The University of Lausanne in Lausanne, Switzerland was founded in 1537 as a school of theology, before being made a university in 1890. As of fall 2017, about 15,000 students and 3,300 employees work at the university. 1,500 international students attend the university, which has a wide curriculum including exchange programs with world-renowned universities. Since 2005, the University follows the requirements of the Bologna process; the 2011 Times Higher Education World University Rankings ranked the University of Lausanne 116th globally. The CWTS Leiden Ranking 2015 ranks the University of Lausanne 11th in Europe and 41st globally, out of 750 universities. Together with the École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne the university forms a vast campus at the shores of Lake Geneva; the University of Lausanne comprises seven faculties: Faculty of Arts Faculty of Biology and Medicine Faculty of Business and Economics called HEC Lausanne Faculty of Geosciences and Environment Faculty of Law, Criminal Justice and Public Administration, including the Swiss Graduate School of Public Administration Faculty of Social and Political Sciences Faculty of Theology and Religious Studies The University of Lausanne comprises schools and different sections, including but not limited to: School of Criminal Justice School of French as a Foreign Language French summer and winter courses Science-Society Interface The Academy, forerunner of the UNIL, was founded in 1537.
Its vocation at that time was to train ministers for the church. The university enjoyed a certain renown due to the fact that it was the only French language Protestant school of theology; as the centuries passed, the number of faculties increased and diversified until, in 1890, the Academy received the name and status of a university. In 1909, Rodolphe Archibald Reiss founded the first school of forensic science in the world: the Institut de police scientifique. From 1970, the university moved progressively from the old centre of Lausanne, around the Cathedral and Château, to its present site at Dorigny; the end of the 20th century witnessed the beginnings of an ambitious project aiming at greater co-operation and development among the French-speaking universities of Lausanne and Neuchâtel, together with the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne. Among others, this led to the transfer of the sections of Mathematics and Chemistry from the University to the EPFL. In 2003, two new faculties were founded, concentrating on the life and human sciences: the Faculty of Biology and Medicine and the Faculty of Geosciences and Environment.
On 1 January 2014, the Swiss Graduate School of Public Administration was integrated into the University of Lausanne. Since August 2016, the rector of the University of Lausanne is Nouria Hernandez; the main campus is presently situated outside the city of Lausanne, on the shores of Lake Léman, in Dorigny. It is adjacent to the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne and is served by the Lausanne Metro Line 1; the two schools together welcome about 20,000 students. The UNIL and the EPFL share an active sports centre located on the campus, on the shores of Lake Geneva and their campus is equipped with a bicycle sharing system; the university campus is made up of individual buildings with a arboretum in between. The university library serves as eating hall and is centrally located; the view from the library across the sports fields to the lake of Geneva and the French and Swiss Alps. On a clear day, Mont Blanc can be seen; the Swiss Institute of Comparative Law and the central administration of the Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics are located on the main campus.
In addition to its main campus at the lakeside, the University of Lausanne has other sites. The Faculty of Biology and Medicine is located in two other sites: around the University Hospital of Lausanne and in Épalinges; the Department of Biochemistry, the Ludwig Cancer Research branch of the University of Lausanne and the WHO Immunology Research and Training Centre and some laboratories of the University Hospital of Lausanne are located in Épalinges. The Biopôle was built next to the Épalinges campus; the Faculty of Biology and Medicine comprises a fourth site, the Psychiatric Hospital of Cery, in Prilly. The University of Texas at Dallas TOP 100 BUSINESS SCHOOL RESEARCH RANKINGS ranked the Faculty of Business & Economics of the University of Lausanne as follows: According to the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, the University ranked 62nd in Life Sciences worldwide in 2017; the overall rankings are as follows: The QS World University Rankings ranked the University of Lausanne 96th in Life Science and Medicine with the overall rankings as follows: The THE-QS World University Rankings ranked the University of Lausanne as follows: The Academic Ranking of World Universities ranked the University of Lausanne in 2016 as 101-150th in Life Science and Medicine and 151-200th in Social Science.
A. H. Parker High School is a four-year public high school in Alabama, it is one of seven high schools in the Birmingham City School System and is named for longtime Birmingham educator Arthur Harold Parker. School colors are purple and white, the mascot is the Bison. Parker competes in AHSAA Class 6A athletics. Known as Negro High School, Parker opened as a high school for African-American children in the fall of 1900 with a freshman class of 19 students and one teacher; the school's first graduation was June 3, 1904 at the 16th Street Baptist Church, where 15 students received diplomas. Its founding was spearheaded by pastor and banker William R. Pettiford, Arthur H. Parker was its first principal. In September 1910 the school moved to a temporary location - the Lane Auditorium - and began offering skills for women such as sewing and child care. By that time the enrollment was about 100 students. Construction of a permanent facility began in 1923, by 1929 the school had an industrial building, a library and a gymnasium.
In 1937 the school had an enrollment of over 2,700, in 1939, A. H. Parker retired as the school was subsequently renamed in his honor; the school continued to grow to 3,761 students in 1946. Because of that large number, the school soon became known as the largest high school for Negroes in the world. In 1953, the school was accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, an accreditation it has kept since. In February 2007 the Birmingham City Board of Education announced that Parker would be one of the schools rebuilt using the city's $331 million share of the $1.1 billion Jefferson County School Construction Fund. Plans to demolish the sole remaining historic building on campus, a two-story classroom wing built in 1927 and torn down in 2011, drew opposition. Parker's current campus opened in 2011, it is a 194,250 square foot facility, constructed at a final cost of $41 million. The new building was built on a site adjacent to the existing facility, demolished in order to make room for parking and athletic facilities.
The school has a media center, a distance-learning lab, a career tech wing and an auditorium that can hold 750 students. The cafeteria seats more than 350. Enrollment in grades 9-12 for the 2013-14 school year is 884 students. 98% of students are African-American, 1% are Hispanic, 1% are multiracial. 90% of students qualify for free or reduced price lunch. Parker has a graduation rate of 49%. 62% of its students meet or exceed proficiency standards in mathematics, 52% meet or exceed standards in reading. The average ACT score for Parker students is 19. Parker competes in AHSAA Class 6A athletics and fields teams in the following sports: Baseball Basketball Bowling Cheerleading Golf Football Indoor Track & Field Outdoor Track & Field Soccer Softball Swimming VolleyballParker has won AHSAA state championships in the following sports: Boys' basketball Boys' outdoor track and field Oscar Adams Jr. Alabama Supreme Court justice Eric Bledsoe, NBA basketball player for the Milwaukee Bucks Bill Bruton, MLB player Buck Buchanan, Pro Football Hall of Fame defensive tackle Nell Carter and actress Clyde Foster, NASA EEO director Erskine Hawkins, musician Lola Hendricks, civil rights activist Haywood Henry, jazz saxophonist Larry Langford, former mayor of Birmingham Raymond Lee Lathan, member of the Wisconsin State Assembly Carlos May, MLB player Lee May, MLB player Willie E. May, Undersecretary of Commerce for Standards and Technology and Director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology from 2015 to 2017 Avery Parrish, jazz musician George Perdue, Alabama legislator Sun Ra, jazz musician John Rhoden, sculptor Bennie Seltzer, basketball coach Walter Sharpe, basketball player Lynneice Washington and district attorney Chris Woods, football player Parker website
Rio Grande Southern Railroad, Motor No. 2 is a gasoline engine powered narrow gauge railroad motorcar. It was converted on August 1931 from a 1927 Buick "Master Six" 4-door sedan; the Buick was cut behind the rear doorpost and extended with sheet metal 18 inches to form an enlarged passenger compartment. The steering column was removed; the couch from the RGS office become the back seat as it is shown being requisitioned for Goose No. 2 on the statement covering construction. The front axle was removed and replaced with a swiveling two-axle lightweight railroad truck with sixteen-inch diameter wheels that carried and guided the front of the Goose. Ahead of the front truck the pilot is attached to the frame. There were two small pivoted scrapers attached to the rear of the pilot to keep small objects on the track from derailing the lightweight front truck. During the winter season a small snowplow was attached to the front of the pilot; the rear of the frame was lengthened using junked truck frame parts to carry the enclosed mail and freight compartment.
The compartment box is sixteen feet long, seven feet wide, six foot ten inches high at the sides. It has a four-foot wide double door centered, on each side for access to the mail and freight compartment; the roof is bowed upward in the center to shed moisture. The compartment was fabricated from 2 by 2 inches wood framing, with 1 by 2 inches wood strips running crossways; this is covered with 22 gauge galvanized sheet steel nailed to the 1" x 2" strips. The heating of the freight compartment of Goose No. 2 was noted as being considered in September 1931, soon after completion. Goose No. 2's stove is located in a four foot wide by two foot seven inch area added onto the rear of the compartment in the center. Examination shows that it was added on after the compartment box was built, but not too long thereafter, as the earliest photographs found show the addition; the Goose was powered by the engine and transmission that came with the Buick sedan. These powered the rear swiveling two-axle truck assembly mounted under the rear frame and compartment.
The drive shaft powers only the forward axle, made from a modified Ford truck rear axle. The rearmost axle is driven by roller chains and sprockets mounted outside of the wheels; the rear truck has twenty-four inch diameter cast wheels. The braking is accomplished by brake shoes between the axles on each truck being pushed against the wheel treads; these are actuated by linkage connecting them to the normal foot parking brake lever. The foot brake is connected to the front truck and the parking brake lever is connected to the rear truck. Goose No. 2 never received air brakes. The original paint scheme of Goose No. 2 is still an item of much discussion. Examination of the paint layers on the rear compartment exterior shows a shade of green on the bottom layer, it is now a light green a faded Pullman dark green paint. Over, black paint, the aluminum paint, used after 1935; the body on Goose No. 2 was replaced around 1939 with the body from the San Christobal Railroad Goose No. 1, built by the RGS for the San Christobal in 1934.
This is a Pierce-Arrow Model 80 body and is longer with larger side windows than that of the Buick body. The rear freight compartment was shortened eight inches to allow for the longer body and avoid altering the frame and drive shafts; this is its current configuration as displayed. Galloping Goose No. 2 is the only example of this type of narrow gauge rail car designed for combination passenger and freight service, which maintains this as-used configuration in Colorado and thus is significant at a statewide level. The period of significance is 1931-1943, the period during which Goose No. 2 operated as part of the Rio Grande Southern Railroad. Otto Mears incorporated the Rio Grande Southern Railroad in November 1889, as another of his many narrow gauge railroads in the San Juan Mountains of Colorado. Narrow gauge railroads operate on rails spaced 3 feet apart as opposed to the 4 feet 8 1/2 inch spacing used by standard gauge railroads. Mears planned to tap the economic riches of the area—lumber and mined ores silver.
The area to be serviced stretched northwest of Durango to Ridgway, north of Ouray. The area was well populated and promised a lucrative source of rail revenue. Construction of the RGS started in 1890 from the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad tracks in Durango towards Dolores and from the D&RG tracks in Ridgway toward Telluride and Ophir; the 162.6 mile railroad was finished in late 1891 with the joining of the two ends south of Rico. The year 1892 was a successful and profitable year for the RGS, but financial success was not long lasting. American Railroad Association, Locomotive Cyclopedia of American Practice. Ninth Edition-1930 Simmons-Boardman Publishing Co. New York, N. Y. 1930. Republished 1985 by Newton K. Gregg, Novato California. Ferrell, Mallory Hope, Silver San Juan; the Rio Grande Southern Railroad, Pruett Publishing Co. Boulder, Colorado, 1973. Rhine, Galloping Geese on the Rio Grande Southern. Tin Feathers and Gasoline Fumes. Colorado Railroad Museum, Colorado, 1971. Reprinted from the Colorado Rail Annual No.
9, Colorado Railroad Museum, Golden, 1971, Robert W. Narrow Gauge News. Colorado Rail Annual No. 21. Colorado Railroad Museum, Colorado, 1994