click links in text for more info


Varaha known as Yajna-varaha, Varaha-deva, Dharani-Varaha, Adivaraha, is an avatar of the RigVedic god Vishnu. Stated in Puranic literature to be the embodiment of sacrifice in the form of a boar, Varaha is most associated with the legend of lifting the Earth out of the Cosmic Ocean. Varaha is listed as third in the Dashavatara, the ten principal avatars of Vishnu, is a major deity in Vaikhanasas, Sri Vaishnavism, the Madhwa Brahmins traditions; the Sanskrit word'Varāha' means'boar','wild boar', and'cloud'. N. Aiyangar states that poets derived the term'vara-aharta' from'varaha', meaning'the bringer of the good thing, viz. the beneficent rain water'. According to the Monier-Williams Sanskrit Dictionary:'vara' means'to choose a boon"harta' means'treasure, wealth"Varaha' is the origin of the Proto-Indo-Iranian term uarāĵʰá, meaning'boar', is thus related to Avestan varāza, Kurdish beraz, Middle Persian warāz, New Persian gorāz, all meaning'wild boar'. Recorded by the grammarian Yaska, the Nirukta is one of the six Smriti Vedangas concerned with correct etymology and interpretation of the Vedas.

The definition of'Varaha' provided by Yaska in the Nirukta is: In relation to the Nirukta, according to the Monier-Williams Sanskrit Dictionary: The root-word'√hr' means'to offer, present','to outdo, surpass','to enrapture, fascinate', and'to take away or remove evil or sin'. The same root-wood means'to take away, carry off, deprive of, rob'; the latter definition is relevant because, as discussed below, the boar slain by Indra in the Vedas, considered by academics as the origin of Varaha, was a'stealer of the good' from the Asuras, which were recovered and distributed amongst the gods by Indra and Vishnu at a sacrifice.'Angirases' means'descendants of Aṅgiras or of Agni','the hymns of the Atharva-veda', and'priests who by using the magical formulas of those hymns protect the sacrifice against the effects of inauspicious accidents'. In respect to the relationship between the boar, clouds and sacrifice, the Bhagavad Gita elaborates that living beings live on food grains produced by rain, that rain is produced by sacrifice.

S. G. Nigal states that etymologically, the term'yajna' is derived from'Yaj meaning devapuja-sangatikarana danesu', i.e. worship, unity or good relationships with others, charity. P. Olive agrees, stating that the five daily duties of sacrifice of a married householder, as stated by texts such as the Shatapatha Brahmana are: A fire oblation as a sacrifice to the gods Recitation of the Veda as a sacrifice to the Brahman Oblations of food and water as a sacrifice to the forefathers Hospitality as a sacrifice to human beings Bali offerings as a sacrifice to beings A. A. Macdonell notes in the Vedic Index that the term'sūkara', meaning'wild boar', is used in the Rig Veda and Atharva Veda. Aiyangar adds that'sukara', in relation to the Bhagavata Purana, means'the animal that makes a peculiar nasal sound in respiration, so our Sukara is born in the Yogin's nasal breath'. In the Bhagavata Purana, Varaha emerged by flying out of the nose of Brahma; some academics believe. Throughout the Puranas, Varaha is explicitly stated to be the embodiment of yajna as the upholder of the Earth.

Roshen Dalal describes an example of this exoteric symbolism from the VIshnu Purana: His feet represent the Vedas. His tusks represent sacrificial stakes, his teeth are offerings. His mouth is the altar, tongue is the sacrificial fire; the hair on his head denotes the sacrificial grass. The eyes represent the night; the head represents the seat of all. The mane represents the hymns of the Vedas, his nostrils are the oblation. His joints represent the various ceremonies; the ears are said to indicate rites. Iniquity: H. H. Wilson states the legend of Varaha lifting the earth was'probably at first an allegorical representation of the extrication of the world from a deluge of iniquity, by the rites of religion', although acknowledging that geologists may see it as an allusion to the occurrence of the deluge or the existence of'lacustrine mammalia in the early periods of the earth'. Agriculture: Bahadur and Bhusan state the'mythology of the boar incarnation of Narayana relates to the realisation of tillage being one of the best means of raising corn from the land.

The Aryan Rishis noticed that when the earth was turned by the boar with its tusk, the seed which fell on it germinated more quickly... This is what occurs in the hymn of Sita in the Rig Veda'. J. Roy states the legend of Varaha is an allegorical representation of natural phenomena, linked with Zoroastrianism and Germanic mythology, that'the roots of this allegory may go back to... the beginning of agriculture', adding'the boar kills hot summer or drought, represented by Hiranyaksa'. G. J. C. Bois adds that in Jersey Folklore, the'boar had associations with the storm', adding in Europe, the boar is associated with the wind. Astronomy: J. Roy states there is an astronomical interpretation, relating to when'the sun became united with Orion at the vernal equinox... commenced the yearly s

JSS Science and Technology University

JSS Science and Technology University is a private university located in Mysore, India. Established in 1963 as SJCE has 12 departments in engineering, a Master of Computer Applications department, it was affiliated to the Visvesvaraya Technological University, but now it's a part of JSS Science and Technology University from 2016 - 2017 academic year. The undergraduate courses were granted academic autonomy by Visvesvaraya Technological University. SJCE is accredited by the All India Council for Technical Education, all its departments are accredited by the National Board of Accreditation, it is managed by the JSS Mahavidyapeetha. Sri Jayachamarajendra College of Engineering, the dream child of Dr Sri Sri Shivarathri Rajendra Mahaswamigalavaru the 23rd pontiff of Suttur Matt was inaugurated in 1963 by Dr. T. M. A. Pai, the Chairman of the Manipal Academy of Higher Education. Courses in Civil and Mechanical Engineering branches were started first; the first batch of engineering graduates completed their course in 1968.

Electronics and Communication branch of engineering was introduced in 1968 followed by bachelor's degree in Instrumentation in 1978, Computer Science and Engineering during 1982, Polymer Science and Technology in 1992 and Information Science and Engineering in the year 2000. The campus is spread over 120 acres, it is located adjacent to the All India Institute of Speech and Hearing. This was established in 1998 with the objective of helping JSS Students who are planning to go abroad for further studies. JSS IIPS is a recognized center of London to offer Edexcel courses in India. JSS IIPS is offering National Higher National Diploma courses of Edexcel. Mahavidyapeetha has entered into an agreement with University of Teesside, Middlesbrough, UK and University of West Virginia, USA for transfer of students. ND and HND completed students can join USA Universities to pursue their studies further; the centre is equipped with over 70,000 volumes related to science and engineering, encyclopedias and over a hundred magazines and journals every month.

It has a collection of ISI specifications, Project Reports and Dissertations, Doctoral Thesis and Proceedings of Conferences and Monographs. It provides audio visual facilities, photo copying facilities, a book bank; the auditorium Hall, located on one side of the staff room besides the civil engineering department, can accommodate 300 people. Complete with videorama, slide projector, LCD and overhead projector, sound system, it is used for seminars, group use of audiovisual material, etc. Football and cricket ground basketball, table tennis and volleyball courts have been maintained by the Department of Physical Education. Outdoor and indoor recreation facility is available both during and after college hours, in its sports complex building; the college's sports council conducts annual sport events. Inter-collegiate and VTU tournaments are organized; the college started multi-speciality Gym in 2007. Softball is gaining popularity; the College has separate hostel facilities for 210 girls. The boys' hostel is located in the college premises, in H Block, L Block, M Block, PG Block and GH Block, all located on the north-end of the campus.

The hostel runs a mess. A separate TV room and reading room are provided in the Boys' Hostel; the girls hostel is located on the south-end of the campus. Another girls hostel is located 3 Kilometres away from the college, in Hootagalli industrial estate. A Health Care Unit has been provided on the campus with a qualified physician; the centre works between 2.00 p.m on all working days. SJCE offers scholarships and awards to students for their future education, benefits based on their performance; the eligible students can apply for fee scholarship. Endowment scholarships are available; the Product Development Centre' identifies students' projects that are commercially viable and develop them into prototypes and test for reliability. The product is offered to the students, employees or outsiders for being commercially exploited. SJCE-STEP - The SJCE Science and Technology Entrepreneurs Park was established with the sponsorship of Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, Industrial Development Bank of India, Department of Science and Technology, Government of Karnataka and Sri Jayachamarajendra College of Engineering.

Some of the activities of STEP are in the areas of Entrepreneurship Development Programmes, Technology Transfer, Mass Employment Generation through Science and Technology, Information Centre etc. SJCE-STEP is one of the first 3 STEPs and has been accredited as the BEST STEP among the 14 STEPs established across the country. STEP SJCE provides services in the areas of entrepreneurship, skill development and continuing education programmes. Projects such as industrial design of a small Electronic Exchange equipment, cordless microphone, electronic choke for fluorescent lamps have been completed. In collaboration with the Community Polytechnic, STEP is engaged in technology transfer to rural areas. About 350 smokeless chulhas have been installed, besides putting up several biogas plants; the Information Centre established by STEP offers its membership to industry. Reference volume standards, different types of Hand Books, information on industrial policy, industrial licensing are available. A computer data bank on expert resources, manufacturers index, supplier index, have been created.

The Information Centre is hooked up to the National Informatics Center Network through a NICNET terminal

Linda Frye Burnham

For the activist and author, please see Linda Burnham. Linda Frye Burnham is a writer whose work and research focuses on performance art, community art and activism. In 1978 she was the founding editor of High Performance Magazine and served as co-editor with Steven Durland until 1997, she has served as a staff writer for Artforum magazine, contributor to The Drama Review, among other publications. As an arts organizer Burnham co-founded in Santa Monica, the 18th Street Arts Center, Highways Performance Space. In 1995 she cofounded Art in the Public Interest with Steven Durland in North Carolina, as well as cofounding the Community Arts Network in 1999 with Steven Durland, Robert Leonard and Ann Kilkelly. Burnham received a Bachelor of Arts in Humanities from the University of Southern California, a Masters of Fine Arts in creative writing from the University of California, Irvine. Burnham’s writing has been published in numerous journals and art magazines in both the United States and the UK.

She wrote The Citizen Artist: 20 Years of Art in Critical Press, Incorporated. Among the books she has edited are: Making Exact Change: How U. S. arts-based programs have made a significant and sustained impact on their communities,. In 1999 Burnham was awarded a lifetime achievement award from the Women’s Caucus on the Arts. In 2013, she and Steven Durland received the ATHE Award for Leadership in Community-based Theater and Civic Engagement. Official website

Stereo Mike

Mihalis Exarchos, known professionally by his stage name Stereo Mike, is a Greek hip hop artist. He is the first MTV EMA Award winner in the "Best Greek Act" category. Stereo Mike represented Greece in the Eurovision Song Contest 2011 alongside singer Loucas Yiorkas with the song "Watch My Dance", placing seventh with 120 points. Exarchos was born in 1978 in Greece to a Greek father and Croatian mother from Rijeka. At the age of 18, his musical interest brought him to the UK for education in the field at the universities Leeds Metropolitan and University of Westminster. In the next four years, he obtained two degrees, Bachelor of Music Technology and Master on Sound Production. During his studies, Exarchos worked as a sound producer at Vault Recording Studios in Hackney, where he worked with several British hip hop artists, including Klashnekoff, Bury Crew, Taskforce, Iceberg Slimm, Mike GLC and JMC. Exarchos worked as a producer at AMG Records, which led him to his first recording contract as'Stereo Mike' with AMG's hip-hop sub-label, Mo' Money Recording$.

Within two years, he composed and produced his debut album, while accepting a post-graduate lecturing position at London's University of Westminster in music production. He released his debut album in Greece titled Satirical Nomads by Mo' Money Recording$ under license to Universal Music Greece; the album's singles included the anti-racism anthem "O Allos Babis" and the remix "I Polis". Stereo Mike was nominated at the Mad Video Music Awards in 2005 for "Best Hip-Hop Video Clip" and in 2008 for "Best Hip-Hop Video Clip" and for "Video Clip of the Year". Stereo Mike subsequently signed to Minos EMI for his second album titled XLI3H, leet for the Greek word Εξέλιξη, meaning "evolution", he is concurrently doing research work toward a PhD in music. Stereo Mike is the first MTV EMA Award winner in the "Best Greek Act" category, which came into effect with MTV's 2008 regional launch in Greece, he was nominated for Greece in the category of Europe's Favourite Act for 2008. Stereo Mike with Loucas Yiorkas represented Greece in the Eurovision Song Contest 2011 in Germany with the song "Watch My Dance".

2004: Satirical Nomads 2007: XLI3H 2011: Aneli3h Satirical Nomads: 2004: "O Allos Babis" 2004: "I Polis"2005 Mad Video Music Awards: 2005: "Pump It/Misirlou" XLI3H: 2007: "Fevgo" 2007: "Des Kathara" 2008: "Anagnorisi" 2008: "Alli Mia Nihta" 2009: "Peraia Mou"2008 Mad Video Music Awards: 2008: "S'opoion Aresei" 2008: "Piase Me" 2009: "Peraia Mou"Eurovision Song Contest 2011 2011: "Watch My Dance" Official Facebook page

Harry S. Hammond

Harry Stevens Hammond was an American football player and businessman. He played college football at the University of Michigan from 1904 to 1907, he had a career in business with the Pressed Steel Car Company and the National Tube Co. Hammond was born in Crown Point, New York in November 1884, he came from a family. His grandfather was Brig. Gen. John Hammond, who served in the Union Army during the Civil War and became a U. S. Congressman from New York; when the Hammond family's iron works began to suffer as a result of competition from Lake Superior iron ore, the family moved to Chicago. Hammond's father, Charles Lyman Hammond, was a New York native, a graduate of the United States Military Academy, a real estate businessman, his mother, Mary Electa Hammond, was a Vermont native. At the time of the 1900 United States Census, Hammond lived in Chicago with his parents, four brothers, Charles H. Thomas S. and Robert, two servants. He attended the public schools in Chicago. Hammond's four brothers each became amateur athletes.

His older brother, John S. Hammond, was a track and field competitor and football player at the United States Military Academy and was the founder of the New York Rangers. Brother Thomas S. Hammond played football for Michigan; the other two brothers were Robert Hammond, who worked for the Whiting Corporation, architect C. Herrick Hammond. Hammond enrolled at the University of Michigan in 1903, he played on the All-Freshman football team in 1903 before joining the varsity team as a sophomore. He played for the Michigan Wolverines football team from 1904 to 1907 and was one of the leading scorers on the 1904 and 1905 "Point-a-Minute" football teams, he played at the halfback and end positions. The 1906 University of Michigan yearbook noted:"No better exhibition of pluck was shown than his work in the Wisconsin game. Playing without a headgear, he dived headlong int the Badgers' interference time after time, breaking it up and enabling Tom to get the man with the ball; the manner in which he and Garrels outplayed the Chicago ends in the closing game was one of the redeeming feature of that contest.

He tackled the dreaded Eckersall for losses or forced him to run out of bounds. While not a spectacular player, Hammond's courage and cool make him one of the most valuable players on the 1905 eleven." Hammond was a member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity at Michigan. Hammond graduated from the University of Michigan with a mechanical engineering degree in 1908. Hammond worked for several months after receiving his degree for the Kenwood Bridge Co. in Chicago. In 1908, he became associated with the Pressed Steel Car Co. of Pittsburgh. He worked for the latter company as a draftsman and sales agent at least into the 1920s. At the time of the 1910 United States Census, he was living in Chicago with his parents and working as a sales agent for a steel car company. Hammond married Helen Hoffstot at Port Washington, New York, in June 1917. At the time of the 1920 United States Census, Hammond was living in Manhattan with his wife Helen and their son Harry S. Hammond, Jr, his occupation was listed as a salesman for pressed cars.

In a draft registration card dated September 1918, Hammond indicated that he was a manager for the Pressed Steel Car Co. in Philadelphia. At the time of the 1930 United States Census, Hammond was living in Garden City, New York with his wife Helen, their three children, two servants, his occupation was listed as a sales agent for street cars. During the 1930s, Hammond was associated with the gas industry business of National Tube Co. a subsidiary and division of United States Steel Corp. Hammond died in Westport, Connecticut in June 1960

Gallows (album)

Gallows is the third album by English hardcore punk band Gallows and the first full-length to feature new lead vocalist Wade Macneil, who replaced original frontman Frank Carter in August 2011, when Carter left to form new band Pure Love. It is the last album to feature guitarist Steph Carter; the album was produced and mastered by Spycatcher members Thomas Mitchener and Steve Sears at Watford's Broadfields Studio and was released on 10 September 2012 via the band's new label Venn Records in partnership with PIAS Recordings. The album will be released and distributed in the United States through Bridge Nine Records and in Australia and New Zealand through Halfcut Records/Shock Records. Wade Macneil – lead vocals Laurent "Lags" Barnard – guitar, backing vocals, keyboards Steph Carter – guitar, backing vocals Stuart Gili-Ross – bass, backing vocals Lee Barratt – drums, percussion