in the sanctuary completely ceases. A revival of activity took place in the Hellenistic period. Worship of Hera ceased in AD 391. A Christian church was built on the site of in the fifth century AD and the site was used as a quarry throughout the Byzantine period. Throughout the sanctuary's thousand-year history, its hub was the altar of Hera and the successive temples opposite it, but it contained several other temples, numerous treasuries, stoas, a sacred way, countless honorific statues and other votive offerings.

The Sacred Way was a road running from the city of Samos to the sanctuary, first laid out around 600 BC. Where the Sacred Way crossed the Imbrasos river, a large earthen dam was built to support the road and reroute the river; the sanctuary had been reached by sea and the main entrance was on the southeastern side, near the coast, but the construction of the Sacred Way led to a reorientation of the sanctuary, with the main entrance now being on the northern side of the temenos. The Sacred Way played a central role in religious processions and its prominence is shown by the numerous votive offerings which lined its route and the fact that many of the sanctuary's structures share its alignment, it was repaved in the third century AD with the costly stone slabs. There were a succession of monumental temples built on the same site to the west of the altar. From archaeological excavation many construction phases are known, identified in part through fragments of roof tiles; the first temple, the Hekatompedos or hundred-foot temple marks the first monumental construction on the site, in the eighth century BC.

This was a long, narrow building made of mudbrick, with a line of columns running down the centre to support the roof structure. It was rebuilt in the late seventh century, at the same time as the construction of the Sacred Way and the South Stoa; this second form is known as Hekatompedos and was 33 metres long. The walls were built of limestone rather than mudbrick. There were two rows of interior columns along the side walls, meaning that there was a clear view along the central axis from the entrance to the cult statue. There may have been a colonnaded porch at the east end to mark the entranceway and a peripteral colonnade running around the outside, but this is not certain. A much larger temple was built by the architects Rhoikos and Theodoros and is known as the Rhoikos temple, it was about 100 metres long and 50 metres wide. At the front there was a deep roofed pronaos with a square floor plan, in front of a closed cella. Cella and pronaos were divided into three equal aisles by two rows of columns that marched down the pronaos and through the temple.

A peripteral colonnade surrounded the temple, two rows deep. There were twenty-one columns on each long side, ten columns along the back side, eight along


Homeboykris was a racehorse bred in Maryland in the United States. A son of Roman Ruler, he was purchased by a group headed by restaurateur Louis Lazzinnaro that included Major League Baseball executive and manager Joe Torre and turned over to Richard Dutrow Jr. for training. Lazzinnaro purchased Homeboykris from Brenda Tabraue after he broke his maiden at Calder Race Course. Dutrow is known for conditioning the Dual Classic winner Big Brown. Homeboykris was one of three winners from as many starters out of stakes-place winner One Last Salute, by Salutely, his sire was a son of Mr. Prospector. Homeboykris' most important win was the 2009 Grade I Champagne Stakes, which he won by 1 1/2 lengths over Discreetly Mine. Homeboykris died May 21, 2016, while returning to his barn after winning the first race of the day during the 2016 Preakness Stakes card. According to ESPN, the cause of death may have been from cardiovascular complications, it was his 14th win in 63 career starts. Homeboykris was the first of two horses.

The second horse, four year-old filly Pramedya, fractured her front left leg in the final turn of the fourth race. She was euthanized on the track. Pramedya's owners owned 2006 Kentucky Derby winner Barbaro

Limonka (newspaper)

Limonka - newspaper of direct action is a Moscow-based newspaper. Limonka is the official organ of the National Bolshevik Party; the name is a play of words on the party's founder surname Limonov and idiomatic Russian for grenade. Limonka was founded by Eduard Limonov and it was first published in 1994. On July 26, 2002 it was banned by The Khamovnichesky Court of Moscow for "promoting extremism and calling on overthrowing the constitutional order". Federal Agency on Press accused the newspaper of abuse of freedom of the press and violation of Article 4 of the Law "On Mass Media", pointing out that the publications in Limonka are aimed at inciting of social intolerance and discord and contain calls for the forcible seizure of power and propaganda of war. Oleg Mironov, Ombudsman in Russia, in his report for 2002, substantiated the liquidation of the newspapers Limonka and Russian Host as "a series of steps to curb the propaganda of ethnic hatred". Since Limonka was printed under title General Line.

After banned of the newspaper General Line in 2006, Limonka was published as On the edge, for a 2007 as Trudodni. Number 319 for July, 2007 came out under the logo of Other Russia. In all cases the title Limonka was printed in large letters under new titles in a smaller font, along with the note that the paper hasn't come out since September 20, 2002. Starting from the number 327 the newspaper cased printing paper version and began to spread in the network in the form of pdf files. Limonka is stylized into punk zine; the newspaper contains articles on counterculture and "acute" social issues. The newspaper publishes reports from street protests and direct actions. Поколение Лимонки, Ultra. Kultura, 2005 - book of short stories by a young Russian authors published in Limonka Окопная правда Чеченской войны, Yauza-Press, Moscow, 2007 - collection of articles about War in Chechnya that were published in the newspaper Limonka Лимонка в тюрьму, Moscow, 2012 - memories of national-bolsheviks - political prisoners Eduard Limonov - founder and editor Sergei Aksenov Aleksandr Averin Andrei Dmitriev Aleksandr Dugin Vladimir Linderman Natalya Medvedeva Zakhar Prilepin Aleksandr Lebedev-Frontov - graphic layout Oleg Kashin Roman Konoplev Misha Verbitsky Freedom of the press in the Russian Federation National Bolshevism Fabrizio Fenghi, Making post-Soviet counterpublics: the aesthetics of Limonka and the National-Bolshevik Party Limonka's official website Limonka archive Limonka – poetry National Bolshevik Party

Jonas Poole

Jonas Poole was an early 17th-century English explorer and sealer, was significant in the history of whaling. He served aboard vessels sent by the Muscovy Company on sealing voyages to Bear Island in 1604, 1605, 1606, 1608, 1609. In 1607 he was among the sailors sent to the New World to establish Jamestown, in particular being one of the two dozen colonists led by Captain Christopher Newport that explored the upper James River in a pinnace as far as the falls near present-day Richmond, Virginia in late May of that year. In 1606 he was given command of a 20-ton pinnace. In 1608 he piloted the ship Paul, in 1609 he was master of the ship Lioness. In 1610 Poole was again sent to Bear Island to hunt walrus, as well as search for a passage towards the North Pole, he was given command of the 70-ton Amity, with a crew of a boy. He bypassed Bear Island altogether. While Barentsz had only spent a few weeks exploring Spitsbergen and Hudson less than a month, Poole spent nearly three months exploring the west coast and hunting walrus, polar bear, reindeer there.

On 6 May he came within sight of a mountain on the south coast of Spitsbergen, which he named Muscovy Company’s Mount. He sent a skiff into a small fjord, they returned with a piece of reindeer horn, resulting in Poole giving the fjord the name Horn Sound. During this voyage, he named Ice Point, Bell Point, Bell Sound, Point Partition, Low Sound, Ice Sound, Green Harbour, Osborne Inlet, Black Point, Black Point Isle, Foul Sound, Cape Cold, Fair Foreland, Deer Sound, Close Cove, Cross Road, Fairhaven. Poole obtained "fins" and blubber from Bowhead whales that had stranded along the coast, but did not attempt to catch any of the "great store of whales" he saw in these waters, "for the Basques were the only people who understood whaling." His report of the number of whales found around Spitsbergen led the Muscovy Company to send two ships there the following year, 1611. One, the 60-ton bark Elizabeth, was sent to accompany the 150-ton Mary Margaret, under Stephen Bennet, on a whaling expedition to the island.

Poole was sent as master of the Elizabeth, was to pilot both vessels. Aboard the Mary Margaret was Thomas Edge, to be in charge of the cargoes of both vessels. Among the crew were six expert Basque whalemen from Saint-Jean-de-Luz; the expedition left Blackwall in April, but in 65° N the two ships were separated by "contrary winds and foul weather." They found each other again in mid-May, sailing together to Cross Road, where they anchored in late May. The Mary Margaret spent the month of June hunting whales and walruses, while Poole explored to the southwest, searching for Henry Hudson's elusive Hold with Hope. After sighting this land around 74°, he sailed northward for Bear Island, where he anchored on 29 June. In late July, while riding at anchor on the north side of the island, Poole came into contact with three sailors sent by Edge and Bennet, they related to him the loss of the Mary Margaret in Foul Sound, driven ashore by ice. He was told that there were thirty men who had landed on the south side of the island in three boats, while two other boats carrying nine men had parted company with them off Horn Sound.

Poole sailed to the south side of the island, picked up the men, sailed north to Spitsbergen. Coming to Foul Sound he found the Mary Margaret's other men, carried there by an interloper from Hull, the Hopewell, under Thomas Marmaduke. Here, on 7 August, while transferring the cargo of the stricken Mary Margaret, the Elizabeth, not having enough in her hold to ballast herself, was capsized, nearly taking Poole with her. Poole was in the hold when the accident occurred, twice while trying to climb through the hatches barrels of beer and "diverse other things" knocked him down. By "swimming and crawling" he was able to get out of the bark and to the surface where a boat rescued him. Poole said his "head broke to the skull, my brow that one might see the bare bones, by mine ear I had a sore wound the ribs on my right side were all broken and sore bruised, the collar bone of my left shoulder is broken, besides my back was so sore, that I could not suffer any man to touch it."Climbing into three boats, the men rowed to the Hopewell, asking Marmaduke for help, but he refused arming his men with pikes and lances to keep Poole and his men from boarding.

Edge and other men convinced Marmaduke to carry them home, but only after agreeing to pay him. In 1612 Jonas Poole again sailed to Spitsbergen on a whaling expedition. Two ships were sent, the 160-ton Whale, under John Russell, the 180-ton Sea Horse, under Thomas Edge. Poole served aboard the latter as pilot; the expedition left in early April. On 25 May they came into Foul Sound; the next day two ships came into the sound. One was a ship sent from Holland; the other was an interloper from England, the Diana, of London, under Thomas Bustion of Wapping Wall. Both sailed away the following day. In early June Poole met with another interloper, the Hopewell of Hull, again under Thomas Marmaduke, which may have been fitted out this year to hunt for whales. By early June the Basque whalemen—probably recruited from St. Jean de Luz—had caught several

Benedetto de Pradosso

Benedetto de Pradosso was a Roman Catholic prelate who served as Bishop of Ravello and Bishop of Capri. On 10 December 1398, Benedetto de Pradosso was appointed during the papacy of Pope Martin V as Bishop of Capri. On 16 February 1418, he was appointed during the papacy of Pope Eugene IV as Bishop of Ravello, he served as Bishop of Ravello until his death in 1432. While bishop, he was the principal consecrator of Angelo Marcuzzi, Bishop of Telese o Cerreto Sannita. Cheney, David M. "Diocese of Capri". Retrieved June 16, 2018. Chow, Gabriel. "Titular Episcopal See of Capri". Retrieved June 16, 2018. Cheney, David M. "Diocese of Ravello e Scala". Retrieved January 4, 2019. Chow, Gabriel. "Titular Episcopal See of Ravello". Retrieved January 4, 2019

Sky at Night (album)

Sky at Night is the fifth studio album by English rock band I Am Kloot. The album was produced by Guy Garvey and Craig Potter of the band Elbow and was released on 5 July 2010. Since 2 July 2010, the whole album has been streamed for free on the website. On 20 July 2010, the album made the shortlist for the 2010 Mercury Music Prize. On 15 November 2010, it was announced that Sky at Night has received the German Record Critics' Award in the "Pop and Rock" category; the track listing for the album is. The line "we've got all the bullets, but there's no-one left to shoot" comes from "Oblivious" – a song by Aztec Camera; the Japanese edition of Sky at Night includes additional track called "Black & Blue". The original version of this song appeared on You, Me and the Alarm Clock – a solo album by John Bramwell known as Johnny Dangerously. Source: I Am Kloot: John Harold Arnold Bramwell Andy Hargreaves Peter Jobsonadditional musicians: Prabjote Osahn – violin – tracks 1, 2 & 3 Stella Page – viola – tracks 1, 2 & 3 Margit van der Zwancello – tracks 1, 2 & 3 Marie Leenhardt – harp – tracks 5 & 6 Tony Gilfellon – guitar – track 2 Bob Marsh – trumpet – tracks 2 & 10 Peter McPhail – saxophone & flute – tracks 4, 9 & 10 Colin McLeod – piano – track 10 Norman McLeodpedal steel guitar – track 10others: Guy Garvey – string arrangements Guy Garvey & Craig Potter – production Craig Potter – mixing Tim Youngmastering Colin McLeod – additional production & engineering – track 10 Seadna McPhail – additional engineering – tracks 1, 3, 4, 6, 8 & 10 Gerald Jenkins – band photography Paul Brownless – design