A highway is any public or private road or other public way on land. It is used for major roads, but includes other public roads and public tracks: It is not an equivalent term to controlled-access highway, or a translation for autobahn, etc. According to Merriam Webster, the use of the term predates the 12th century. According to Etymonline, "high" is in the sense of "main". In North American and Australian English, major roads such as controlled-access highways or arterial roads are state highways. Other roads may be designated "county highways" in the Ontario; these classifications refer to the level of government. In British English, "highway" is a legal term. Everyday use implies roads, while the legal use covers any route or path with a public right of access, including footpaths etc; the term has led to several related derived terms, including highway system, highway code, highway patrol and highwayman. Major highways are named and numbered by the governments that develop and maintain them.
Australia's Highway 1 is the longest national highway in the world at over 14,500 kilometres and runs the entire way around the continent. China has the world's largest network of highways followed by the United States of America; some highways, like the European routes, span multiple countries. Some major highway routes include ferry services, such as US Route 10. Traditionally highways were used on horses, they accommodated carriages and motor cars, facilitated by advancements in road construction. In the 1920s and 1930s, many nations began investing in progressively more modern highway systems to spur commerce and bolster national defense. Major modern highways that connect cities in populous developed and developing countries incorporate features intended to enhance the road's capacity and safety to various degrees; such features include a reduction in the number of locations for user access, the use of dual carriageways with two or more lanes on each carriageway, grade-separated junctions with other roads and modes of transport.
These features are present on highways built as motorways. The general legal definition deals with right of use not the form of construction. A highway is defined in English common law by a number of similarly-worded definitions such as "a way over which all members of the public have the right to pass and repass without hindrance" accompanied by "at all times". A highway might be open to all forms of lawful land traffic or limited to specific types of traffic or combinations of types of traffic. A highway can share ground with a private right of way for which full use is not available to the general public as will be the case with farm roads which the owner may use for any purpose but for which the general public only has a right of use on foot or horseback; the status of highway on most older roads has been gained by established public use while newer roads are dedicated as highways from the time they are adopted. In England and Wales, a public highway is known as "The Queen's Highway"; the core definition of a highway is modified in various legislation for a number of purposes but only for the specific matters dealt with in each such piece of legislation.
This is in the case of bridges and other structures whose ownership, mode of use or availability would otherwise exclude them from the general definition of a highway, examples in recent years are toll bridges and tunnels which have the definition of highway imposed upon them to allow application of most traffic laws to those using them but without causing all of the general obligations or rights of use otherwise applicable to a highway. Scots law is similar to English law with regard to highways but with differing terminology and legislation. What is defined in England as a highway will in Scotland be what is defined by s.151 Roads Act 1984 as a road, that is:- "any way over which there is a public right of passage and includes the road’s verge, any bridge over which, or tunnel through which, the road passes. In American law, the word "highway" is sometimes used to denote any public way used for travel, whether a "road and parkway". Highways have a route number designated by the state and federal departments of transport
The Cooperstown Historic District is a national historic district in Cooperstown, Otsego County, New York, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. It encompasses 232 contributing properties: 226 contributing buildings, 1 contributing site, 3 contributing structures, 2 contributing objects. Among the contributing properties is the village's post office, individually listed on the National Register. In 1997, the boundaries of the historic district were increased to include the Fenimore Farm Stone Agricultural Buildings that were built in 1918 and designed by Frank P. Whiting. Byberry Cottage Edgewater Elleryt Cory House Iron Clad Building Lakelands Otsego County Bank Pomeroy Place The Inn at Cooperstown The Otesaga Hotel United States Post Office Woodside Hall National Register of Historic Places listings in Otsego County, New York Media related to Cooperstown Historic District at Wikimedia Commons Historic American Buildings Survey No. NY-247, "Main Street, Otsego County, NY", 1 photo, supplemental materialThe following are located in Otsego Township, Otsego County, NY: HABS No.
NY-250, "Byberry Cottage, River Street", 4 photos, 3 data pages, supplemental material HABS No. NY-251, "Edgewater, Lake Street", 6 photos, 3 data pages, supplemental material HABS No. NY-252, "Elleryt Cory House, 24 Pioneer Street", 5 photos, 3 data pages, supplemental material HABS No. NY-253, "Iron-Clad Building, 92 Main Street", 4 photos, 3 data pages, supplemental material HABS No. NY-255, "Otsego County Bank, 19 Main Street", 4 photos, 3 data pages, supplemental material HABS No. NY-256, "Pomeroy Place, Main & River Streets", 4 photos, 4 data pages, supplemental material HABS No. NY-257, "Presbyterian Church, Pioneer & Elm Streets", 5 photos, 3 data pages, supplemental material HABS No. NY-258, "The Smithy, 55 Pioneer Street", 3 photos, 3 data pages, supplemental materialThe following are located in Middlefield Township, Otsego County, NY: HABS No. NY-254, "Lakelands, Main Street", 7 photos, 3 data pages, supplemental material HABS No. NY-259, "Woodside Hall, Main Street", 5 photos, 3 data pages, supplemental material HABS No.
NY-262, "Woodside Hall Gate Tower", 2 photos, 2 data pages, supplemental material
Doughboys were a Canadian alternative rock band founded in 1987 that were active in the late 1980s and early/mid-1990s. The band was renowned for its musical blend of pop-style melodies; the band was formed in Montreal by John Kastner in 1987 following his departure from The Asexuals. That year the Doughboys released their debut album Whatever on the Pipeline Records label. In 1996 and 2000 Chart Magazine ranked Whatever as the 28th greatest Canadian album of all time. Throughout their existence the band was characterized by frequent lineup changes. Original guitarist Scott McCullough went on to form Rusty, so Kastner recruited Jonathan Cummins from the punk band Circus Lupus after Cummins had moved to Montreal from Toronto. Jon Asencio played Brock Pytel was the band's drummer; the band began working with Manager/Producer Dan McConomy, working for a film by producer Robin Spry that needed a song for a skateboard scene. McConomy asked the band to re-record the guitar solos with Jonathan Cummins.
Though the original label Restless Records had gone bankrupt a deal was arranged so that Electric Distribution in Canada and Malaco in the United States could release the album. The band opened for Red Hot Chili Peppers on their Canadian tour after attaining the No. 1 spot on Independent Retail Sales and College Radio Chart. Their second album Home Again was released in 1988 on Restless Records. Pytel moved to India to study meditation, he was replaced by Paul Newman on Happy Accidents. After that album's release and tour Asencio left and was replaced by bassist John Deslaurier, who appeared on the subsequent 5-song EP When Up Turns to Down that features a cover of The B-52s "Private Idaho"; the EP was released as part of the contract buyout by Enigma/Restless. Deslaurier left in 1992 and was replaced by Peter Arsenault of the band Jellyfishbabies. Manager James MacLean arranged a buy out the band's existing recording contract with the US label Restless/Enigma records and the band signed with A&M Records.
They recruited Daniel Rey and Dave Ogilvie to produce their major label debut, released in August 1993. "Shine" was that album's lead became the band's biggest Top 40 hit. Shine won a CASBY for best single in 1994. "Neighbourhood Villain" and "Fix Me" were notable singles from the album. Crush was certified Gold in Canada in 1996. "Shine" meanwhile was voted in 2000 as the 26th "Top Canadian Single of All Time" by Chart Magazine, was used by Canadian music video channel Much Music as the theme song for their alternative rock show called "The Wedge." Their next, final album to date, was 1996's Turn Me On. It was coproduced by Ted Niceley and Daniel Rey and spawned the singles "I Never Liked You" and "Everything and After"; the album furthered the band's pop punk style and Cummins subsequently left the band, citing the band's "lack of edge" and commercial sellout. He was replaced for the remainder of the band's tour by Wiz, the former singer/guitarist for Mega City Four. Wiz co-wrote two songs each on Turn Me On and Crush, including "Shine".
However, following the end of that tour in 1997, the band broke up. In 2003 their first demo La Majeure was released. Kastner subsequently formed All Systems Go! with Marc Arnold and Frank Daly of Big Drill Car. He is married to lives in Silverlake, California, they have Summer Lee. His first solo album entitled Have You Seen Lucky was released in June 2006, he has composed a number of film and TV soundtracks, including work on Phil the Alien, Universal Soldier and B. R. A. T. S of the Lost Nebula. In 2000 Kastner along with Jon Bond Head made a guest appearance on Brock Pytel's solo album Second Choice. In 2008 Kastner recorded an album with them. Cummins formed the band Bionic, he produced a number of albums, spent a six-month stint playing with the Besnard Lakes. He writes a music column for The Montreal Mirror. Wiz formed Serpico and Ipanema, but died in London, England on December 6, 2006 from a blood clot on the brain. Paul Newman worked as a road manager, he joined The Forgotten Rebels. He plays in Big Rude Jake's band Blue Mercury Coupe.
Paul is one of the main stage techs for Coldplay tours worldwide. Brock Pytel plays guitar and fronts East Vancouver's SLIP~ons. Doughboys reunited in the summer of 2011 as support for the Canadian leg of a Foo Fighters tour. No plans exist to create new music; the band briefly reunited to play at the Montreal Pagan Festival in 2010 and 2014. Whatever, Home Again, Happy Accidents, Turn Me On, When Up Turns To Down, Your Related/Stranger from Within/Forecast, 7", Home Again Live, 7", Single, Single, Maxi, I Never Liked You Everything And After La Majeure 1987, 7", More Than a State of Mind, - features the track "I Won't Write You a Letter" Black Box Compilation, - features the track Stole Yer Love" Something's Gone Wrong Again: The Buzzcocks Covers Compilations, - features the track "Why She's a Girl from the Chainstore" A Tribute to Hard Core Logo, - features the track "Something's Gonna Die Tonight" "Deep End" "Shine" "Fix Me" (19