click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Homarus

Homarus is a genus of lobsters, which include the common and commercially significant species Homarus americanus and Homarus gammarus. The Cape lobster, in this genus as H. capensis, was moved in 1995 to the new genus Homarinus. Homarus is one of three extant genera of clawed lobsters to show dimorphism between claws – a specialisation into a crushing claw and a cutting claw; the other similar genera are Nephrops, much more slender, has grooves along the claws and the abdomen, Homarinus, the Cape lobster from South Africa, smaller, has hairy claws. While analyses of morphology suggest a close relationship between Homarinus and Homarus, molecular analyses using mitochondrial DNA reveal that they are not sister taxa. Both genera lack ornamentation such as spines and carinae, but are thought to have reached that state independently, through convergent evolution; the closest living relative of Homarus is Nephrops norvegicus, while the closest relatives of Homarinus are Thymops and Thymopides. Eight extinct species are known from the fossil record, which stretches back to the Cretaceous, but only two species survive.

These two species, the American lobster and the European lobster, are similar and may have speciated as as the Pleistocene, during climatic fluctuations. The best characters for distinguishing them are the geographic distribution, with the American lobster in the western Atlantic and the European lobster in the eastern Atlantic, by the presence of one or more teeth on the underside of the rostrum in H. americanus but not in H. gammarus. The boundaries between Homarus and the extinct genus Hoploparia are unclear, some species, such as Hoploparia benedeni have been transferred between the two genera. Eight species have been assigned to Homarus from the fossil record, they are: Homarus brittonestris Stenzel, 1945 – lower Turonian Homarus davisi Stenzel, 1945 – lower Turonian Homarus hakelensis – Cenomanian Homarus lehmanni Haas, 1889 – Rupelian Homarus mickelsoni – lower Campanian Homarus morrisi Quayle, 1987 – Eocene Homarus neptunianus Polkowsky, 2004 – Oligocene Homarus travisensis Stenzel, 1945 – middle Albian The two extant species of Homarus are both found in the North Atlantic Ocean.

H. americanus is found from Labrador to North Carolina in the western North Atlantic, while H. gammarus is found from Arctic Norway to Morocco, including the British Isles and the Mediterranean Sea. Mating in Homarus is complex and is accompanied by a number of courtship behaviours. Males build mating shelters or burrows, larger males can attract more females, producing a polygynous mating system. A few days before moulting, a female will choose a mate, will remain in his shelter until the moult; the male will insert a spermatophore into the female's seminal vesicle, where it may be stored for several years. The eggs of Homarus species are laid in the autumn, being fertilised externally as they exit, are carried by the female on her pleopods; the eggs hatch in the spring as a pre-larva, which develops into the first larval phase. This is followed by three zoeal phases, the total duration of which can vary from two weeks to two months, depending on the temperature. At the following moult, the young animal becomes a post-larva, with a gross form resembling the adult lobster.

Although it can swim, using its pleopods, the post-larva soon settles to the bottom and lives as a juvenile for 3–5 years. As adults, Homarus species moult infrequently; the size at sexual maturity varies with temperature. In H. gammarus, the size at sexual maturity is less well defined, but is in the range 80–140 mm. Lipke B. Holthuis. Marine Lobsters of the World. FAO Fisheries Synopsis. 125. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization. ISBN 978-92-5-103027-1. Media related to Homarus at Wikimedia Commons

Paul Bako

Gabor Paul Bako II is an American former catcher in Major League Baseball. Bako is an example of a baseball "journeyman", having played for 11 different major league teams during his 12-year career, he is listed at 6 feet 3 inches and 210 pounds. Bako attended high school and college in his home state of Louisiana, winning two conference championships at the University of Southwest Louisiana. After reaching the majors with the American League's Detroit Tigers in 1998, Bako spent seven seasons in the National League, playing with six different teams, he returned to the American League with the Baltimore Orioles and the Kansas City Royals played for the Cincinnati Reds and the Philadelphia Phillies for one season each. In 1990, Bako was drafted out of Lafayette High School—who retired his number 6—with the ninth pick of the sixth round by the Cleveland Indians, he chose not to sign, attended the University of Southwest Louisiana. In his college career, Bako caught for the Ragin' Cajuns during two consecutive conference championship seasons: 1991 in the American South Conference, when they finished with a 49–20 record, 14th-best among Division I squads.

After the 1992 season, he played collegiate summer baseball with the Wareham Gatemen of the Cape Cod Baseball League. In 1993, he was named to the second team of the all-Sun Belt Conference baseball team, was selected by the Cincinnati Reds in the fifth round of the 1993 June draft. Bako began his professional career with the Pioneer Baseball League's Billings Mustangs, a rookie-league farm team of the Reds located in Montana. During the 1993 season, Bako amassed a.314 batting average, second-highest on the team that season behind Chris Sexton. Bako walked 22 times, stole 5 bases, batted in 30 runs, while excelling defensively compared to the other catcher on the team, his fielding percentage was.988, he posted only four errors that season. He was named a Pioneer League All-Star. Bako moved on to the high-A Winston-Salem Spirits in the Carolina League for the 1994 and 1995 seasons, he struggled during the 1994 season, batting 26 runs batted in. 1995 was more successful, with an 81-point boost in batting average, seven home runs and 11 doubles.

After the season, Baseball America rated him the top-ranked catching prospect in the Reds farm system. Bako's 1995 performance earned him a promotion to the Southern League's Chattanooga Lookouts, the Reds AA-level affiliate, for 1996, where he was named a Southern League All-Star, he was second on the team in fifth among regulars with a. 294 batting average. He hit a career-high eight home runs during that season, adding 27 doubles and 48 RBIs in 360 at bats. In 1997, playing for the Indianapolis Indians, Bako was a teammate of Bret Boone; that year, he matched his previous year's career-high home run total. He had 78 hits in 321 at-bats. Bako's game management earned him a reputation in the minor leagues. Brett Tomko, who played with Bako in the minors in 1996 as a member of the Lookouts and in 1997 with Indianapolis, recalled one of their mound conversations: Bako: Are you trying out here? Tomko: What do you mean? Bako: Because your stuff is horrible today and if you don't try a little harder, you're not going to make it out of this inning.

On November 11, 1997, Bako was traded by the Reds to the Detroit Tigers in an offseason deal that included Donne Wall. After playing 13 games with the Tigers AAA-level affiliate—the Toledo Mud Hens—in 1998, Bako was called up to the Major League club. Bako made his major league debut with the Tigers on April 30, 1998, going 0-for-4 with three strikeouts, his first Major League hit, a bases loaded double, came the next day off Bill Swift, when he went 2-for-5 against the Seattle Mariners in a 17–3 Tigers win. He hit his first major league home run on May 15 against the Oakland Athletics, he went 4-for-4 against the New York Yankees on July 21. Bako's rookie season was arguably his most successful: he posted a.272 batting average, hit three home runs, batted in 30 runs, collected 106 total bases. After the season, the Tigers traded Bako to the Houston Astros in a seven-player deal that included Brad Ausmus; because of his last name, Bako gained temporary distinction as one of the Astros' "Killer B's", which included first baseman Jeff Bagwell and second baseman Craig Biggio, two formidable veteran players who helped established the Astros as perennial playoff contenders in the 1990s and 2000s.

In fact, journalist Dayn Perry jocosely noted the 1999 Astros, "in pursuit of arcane history, used eight players whose last names began with'B.'" The eight included Bagwell, Glen Barker, Derek Bell, Sean Bergman, Lance Berkman and Tim Bogar. Bako appeared in 73 games for the 1999 Astros, he added another 4-for-4 game to his résumé on July 29 against the Colorado Rockies. Bako hit.256 with two home runs, 17 RBIs, 16 runs scored in the 1999 season. After one game for the Astros in 2000, Houston traded Bako to the Florida Marlins, he played his first game for Florida on April 13. Bako played for the Marlins until July 20, he was waived on July 21 and claimed by the Atl

Trevor Philips

Trevor Philips is a fictional character in Grand Theft Auto V, a video game in the Grand Theft Auto series made by Rockstar Games. He appears alongside Michael De Santa and Franklin Clinton, he is played by actor Steven Ogg, who provided the motion capture for the character. Rockstar based Trevor's appearance on Ogg's physical appearance, while his personality was inspired by Charles Bronson. Grand Theft Auto V co-writer Dan Houser described Trevor as purely driven by resentment. To make players care for the character, the designers gave the character more emotions. Trevor is shown to care about people close to him, despite his antisocial behavior and psychotic derangement. Trevor is considered one of the most controversial characters in video game history; the general attention given to Trevor by critics and gamers was very positive, although some reviewers felt that his violent personality and actions negatively affected the game's narrative. His design and personality have drawn comparisons to other influential video game and film characters.

Many reviewers have called Trevor a likeable and believable character, felt that he is one of the few protagonists in the Grand Theft Auto series that would willingly execute popular player actions, such as murder and violence. Grand Theft Auto V co-writer Dan Houser explained that Trevor "appeared to pretty much out of nowhere as the embodiment of another side of criminality If Michael was meant to be the idea of some version of criminal control what about the guy who didn't do that?" He described Trevor as "the person who's driven purely by desire, resentment, no thought for tomorrow whatsoever id rather than ego-driven." He stated that Trevor "kills without remorse, like a true psychopath, but sentimental for the right reasons when it suits him."Rockstar drew upon game protagonist archetypes while scripting the characters. Houser said the team characterised Trevor as juxtapositions of each other, he said, "Michael is like the criminal who wants to compartmentalise and be a good guy some of the time and Trevor is the maniac who isn't a hypocrite".

He said that having three lead characters would help move the game's plot into more original territory than its predecessors, which traditionally followed a single protagonist rising through the ranks of a criminal underworld. In Grand Theft Auto V, Steven Ogg portrayed Trevor. During the initial audition process, Ogg noticed an on-set chemistry between him and Ned Luke, which he felt helped secure them the roles. Ogg said, "When and I went in the room together we had something". While the actors knew their auditions were for Rockstar Games, it was when they signed contracts that they learned they would be involved in a Grand Theft Auto title. Ogg felt, he said, "Nuances and character traits that began to appear—his walk, his manner of speech, his reactions informed his development throughout the game". The actors began working on the game in 2010, their performances were recorded using motion capture technology. Dialogue for scenes with characters seated in vehicles was recorded in studios; because the actors had their dialogue and movements recorded on-set, they considered their performances were no different from those of film or television roles.

Their dialogue was scripted. Trevor is depicted as a sociopath in Grand Theft Auto V, he is relentless, arrogant and kills without remorse. However, he is honest about everything and shows hypocrisy, which he points out in others, he appears to be insecure about having grown up in Canada, takes offence at people mocking his accent. Despite his sociopathic actions, Trevor is emotional; these people include his mother, Ashley Butler, Patricia Madrazo, Michael De Santa and his children Tracey and Jimmy, Lamar Davis, Lester and Franklin Clinton. The other characters regard Trevor as dangerously unstable, it is implied that the knowledge and extent of Trevor's crimes, the belief that Trevor's depravity escalated without anyone to keep him in check and his silence on the matter all weigh on Michael's conscience. When portraying Trevor, Ogg cites Tom Hardy's depiction of English criminal Charles Bronson in the 2008 biopic Bronson as a strong stylistic influence on his portrayal of Trevor. Ogg reflected that while Trevor embodies the violent, psychopathic Grand Theft Auto anti-hero archetype, he wanted players to sympathise with Trevor's story.

"To elicit other emotions was tough, it was the biggest challenge and it's something that meant a lot to me," Ogg said. Trevor is Canadian, born just north of the border of the United States, he grew up with a physically abusive father and an abusive mother. Trevor had a brother, who died prior to the game's events. Trevor's father abandoned him in a shopping mall, which he burned down in retaliation, his father died when Trevor was 10. This upbringing combined with Trevor's violent temper led Trevor to be unhinged, leading to numerous fights at school, including an assault on a teacher. Trevor loved planes, at some point entered the military as a pilot, but was forced to leave after being reproved in a

St Mary's Church, Caldicot

St Mary's Church called St Mary Virgin Church, is a Church in Wales parish church in Caldicot, Wales. There is evidence, it is a Grade I listed building. There are records that there was a church at this location before the Norman conquest of Wales as it is mentioned in Domesday Book and by a charter from King John of England however there is nothing surviving in the current church building from that period; this is because of Augustinian canons from Llanthony Secunda visited and built the church on top of the older church, dedicated to St Bride dating from around AD 900 at the behest of Walter of Gloucester after the construction of Caldicot Castle. The earliest part of the church is the base of the tower, which comes from the 14th century, along with the nave and chancel, part of an enlargement programme at the time; the tower was not completed until the 16th century. In the 1850s, the 15th-century north aisle was rebuilt by Henry Woodyer, as well as most of the stained glass windows being replaced.

In 1905, the chancel was refitted and many of the Victorian additions were changed. The church was granted Grade I listed status in 1955, with the reason for it being listed given as "...a fine medieval church with interesting Victorian restorations and additions." It was used as a location for the filming of the 2002 film Plots with a View

Horkýže Slíže

Horkýže Slíže is a Slovak rock band formed in 1992 in Nitra. Horkýže Slíže produces parodies of other styles of music, such as'R'n'B Soul', a clear take-off of contemporary R&B styles, their other hits include "Vlak", "A Ja Sprostá" and many others. So far, Horkýže Slíže has received two platinum albums. Peter Hrivňák - bass guitar, vocals Mário Sabo - guitar, backing vocals Juraj Štefánik - guitar, backing vocals Marek Viršík - drums, backing vocals Veronika Smetanová - bass guitar Martin Košovan - drums, backing vocals Martin Žiak - bass guitar Noro Ivančík - bass guitar V Rámci Oného Vo Štvorici Po Opici Ja Chaču Tebja Festival Chorobná 2001 Kýže Sliz Alibaba A 40 Krátkych Songov Ritero Xaperle Bax Ukáž Tú Tvoju ZOO 54 Dole Hlavou St. Mary Huana Ganja Pustite Karola Best Uff V Dobrej Viere 2001-2011 Platinum Collection Živák Festival Chorobná/Kýže Sliz Box Úplne Prvých 4 Nahrávok Prvý Slíž, www.horkyzeslize.sk - official website

Toorak House

Toorak House is a mansion located in Melbourne, Australia built in 1849 by well-known Melbourne merchant James Jackson. It is notable for its use as Melbourne's first Government House and having inspired the name for the suburb of Toorak. Jackson is believed to have borrowed from Woiwurrung language, with words of similar pronunciation, meaning either black crow or reedy swamp. Toorak House is owned by the Church of Sweden abroad; the Swedish Church is open for visitors daily except on Wednesdays. Toorak House was built in 1849 by well-known Melbourne merchant James Jackson and designed by Samuel Jackson in the Italianate Victorian architecture style; when Jackson died in 1851 it was leased to the Victorian government in 1854 for use by the first Governor of Victoria, Captain Sir Charles Hotham KCB RN and four of his successors until 1874—Sir Henry Barkly GCMG KCB, Sir Charles Darling KCB, John Manners-Sutton, 3rd Viscount Canterbury and Sir George Bowen PC GCMG. Bishopscourt in East Melbourne was used before the present Government House was occupied in 1876.

It reverted to being a private home in 1876, was used as a Women's Auxiliary Australian Air Force hostel during World War II. In 1956 it was purchased by the Church of Sweden, which converted the property into a church and community centre. Exterior shots of the property and grounds were used in the 1980s Australian drama series Sons and Daughters, where Toorak House doubled as the South Yarra/Toorak mansion inherited by central character Patricia Hamilton, was featured in the series from 1982 to 1985