Historical Dictionary of Switzerland

The Historical Dictionary of Switzerland is an encyclopedia on the history of Switzerland that aims to take into account the results of modern historical research in a manner accessible to a broader audience. The encyclopedia is published by a foundation under the patronage of the Swiss Academy of Humanities and Social Sciences and the Swiss Historical Society and is financed by national research grants. Besides a staff of 35 at the central offices, the contributors include 100 academic advisors, 2500 historians and 100 translators; the encyclopedia is being edited in three national languages of Switzerland: German and Italian. The first of 13 volumes was published in 2002; the last volume was published in 2014. The 36,000 headings are grouped in: Biographies Articles on families and genealogy Articles on places Subject articles The on-line edition has been available since 1998, it makes accessible, for free, but no illustrations. It lists all 36,000 topics that are to be covered. Lexicon Istoric Retic is a two volume version with a selection of articles published in Romansh.

It includes articles not available in the other languages. The first volume was published in 2010, the second in 2012. An on-line version is available. Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz, Schwabe AG, Basel, ISBN 3-7965-1900-8 Dictionnaire historique de la Suisse, Editions Gilles Attinger, Hauterive, ISBN 2-88256-133-4 Dizionario storico della Svizzera, Armando Dadò editore, Locarno, ISBN 88-8281-100-X Lexicon Istoric Retic, Kommissionsverlag Desertina, Chur, ISBN 978-3-85637-390-0, ISBN 978-3-85637-391-7 Media related to Historical Dictionary of Switzerland at Wikimedia Commons DHS/HLS/DSS online edition in German and Italian Lexicon Istoric Retic online edition in Romansh


Czudec is a town in Strzyżów County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in south-eastern Poland. It is the seat of the gmina called Gmina Czudec, it lies in Lesser Poland 8 kilometres north-east of Strzyżów and 16 km south-west of the regional capital Rzeszów. The village has a population of 2,900, has a rail station on the secondary-importance line from Rzeszów to Jasło; the history of Czudec dates back to the year 1185, when Mikołaj Bogoria from the town of Bogoria near Sandomierz granted a number of Lesser Poland’s villages to the newly established Koprzywnica Cistercian abbey. Among those villages was Czudec. In 1263 in Tarnów, Lesser Poland’s prince Bolesław V the Chaste met with Daniel of Galicia, to establish a border between the two states. According to their agreement, Czudec was to remain within Lesser Poland, while nearby Rzeszów belonged to Red Ruthenia. On September 11, 1427, King Władysław Jagiełło granted Magdeburg rights town charter to Czudec; the new town was permitted to have one fair a week, to create several guilds.

Until 1610, Czudec belonged to the Strzyżowski family. The town passed into the hands of the Grabieński family, which owned it until 1840; until 1772, Czudec belonged to Pilzno County of Sandomierz Voivodeship. After the Partitions of Poland, it was annexed by the Habsburg Empire, from 1772 to 1918, belonged to the province of Galicia. In the 19th century the town declined. In 1935, the government of the Second Polish Republic stripped Czudec of the town charter. Points of interest: Baroque Holy Trinity parish church, built from stone of the ruined Czudec Castle, St. Martin roadside chapel, a 17th-century manor house called Lamus, together with a park, wooden houses in the market square, ruins of the medieval Czudec Castle; the ruins are located on a hill called Góra Zamkowa, at the Wislok river. In 1938 and 1954, archaeologists found here several examples of Gothic brick walls; the castle dates back to the early years of Polish history, when it was a gord, guarding southeastern border of Lesser Poland.

In the 14th century, a wooden complex was built, remodeled in Renaissance style in the 16th century. In 1657, during the Swedish invasion of Poland, the castle was destroyed by Transilvanian army of George II Rakoczi; the image of the castle was presented on the official seal of Czudec, in the period when it was a town. It makes current coat of arms of the village

Nathaniel Attoh

Nathaniel Attoh, alias "Citizen Attoh", born is a Ghanaian professional master of ceremonies, international boxing ring announcer, television and radio journalist. He is known for the radio show " Joy Sports Link" on Joy 99.7 FM Ghana. Attoh was born in Ghana, he was educated at Ridge Church School in Accra. Followed by St. Augustine's College in Cape Coast, Ghana, he received a diploma in communication studies from the African University College of Communications between 2003 and 2005. He enrolled at the Ghana Institute of Journalism, where he completed a Bachelor of Arts degree in communication studies. Attoh started his journalism career with the Graphic Communications Group, where he reported for the Graphic Sports Newspaper. After 5 years, he joined the Multimedia Group in April 2009 as a Broadcast Journalist, he was key in the establishment of the Joy Sports brand which now is on television and online. He was promoted to senior broadcast journalist and editor of Joy Sports, he moved beyond sports, presented some entertainment and lifestyle shows.

He is the host of "Sports Today" on the Joy News Channel on Multi TV Ghana. He has anchored the African Cup of Nations Broadcast, the Football Show and the English Premier League Broadcast, all on Multi TV Ghana. Attoh married Emelia Asiedu Attoh in July 2014. Miss Universe Ghana Host, Exclusive Men of the Year Awards 2016. Host, The Rhythms on DA Runway event, 2017. Host Miss Universe Ghana, 2018. Co host Rhythms on Da Runway. Nominated, Glitz Style Awards 2016 Edition Nominated, 2012 Radio and Television Personality Awards Ghana. Nominated, 2016 Radio and Television Personality Awards Ghana. Awarded, 2018 Glitz Africa Style Awards Media Personality of the year, his first experience on the runway, was at the 2018 edition of the Joy Beauty and Bridal Fair, where he modeled suits and traditional marriage outfits and at the 2019 Glitz Africa Fashion Week, in a design put together by Jay Ray Ghartey. He has announced many big fight nights, including two IBO World Title fights: Joseph Agbeko VS Luis Melendez and a WBC World Youth World Title between Isaac Dogboe and John Neil Tabanao of the Philippines.

He served as the Ring Announcer for the Judgement Day Bout between Ghana's Bukom Banku and Ayittey Powers, telecast on DSTV Super Sports to over 30 African Countries. Nathaniel served as the MC for the grand opening of the Bukom Boxing Arena of the Trust Sports Emporium. Official website