Hanoi railway station
Hanoi Railway Station is one of the main railway stations on the North–South Railway in Vietnam. It serves the city of Hanoi, the station is located at 120 Lê Duẩn Street, Cua Nam Ward, Hoan Kiem District of Hanoi and is the starting point of five railway lines leading to almost every Vietnamese province. These are the passenger services departing from Hanoi Main station, the train to Dong Dang is metre gauge and cannot continue on the Chinese railway network. Passengers destined for China must connect to a Chinese train at Pingxiang, standard gauge tracks have been laid to Gia Lâm Railway Station, about 6 kilometres across the river from the main Hanoi Railway Station. Through trains to China depart from Gia Lâm rather than the main Hanoi Railway Station, the train to Nanning departs from Hanoi Gia Lam 2 more trains to Haiphong departing from Hanoi Gia Lam Hanoi Railway Station opened in 1902. The building was damaged in the Vietnam War 1972 and in 1976 the central hall was rebuilt in modern style, preserving the historic side wings
A portico is a porch leading to the entrance of a building, or extended as a colonnade, with a roof structure over a walkway, supported by columns or enclosed by walls. This idea was used in Ancient Greece and has influenced many cultures. Some noteworthy examples of porticos are the East Portico of the United States Capitol, the portico adorning the Pantheon in Rome, porticos are sometimes topped with pediments. Bologna, Italy, is famous for its porticos, in total, there are over 45 km of arcades, some 38 in the city center. The longest portico in the world, about 3.5 km, in Bologna, porticos stretch for 18 km. Palladio was a pioneer of using temple-fronts for secular buildings, in the UK, the temple-front applied to The Vyne, Hampshire was the first portico applied to an English country house. A pronaos is the area of the portico of a Greek or Roman temple. Roman temples commonly had an open pronaos, usually with only columns and no walls, the word pronaos is Greek for before a temple. In Latin, a pronaos is referred to as an anticum or prodomus, the different variants of porticos are named by the number of columns they have.
The style suffix comes from the Greek στῦλος, the tetrastyle has four columns, it was commonly employed by the Greeks and the Etruscans for small structures such as public buildings and amphiprostyles. Roman provincial capitals manifested tetrastyle construction, such as the Capitoline Temple in Volubilis, the North Portico of the White House is perhaps the most notable four-columned portico in the United States. Hexastyle buildings had six columns and were the standard façade in canonical Greek Doric architecture between the archaic period 600–550 BC up to the Age of Pericles 450–430 BC. With the colonization by the Greeks of Southern Italy, hexastyle was adopted by the Etruscans, Roman taste favoured narrow pseudoperipteral and amphiprostyle buildings with tall columns, raised on podiums for the added pomp and grandeur conferred by considerable height. The Maison Carrée at Nîmes, France, is the best-preserved Roman hexastyle temple surviving from antiquity, octastyle buildings had eight columns, they were considerably rarer than the hexastyle ones in the classical Greek architectural canon.
The best-known octastyle buildings surviving from antiquity are the Parthenon in Athens, built during the Age of Pericles, and the Pantheon in Rome. The destroyed Temple of Divus Augustus in Rome, the centre of the Augustan cult, is shown on Roman coins of the 2nd century AD as having built in octastyle. The decastyle has ten columns, as in the temple of Apollo Didymaeus at Miletus, the temple of Venus and Rome, built by Hadrian in Rome about 130 A. D. was decastyle, the only known example in Roman architecture. Classical architecture List of classical architecture terms Hypostyle Loggia Stoa Greek architecture, Encyclopædia Britannica,1968 Stierlin, From Mycenae to the Parthenon, TASCHEN,2004, Editor-in-chief Angelika Taschen, Cologne, ISBN 3-8228-1225-0 Stierlin, Henri
The Huong Pagoda is a vast complex of Buddhist temples and shrines built into the limestone Huong Tich mountains. It is the site of a festival which draws large numbers of pilgrims from across Vietnam. The centre of the Huong Temple lies in Huong Son Commune, Mỹ Đức District, the centre of this complex is the Perfume Temple, known as Chua Trong, located in Huong Tich Cave. It is thought that the first temple was a structure on the current site of Thien Tru which existed during the reign of Lê Thánh Tông in the 15th century. Legend claims that the site was discovered over 2000 years ago by a monk meditating in the area, who named the site after a Tibetan mountain where Lord Buddha practiced asceticism. A stele at the current temple dates the building of a terrace, stone steps and Kim Dung shrine to 1686, during the reign of Le Hy Tong, over the years some of the structures were damaged and replaced. The original statues of Lord Buddha and Quan Am were cast from bronze in 1767, more recently, damage was done during both the French and the American wars.
Both the gate and the tower at Thien Tru Pagoda were destroyed, the bell tower rebuilt in 1986. The many Pagodas that make up Chua Huong are spread out among the limestone hills, approaching from the Day River, one will first come across Den Trinh, known as Den Quan Lon, built to worship one of the generals of a Hung King. This large shrine has a gate with two kneeling elephant statues on each side, inside the structure is a large ceremonial room. Beyond Den Trinh is Thien Tru Pagoda, known as Chua Ngoai, here one will find Vien Cong Bao Stupa, a brick structure where Ch’an Master Vien Quang, who led the reconstruction of the pagoda, is buried. Thien Thuy stupa, a naturally occurring structure that is the result of the erosion of a hill, is nearby. Thien Tru is home to a tower and Hall of the Triple Gem. Inside the Pagoda there is a statue of Quan Am Nam Hai. hay On the route from Thien Tru to Huong Tich cave is Giai Oan Temple. Here there is a pond called Thien Nhien Thanh Tri, called Long Tuyen Well, the center of the Chua Huong complex, Huong Tich Cave houses Chua Trong.
The mouth of the cave has the appearance of an open mouth with Chu Nho characters carved in a wall at the mouth of the cave. The characters are translated as “the foremost cave under the Southern Heavens”, the words are attributed by some to the ruler of that time, Thinh Do Vuong Trinh Sam. Inside the cave there are many statues, there is a large statue of Lord Buddha, as well as one of Quan Am, both made of a green stone
Hanoi Opera House
The Hanoi Opera House is an opera house in central Hanoi, Vietnam. It was erected by the French colonial administration between 1901 and 1911 and it was modeled on the Palais Garnier, the older of Pariss two opera houses, and is considered to be one of the architectural landmarks of Hanoi. After the departure of the French the opera became the scene for several political events. As well as the scene of fighting during the fight for Hanoi. The Hanoi Opera House provides the names for the neighboring Hilton Hanoi Opera Hotel which opened in 1999, as well as for the MGallery Hotel de lOpera Hanoi, for historical reasons associated with the Vietnam war, the Hilton Hanoi Opera Hotel was not named the Hanoi Hilton. The opera house is described in the memoirs of Blanche Arral who performed in the new Hanoi Opera House in 1902 while waiting for the 1902 Exposition of Hanoi to open. The opera had depended on touring artists performing French and Italian repertoire during the period for a mainly French audience.
After the departure of the French the building was used for Vietnamese plays, today the orchestra of the opera overlaps with the Vietnam National Symphony Orchestra, and calls on the Hanoi Philharmonic Orchestra of the Hanoi Conservatory. Famous singers of the include the Tchaikovsky Conservatory-trained soprano Lê Dung. The Opera has seen many premieres of operas and musicals by Vietnamese composers, the operas of Đỗ Nhuận - Cô Sao 1965, Người tạc tượng 1971 and Nguyễn Trãi 1980, the works of Lưu Hữu Phước and the choral works of film composer Đặng Hữu Phúc. As well as works by returning emigre composers such as Nguyễn Thiên Đạo, the National Ballet is part of the Opera House company - and stages Western classics such as Swan Lake as well as traditional and modern Vietnamese dance productions. The Saigon Opera House is a structure built around the same time. Notes Sources Arral, Extraordinary Operatic Adventures of Blanche Arral, milwaukee, WI, Amadeus Press,2002 ISBN1574670778 ISBN9781574670776 Performance at Hanoi Opera House Information about Hanoi Opera House
One Pillar Pagoda
The One Pillar Pagoda is a historic Buddhist temple in Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam. It is regarded alongside the Perfume Temple, as one of Vietnams two most iconic temples, the temple was built by Emperor Lý Thái Tông, who ruled from 1028 to 1054. According to the records, Lý Thái Tông was childless and dreamt that he met the bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara. Lý Thái Tông married a peasant girl that he had met, the temple was located in what was the Tây Cấm Garden in Thạch Bảo, Vĩnh Thuận district in the capital Thăng Long. Before the pagoda was opened, prayers were held for the longevity of the monarch, during the Lý Dynasty era, the temple was the site of an annual royal ceremony on the occasion of Vesak, the birthday of Gautama Buddha. A Buddha-bathing ceremony was held annually by the monarch, and it attracted monks, the monarch would free a bird, which was followed by the people. The temple was renovated in 1105 by Emperor Lý Nhân Tông and a bell was cast, the bell, which was regarded as one of the four major capital works of Vietnam at the time, was much too large and heavy, and could not be installed.
Since it could not be tolled while left on the ground, it was moved into the countryside and this land was widely inhabited by turtles, so the bell came to be known as Quy Điền chung, which means Bell of the Turtle Farmland. At the start of the 15th century, Vietnam was invaded and occupied by the Ming Dynasty. The temple is built of wood on a stone pillar 1.25 m in diameter, and it is designed to resemble a lotus blossom. In 1954, the French Union forces destroyed the pagoda before withdrawing from Vietnam after the First Indochina War, a replica was built in Thủ Đức in Saigon in the late 1950s and early 1960s. List of Buddhist temples in Hanoi Photos of the One Pillar Pagoda One Pillar Pagoda in Hanoi
The Cable News Network is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel owned by the Turner Broadcasting System division of Time Warner. It was founded in 1980 by American media proprietor Ted Turner as a 24-hour cable news channel, upon its launch, CNN was the first television channel to provide 24-hour news coverage, and was the first all-news television channel in the United States. While the news channel has numerous affiliates, CNN primarily broadcasts from the Time Warner Center in New York City and its headquarters at the CNN Center in Atlanta is only used for weekend programming. CNN is sometimes referred to as CNN/U. S. to distinguish the American channel from its sister network. As of August 2010, CNN is available in over 100 million U. S. households, broadcast coverage of the U. S. channel extends to over 890,000 American hotel rooms, as well as carriage on cable and satellite providers throughout Canada. Globally, CNN programming airs through CNN International, which can be seen by viewers in over 212 countries and territories, as of February 2015, CNN is available to about 96,289,000 cable and telco television households in the United States.
The Cable News Network was launched at 5,00 p. m. Eastern Time on June 1,1980, after an introduction by Ted Turner, the husband and wife team of David Walker and Lois Hart anchored the channels first newscast. Burt Reinhardt, the vice president of CNN at its launch, hired most of the channels first 200 employees, including the networks first news anchor. Since its debut, CNN has expanded its reach to a number of cable and satellite providers, several websites. The company has 36 bureaus, more than 900 affiliated local stations, the channels success made a bona-fide mogul of founder Ted Turner and set the stage for conglomerate Time Warners eventual acquisition of the Turner Broadcasting System in 1996. A companion channel, CNN2, was launched on January 1,1982, on January 28,1986, CNN carried the only live television coverage of the launch and subsequent break-up of Space Shuttle Challenger, which killed all seven crew members on board. On October 14,1987, Jessica McClure, an 18-month-old toddler, fell down a well in Midland, CNN quickly reported on the story, and the event helped make its name.
This was before correspondents reported live from the capital while American bombs were falling. Before Saddam Hussein held a press conference with a few of the hundreds of Americans he was holding hostage. Before the nation watched, riveted but powerless, as Los Angeles was looted and burned, before O. J. Simpson took a slow ride in a white Bronco, and before everyone close to his case had an agent and a book contract. This was uncharted territory just a time ago. The moment when bombing began was announced on CNN by Bernard Shaw on January 16,1991, as follows, lets describe to our viewers what were seeing. The skies over Baghdad have been illuminated, were seeing bright flashes going off all over the sky