BiobĂ­o Province

Biobío Province is one of four provinces of the Chilean region of Biobío. Its capital is Los Ángeles, it is bounded on the north and south by the provinces of Concepción, Arauco and Malleco and on the east by Argentina. It has an area of 14,987.9 km2 of well-wooded and mountainous country, exports timber to a large extent. The population is 373,981 according to the census of 2012; the great trunk railway from Santiago south to Puerto Montt crosses the western part of the province and connects it with the port of Concepción. Los Ángeles is connected with it by a branch line; the Province of Bio-Bío was created on October 1875, as part of the Province of Araucan. In 1887, President José Manuel Balmaceda set aside the Province of Malleco; the province was named for the Bio-Bio River which flows through it. The Province of Bío Bío was divided, into three departments: As part of the process of regionalization in the 1970s, the Region of Bío Bío was created. By Decree #1,213 of 27 of November 4, 1975, the VIII Region comprises the provinces of Bío Bío, Concepción and Ñuble.

As a province, Bío Bío is a second-level administrative division of Chile, governed by a provincial governor, appointed by the president. The province is composed of 14 communes, each governed by a municipality consisting of an elected alcalde and municipal council. According to the 2002 census by the National Statistics Institute, the province spans an area of 14,987.9 km2 and had a population of 353,315 inhabitants, giving it a population density of 23.6/km2. It is the tenth most populated province in the country. Of these, 245,775 lived in 107,540 in rural areas. Between the 1992 and 2002 censuses, the population grew by 9.1%. The Bío Bío Valley wine region is located in the region of the same name. One of Chile's southern wine regions, it has become known for its aromatic wines; the region is located at a latitude of 36 ° S, similar to southern Monterey in California. The majority of its vineyards lie between 50 metres and 200 metres above sea level with a moderate Mediterranean climate, it receives 1,275 millimetres of rain per year, among the highest of all Chilean wine valleys, although winds prevent excessive humidity - a phenomenon that can be observed in northern France.

For most of the 20th century, the main varieties grown in the Bío Bío valley were Moscatel de Alejandria and Pais, but today, Pinot Noir and Sauvignon Blanc are grown throughout the valley. The UK's Co-Op's Bio Bio Valley Malbec was awarded silver at the International Wine Challenge and a bronze from Decanter magazine. Climate: moderate Mediterranean climate. 1,275 millimetres of rain per year. Average rainfall is among highest seen in any Chilean wine valley. Soils: Alluvial soils and sand. Primary grapes: Pinot noir and Sauvignon blanc. Total hectares planted: 446 hectares Chilean wine


Kaak is a native dish of the province of Balochistan of Pakistan and Kermanshah & Baluchestan of Iran. Popular among the nomadic Balochis, Kaak is hard once it has been baked. Hence, it is sometimes called "Pathar ki Roti" The dough for the bread is prepared with a mixture of Flour, dry yeast, salt, milk and other ingredients based on the variation; the dough is flattened and rolled over a preheated stone. Sometimes sesame seeds are added as a complement too; the stone is baked in a tandoor until the bread is cooked. Kaak is served with Sajji; the oven in which the kaak is cooked is made of finely hewn stone mined from the local quarry, otherwise known as the kaak block. In Baloch tradition, the matriarch of the home has the most say in. Once the bread rises the responsibilities of the task are handed over to the younger women of the household to finish the job, it is customary among the Balochi people, that the father of the bride feeds his daughter kaak the night before her wedding. During the summer seasons, a popular baker's festival is held in the town of Mahore called Khabaz Mahrajan Magiz.

The festival highlights the best bakers from across the entire Pakistan, thus drawing large crowds into the tens of thousands. It is customary at this festival to have an annual Kaak competition, in which all the bakers submit their goods to a panel of judges; the winners of this competition, which include gold and bronze medalists, have the privilege to showcase their finest kaak at the grand opening ceremony for the festival the following year. In Arab countries, the same word refers to thin savory pastry bracelets flavored with aniseed or covered with sesame seeds. Kaak bi Loz is a sweet version made with ground almonds