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Hernando de Soto

Hernando de Soto was a Spanish explorer and conquistador, involved in expeditions in Nicaragua and the Yucatan Peninsula, played an important role in Pizarro's conquest of the Inca Empire in Peru, but is best known for leading the first Spanish and European expedition deep into the territory of the modern-day United States. He is the first European documented as having crossed the Mississippi River. De Soto's North American expedition was a vast undertaking, it ranged throughout what is now the southeastern United States, both searching for gold, reported by various Native American tribes and earlier coastal explorers, for a passage to China or the Pacific coast. De Soto died in 1542 on the banks of the Mississippi River. Hernando de Soto was born in Extremadura, Spain, to parents who were both hidalgos, nobility of modest means; the region was poor and many people struggled to survive. He was born in the current province of Badajoz. Three towns—Badajoz and Jerez de los Caballeros—claim to be his birthplace.

He spent time as a child at each place. He stipulated in his will that his body be interred at Jerez de los Caballeros, where other members of his family were buried. A few years before his birth, the Spanish took back control of the Iberian peninsula from Islamic forces. Spain and Portugal were filled with young men seeking a chance for military fame after the defeat of the Moors. With discovery of new lands across the ocean to the west, young men were attracted to rumors of adventure and wealth. De Soto sailed to the New World with Pedrarias Dávila, appointed as the first Governor of Panama. In 1520 he participated in Gaspar de Espinosa's expedition to Veragua, in 1524, he participated in the conquest of Nicaragua under Francisco Hernández de Córdoba. There he acquired a public office in León, Nicaragua. Brave leadership, unwavering loyalty, ruthless schemes for the extortion of native villages for their captured chiefs became de Soto's hallmarks during the conquest of Central America, he gained fame as an excellent horseman and tactician.

During that time, de Soto was influenced by the achievements of Spanish explorers: Juan Ponce de León, the first European to reach Florida. In 1530, de Soto became a regidor of Nicaragua, he led an expedition up the coast of the Yucatán Peninsula searching for a passage between the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean to enable trade with the Orient, the richest market in the world. Failing that, without means to explore further, de Soto, upon Pedro Arias Dávila's death, left his estates in Nicaragua. Bringing his own men on ships which he hired, de Soto joined Francisco Pizarro at his first base of Tumbes shortly before departure for the interior of present-day Peru. Pizarro made de Soto one of his captains; when Pizarro and his men first encountered the army of Inca Atahualpa at Cajamarca, Pizarro sent de Soto with fifteen men to invite Atahualpa to a meeting. When Pizarro's men attacked Atahualpa and his guard the next day, de Soto led one of the three groups of mounted soldiers; the Spanish captured Atahualpa.

De Soto was sent to the camp of the Inca army, where his men plundered Atahualpa's tents. During 1533, the Spanish held Atahualpa captive in Cajamarca for months while his subjects paid for his ransom by filling a room with gold and silver objects. During this captivity, de Soto taught him to play chess. By the time the ransom had been completed, the Spanish became alarmed by rumors of an Inca army advancing on Cajamarca. Pizarro sent de Soto with 200 soldiers to scout for the rumored army. While de Soto was gone, the Spanish in Cajamarca decided to kill Atahualpa to prevent his rescue. De Soto returned to report. After executing Atahualpa and his men headed to Cuzco, the capital of the Incan Empire; as the Spanish force approached Cuzco, Pizarro sent his brother Hernando and de Soto ahead with 40 men. The advance guard fought a pitched battle with Inca troops in front of the city, but the battle had ended before Pizarro arrived with the rest of the Spanish party; the Inca army withdrew during the night.

The Spanish plundered Cuzco, where they found much silver. As a mounted soldier, de Soto received a share of the plunder, which made him wealthy, it represented riches from Atahualpa's camp, his ransom, the plunder from Cuzco. On the road to Cuzco, Manco Inca Yupanqui, a brother of Atahualpa, had joined Pizarro. Manco had been hiding from Atahualpa in fear of his life, was happy to gain Pizarro's protection. Pizarro arranged for Manco to be installed as the Inca leader. De Soto joined Manco in a campaign to eliminate the Inca armies under Quizquiz, loyal to Atahualpa. By 1534, de Soto was serving as lieutenant governor of Cuzco while Pizarro was building his new capital on the coast. In 1535 King Charles awarded Diego de Almagro, Francisco Pizarro's partner, the governorship of the southern portion of the Inca Empire; when de Almagro made plans to explore and conquer the southern part of the Inca empire, de Soto applied to be his second-in-command, but de Almagro turne

Uncanny X-Men 94

Uncanny X-Men #94, is a comic book starring the X-Men, published by Marvel Comics in August 1975. From issues #67–93, cover dated December 1970 to April 1975, the X-Men series consisted of reprints due to lack of sales. In May 1975, Giant-Size X-Men #1 was published, in which Professor X recruits a new international team to save the X-Men. With issue #94, the magazine was revived, all of the original X-Men quit, save team leader Cyclops, are replaced by such "All-New, All-Different" X-Men as Storm, Wolverine and Colossus. A former X-Men adversary, Banshee joins the team at this point. Sunfire returns to Japan in this issue, Thunderbird dies in issue #95. Uncanny X-Men #94 is the beginning of writer Chris Claremont's 16-year run on the title. Under his guidance, Uncanny X-Men would become the industry's top title, along with Spider-Man, the driving force behind Marvel Comics for the next 20 years. Uncanny X-Men #94 was reprinted in Essential X-Men Volume 1 along with Giant-Size X-Men #1 and issues #95–119.

It was reprinted in Marvel Masterworks Uncanny X-Men Volume 1 along with Giant Size X-Men #1 and issues #95–100. In 2006, Giant Size X-Men #4 reprinted issue #94 along with other Thunderbird related issues and a new Thunderbird story by Chris Claremont. In 2004, Marvel released a CD containing issue #94 called SNAP! X-Men. Issue #94 was reprinted in Classic X-Men #2, Marvel Masterworks #11, Essential X-Men #1. Professor Xavier calls a meeting of the X-Men. There, Sunfire clarifies that he only agreed to help Xavier save the X-Men and has no intention of becoming a member. Banshee proposes to go on his way, but Professor X and Cyclops convince him to stay. Angel breaks the news that he, Marvel Girl, Iceman and Lorna Dane are confident enough in their powers to leave the X-Men. Cyclops wants to leave with Marvel Girl, but realizes with his destructive power he has no chance at living a normal life; the next day, Cyclops leads the new X-Men to the Danger Room for their first training session. Over weeks of training, the new recruits learn to work as a team, but Cyclops's harsh remonstrances at any failings cause tension.

In the Colorado Rockies, Count Nefaria and the original Ani-Men seize control of the military base in Mount Valhalla and threaten to launch the USA's entire inventory of nuclear missiles unless every nation of the world pays Nefaria a ransom. The United States Air Force contacts the Avengers for help. Unable to oblige, the Avengers pass the mission on to the X-Men; the X-Men pile into the head to Valhalla. There General Fredericks informs them that Nefaria has ignorantly armed the Doomsmith System, which controls Valhalla's nuclear missiles and can only be shut down within a certain window, which closes in 52 minutes; as the Blackbird enters Valhalla's defense perimeter, Count Nefaria disables it with the defense systems, sending the X-Men into a fatal fall. There are no issues of Uncanny X-Men #94 that rate higher than a 9.8 on the Comic Guaranty LLC grading scale. As of June 1, 2013 there were 18 copies, graded at 9.8. A copy with a 9.6 rating was sold for $4,450 on eBay in 2004. In 2010 Walter Durajlija of Ontario's Big B Comics sold a copy for $26,500.

The Amazing Spider-Man #129 Nick's World Uncanny X-Men #94 at the Comic Book DB

John Nicolella

John Joseph Nicolella was an American film, television director and producer. He is producing work on the 1980s television series Miami Vice, he is known for producing the 1983 movie comedy hit Easy Money starring Rodney Dangerfield, Joe Pesci, Jennifer Jason Leigh. Nicolella began his career working as an assistant director on the Ivan Passer-directed film Born to Win. Other films soon followed, the Paul Newman-directed film The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds, Crazy Joe starring Peter Boyle, Sweet Revenge starring Stockard Channing and Sam Waterston and Time Square, he was as a production manager on the films Saturday Night Fever and Curse of the Pink Panther. In 1984, he joined the production crew of Miami Vice directing a number of episodes til 1987, he continued working with the show's star Don Johnson directing the music video short film for Johnson's song "Heartbeat" from the album of the same name. They reunited again. Nicolella's other directorial television credits include M.

A. N. T. I. S. Crime Story, Leg Work, Gabriel's Fire, Dark Justice, Melrose Place, Key West and Super Force, he directed a number of television films, most notably Mike Hammer: Murder Takes All and Rock Hudson, as well as all four of the Vanishing Son films. He directed the theatrical features Sunset Heat and Kull the Conqueror. Nicolella died in 1998, he is survived by his wife, Patti Kent Nicolella, daughters Jennifer and Sofia, a son and sister Loretta Bruccoleri. John Nicolella on IMDb