SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Honus Wagner

Johannes Peter "Honus" Wagner, sometimes referred to as "Hans" Wagner, was an American baseball shortstop who played 21 seasons in Major League Baseball from 1897 to 1917 entirely for the Pittsburgh Pirates. Wagner won his eighth batting title in 1911, a National League record that remains unbroken to this day, matched only once, in 1997, by Tony Gwynn, he led the league in slugging six times and stolen bases five times. Wagner was nicknamed "The Flying Dutchman" due to his superb speed and German heritage; this nickname was a nod to the popular folk-tale made into a famous opera by another Wagner. In 1936, the Baseball Hall of Fame inducted Wagner as one of the first five members, he tied with Babe Ruth. Most baseball historians consider Wagner to be the greatest shortstop and one of the greatest players ever. Ty Cobb himself called Wagner "maybe the greatest star to take the diamond." Honus Wagner is the featured player of one of the rarest and the most valuable baseball cards in existence. Wagner was born to German immigrants Peter and Katheryn Wagner in the borough of Chartiers, in what is now Carnegie, Pennsylvania.

Wagner was one of nine children. As a child, he was called Hans by his mother, which evolved into Honus. "Hans" was an alternate nickname during his major league career. Wagner dropped out of school at age 12 to help his father and brothers in the coal mines. In their free time, he and his brothers played sandlot baseball and developed their skills to such an extent that three of his brothers went on to become professionals as well. Wagner's older brother, Albert "Butts" Wagner, who had a brief major league career himself, is credited with getting Honus his first tryout. Butts persuaded his manager to take a look at his younger brother. Following his brother, Wagner trained to be a barber before becoming successful in baseball. In 1916, Wagner married Bessie Baine Smith, the couple would have three daughters, Elva Katrina, Betty Baine, Virginia Mae. Honus' brother Albert "Butts" Wagner was considered the ballplayer of the family. Albert suggested Honus in 1895. Wagner would play for five teams in that first year, in three different leagues over the course of 80 games.

In 1896 Edward Barrow, from the Wheeling, West Virginia, team that Wagner was playing on, decided to take Honus with him to his next team, the Paterson Silk Sox. Barrow proved to be a good talent scout, as Wagner could play wherever he was needed, including all three bases and the outfield. Wagner would hit.313 for Paterson in 1896 and.375 in 74 games in 1897. Recognizing that Wagner should be playing at the highest level, Barrow contacted the Louisville Colonels, who had finished last in the National League in 1896 with a record of 38-93, they were doing better in 1897 when Barrow persuaded club president Barney Dreyfuss, club secretary Harry Pulliam, outfielder-manager Fred Clarke to go to Paterson to see Wagner play. Dreyfuss and Clarke were not impressed with the awkward-looking man, not surprising, as Wagner was oddly built – 5-feet-11, 200 pounds, with a barrel chest, massive shoulders muscled arms, huge hands, bowed legs that deprived him of any grace and several inches of height. Pulliam, persuaded Dreyfuss and Clarke to take a chance on him.

Wagner debuted with Louisville on July 19, hit.338 in 61 games. By his second season, Wagner was one of the best hitters in the National League although he came up short a percentage point from finishing the season at.300. Following the 1899 season, the NL contracted from twelve to eight teams, with the Colonels one of four teams eliminated. Owner Barney Dreyfuss, who had purchased half ownership in the Pirates, took Wagner and many of his other top players with him to the Pittsburgh team. Tommy Leach recounted his impressions of joining the Louisville club in 1898 with hopes of winning the starting job at third base: I hardly had time to get settled before it hits me that this guy the Louisville club had at third base was doing the impossible. I'm sitting on the bench the first day I reported, along about the third inning an opposing batter smacks a line drive down the third-base line that looked like at least a sure double. Well, this big Louisville third baseman jumped over after it like he was on steel springs, slapped it down with his bare hand, scrambled after it at least ten feet, fired a bullet over to first base.

The runner was out by three steps. I'm sitting on the bench and my eyes are popping out. So I poked the guy sitting next to me, asked him who the devil that big fellow was on third base. "Why, that's Wagner," he says. "He's the best third baseman in the league." And it turned out that while Honus was the best third baseman in the league, he was the best first baseman, the best second baseman, the best shortstop, the best outfielder. That was in fielding, and since he led the league in batting eight times between 1900 and 1911, you know that he was the best hitter, too. As well as the best base runner; the move to the Pittsburgh Pirates signified Wagner's emergence as a premier hitter. In 1900, Wagner won his first batting championship with a.381 mark and led the league in doubles and slugging percentage, all of which were career highs. For the next nine seasons, Wagner's average did not fall below.330. In 1901, the American League began to sign National League players, creating a bidding war, which depleted the league of many talented players.

Wagner was offered a $20,000 contract by the Chicago White Sox, but turned it down and conti

Conon of Samos

Conon of Samos was a Greek astronomer and mathematician. He is remembered for naming the constellation Coma Berenices. Conon was born on Samos and died in Alexandria, Ptolemaic Egypt, where he was court astronomer to Ptolemy III Euergetes, he named the constellation Coma Berenices after Ptolemy's wife Berenice II. She sacrificed her hair in exchange for her husband's safe return from the Third Syrian War, which began in 246 BCE; when the lock of hair disappeared, Conon explained that the goddess had shown her favor by placing it in the sky. Not all Greek astronomers accepted the designation. In Ptolemy's Almagest, Coma Berenices is not listed as a distinct constellation. However, Ptolemy does attribute several seasonal indications to Conon. Conon was a friend of the mathematician Archimedes whom he met in Alexandria. Pappus states. Apollonius of Perga reported that Conon worked on conic sections, his work became the basis for Apollonius' fourth book of the Conics. Apollonius further reports that Conon sent some of his work to Thrasydaeus, but that it was incorrect.

Since this work has not survived it is impossible to assess the accuracy of Apollonius' comment. In astronomy, Conon wrote in seven books his De astrologia, including observations on solar eclipses. Ptolemy further attributes seventeen "signs of the seasons" to Conon, although this may not have been given in De astrologia. Seneca writes that "Conon was a careful observer" and that he "recorded solar eclipses observed by the Egyptians", although the accuracy of this statement is doubted; the Roman Catullus writes that Conon "discerned all the lights of the vast universe, disclosed the risings and settings of the stars, how the fiery brightness of the sun is darkened, how the stars retreat at fixed times." Conon, named in his honor Ivor Bulmer-Thomas. "Conon of Samos." Dictionary of Scientific Biography 3:391. Otto E. Neugebauer, A History of Ancient Mathematical Astronomy. O'Connor, John J..

2011 Asian Winter Games

The 2011 Asian Winter Games was a multi-sport event, held in Astana and Almaty, that began on January 30, 2011, ended on February 6, 2011. It was the first time that Kazakhstan hosted such a large event since independence from the Soviet Union; the documents for the hosting city were signed in Kuwait on March 4, 2006. Kazakh Minister of Sports Temirkhan Dosmukhambetov notes the 726 million USD for construction and renovation comes from the 2008 state budget; the Olympic village, on the other hand, will be financed by private investors. Overall, Kazakhstan is spending over $1.4 billion to get the area ready to host the games. Astana Mayor Imangali Tasmagambetov announced venues being built include a multipurpose Sports Palace which will seat up to 15,000 spectators, a ski jump complex, a biathlon stadium, an athlete village. Upgrades to existing venues included modernizing the Central Stadium, the B. Sholak Sports Palace, Medeo Skating Rink, Shimbulak Ski Resort; the ski area was increased fivefold from the current 5 km to 65 km.

In 2008 a gondola lift from Medeo Skating Rink to Shymbulak Ski Resort was planned to be completed, only in the summer of 2010 construction started and was under serious time pressure. The Medeo Skating rink is an outdoor rink located in the Tian Shan Mountains, about a 30-minute drive away. In 2008, both Medeo and Shymbulak Ski Resort were rebuilt in preparation for the Games. Vladimir Smirnov, deputy head of the national ski federation, said that the resort would soon be one of the largest in the world, which would increase the chances of a successful bid to host the Olympics. Upgrades to the Almaty airport were finished by December 2008. Millions of KZT are being earmarked for work on main transportation corridors, overpasses, a ring road as well as investment in light rail transit between Talgar and Kaskelen; the plan included purchases of city passenger buses and the construction of a subway. Almaty upgraded its power supply network of substations and transmission lines. Expansion and reconstruction of heating systems was recommended.

A portion got into environmental stabilisation. The flame of the Games was lit at Kuwait Towers, Kuwait City on January 11, 2011; the relay was start in Almaty on January 12, 2011 and span around the cities in Kazakhstan for 16 days before arrive at the opening ceremony on January 30, 2011. Numbers in parentheses indicate the number of medal events contested in each sport. Olympic sports Bobsleigh, Skeleton, Snowboarding and Nordic Combined will not be contested. Bandy and Ski Orienteering were included for the first time in the Games, while curling and snowboarding was excluded from the list, ski jumping returns to the Games, after not being contested in the last Games in Changchun. 26 countries have registered to take part and they are listed below, this is an increase of 1 from the 2007 games. Bahrain and Singapore made their debuts, while Macau and Pakistan did not compete after competing in 2007. One country only sent officials. Indonesia In the following calendar for the 2011 Asian Winter Games, each blue box represents an event competition, such as a qualification round, on that day.

The yellow boxes represent days. Broadcasting International Games Broadcast Services, a joint venture between Host Broadcast Services and IMG Media, served as the host broadcaster of the games; the joint venture served as the host broadcaster of the 2006 Asian Games under the name Doha Asian Games Broadcast Services. Kazakhstan won the same number of gold medals on the first day of the competition as it did in the entire 2007 games, topping the medal table for the first time. Iran and Kyrgyzstan won their first Asian Winter Games medals, Iran in ski orienteering and alpine skiing and Kyrgyzstan in bandy. Eight countries won medals the most at an Asian Winter Games. * Host nation