Hillman Avenger

The Hillman Avenger is a rear-wheel drive small family car manufactured by the former Rootes division of Chrysler Europe from 1970–1978, badged from 1976 onward as the Chrysler Avenger. Between 1979 and 1981 it was badged as the Talbot Avenger; the Avenger was marketed in North America as the Plymouth Cricket. The Avenger was produced at Rootes' plant in Ryton-on-Dunsmore, at the company's Linwood facility near Glasgow, Scotland. Introduced in February 1970, the Avenger was significant as it was the first and last car to be developed by Rootes after the Chrysler takeover in 1967. Stylistically, the Avenger was undoubtedly much in tune with its time, it was similar in appearance to the larger Ford Cortina#TC Mark III, launched in 1970. However, from an engineering perspective it was rather conventional, using a 4-cylinder all-iron overhead valve engine in 1250 or 1500 capacities driving a coil spring suspended live axle at the rear wheels. Unlike any previous Rootes design, there were no "badge-engineered" Humber or Singer versions in the UK market.

The Avenger was highly praised by the press for its good handling characteristics and good overall competence on the road and it was considered a better car to drive than contemporaries like the Morris Marina. The Avenger was available as a four-door saloon in DL, Super and GL trim levels; the DL and Super could be had with either the 1250 or 1500 cc engines, but the GL was only available with the 1500 cc engine. Since the DL was the basic model in the range, it featured little more than rubber mats and a simple dashboard with a strip-style speedometer; the Super was a bit better equipped, featuring carpets, twin horns and reversing lights, though the dashboard was carried over from the DL. The top-spec GL model featured four round headlights, internal bonnet release, two-speed wipers, brushed nylon seat trim, reclining front seats, a round-dial dashboard with extra instrumentation. Not only was the Avenger's styling new, but so were the engine and transmission units, which were not at all like those used in the larger "Arrow" series Hunter.

Another novelty for the Avenger was the use of a plastic radiator grille, a first in Britain and at 4 ft 6 in wide claimed as the largest mass-produced plastics component used at this time by the European motor industry. The Avenger was a steady seller in the 1970s, in competition with the Ford Vauxhall Viva. Chrysler was attempting to make the Avenger to be a "world car", took the ambitious step of marketing the Avenger as the Plymouth Cricket in the U. S. Complaints of rust, plus the general unpopularity of smaller cars on the American market, saw it withdrawn from that market after only two years. In October 1970, the Avenger GT was added to the range, it had four-speed manual or three-speed automatic transmission. The GT featured twin round headlights, go-faster stripes along the sides of the doors and "dustbin lid" wheel covers, which were similar to those found on the various Datsuns and Toyotas of the 1970s; the basic fleet Avenger was added to the range in February 1972. It was offered with either 1500 cc engines.

The fleet Avenger was basic: it did not have a sun visor for the front passenger, the heater blower had just a single speed. In October 1972, the Avenger GT was replaced by the Avenger GLS, which came with a vinyl roof and Rostyle sports wheels. In March 1972, the five-door estate versions were introduced, in DL and Super forms and the same specifications as the saloon versions. However,'heavy-duty springing' was fitted and the estate had a maximum load capacity of 1,040 lb, compared to 840 lb for the saloon; the two-door saloon models were added in March 1973, with all engine and trim options of the existing four-door range. Styling of the two-door was similar to the four-door; the car was extensively marketed in continental Europe, first as a Sunbeam. It was without the Avenger name in France, where it was known as the Sunbeam 1250 and 1500; some northern European markets received the car as the Sunbeam Avenger. Both engine sizes were upgraded in October 1973; the 1250 became the 1300, while the 1500 became the 1600 with nearly all the same previous trim levels except for the basic fleet Avenger, discontinued at this point.

The GL and GT trim levels were now offered with the 1300 engine and two-door saloon body. In North America, a rebadged variant of the Avenger was marketed as the Plymouth Cricket through Plymouth dealers as a captive import in 4-door saloon and 5-door estate variants, it had 9.5" front 8" rear drums. Brochures included a cartoon cricket trying to capitalize on the popularity of the VW Beetle. A Chrysler Plymouth press release dated 30 June 1970 said the Cricket would be presented to the automotive press in November 1970; the first shipment of 280 Crickets from the UK arrived in the U. S. on 20 November 1970. Another press release issued on 23 February 1972 stated that the "station wagon" version would début in early spring of 1972; the 1500


Moelleriopsis is a genus of sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks unassigned in the superfamily Seguenzioidea. The small shell of these deep-water species is thin, it is white under a golden olive brown epidermis. It contains convex whorls, forming an elevated spire and large body whorl; the suture is distinct. The round and deep umbilicus has a moderate size, showing some of the whorls; the circular aperture is oblique. The peristome is continuous with a sharp edge, appearing thickened within, it is attached to the body whorl only for a short distance. Species within the genus Moelleriopsis include: Moelleriopsis abyssicola Bush, 1897 †Moelleriopsis carinaspira Lozouet, 1999 Moelleriopsis messanensis Moelleriopsis nipponica Moelleriopsis normani Moelleriopsis poppei Engl, 2012 Moelleriopsis richardi Moelleriopsis sincera Moelleriopsis valvatoides Moelleriopsis vemae Gofas, S.. Mollusca, in: Costello, M. J. et al.. European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification.

Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 180–213 Spencer, H.. B.. All Mollusca except Opisthobranchia. In: Gordon, D.. New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity. Volume One: Kingdom Animalia. 584 pp

Scars on 45

Scars on 45 is an English indie rock band from Bradford. After years struggling to become known in England, the band rose from obscurity when their song "Beauty’s Running Wild" was featured in an episode of CSI: New York; the band were soon signed to Atlantic Records' Chop Shop Records label, successful in getting unsigned bands heard through song placements in popular TV programs. The band’s single, "Heart on Fire" was selected as the lead song for the eighth season soundtrack for ABC’s top rated hospital drama, Grey’s Anatomy. Scars on 45’s first EP, Give Me Something, was released in January 2011 and yielded a hit single of the same name that rose to the top 5 of the Adult Alternative Charts and was recognized as one of the "Top 3 Singles of the Year" by The quintette was named to Entertainment Weekly's "Must List." Their second EP, which features "Heart on Fire", was released on 24 October 2011. The band released Scars on 45, their first full-length studio album, on 10 April 2012.

The album was selected by the editors at as number 7 out of 50 "Best Albums of 2012." When a broken foot ended lead singer Danny Bemrose’s professional football career as a striker for the Huddersfield Town A. F. C, he earnestly decided to learn. After his injury, Bemrose struck up a close friendship with another former footballer, Stuart Nichols, who had played for rival Bradford City A. F. C. Bemrose taught Nichols to play bass as they spent the next few years improving their skill and making computer recordings to develop their music. After adding pianist/keyboard player David "Nova" Nowakowski, the band began playing the local music scene, rounding out their performances with a variety of other guitarists and drummers that came and went over time; when Bemrose wrote "Insecurity,", featured on the Heart on Fire EP, the band began looking for a female singer that could compliment his vocals. Soon thereafter, Nova was at home playing The Cure's "Friday I'm in Love" while his visiting schoolmate, Aimee Driver, was making a cup of tea and chimed in with the lyrics.

"I just started singing along when Nova rushed in seeming shocked," Driver recalls. "I thought his dad had a heart attack or something! He made me stand there in his living room and sing to him -, the scariest thing at the time. At first I wouldn’t do it, but he wouldn't shut up so I just put my tea down, shut my eyes and sang...just to stop him pestering me. Danny recorded me on'Insecurity.' The next thing I knew. When I told my family and friends they were saying, ‘but you can't sing, can you?’" Before joining the band, Driver had never performed in public. Stuart Nichols recruited drummer Chris Durling after meeting him in a pub and giving him a CD of the band’s music. After a late night out, Durling gave it a listen, he agreed to work with them on recordings. He ended up becoming the final member of the band a short time later; the band had difficulties deciding on a name. They realized a name was critical after a chance meeting with one of their musical influences, Noel Gallagher of Oasis. A friend introduced Nichols and Bemrose to Gallagher who asked the band’s name, but they did not have one.

"A band with no name?" Gallagher asked, "What kind of fucking band is that?" and walked off on them. The name Scars on 45 comes from an Emmylou Harris interview Bemrose heard in which she talks about scratching up her dad’s records and being scolded by him for getting "Scars on his 45’s," and is a play on a Dutch medley act from the 1980s whose group name and records alternately used versions of the phrase "Stars on 45".'Scars on 45' was one of the few names considered that band members did not dismiss out of hand. On several occasions, the band was poised on the brink of success only to have their hopes for a record deal dashed at the last moment; when their song "Beauty’s Running Wild" was selected for an extended closing scene of an episode of CSI: New York, they had a select amount of money in hand to purchase equipment for recording. They caught the ear of TV music supervisor Alex Patsavas. At the time, Patsavas had just entered an agreement with Atlantic Records to acquire her Chop Shop label under which the band is now signed.

Their EP Give Me Something was released digitally by Chop Shop Records in January 2011, the physical EP came out in June. A video for the single "Give Me Something," produced by DJ Brauner, turned out a bit darker and sadder than scripted. "The video was weird," explained Bemrose. "It tells the tale of young kids that fall in love, going through the years, at the end, the old fella walks back to the tree where they’d carved their names, she’s passed away. That's not. There was an old woman cast to play the part, so at the end, both were going to be there and fall in love again, but couldn’t be bothered to turn up, so we just killed her off." On 13 September 2011, the Grey’s Anatomy Vol. 4 soundtrack was released featuring "Heart on Fire" as the lead track. The song was used in ABC's TV promotion of the new season, a music video directed by Jordan Bahat was produced with the band for the ABC Music Lounge. In addition to CSI: New York and Grey’s Anatomy, they have had their music featured on TV’s One Tree Hill, The Cleaner, Pretty Little Liars, Warehouse 13, Lost Girl, Supernatural.

Their second EP with Chop Shop Records, Heart on Fire, debuted on 24 October 2011, as well as the band's cut of the music video directed by Bahat. In the winter of 2012, the band conducted their first headlining tour of North America, featuring support from solo artist Anya Marina, signed to Atlantic's Chop Shop record