Holmby Hills is a neighborhood in the district of Westwood in the westside of Los Angeles. The neighborhood was developed in the early twentieth century by the Janss Investment Company, which developed the rest of Westwood as well as other Los Angeles neighborhoods. With the expansion of Sunset Boulevard, Holmby Hills was split into northern and southern sections, each lying within a different community plan area designated by the City of Los Angeles: The portion south of Sunset Boulevard is the area north of Wilshire Boulevard and east of both Beverly Glen Boulevard and Comstock Avenue, west of the Los Angeles Country Club; the portion north of Sunset is the area east of Beverly Glen Boulevard and west of the city limits of Beverly Hills, with Greendale Drive and Brooklawn Drive as its northernmost streets. Holmby Hills, Bel Air, Beverly Hills form the "Platinum Triangle" of Los Angeles, it is bordered by the city of Beverly Hills on the east, Wilshire Boulevard on the south, Westwood on the west, Bel Air on the north.
In an effort to decrease traffic in the neighborhood, speed bumps have been installed on several key streets. The area of present-day Holmby Hills was the homeland of the Tongva-Gabrieliño Native Americans, who had a presence in the region for over 8,000 years; the first European on the land that present-day Holmby Hills, Bel Air, UCLA now occupy was the Spanish soldier Maximo Alanis, the grantee of the 4,438-acre Rancho San Jose de Buenos Ayres from a Mexican land grant issued by Alta California Governor Manuel Micheltorena in 1843. In 1858, he sold it to Benjamin Davis Wilson, of early Pasadena development, the second Mayor of Los Angeles, namesake for Mount Wilson in the San Gabriel Mountains. In 1884, Wilson sold Rancho San Jose de Buenos Ayres, at 2,000 acres, to the nephew of leading pioneer William Wolfskill, businessman John W. Wolfskill, son of Mathus Wolfskill, William's younger brother, he built a ranch house, near the present-day Mormon Los Angeles Temple. The development of Holmby Hills began when Arthur Letts, Sr. purchased 400 acres of the original Wolfskill ranch at $100 an acre.
He called the development "Holmby Hills,", loosely derived from the name of his birthplace, a small hamlet in England called Holdenby, it was the name of his estate in Hollywood. Letts died in 1923, before he could realize his vision, his son-in-law, Harold Janss, took over the project. Zoning for the community, which straddles Sunset Boulevard, was designed to accommodate lot sizes up to 4 acres; the streets were named after places in Great Britain: Devon Avenue after Devon, the county in southwestern England. In the 1920s, English-style streetlamps were added for the neighborhood. After the Wall Street Crash of 1929, grand mansions were constructed. In 2012, residents tried to be annexed into the city of Beverly Hills, California, to make sure their potholes would be repaired, but this was rejected by John A. Mirisch Beverly Hills city councillor and mayor. According to the Holmby Hills Homeowners Association website: "In the 1920s, Sunset Boulevard was a two-lane country road, known as Beverly Boulevard.
It was renamed. When Sunset Boulevard was expanded into a four-lane thoroughfare, Holmby Hills was, for all practical purposes, split into north and south sections." The northern section is served by the Holmby Hills Homeowners Association, while the southern section is served by the Holmby Westwood Property Owners Association, which it shares with the rest of the northern Westwood area east of UCLA. However, "n 2013, the Holmby Hills Homeowners Association Board has decided to reach out to the homeowners south of Sunset to grow the Association with new members residing in Holmby Hills having similar interests."In 2000, Holmby Hills was ranked by Higley 1000 as the richest urban neighborhood in the United States. The 2017 report, however and expanded the neighborhood's boundaries, causing its ranking to slip; the neighborhood is home to two parks: De Neve Square Park. The former, Holmby Park, includes two playgrounds, a nine-hole putting green called the Armand Hammer Golf Course, a classic lawn bowling, home to the Holmby Park Lawn Bowling Club started in 1927.
It is located next to the Los Angeles Country Club. The Frederick R. Weisman Art Foundation, an art gallery named after Frederick R. Weisman, is located on North Carolwood Street, it includes works by many noted artists, including impressionists, post impressionist and many more, up through today. Residents are zoned to the following Los Angeles Unified School District schools: Warner Avenue Elementary School, Emerson Middle School, University High School. Holmby Hills is a few blocks east of the University of Los Angeles; the only school located within Holmby Hills is the Middle School component of the independent Harvard-Westlake School. The campus was occupied by Westlake School for Girls, which moved from its original site near downtown L. A. to the Holmby Hills campus in 1927. Harvard-Westlake was created in 1989; the son of Arthur Letts lived in a mansion designed by architect Arthur Rolland Kelly located at 10236 Charing Cross Road. The residence became known as the Playboy Mansion. Florenc
The Vaziani Military Base is located about twenty kilometers outside Tbilisi at Latitude 41.6947 Longitude 45.0467, Georgia. The main base is spread over 10,000 hectares; the Vaziani airfield—location: 41°37′41″N 45°1′51″E—has strategic importance as its concrete landing-strip is suitable for middle and heavy transport aircraft. Under the Soviet Union, it was the home base of the 171st Guards District Training Centre, originating from the Soviet 1st Guards Mechanized Corps; the airfield was home to the 283rd Aviation Division of the 34th Air Army. The Russians retained control of a number of military bases after Georgian independence. Vaziani was one of them, the others being Gudauta and Batumi, it was from Vaziani that Igor Giorgadze was taken on a military flight to Moscow after the 1995 assassination attempt on President Eduard Shevardnadze. At the OSCE Summit in Istanbul in 1999, the Russian Federation and Georgia released a joint statement that Russian military bases at Gudauta and Vaziani would be disbanded and withdrawn by 1 July 2001.
Russia ceded control on June 29, 2001. A battalion of Georgia's 1st Infantry Brigade, Georgian Land Forces took possession. In July 2008, it was the site of Immediate Response 2008, which were U. S. training operations for Georgian forces. It was bombed during the 2008 Russo-Georgian War; the Vaziani military base with its training areas has been chosen as a site for the construction of one of the planned joint NATO-Georgia training centers codenamed JTEC in accordance to the Wales Summit 2014 agreement on enhancing education and training cooperation between Georgia and NATO. During exercise "Noble Partner 2015", a rifle company of the US 173rd Airborne Brigade Combat Team and a mechanized company of the 1st Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division deploying M2 Bradleys – 14 in total, participated in a joint mechanized infantry manoeuver alongside their Georgian counterparts, who on their side deployed the BMP-2For "Noble Partner 2016", which will take place in May 2016 on the Vaziani training area, it has been reported that the US will deploy an armoured unit of M1 Abrams tanks.
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