History painting

History painting is a genre in painting defined by its subject matter rather than artistic style. History paintings depict a moment in a narrative story, rather than a specific and static subject, as in a portrait; the term is derived from the wider senses of the word historia in Latin and Italian, meaning "story" or "narrative", means "story painting". Most history paintings are not of scenes from history paintings from before about 1850. In modern English, historical painting is sometimes used to describe the painting of scenes from history in its narrower sense for 19th-century art, excluding religious and allegorical subjects, which are included in the broader term history painting, before the 19th century were the most common subjects for history paintings. History paintings always contain a number of figures a large number, show some type of action, a moment in a narrative; the genre includes depictions of moments in religious narratives, above all the Life of Christ, as well as narrative scenes from mythology, allegorical scenes.

These groups were for long the most painted. The term covers large paintings in oil on canvas or fresco produced between the Renaissance and the late 19th century, after which the term is not used for the many works that still meet the basic definition. History painting may be used interchangeably with historical painting, was so used before the 20th century. Where a distinction is made, "historical painting" is the painting of scenes from secular history, whether specific episodes or generalized scenes. In the 19th century, historical painting in this sense became a distinct genre. In phrases such as "historical painting materials", "historical" means in use before about 1900, or some earlier date. History paintings were traditionally regarded as the highest form of Western painting, occupying the most prestigious place in the hierarchy of genres, considered the equivalent to the epic in literature. In his De Pictura of 1436, Leon Battista Alberti had argued that multi-figure history painting was the noblest form of art, as being the most difficult, which required mastery of all the others, because it was a visual form of history, because it had the greatest potential to move the viewer.

He placed emphasis on the ability to depict the interactions between the figures by gesture and expression. This view remained general until the 19th century, when artistic movements began to struggle against the establishment institutions of academic art, which continued to adhere to it. At the same time, there was from the latter part of the 18th century an increased interest in depicting in the form of history painting moments of drama from recent or contemporary history, which had long been confined to battle-scenes and scenes of formal surrenders and the like. Scenes from ancient history had been popular in the early Renaissance, once again became common in the Baroque and Rococo periods, still more so with the rise of Neoclassicism. In some 19th or 20th century contexts, the term may refer to paintings of scenes from secular history, rather than those from religious narratives, literature or mythology; the term is not used in art history in speaking of medieval painting, although the Western tradition was developing in large altarpieces, fresco cycles, other works, as well as miniatures in illuminated manuscripts.

It comes to the fore in Italian Renaissance painting, where a series of ambitious works were produced, many still religious, but several in Florence, which did feature near-contemporary historical scenes such as the set of three huge canvases on The Battle of San Romano by Paolo Uccello, the abortive Battle of Cascina by Michelangelo and the Battle of Anghiari by Leonardo da Vinci, neither of which were completed. Scenes from ancient history and mythology were popular. Writers such as Alberti and the following century Giorgio Vasari in his Lives of the Artists, followed public and artistic opinion in judging the best painters above all on their production of large works of history painting. Artists continued for centuries to strive to make their reputation by producing such works neglecting genres to which their talents were better suited. There was some objection to the term, as many writers preferred terms such as "poetic painting", or wanted to make a distinction between the "true" istoria, covering history including biblical and religious scenes, the fabula, covering pagan myth and scenes from fiction, which could not be regarded as true.

The large works of Raphael were long considered, with those of Michelangelo, as the finest models for the genre. In the Raphael Rooms in the Vatican Palace and historical scenes are mixed together, the Raphael Cartoons show scenes from the Gospels, all in the Grand Manner that from the High Renaissance became associated with, expected in, history painting. In the Late Renaissance and Baroque the painting of actual history tended to degenerate into panoramic battle-scenes with the victorious monarch or general perched on a horse accompanied with his retinue, or formal scenes of ceremonies, although some artists managed to make a masterpiece from such unpromising material, as Velázquez did with his The Surrender of Breda. An influential formulation of the hierarchy of genres, confirming the history painting at the top, was made in 1667 by André Félibien, a historiograph

Anant Kumar Hegde

Anant Kumar Hegde is an Indian politician, the former Union Minister of State for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship and the incumbent Member of Parliament for Uttara Kannada constituency. Hegde, a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party, is known for his controversial remarks against Islam. Hegde is a Hindu nationalist and member of the right-wing Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. Anantkumar Hegde was born to Lalita and Dattatreya Hegde in Sirsi of Uttara Kannada district on 20 May 1968, he graduated from MM Arts & Science College in Sirsi. During college days he was member of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and an ABVP activist. In 1998, Anant Kumar married Shrirupa Hegde and they have two children, a daughter and a son. First elected to the 11th Lok Sabha in 1996 and since been re-elected five times from Uttara Kannada, he was appointed the Union Minister of State for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship in Prime Minister Narendra Modi's cabinet since September 2017. Anant Kumar Hegde founded Kadamba group of organisations which works in the fields of multi-dimensional socioeconomic activities for the downtrodden and the vulnerable section of the society in the rural areas.

In January 2017, he was caught on camera assaulting and hitting a doctor for the alleged mistreatment of his mother at a hospital. In 2018, speaking at a job fair and skill exhibition, he said that he will go ahead with his commitment of developing skills in the youth of India and not bother about the barking stray dogs, referring to groups protesting his earlier "change constitution" remark. In 2018, he criticised the word secular and said that BJP government would "amend the Constitution" to remove the word from the Preamble, he has said that Taj Mahal was a Shiv Mandir known as Tejo Mahalaya. After KPCC president Dinesh Gundu Rao questioned him over his achievements as a Union Minister, Hegde referred to Rao as "a guy who ran behind a Muslim lady". In March 2019, he triggered controversy by calling the Congress president, Rahul Gandhi, a “hybrid product that can be found only in Congress laboratory”, he said Gandhi claims to be a Brahmin “despite being born to a Muslim father and a Christian mother”.

In September 2019, he once again triggered a controversy by calling the former IAS officer S. Sasikanth Senthil a traitor and asking him to go to Pakistan. In February 2020, Hegde triggered another a controversy by stating that the freedom fight led by Mahatma Gandhi was a drama, he attacked Gandhi by questioning how such a person be called a'Mahatma'. He again stated that the freedom movement in India was staged with the consent and support of the British. Members of Fifteenth Lok Sabha – Parliament of India website "MP Hegde plans to call Anita Bose on Netaji's birth anniversary"; the Times of India. 24 September 2009

Andrew Ryan (rugby league)

Andrew Ryan is an Australian former professional rugby league footballer who played in the 2000s and 2010s. An Australia international]and New South Wales State of Origin representative forward, he played his club football in the National Rugby League for the Parramatta Eels and Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs, winning the 2004 NRL premiership with the club and becoming their captain. A Dubbo High School, St. Johns Dubbo and Emu Plains JRLFC junior, Ryan made his debut for the Parramatta Eels against the Brisbane Broncos at Parramatta Stadium in round 2 of the 2000 NRL season. Ryan played in the club's preliminary final defeat against the Brisbane Broncos in the same year, he was named the 2000 Parramatta Eels season's rookie of the year. In the 2001 NRL season, Ryan made 24 appearances as Parramatta finished as runaway Minor Premiers after one of the most dominant seasons in the modern era where the club set numerous point scoring records. Ryan played from the interchange bench for Parramatta in their shock 2001 NRL grand final loss to the Newcastle Knights.

After three seasons with the Parramatta Eels, the club was unable to retain Ryan due to the salary cap and the man known as'Bobcat' accepted a deal to join arch-rivals the Canterbury-Bankstown for the 2003 NRL season. His second season with Canterbury-Bankstown was and professionally his most successful - with a return to State of Origin, selection at international level, a premiership win in the 2004 NRL grand final for Canterbury over cross-town rivals, the Sydney Roosters. Ryan captained the Dogs in this match with regular captain Steve Price ruled out after sustaining an injury in the preliminary final against the 2003 premiers, the Penrith Panthers. Ryan was selected in the Australian team to go and compete in the end of season 2004 Rugby League Tri-Nations tournament. In the final against Great Britain he played at second-row forward in the Kangaroos' 44-4 victory. In 2005, Ryan became captain of the club following Price's move to the New Zealand Warriors. Ryan was selected to play for the Australian national team at lock forward the 2007 ANZAC Test match victory against New Zealand.

In 2009, he was named Dally M Captain of the Year, after leading the club to within one game of a Grand Final appearance, after they had finished the year prior with the wooden spoon. He was the last 2004 premiership-winning player still at the club when he retired at the conclusion of the 2011 NRL season. Ryan is now an player welfare officer for the National Rugby League. Ryan is an Australian Apprenticeships Ambassador for the Australian Government. Ryan was selected to represent New South Wales as variously a second-rower or lock in five series to the end of 2007: Games II and III of the 2001 State of Origin series Games I and II of the 2004 State of Origin series Games I, II and III of the 2005 State of Origin series Games I and II of the 2006 State of Origin series Games I, II and III of the 2007 State of Origin series He was selected at Lock for the 2008 City V Country match at WIN stadium. Ryan was a mainstay of the Australian Kangaroos, appearing in three Tri-Nations series in 2004, 2005 and 2006 as well as a Test against France in 2005.

He was selected for Country in the City vs Country match on 8 May 2009. Whiticker, Alan; the Encyclopedia of Rugby League Players. Wetherill Park, New South Wales: Gary Allen Pty Ltd. p. 609. ISBN 978-1-877082-93-1. Andrew Ryan Bulldog's Profile NRL Player Profile