click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Honda Ridgeline

The Honda Ridgeline is a pickup truck by American Honda Motor Company and is categorized by some as a lifestyle pickup. The Ridgeline is one of only two pickup trucks produced by the Honda Motor Company—the other being the Honda Acty mini-truck; the Ridgeline is built using a unibody frame, a transverse-mounted engine, is only offered in a crew-cab short-box configuration with one powertrain. Contrary to some media reporting, Honda's publications state that the first–generation Ridgeline was a uniquely engineered vehicle with 7% of its components shared with other Honda vehicles. Honda engineers started by building "a mission-specific platform" using high-strength steel across a boxed "four bone" ladder-like frame. Honda engineers created "a unique suspension design with custom components, unique sheetmetal and an exclusive interior." Its powertrain does resemble the one used in the first–generation Acura MDX but, according to Honda, was "extensively calibrated and strengthened" for heavier hauling and towing duties.

The second–generation Ridgeline took a different approach sharing Honda's new "global light truck platform" found in the third–generation Honda Pilot. However, Honda did have to create or modify components in order to support their next generation pickup, including: Extending the wheelbase Modifying various parts to support heavier hauling and more aggressive off-road use Incorporating notable features from the first–generation, such as the dual-action tailgate and in–bed trunk Adding new exclusive features, such as Honda's truck bed audio systemDespite these modifications, Honda has stated that 73% of the Gen2 Ridgeline's components remain common in some way with the third–generation Pilot. In addition to being a unibody pickup with a transverse-mounted engine, a crew-cab short-box configuration and some automotive journalists have described other noteworthy aspects of the Ridgeline including: An in–bed trunk A truck bed audio system Ultra-low emissions An all-wheel drive truck with a independent suspension Advanced safety and technology earning the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety's Top Safety Pick-Plus award A dual-action tailgate A scratch and dent-resistant half-ton capacity composite bed A large interior for a mid-size pickupSome in the automotive press that have studied the first-generation Ridgeline, such as PickupTrucks.com, consider it "one of those odd vehicles."

They wrote, "The Ridgeline can't do what most people who like trucks need it to do." Others in the automotive press, such as The Driver's Seat TV, had differing views and call the Ridgeline, "the Swiss Army knife of trucks." They called the Ridgeline "the anti-truck"—due to Honda's lack of following the rules—and summarized their view by saying "the Ridgeline scores high on practicality but low on image."Compared to the first-generation Ridgeline, Honda's Gen2 Ridgeline has the automotive press changing its tune, yet it still has an image problem. Gearheads.org wrote the "2017 Honda Ridgeline still won’t get respect but should" stating, its "downside is going to be looks." Car and Driver wrote, "The company admits that the problem with the first-generation pickup was that the styling was off-putting, but it went ahead and made the next iteration of the truck just as unconventional as before." "The Ridgeline’s roomy cabin, ample storage, smooth ride, innovative touches make its rivals seem outdated....it not only has cargo space, but the makings of a great tailgate party..."

The first Honda Ridgeline went on sale in March 2005 as a 2006 model year vehicle. Production of the first–generation Ridgeline ended in early 2015. After a one-year hiatus in production, the Gen2 Ridgeline went on sale in June 2016 as a 2017 model year vehicle and is still in production. According to Honda, the Ridgeline was not designed to steal sales from the more traditional trucks sold in North America, but was developed to "give the 18% of Honda owners who own pickups a chance to make their garages a Honda-only parking area." Despite the first–generation Ridgeline's poor sales, according to the author of Driving Honda, this mid-size pickup was one of the more profitable vehicles for Honda with reported sales in over 20 countries. The Gen2 Ridgeline sales appeared to start strong but comparing sales in the US between 2017 and 2018 shows a 12% decline overall. A 2018 Autoline Daily report stated the Ridgeline is the only mid-size truck in North America whose sales are down in a market that "suggests there’s room for more players."

North American Car of the Year for 2006 and 2017. Canadian Car of the Year and Best New Pickup for 2006 Motor Trend's 2006 Truck of the Year Car and Driver's #1 mid-size truck for 2006, 2017–2019 Autobytel's 2006 Truck of the Year Sobre Ruedas 2005 Best Pick-up Truck Auto123.com's 2017 Pickup of the Year J. D. Power and Associates' Automotive Performance and Layout Award for 2006–2008, 2017, 2018 Green Car Journal's 2017 Green Truck of the Year Consumer Guide Automotive's Best Buy Award for 2017–2019 Kelley Blue Book's Top Ten Best Resale Value Award for 2017–2019 The Car Connection's Best Pickup to Buy for 2018 Women's Choice Awards in the Eco-Friendly and Safety categories for 2018 Popular Mechanics' 2006 Automotive Excellence Award for functionality Society of Plastics Engineers 2006 Grand Award for the composite in–bed trunk National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's first four-door pickup to earn five-star safety rating IIHS's first pickup to earn the "Top Safety Pick-Plus" award and has earned the "Top Safety Pic

Teluk Datuk (state constituency)

Teluk Datuk was a state constituency in Selangor, represented in the Selangor State Legislative Assembly from 1959 to 1974, from 1995 to 2018. Following the 2018 redelineation, Teluk Datuk has been renamed Banting; the state constituency was created in the 1958 redistribution and is mandated to return a single member to the Selangor State Legislative Assembly under the first past the post voting system. It was abolished in 1974, it was re-created in 1994. 2004–2016: The constituency contains the polling districts of Bukit Kemandul, Seri Cheeding, Kampung Jenjarum, Jenjarum Tempatan Kedua, Jenjarum Tempatan Ketiga, Jenjarum Tempatan Keempat, Kota Seri Langat, Sungai Manggis Utara, Sungai Manggis Selatan, Teluk Datuk, Teluk Bunut, Bukit Cheeding. 2016–2018: The constituency contains the polling districts of Bukit Kemandul, Seri Cheeding, Kampung Jenjarum, Jenjarum Tempatan Kedua, Jenjarum Tempatan Ketiga, Jenjarum Tempatan Keempat, Kota Sri Langat, Sungai Manggis Utara, Sungai Manggis Selatan, Teluk Datuk, Teluk Bunut, Bukit Cheeding, Bandar Saujana Putra.

"Keputusan Pilihan Raya Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya". Election Commission of Malaysia. Archived from the original on 2016-04-24. Retrieved 2016-05-21

Qahatika

The Qahatika were a Native American tribe of the Southwestern United States and lived in the vicinity of present-day Quijotoa, Arizona. According to Edward Sheriff Curtis, the Qahatika belonged to the Pima group of tribes and lived in five villages "in the heart of the desert south of the Gila River", about forty miles from the Pima reservation. A legend said that after the Pima suffered defeat in a war with Apache, the tribe split. One splinter of the tribe, the ancestors of Qahatika, went into the barren desert and settled there in separation from other Pimas; the Qahatika, according to Curtis, managed to find land suitable for growing wheat. Their methode of "dry farming" relied on winter rainfall: the soil near their villages was capable of retaining winter moisture for a whole season, a few winter rains guaranteed a fair crop in summer; the Qahatika seen by Curtis were "almost identical in appearance" to Papago. They developed their own tradition of pottery, their houses were built exclusively of dried giant cactus carcasses.

Edward Sheriff Curtis. The North American Indian. Volume 2 - The Pima; the Papago. The Oahatika; the Mohave. The Yuma; the Maricopa. The Walapai; the Havasupai. The Apache-Mohave, or Yavapai.. Volume 2

Hurricane Abby (1968)

Hurricane Abby made landfall in Cuba and North Carolina in June 1968. The first tropical cyclone, first named storm, first hurricane on the season, Abby developed over the northwestern Caribbean Sea on June 1, as a result of the interaction between a mid-tropospheric trough and a cold front. Moving north-northeastward, the depression strengthened while approaching the western tip of Cuba, becoming Tropical Storm Abby late on June 2. Shortly thereafter, Abby made landfall in Pinar del Río Province; the storm dropped heavy rainfall with up to 12 inches on Isla de la Juventud. However, no flooding was reported. After reaching the southeastern Gulf of Mexico on June 3, Abby strengthened further and became a Category 1 hurricane on the modern-day Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale. However, early on June 4, Abby weakened to a tropical storm. Around midday on June 4, the system made landfall near Punta Gorda, Florida as a strong tropical storm. Abby weakened after moving inland, but maintained intensity while tracking eastward across Florida.

By midday on June 5, the system emerged into the Atlantic Ocean, but made another landfall near Atlantic Beach late on June 6. The storm weakened weakened and fell to tropical depression intensity over eastern Georgia about 24 hours later. Abby moved in a parabolic path across The Carolinas re-emerging into the Atlantic from South Carolina early on June 11. By late on the following day, Abby made another landfall near North Carolina; the storm moved offshore again on June 13, before dissipating near the Delmarva Peninsula. Abby's slow movement produced heavy rains across Florida and the Southeastern United States which caused 6 indirect fatalities and $450,000 dollars in damage. A mid-tropospheric trough persisted over the western Caribbean Sea in late May. Around that time, a short-wave trough moving eastward through the Caribbean Sea forced a cold front to move southward into the Straits of Florida. Satellite imagery indicated that the cold front and mid-tropospheric trough began merging as the low-level convergence field increased.

Thereafter, barometric pressures in the western Caribbean were decreasing as deep southwesterly flow caused warm and moist air to enter the area. At 0600 UTC on June 1, the system developed into Tropical Depression One, while situated about 55 miles northeast of Guanaja, Honduras; when a weak cold front moved into the area, it generated convection, gaining enough organization to be called a tropical depression on June 1. The initial circulation was not embedded within the convection, but as it moved north-northeastward, it was able to strengthen and become better organized, reaching tropical storm strength on the 2nd, it crossed the western tip of Cuba, upon reaching the southeast Gulf of Mexico Abby achieved hurricane strength. Abby reached a peak intensity 75 mph and before weakening back to tropical storm strength. Abby soon made landfall as a tropical storm near Punta Gorda, Florida on the 4th, moved across the state. Once it reached the western Atlantic, building high pressure to its east forced.

On the 6th, it again reached this time near Jacksonville. Abby weakened to a tropical depression as it moved over Georgia, over the next 6 days, it wandered around the Carolinas dissipating on the 13th east of Virginia; the remnants of Abby were absorbed by a cold front the same day. At 2200 UTC on June 2, the Weather Bureau posted a gale warning from south of Tampa Bay to Melbourne on the east coast, including the Florida Keys and Lake Okeechobee. Around 1600 UTC on June 3, the National Hurricane Center began issuing tropical storm warnings from Marco Island to Tarpon Springs, while gale warnings were extended northward to Cedar Key. After about 24 hours, the hurricane warning was discontinued; the gale warning area was revised to include from Venice to Tarpon Springs on the west coast and from Palm Beach to Jacksonville on the east coast. Late on June 4, gale warnings on the west coast of Florida were discontinued; the gale warning was changed to a storm warning from Melbourne to Jacksonville late on June 5.

A hurricane watch was posted for the same areas. The remaining portion of the gale warning, south of Melbourne, was discontinued at 1000 UTC on June 6. Around that time, the storm warning and hurricane watch were extended further north to Charleston, South Carolina. Six hours the hurricane watch was discontinued for areas south of Daytona Beach, Florida. At 1900 UTC on June 6, the storm warning was discontinued at and south of St. Augustine, while the entire hurricane watch was canceled. Three hours the storm warning was condensed to include only Fernandina Beach, Florida to Charleston; the storm warning was canceled south of Savannah, Georgia at 1000 UTC on June 7. Four hours the remaining storm warning, from Savannah to Charleston, was discontinued. In May, the United States Army Corps of Engineers scheduled a mock preparation session for the 1968 Atlantic hurricane season. However, as Abby approached, the USACE was faced with a real threat. About 100 men from the Clewiston area filled and placed sand bags around Lake Okeechobee and secure equipment.

Additionally, other residents were warned of potential evacuation procedures. In Hillsborough County, about 30 schools were listed as available for shelters. On June 4, military personnel from McCoy Air Force Base were evacuated to Wright Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio. Tanker planes of the 306th and 909th squadrons were diverted to Loring Air Force Base in Maine while other air squadrons were placed on alert. In Cuba, Abby dropped 12 inches

George Armstrong (engineer)

George Armstrong was an English railway engineer. He was in charge of standard gauge steam locomotives for the Great Western Railway at Stafford Road Works, Wolverhampton from 1864 to 1897, he was the younger brother of his colleague Joseph Armstrong, but thanks to the special requirements of the GWR at a time when it was split in two by the broad and standard gauges, the brothers were able to work independently of each other. George is best remembered for his 0-4-2 and 0-6-0 tank engines. George Armstrong was born on 5 April 1822, his gravestone states that the place was Bewcastle and this information is repeated by Marshall. However, Holcroft writes that the family went to Canada in 1817, not returning until 1824, that George was born overseas, it was in 1824 that the family took up residence near Newcastle at Newburn-on-Tyne, a few miles from George Stephenson's birthplace and at that time at the centre of avant-garde steam locomotive engineering. George recalled chasing the famous locomotive Puffing Billy on the Wylam Waggonway, how this inspired him to become an engine driver.

With the exception of two visits to France, George's engineering career followed much in the footsteps of his brother Joseph, five years older than he was. At the age of 14 he started work at nearby Walbottle Colliery, which at that time was a horse waggonway with stationary engines to haul trains up the inclines. Here he worked for the engineer Robert Hawthorn. In 1840 George and Joseph went to Hull as engineers on the Hull and Selby Railway subsequently followed John Gray to Brighton Works on the London and Brighton. At that time British engineering know-how was much in demand on the Continent, from Brighton George crossed the Channel in order to work for a period on the Northern Railway of France, he recalled how during the Revolution of 1848 he was compelled by the gendarmes to assist in erecting a barricade in the streets of Paris. Unhappy with the unsettled politics of France, he returned to his brother's side. By now Joseph was assistant locomotive superintendent to Edward Jeffreys, on the Shrewsbury and Chester Railway, whose repair works was at Saltney near Chester, George became an engine driver on the S&CR, subsequently being promoted to locomotive foreman.

In 1853 the S&CR pooled its locomotive fleet with that of the Shrewsbury and Birmingham Railway, Joseph moved south to new, larger locomotive works at Wolverhampton. The following year the two brothers became employees of the Great Western Railway when the Shrewsbury & Chester, along with other standard gauge lines, were amalgamated with the broad gauge GWR. Wolverhampton's task at first was to keep the miscellaneous stock of the various standard gauge lines in working order, but from 1858 Joseph Armstrong was ready to start constructing new locomotives there. George works manager. Between about 1855 and 1863 a talented young engineer named William Dean served his apprenticeship at Wolverhampton; when in 1864 Sir Daniel Gooch retired as locomotive superintendent at Swindon, Joseph was transferred to Swindon to succeed him, George Armstrong stepped into his brother's shoes at Wolverhampton. Dean remained as George's assistant; because the Great Western now had in effect two independent locomotive works, the scene was set for a difficult personal situation, George Armstrong and William Dean being de facto rivals for the post of Joseph's assistant at Swindon.

Appointing George would have smacked of nepotism. It was with this delicate situation in mind that Joseph decided to continue to give his brother a free hand not only in the design of Wolverhampton's locomotives, but the way they were painted. Joseph Armstrong duly summoned the 28-year-old Dean to Swindon in 1868, nine years on Armstrong's death Dean was appointed as his successor. George Armstrong's rugged northern character made itself felt - "he didn't give a damn for any man and was taking orders from none, he only gave orders!" he is said to have remarked - and once more he was left to get on with his work undisturbed - for another twenty years, as it would turn out. One of George's responsibilities was to oversee the running of the royal train as far as the junction with the London and North Western Railway at Bushbury, when Victoria was travelling to or from Scotland. In 1870 he travelled to France again, in order to give engineering advice in the course of the Franco-Prussian War. Once again he found himself participating in a way he disliked, being compelled to defend Paris's city walls with a rifle.

This time he resisted the gendarmes in the course of what he evidently recounted as a comic tug-of-war. George retired in 1897, a venerable and much loved GWR character, he died after a fall at a Wolverhampton floral fete on 11 July 1901. He is buried at St. Mary's Church, Wolverhampton, he was unmarried. Apart from rebuilds and renewals of engines built elsewhere, according to Holcroft George Armstrong built few tender engines, all of the 2-4-0 and 0-6-0 wheel arrangements and dating from his first years in charge at Wolverhampton. After that the Works concentrated exclusively on tank engines of the 0-6-0 and 0-4-2 types, sad

Victoria Police

Victoria Police is the primary law enforcement agency of Victoria, Australia. It was formed in 1853 and now operates under the Victoria Police Act 2013As of 30 June 2018, Victoria Police had over 19,635 members, including 73 Protective Services Officers and 238 Police Recruits in training, 2 reservists and 3,231 civilian staff across 333 police stations, it had a budget of A$3.011bn with an expenditure of 3.064bn. Between 31 July 2017 and 30 June 2018, Victoria Police responded to 892,374 emergency calls, a reduction of 13.9% from previous year. The early settlers of Melbourne provided their own police force and in 1840 there were 12 constables who were paid two shillings and nine pence per day and the chief constable was Mr. W Wright. Charles Brodie followed Wright as chief constable in 1842 and was succeeded by W. J. Sugden who held the positions of'town chief constable' and superintendent of the local fire brigade. By 1847 there were police in'country centres' and the Melbourne force was composed of'one chief officer, four sergeants, 20 petty constables'.

There was also'a force of 28 mounted natives' enlisted and trained by DeVilliers and Captain Pulteney Dana. The Snodgrass Committee was established in early 1852 to "identify the policing needs of the colony" and, following the Committee's report in September 1852, the Victoria Police was formally established on 8 January 1853 from an existing colonial police force of 875 men; that month William Henry Fancourt Mitchell was'gazetted as Chief Commissioner of Police for the Colony of Victoria'. In 1853, Victoria Police was the first police organisation in Australia who merged all its police entities into one organisation under Victoria Police Chief Commissioner William Mitchell. Victoria continues to be the only state in Australia with a Chief Commissioner of Police, their first major engagement was the following year, 1854, in support of British soldiers during the events leading up to, confrontation at, the Eureka Stockade where some miners and soldiers were killed. From a report at the time:'the troops and Police were under arms, just at the first blush of dawn they marched upon the camp at Eureka'.

Mitchell resigned as Chief Commissioner and Charles MacMahon, was appointed acting chief commissioner that same year. After the formation of the Victorian Police, the first recorded death on duty was Edward Gray in 1853, followed by William Hogan in 1854, both of drowning; the following couple of decades saw the growth of the police force, including the beginning of construction of the Russell Street police station in 1859. Six years three more officers who were hunting the Kelly Gang, were killed by them at Stringybark Creek. Two years in 1880, the police confronted the Kelly Gang at Glenrowan. A shoot-out ensued on 28 June, during which three members of the Kelly Gang were killed and following which Ned Kelly was shot and captured. In 1888 senior constable John Barry produced a manual for officers. Police officers were granted the right to vote in parliamentary elections the same year. In 1899 the force introduced the Victoria Police Valour Award to recognise the bravery of members. Three years in 1902, the right to a police pension was revoked.

In October 1917, Victoria Police appointed Madge Connor as a'police agent'—while not a full sworn officer, Connor was the first women to be made a member of a police service in Victoria, was one of four women to be sworn in as officers in 1924, after she led a successful campaign for equal pay and status within the force. On 31 October 1923 members of the Victoria Police Force refused duty and went on strike over the introduction of a new supervisory system; the police strike led to riots and looting in Melbourne's central business district. The Victorian government enlisted special constables, the Commonwealth of Australia called out the Australian military. Victoria Police are the only Australian Police Service to go on strike. Only a few of the strikers were employed as policemen again, but the government increased pay and conditions for police as a result. Members of the Victoria Police now have among the highest union membership rates of any occupation, at well over 90%; the Victorian police union, the Police Association, remains a powerful industrial and political force in Victoria.

In the 1980s and 1990s allegations were made against most Australian police forces of corruption and graft, culminating in the establishment of several Royal Commissions and anti-corruption watchdogs. Inquiries have been held into Victoria Police; the force was criticised because members of the public were being fatally shot at a rate exceeding that of all other Australian police forces combined. Related criticisms emerged after the 2008 killing of Tyler Cassidy by Victoria Police officers, blamed on inadequate training. In years, numerous edits were made to the Wikipedia article about the killing from police computers, in an attempt to give a more favourable impression of the officers' conduct and the subsequent investigation. In 2001, Christine Nixon was appointed Chief Commissioner, becoming the first woman to head a police force in Australia. In May 2004 former police officer Simon Illingworth appeared on ABC-TV's Australian Story documentary program to tell his disturbing story of entrenched police corruption in Victoria Police.

He has written a book about his experiences entitled Filthy Rat. In early 2007, Don Stewart, a retired Supreme Court judge, called for a royal commission into Victorian police corruption. Stewart