Holiday Inn is a British-owned American brand of hotels, a subsidiary of InterContinental Hotels Group. Founded as a U. S. motel chain, it has grown to be one of the world's largest hotel chains, with 1,173 active hotels and over 214,000 rentable rooms as of September 30, 2018. The hotel chain's headquarters are in Buckinghamshire. Kemmons Wilson, a resident of Memphis, was inspired to build his own motel after being disappointed by poor quality and inconsistent roadside accommodation during a family road trip to Washington, D. C; the name "Holiday Inn" was coined by Wilson's architect Eddie Bluestein as a joke during construction of the first hotel, in reference to the 1942 Christmas-themed, musical film Holiday Inn, starring Bing Crosby and Fred Astaire. Their first hotel/motel opened in August 1952 as "Holiday Inn Hotel Courts" at 4925 Summer Avenue in Memphis, the main highway to Nashville. In the early 1990s it was demolished. Wilson partnered with Wallace E. Johnson to build additional motels on the roads entering Memphis.
At the time Holiday Inn's corporate headquarters was in a converted plumbing shed owned by Johnson. In 1953, the company built its next three hotels which, along with their first hotel, covered the roads that led to Memphis; the second motel was built on U. S. 51 South. It was followed by two more in 1953, one on Highway 51 North, another on U. S. 61. Upon Johnson's death in 1988, Wilson was quoted as saying, "The greatest man I knew died today, he was the greatest partner a man could have." What they started together, with Wilson helming the project, became the Holiday Corporation, one of the world's largest hotel groups. By the beginning of 1956, there were 23 Holiday Inns operating with seven more due to open by the year's end. In 1957, Wilson began marketing the chain as "Holiday Inn of America", mandating its properties be standardized, predictable, family-friendly, accessible to road travelers; the chain grew as a result, with 50 locations across the country by 1958, 100 by 1959, 500 by 1964, the 1,000th Holiday Inn opening in 1968.
In 1965, the chain launched Holidex, a centralized reservation system where a visitor to any Holiday Inn could obtain reservations, by teleprinter, for any other Holiday Inn location. The only comparable systems at the time were operated by airlines. Promoting itself as "your host from coast to coast", Holiday Inn added a call center after AT&T's introduction of +1-800 toll-free telephone number service in 1967, updated its systems as desktop microcomputers, an invention of the 1970s, found their way into travel agencies. Branded as "The Nation's Innkeeper", the chain put considerable financial pressure on traditional motels and hotels, setting the standard for competitors like Ramada Inn, Quality Inn, Howard Johnson's, Best Western. By June 1972, with over 1,400 Holiday Inns worldwide, Wilson was featured on the cover of Time magazine and the franchise's motto became "The World's Innkeeper". In the 1960s, Holiday Inn began franchising and opening campgrounds under the Holiday Inn Trav-L-Park brand.
These recreational campgrounds were listed in the Holiday Inn directories. In 1963, Holiday Inn signed a long-term deal with Gulf Oil Corporation where it agreed to accept Gulf credit cards to charge food and lodging at all of its American and Canadian hotels, in return for Gulf building service stations on many Holiday Inn properties near major U. S. and Interstate highways. The arrangement was copied by competing lodging chains and major oil companies during the mid-to-late 1960s, but fell out of favor following the 1973 oil crisis; the Gulf/Holiday Inn arrangement ended around 1982. In 1971, the company constructed the Holiday Inn University and Conference Center, a teaching hotel for training new employees, in Olive Branch, Mississippi. In 1973, the company built the Olive Branch Airport north of the University as a home base for its corporate aircraft; the company branched into other enterprises, including Medi-Center nursing homes, Continental Trailways, Delta Queen, Show-Biz, Inc. a television production company that specialized in syndicated country music shows.
Wilson developed the Orange Lake Resort and Country Club near Orlando and a chain called Wilson World Hotels. The acquisition of Trailways in 1968 lasted until 1979, when Holiday Inn sold Trailways to private investor Henry Lea Hillman Sr of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. In the years during which Trailways was a subsidiary of Holiday Inn, television commercials for Holiday Inn showed a Trailways bus stopping at a Holiday Inn hotel. Wilson retired from Holiday Inn in 1979; as of 2014, Wilson's family still operates hotels as part of the Kemmons Wilson Companies of Memphis. The "Great Sign" was the roadside sign used by Holiday Inn during its original era of expansion from the 1950s to 1970s, it was the company's most successful form of advertising. It was large and eye-catching, but was expensive to construct and operate; the manufacturer of the sign was Balton & Sons Sign Company, it was designed by sketch artists Gene Barber and Roland Alexander. Wilson wanted a prominent sign, desiring that it be at least 50 feet high and visible in both directions.
He wanted a changeable marquee to welcome different groups. The original sign cost $13,000, it is said. The popularity of the sign led to many imitations. In 1982, following Wilson's departure, the Holiday Inn board of directors phased out the "Great Sign" in favor of a cheaper back-lit sign; the decision signaled the end of the Wils
Hartmann House Preparatory School is an independent, day school for boys in Harare, Zimbabwe. The school was founded in 1957 and named after Fr Hartmann SJ, a chaplain to the Pioneer Column who lived at St. George's College, Harare. Hartmann House Preparatory School is a member of the Association of Trust Schools and the Head is a member of the Conference of Heads of Independent Schools in Zimbabwe. In 1957, 30 years after St George's College relocated to Salisbury, it was decided to build a separate preparatory school on the newly acquired land near the Borrowdale Road, it was realised that junior boys had need of quite different teaching styles and care as compared to the senior boys. A fine building was opened as Hartmann House in 1957, it had three Jesuit priests on the staff- Fr Farwell as housemaster with Fr Nixon and Fr Walsh plus some lay teachers. There were 6 classes of 25 boys each in Standards 4 and 5 with 100 of these in boarding on the upper floors; the 100 boarders came from Zambia and the farming areas.
At Independence, the pressure for day places declined for boarding. The boarding hostel was phased out in favour of classroom space between 1980–1993 when the hostel was closed. Hartmann House has developed extensively with several buildings having been erected thereafter which included the completed Golden Jubilee Hall; the Grant of Arms was made by the Royal College of Heralds on 19 October 1931 and aimed to recognise three outstanding characteristics: The first denoted the foundation and management of Hartmann House by the Jesuits, signified by the inclusion of two black wolves and the cauldron, as taken from the family arms of the Loyola Family, St. Ignatius Loyola was the founder of the Society of the Jesus or the Jesuit Fathers, in Basque "loy" means wolf and "olla" means cauldron; the second characteristic, that of the location of the College in the then-Rhodesia and a play on the Greek word Rhoden, meaning rose, is the symbol of an attractive flower that exists in many different forms and perfumes.
It is hardy and can flourish anywhere because it is a hybrid of so many varieties. The third characteristic is the dedication to Hartmann House, the School's patron, as depicted by the inclusion of the Red Cross from his banner and the hilt of the sword facing upwards; this symbolises the Saint's triumph and incidentally that of Christianity, over the powers of evil and man's redemption through the death of Jesus Christ. The motto on the scroll means "From Faith Comes Confidence"; the houses at Hartmann House are named after the four prominent Jesuits, who were among the founding fathers of St. George's College in Bulawayo. Fr. Marc Barthelemy SJ – first Rector - Dark Green Vests. Fr. Thomas Gardner SJ – first English Jesuit, an anthropologist and a champion of the Cadets – Red Vests. Fr. Andrew Hartmann SJ – Chaplain to The Pioneer Column in 1890 – Dark Blue Vests. Fr. Francis Johanny SJ – Second Rector in 1914 – Yellow Vests; the following subjects are offered at Hartmann House: These subjects are examined by ZIMSEC.
The sports offered at the Hartmann House include athletics, cross-country, football hockey, swimming, table tennis, tennis. All the boys are expected to participate in one sporting discipline. Hartmann House will expand its intake of pupils by incorporating Grade 0 to 7 in one preparatory school, they year 2017 will Grade 1 classes. That same year will see the school commencing the Cambridge Primary program and examined by Cambridge International Examinations. Brian Raftopoulos – academic and political analyst John Rennie – cricketer Crispen Sachikonye – entrepreneur St. George's College, Harare List of schools in Zimbabwe Hartmann House Preparatory School Official website Hartmann House Preparatory School Profile on the ATS website
The Gloucestershire Warwickshire Steam Railway is a volunteer-run heritage railway which runs along the Gloucestershire/Worcestershire border of the Cotswolds, England. The GWSR has restored and reopened around 14 miles of track, operating between Cheltenham Racecourse and Broadway; the most recent extension to Broadway involved the company raising £1.38 million. The 28 mile round trip on steam and heritage diesel trains follows part of the route of the former Great Western main line from Birmingham to Cheltenham; the GWSR has a long-term aim of extending a further 6 miles from Broadway to the national rail network at Honeybourne. The line was part of the Great Western Railway's Cheltenham–Stratford-upon-Avon–Birmingham line, known as the Honeybourne Line, built in 1900–1906, runs through the Cotswold towns of Winchcombe and Bishop's Cleeve; the line was run down over the years and closed after a derailment damaged a stretch of track in 1976, with the double track being lifted from 1979. The preservation group rehabilitated the line, starting steam train operations at Toddington in 1984 over 700 yards of re-laid track.
In 1987 the line was restored as far as Winchcombe where the station was reconstructed using the former Monmouth Troy station building. The railway continued to re-lay track west of Winchcombe, through the 693-yard long Greet Tunnel, past the villages of Gretton and Bishops Cleeve; the line to Cheltenham Racecourse was re-opened by Princess Anne in 2003. The latest extension of the line, to Broadway, opened in March 2018; the GWSR runs trains from March to the end of December, with the line closing during January and February as well as November for line and locomotive maintenance. The GWSR runs regular train services every weekend plus most weekdays from Easter to the end of October, some weekends are used to host special events including steam and diesel galas, Wartime in the Cotswolds, Easter Eggspress and Santa Specials; the railway operates a wide variety of both steam and heritage diesel locomotives, as well as heritage DMUs. These have included the world-famous locomotive 4472 "Flying Scotsman" and famous 3440 "City of Truro", which in 1904 was the first engine to reach 100 mph.
In 2016 the resident steam locomotives on the line were 7820 "Dinmore Manor", 28xx class 2807, 42xx class 4270, 7903 "Foremarke Hall" and 35006 "Peninsular & Oriental SN Co". To complement the running stock a collection of over 210 carriages and wagons of various origins has been compiled, many of which are still being restored; the GWsR opened its extension to Broadway, Worcestershire to the public on 30 March 2018. The route consists of single line sections with passing places at the major stations. All stations and loops are signalled using GWR Lower Quadrant Semaphore Signals; the signalling on the line is a mixture of Electric Key Token and One Train Staff working, depending on operational requirements. Current sections are: Broadway–Toddington - will be Track-circuit block when Broadway box opens Toddington–Winchcombe Winchcombe-Gotherington Gotherington-Cheltenham Race Course Winchcombe–Cheltenham Race Course Toddington–Cheltenham Race Course There are four signal boxes along the line, a new-built platform mounted one at Broadway, with the frame parts all acquired and assembled: Broadway – set to be operational by 2019 Toddington – operational Winchcombe – operational Gotherington – operational Cheltenham Racecourse – operational Encouraged by support from Cheltenham Borough Council, who have given both the railway direct funds as well as placing protected status on the former lines trackbed south from Cheltenham Racecourse to Cheltenham Spa, the railway could at some point connect to Network Rail in the south.
The Council have backed the long term scheme, as this would allow the railway to: be reinstated as an access point for race goers from all across the UK to access meetings at Cheltenham Racecourse, reduce resultant current traffic congestion build a new halt in the Wyman's Brook area of Cheltenham itself, to serve an adjacent Prince of Wales sports stadium run tourist and excursion trains to access the railway and the townAlthough the GWSR have extended track to Hunting Butts tunnel, a few hundred yards beyond Cheltenham racecourse station, it owns the trackbed as far as the Prince of Wales stadium at Wyman's Brook. It is that after completion of its extension to Broadway, laying track further into Cheltenham will happen to this point. However, beyond here major and costly engineering works would be required to extend the trackbed further south; the primary impediments are a bowstring bridge, built in 2002 to allow continued access by bicycle along the old track bed alignment to Cheltenham Leisure Centre when planning permission was given for the redevelopment of the former Cheltenham Spa St. James station site as a Waitrose supermarket in 2002.
And the reduced height pedestrian specification bridge carrying the footpath—rail bed beneath the busy St Georges Road, which would have to be replaced - at great inconvenience to road traffic - to allow trains to pass beneath the road. There is land space beside the bowstring bridge to allow a railway to be built beside it, but there is no wa
Everyone to La Moneda is a political movement created in 2013 to support independent candidate for president of Chile Marcel Claude. Todxs a La Moneda is composed by Izquierda Unida and the Humanist Party of Chile, for the presidential election of 17 November 2013; the coalition is participating as an electoral pact in the regional advisors election of 2013, although, in the parliamentary election, the Humanist Party is appearing as a unique list, as only pacts with two or more constituted parties are accepted. As a consequence, several members of the movement, including Claude, adhered Todxs a La Moneda in an instrumental way. Todxs a La Moneda aims to "create a free society", the main focus of Marcel Claude's presidential candidacy. Eight more goals have been proposed by the humanists and Claude, which are "essential to the Chilean society": "political constitution and democracy. Marcel 2014
"The Whimper of Whipped Dogs" is a horror short story by Harlan Ellison. It was first published in the 1973 anthology Bad Moon Rising: An Anthology of Political Forebodings edited by Thomas M. Disch, it was published in several other anthologies such as Deathbird Stories. It was inspired by the murder of Kitty Genovese; the first use of the title "The Whimper of Whipped Dogs" was a teleplay for a 1970 episode of the TV series The Young Lawyers, serialized in Ellison's Los Angeles Free Press television critique column at the time, The Glass Teat. At the end of the serialization, Ellison wrote two more columns expressing his extreme frustration with what the ABC network, Paramount Pictures, producer and cast members had done to his teleplay during production; the columns, including the complete teleplay, were published in 1975 in the collection The Other Glass Teat. As Ellison was proud of creating the title "The Whimper of Whipped Dogs," but the title was not used onscreen in the Young Lawyers episode, the author decided to use the title again for this short story over three years later.
In reviewing Bad Moon Rising: An Anthology of Political Forebodings, The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction editor Joanna Russ said "The Whimper of Whipped Dogs" is "a passionate, fully-detailed, well-written New York paranoia story by Harlan Ellison which puts forward untenable view that violence is caused by Satan or maybe Original Sin" and David Hartwell of Locus calls it "one of his best, a dark fantasy about New York and New Yorkers." "The Whimper of Whipped Dogs" won the 1974 Edgar Allan Poe Award for Best Short Story. The Whimper of Whipped Dogs title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
Friedrich Johann Karl Becke was an Austrian mineralogist and petrographer. After studying at the University of Vienna, where he specialized in the natural sciences, he became there a lecturer on geology. In 1882 he was appointed professor at the University of Czernowitz. Eight years he received a similar appointment at Prague, but soon after went to Vienna, where he became professor of mineralogy, succeeding Gustav Tschermak von Seysenegg as such, of whose periodical Mineralogische und Petrographische Mittheilungen he became editor, he published many papers on the science of geology and mineralogy, but he was best known on account of his researches in the field of rock-forming minerals and how they may be determined by means of their light-refractive properties. The results of these studies were published by the Vienna Academy. Rines, George Edwin, ed.. "Becke, Friedrich". Encyclopedia Americana. Friedrichbeckeite Walther Fischer, "Becke, Friedrich", Neue Deutsche Biographie, 1, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 708–709 Becke Friedrich.
In: Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815–1950. Band 1, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien 1957, S. 62. Friedrich Becke Honors 10 Jahre Arbeitsgruppe Geschichte der Erdwissenschaften Österreichs Das wissenschaftliche Erbe von Gustav Tschermak-Seysenegg: Eine Zusammenstellung biographischer Daten seiner Doktoranden Friedrich Becke und die Tauerngeologie