click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Hiranyaksha

Hiranyaksha known as Hiranyanetra was an oppressive demon Asura who attacked the heavens and thereafter kidnapped and attempted to destroy the earth goddess in Hindu mythology. Some of the Puranas present him as the son of Kashyap. Kashyapa was an ancient sage, one of the Saptarshis in the present Manvantara, he was the father of the Devas, Asuras and all of humanity. He married Aditi, with whom he fathered the Aditya. With his second wife, Diti, he begot the Daityas. In this Puranic version, the good Suras and evil Asuras are the children of the same Kashyapa, there is a constant war between good and evil. Once, Hiranyaksha pulled her deep into the cosmic ocean; the demi-gods appealed to Vishnu to save all life. Vishnu went to rescue the goddess. Hiranyaksha blocked him, he was slain by Vishnu. The Hindu legend has roots in the Vedic literature such as Taittariya Samhita and Shatapatha Brahmana, is found in many post-Vedic texts; these legends depict goddess earth in an existential crisis where neither she nor the life she supports can survive.

She is overwhelmed in the cosmic ocean. Vishnu emerges in the form of a man-boar avatar. He, as the hero in the legend, descends into the ocean and finds her, she hangs onto his tusk, he lifts her out to safety; the good wins, the crisis ends, Vishnu once again fulfills his cosmic duty. The Varaha legend has been one of many historic legends in the Hindu text embedded with right versus wrong, good versus evil symbolism, of someone willing to go to the depths and do what is necessary to rescue the good, the right, keep up the dharma. Hiranyaksha had an elder Brother named Hiranyakashipu, who tried to persecute his son Prahlada for his faith in Lord Vishnu. While Hiranyaksha was slain by Varaha, the boar avatar of Lord Vishnu, the elder brother Hiranyakashipu was killed by Narasimha, the man-lion avatar of Vishnu. In some texts, Hiranyaksha is an incarnation of one of the dwarapalas of Vishnu named Vijaya. He, along with his elder brother Jaya were cursed to be born as evil asuras three times, since they had angered the four kumaras by not letting them see Lord Vishnu.

Eran Udayagiri Caves Dictionary of Hindu Lore and Legend by Anna Dhallapiccola

WCUC-FM

91.7 WCUC FM is a operational, FCC-licensed, non-commercial educational, student-run radio station under the Department of Communication, operated with the intention of being a student learning lab for Clarion University of Pennsylvania. WCUC-FM is dedicated to connecting Clarion County and the surrounding areas through unique, high-quality music and public affairs programming that informs, educates and inspires listeners. WCUC-FM is located at G55 Becker Hall, 840 Wood St. Clarion, PA 16214 WCUC-FM has nine functional departments: Programming, News, Promotions, Staff Development, Music and Underwriting, a station and assistant station manager. WCUC was founded in September 1977 as Clarion University’s FM radio station; the newly formed station guaranteed a variety of something for everyone. WCUC received its FCC licensing earlier in the year on April 26, 1977. From 1977 through the decades until today, WCUC’s mission had been to serve the community and the college with an alternative sound in radio and bring them the best in news and music.

WCUC’s first broadcast was on September 12, 1977 with a 1000-watt station giving it an audience radius of 40 miles. WCUC, at that time broadcast from 3 pm to 12 midnight, giving the Clarion area its first late-night FM station. WCUC celebrated its 30th Aaniversary in April 2007 during Clarion University’s media day down across from the Court House at Spring Fling. WCUC's board of directors consists of directors of their assistants, it includes the station manager, assistant station manager, the advisors of the organization. Departments of WCUC are Program, Production, Promotions, Sports and Staff Development; the station manager of WCUC-FM is responsible for overseeing day-to-day operations of the radio station. The duties and powers of the station manager are to preside over and conduct all station and executive board meetings, enforce the bylaws and maintain general order of the station, to maintain a relationship and meet individually with faculty and WCUC staff to discuss any issues or problems.

The station manager is granted a limited power to make command decisions, when a situations arise. Command decisions must be made with the utmost responsibility for the station. S/he is responsible for being the liaison between Clarion University faculty and staff, but not limited to the Chief Operating Engineer, faculty advisor, department chair. Is responsible for the up keeping of the stations website and to assume the responsibilities of the stations manager in the station managers’ absence. Programming is responsible for the overseeing the regulations of on-air content; the program department creates and oversees the schedules for production and programming, as well as the planning and upkeep of the program log. For live remotes, the program director will create a schedule for DJ’s in reference to call-ins; the Director works with the DJ trainer and music director to ensure the compliance of all on-air DJ’s with the rules and regulations of the station. Responsible for selection of new recordings to be played as they are submitted by record companies.

As well, the music department is responsible for managing the station’s music library, loading new music, programs, PSA’s, station imaging and promotional spots in the music system. It is under the responsibility of the music director to decide the format of songs received, as well as if the songs will be aired or not. Production is responsible for assigning announcers for voice work, scheduling studio time, arranging recording sessions and producing underwriting spots and station imaging. Assists with on-air DJs with creating promotional spots and is responsible for training any member of the station to use production equipment. Production is responsible for maintaining the live-remote equipment, as well as the set-up, tear down of any live remote event. Underwriting is responsible for obtaining the underwriting grants from local businesses and organizations, as well as clubs and departments of Clarion University. Works with production department and chief engineer to complete promotional spot.

Promotes its content to the surrounding communities. Attains and distributes products for on-air giveaways, distribute the monthly news letter. Events is responsible for scheduling of any live-remotes. Works with entire station to schedule and set-up all events and live remotes, to make sure that each event runs smoothly as possible. Works with the athletic department of Clarion University to select sporting events for on-air coverage, assigning play-by-play and color commentary for each sporting event. Responsible for finding news stories that are relevant to the interests of surrounding communities. Rewrites the news into broadcast format, so as not to violate the copyright of any news organization, as well as obtain interviews with people from the surrounding communities; the news department attends Clarion Borough Council events and meetings. Training of all on-air DJ’s, make sure DJ’s have learned all required material including FCC obscenity laws, working of station equipment, EBS and other DJ guideline which can be found in the 91.7 WCUC rules and regulations.

DJs are trained under the rules and regulations of 91.7 WCUC-FM and regulations and laws of the FCC. WCUC-FM is a free format radio station. For a full list of on-air DJ staff, visit the WCUC-FM website for times and genes. 91.7 WCUC-FM broadcasts with a 3200-watt station, which has the capabilities of broadcasting 60 miles in any direction. In August 2005 WCU

John Martin (Irish footballer)

John Martin is an Irish football coach and former player. His brother Robbie played for Drogheda United, he played with his brother Robert for UCD between 1999–2003 and in Longford Town between 2006–2007. His father Paul played for Rovers in the early 1970s and was part of the famous Athlone Town team that drew with AC Milan in St Mel's Park 1975, he signed for University College Dublin from Crumlin United in June 1997. He scored on his debut for UCD against Bohemians in August 1997, scoring with a header as college came from 2 goals down in a League Cup tie at Belfield, he scored his 2nd goal in an FAI Cup tie against Home Farm Everton in January 1998 in a 1–1 draw. After a successful debut season he did not feature in the 1998–99 season due to a loss of form and injury. 1999–2000 season saw Martin return to the team as College finished in 4th place in the league to secure a spot in the Inter-Toto Cup. College lost to Bulgarian side FC Velbazhd on away goals after a 3–3 draw in Belfield and a 0–0 away from home.

Upon returning from the Inter-Toto cup he helped college secure the FAI Super Cup after a penalty shoot out victory against Bohemians. He scored the opening goal of the 2001 season for College away to Dundalk, he captained UCD in the 2003 season in the absence of regular club captain Tony McDonnell. He departed UCD at the end of the 2003 season after the club's relegation to the first division despite the team losing only 2 of their final 11 games, he signed for Longford Town for the 2004 season. He scored on his 2nd appearance for Longford Town against Shamrock Rovers, scoring with a 25-yard volley moments after coming on to equalise for 10-man Town in a 1–1 draw; the following month he scored 2 goals for Longford in a 4–0 win against local rivals Athlone Town in a league cup tie in St Mels Park. After suffering from a severe bout of tonsillitis he spent numerous weeks out of the team but did return for a league cup semi final win against Finn Harps that Longford won 2–1 thanks to goals from Sean Francis and Dessie Baker.

He won his first trophy for Longford after a 2–1 league cup final win against Bohemians in Flancare Park. He scored the first goal in the 2–1 FAI Cup semi final victory against Drogheda United in October 2004 with the winner coming from Seán Dillon in the last minute of extra time, he won his 2nd trophy for Longford in 2004 after another 2–1 victory against Waterford United in the FAI Cup final at Lansdowne Road. He scored twice to relegate Dublin City from the Premier League in the final weeks of the 2004 season, he only missed 3 games in the 2005 season, all through suspension, as Longford failed to hit the heights of 2004 but he did manage to hit winning goals against Waterford and former club UCD as Longford finished the season strongly. A fractured ankle suffered away to Waterford United disrupted most of the 2006 season although he did return from injury to score another goal against Waterford United in the FAI Cup; the loss of several of the FAI cup winning squad saw Town struggle in the 2007 as did a 6-point deduction for licensing issues and Martin left the club in the summer transfer window to sign for Shamrock Rovers in exchange for Jamie Duffy and Ian Ryan.

He was sent off against Shamrock Rovers when Longford played them earlier in the 2007 season. He signed for Shamrock Rovers in July 2007 and made his debut in a 2–0 victory against Waterford United. Persistent hip and groin injuries saw his performances curtailed for the remainder of the 2007 although he did play a starring role in a 2–0 win against local rivals Bohemians which saw Rovers climb to 2nd in the table. Rovers challenge faded away after a successful return to the Premier League of Ireland under Pat Scully. Numerous injury concerns in 2008 resulted in serious hip surgery in May 2008. Despite being ruled out for the remainder of the season he managed to return for the final 8 games of the season, he claimed his first goal for Rovers against St Patrick's Athletic courtesy of a big deflection from Damian Lynch. A recurrence of the injury in training in November 2008 resulted in additional hip surgery in January 2009 and his retirement on medical grounds. UCDFAI Super Cup: 2000Longford TownFAI Cup: 2004 League of Ireland Cup: 2004 Interview with John Martin by Robert Goggins, Shamrock Rovers FC

Deliver Us (The Prince of Egypt)

"Deliver Us" is a song from the 1998 DreamWorks film The Prince of Egypt. This is the film's opening number, runs for 7:15 minutes. Stephen Schwartz explained his use of the word "Elohim" in the song: I wanted an authentic sounding Hebrew reference to God to help set the time and place. My first choice was "Adonai", but I was told by the religious consultants on the film that it would have been sacrilegious to use that term in that way in those days. So I selected "Elohim" instead because it was archaic, because the scansion of the word fit the music! The lullaby sung by Yocheved, Moses' mother, was performed by Ofra Haza; this was sung by Ofra in 18 out of the 21 languages the song was translated into. Eden Riegel is a featured artist, while the music was composed by Hans Zimmer. Christopher Coleman explained "Deliver Us features the powerful vocals I was hoping for combined with the enchanting voice of the Israeli singer, Ofra Haza; this track concludes with an abruptness, similar to the opening track of Zimmer’s Oscar-winning score for "The Lion King".

Fragments explained "The opening number, "Deliver Us," serves as exposition while setting up the story for us by showing the struggle of the Hebrew slaves as they sing". Chuck Schwartz of Cranky Critic notes: the visuals do not hold back on depicting the violence inherent in the slave system that kept the Hebrews in bondage and built such nice pyramids and such; the act of setting the baby Moses adrift in a basket is tinged with dangers never hinted at in Bible stories. The whole sequence builds in direct correlation to the template laid down in "The Lion King"; the Critical Eye wrote: "Deliver Us", which opens the film and introduces us to the plight of the Jews, "Through Heaven's Eyes", which plays over the montage of Moses's life in the desert—do their job well, setting the tone and keeping the story going". Dark Horizons wrote "With the exception of the "Deliver Us" opening song, the five other numbers are not only forgettable but wreck the tone of the film, they could've done a lot better without them".

TTB dubbed it "an amazing opening song", writing "the lyrics of that song are perfect in establishing the story". Aint It Cool wrote "this amazingly dramatic track switches between a chanting male chorus from the slaves, hardcore drum-laden orchestral score from Zimmer. Halfway through it cuts into Yocheved and young Miriam's wonderfully beautiful "River o River" theme, before exploding back into the male slave chorus. Awesome, awesome stuff; every cue is spot on—your imagination will wild thinking of the animation that must accompany this!". Antagony and Ecstasy described Deliver Us as a "mini-opera" and wrote the following on the song: It opens huge: a grand, soaring aerial shot over the Giza pyramid complex, where countless Hebrew slaves are singing that one good song...as the directors focus in on individual acts of torment darts back out for a wide view back. As the focus starts to tighten on a woman placing her infant son in a reed basket to save him from the Egyptian murder squads, the music becomes less portentous, more winsome and pained, as the mother sings a lullaby to her child and sends him down the river to his fate, where he's found by the Queen of Egypt, who adopts him as her own

Leviathan (comic strip)

Leviathan is a comic strip by Peter Blegvad, an American musician, singer-songwriter, cartoonist. It appeared in the review section of the British newspaper The Independent on Sunday during the 1990s; the title character, whose name is shortened in the strip to Levi, is drawn as a faceless baby who carries a stuffed toy rabbit called either Bunny or Rabbit. A pet cat called Cat is around to give advice; the strip describes Levi's experiences as he crawls around a surreal and frightening landscape filled with disjointed words and objects, which reflect the incomprehensible nature of the world as seen by a baby, but which raise philosophical questions of interest to adults. The Book of Leviathan, Peter Blegvad, Overlook Press, ISBN 0-9535227-2-5 Official Leviathan web site

Engineering

Engineering is the use of scientific principles to design and build machines and other items, including bridges, roads and buildings. The discipline of engineering encompasses a broad range of more specialized fields of engineering, each with a more specific emphasis on particular areas of applied mathematics, applied science, types of application. See glossary of engineering; the term engineering is derived from the Latin ingenium, meaning "cleverness" and ingeniare, meaning "to contrive, devise". The American Engineers' Council for Professional Development has defined "engineering" as: The creative application of scientific principles to design or develop structures, apparatus, or manufacturing processes, or works utilizing them singly or in combination. Engineering has existed since ancient times, when humans devised inventions such as the wedge, lever and pulley, etc; the term engineering is derived from the word engineer, which itself dates back to the 14th century when an engine'er referred to "a constructor of military engines."

In this context, now obsolete, an "engine" referred to a military machine, i.e. a mechanical contraption used in war. Notable examples of the obsolete usage which have survived to the present day are military engineering corps, e.g. the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers; the word "engine" itself is of older origin deriving from the Latin ingenium, meaning "innate quality mental power, hence a clever invention."Later, as the design of civilian structures, such as bridges and buildings, matured as a technical discipline, the term civil engineering entered the lexicon as a way to distinguish between those specializing in the construction of such non-military projects and those involved in the discipline of military engineering. The pyramids in ancient Egypt, ziggurats of Mesopotamia, the Acropolis and Parthenon in Greece, the Roman aqueducts, Via Appia and Colosseum, Teotihuacán, the Brihadeeswarar Temple of Thanjavur, among many others, stand as a testament to the ingenuity and skill of ancient civil and military engineers.

Other monuments, no longer standing, such as the Hanging Gardens of Babylon and the Pharos of Alexandria, were important engineering achievements of their time and were considered among the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The six classic simple machines were known in the ancient Near East; the wedge and the inclined plane were known since prehistoric times. The wheel, along with the wheel and axle mechanism, was invented in Mesopotamia during the 5th millennium BC; the lever mechanism first appeared around 5,000 years ago in the Near East, where it was used in a simple balance scale, to move large objects in ancient Egyptian technology. The lever was used in the shadoof water-lifting device, the first crane machine, which appeared in Mesopotamia circa 3000 BC, in ancient Egyptian technology circa 2000 BC; the earliest evidence of pulleys date back to Mesopotamia in the early 2nd millennium BC, ancient Egypt during the Twelfth Dynasty. The screw, the last of the simple machines to be invented, first appeared in Mesopotamia during the Neo-Assyrian period BC.

The Egyptian pyramids were built using three of the six simple machines, the inclined plane, the wedge, the lever, to create structures like the Great Pyramid of Giza. The earliest civil engineer known by name is Imhotep; as one of the officials of the Pharaoh, Djosèr, he designed and supervised the construction of the Pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara in Egypt around 2630–2611 BC. The earliest practical water-powered machines, the water wheel and watermill, first appeared in the Persian Empire, in what are now Iraq and Iran, by the early 4th century BC. Ancient Greece developed machines in both military domains; the Antikythera mechanism, an early known mechanical analog computer, the mechanical inventions of Archimedes, are examples of Greek mechanical engineering. Some of Archimedes' inventions as well as the Antikythera mechanism required sophisticated knowledge of differential gearing or epicyclic gearing, two key principles in machine theory that helped design the gear trains of the Industrial Revolution, are still used today in diverse fields such as robotics and automotive engineering.

Ancient Chinese, Greek and Hunnic armies employed military machines and inventions such as artillery, developed by the Greeks around the 4th century BC, the trireme, the ballista and the catapult. In the Middle Ages, the trebuchet was developed; the earliest practical wind-powered machines, the windmill and wind pump, first appeared in the Muslim world during the Islamic Golden Age, in what are now Iran and Pakistan, by the 9th century AD. The earliest practical steam-powered machine was a steam jack driven by a steam turbine, described in 1551 by Taqi al-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf in Ottoman Egypt; the cotton gin was invented in India by the 6th century AD, the spinning wheel was invented in the Islamic world by the early 11th century, both of which were fundamental to the growth of the cotton industry. The spinning wheel was a precursor to the spinning jenny, a key development during the early Industrial Revolution in the 18th century; the crankshaft and camshaft were invented by Al-Jazari in Northern Mesopotamia circa 1206, they became central to modern machinery such as the steam en