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Hopewell, Virginia

Hopewell is an independent city surrounded by Prince George County and the Appomattox River in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,591; the Bureau of Economic Analysis combines the city of Hopewell with Prince George County for statistical purposes. Hopewell is in the Tri-Cities area of the Richmond Metropolitan Statistical Area; the city was founded to take advantage of its site overlooking the Appomattox Rivers. City Point, the oldest part of Hopewell, was established in 1613 by Sir Thomas Dale, it was first known as "Bermuda City,", changed to Charles City, lengthened to Charles City Point, abbreviated to City Point. Hopewell/City Point is the oldest continuously inhabited English settlement in the United States, Jamestown no longer being inhabited. "Charles City Point" was in Charles City Shire when the first eight shires were established in the Colony of Virginia in 1634. Charles City Shire soon became known as Charles City County in 1637. In 1619 Samuel Sharpe and Samuel Jordan from City Point named Charles City, were burgesses at the first meeting of the House of Burgesses.

The burgesses separated an area of the county south of the river, including City Point, establishing it separately as Prince George County in 1703. City Point was an unincorporated town in Prince George County until the City of Hopewell annexed the Town of City Point in 1923. During the American Civil War, Union General Ulysses S. Grant used City Point as his headquarters during the Siege of Petersburg in 1864 and 1865. Grant's headquarters, which President Lincoln visited, were located at Appomattox Manor, one of the three plantations of Richard Eppes, who cultivated wheat and other grains and held 130 slaves at the beginning of the war, his property included most of the present day city of Hopewell and Eppes Island, a plantation across the James River from City Point. Richard Slaughter, a former slave of Eppes, escaped to a Union ship during the Civil War, as did all but 12 of Eppes' 130 slaves, choosing freedom. Slaughter recounted his life story for a Works Progress Administration interviewer in 1936.

The City Point Railroad, built in 1838 between City Point and Petersburg, was used as a critical part of the siege strategy. It is considered the oldest portion of the Norfolk and Western Railway, now a part of Norfolk Southern. Samuel Janney in his "History of Friends," says, "Alexander Ross about the year 1732, having obtained a grant for One hundred thousand acres of land in the Colony of Virginia, situated near Opequan Creek a tributary of the Potomac. Under authority of Chester Quarterly Meeting they established in 1744 a Monthly Meeting, called Hopewell, which thus became a branch of Phila. Yearly Meeting." 10 acres was deeded to the Quakers April 2, 1751 for a Meeting House which afterwards became "Hopewell." This deed of 1751 is the first appearance of the Quakers in the old County. However, it is possible that the Hopewell described by Janney as a Virginia Quaker settlement is to the northwest of the Hopewell, the subject of this entry; the Hopewell Friends Meeting House describes the Janney settlement.

Hopewell, part of the Eppes' plantation, was developed by DuPont Company in 1914 as Hopewell Farm, an incorporated area in Prince George County. DuPont first built a dynamite factory there switched to the manufacture of guncotton during World War I. Nearly burned to the ground in the Hopewell Fire of 1915, the city prospered afterward and became known as the "Wonder City" as the village of Hopewell grew from a hamlet of 400 in 1916 to a city of more than 20,000 people in a few short months. Unlike most cities in Virginia, Hopewell was never incorporated as a town, but it was incorporated as an independent city in 1916. After DuPont abandoned the city following World War I, moving its manufacturing facilities elsewhere and specializing in other products, Hopewell became a ghost town until 1923 when Tubize Corporation established a plant on the old DuPont site; the same year, the city of Hopewell annexed the neighboring town of City Point, which enabled it to expand and thrive. The Tubize plant was acquired by Firestone Tire and Rubber Company and was a major employer in Hopewell for decades.

Allied Chemical and Dye Corporation and Hercules Chemical established plants on portions of the old DuPont site. As early as its incorporation, Hopewell was a city of industrious migrants. Immigrants from Bohemia and Greece populated the city, working in factories and opening small businesses. Others migrated from other parts of Virginia and neighboring states of North Carolina and West Virginia to work in Hopewell's industries; as was the case in most southern cities, African Americans in Hopewell were subject to Jim Crow segregation until the success of the Civil Rights Movement. The picturesque theater in the middle of town, the Beacon Theater, only allowed Blacks in the balcony. In August 1966, the Ku Klux Klan confronted the Reverend Curtis Harris and other Black Hopewell citizens when they attempted to petition the city manager to find an alternate location for a landfill, going to be opened in the middle of a Black neighborhood. Hopewell public schools were desegregated under court order in 1963, following Renee Patrice GILLIAM et al v. School Board of the City of Hopewell, Virginia.

Hopewell made national news when, on December 22, 1935, a bus plunged through the open draw of the Appomattox River Drawbridge on Stat

Michael Jones (activist)

Michael Jones is an American web and application developer, music producer and author. From 1984-1988, he was an activist credited with enabling the gay and lesbian community of Indianapolis to become more active and visible. During his active period in Indiana, he was involved in helping Ryan White and working to advance the rights of gays and lesbians. On Friday, June 26, 1984, Jones had been socializing with friends on Monument Circle in downtown Indianapolis; the area was well known as a gathering place for young gay males and had become a target for police activity. Police had been caught videotaping lesbians there; that night, two plainclothes Indianapolis Police Department officers approached Jones, questioned him, frisked him and one groped his genitals. "I was searched and had my ID checked by two unidentified officers Police Department's Tactical Unit," he wrote. " After having had received 23 complaints, including mine, within just a few weeks, the ICLU moved to the center of attention, speaking out against this harassment of gays."

Jones filed a complaint against the officers and asked the Indiana Civil Liberties Union for support. His case helped spark weekly Friday night protests, called "Gay Knights on the Circle" at the landmark, beginning July 22, 1984, organized by two of the gay community's best-known leaders: Stan Berg, owner of the Body Works, a gay bathhouse in Indianapolis and publisher of the city's only gay publication, The Works; the protests culminated on the evening of Friday, August 31, 1984 when hundreds of gay men and lesbians gathered in a final demonstration. Dr. Bruce Voeller president of the Mariposa Foundation and former director of the National Gay Task Force, Jones were among the speakers. Jones would organize Lesbian Rights Task Force of the Indiana Civil Liberties Union; the Task Force was formally announced on July 28, 1984. After Jeanne White contacted Jones for help with her son Ryan White, barred from attending school in Kokomo, Jones told the Indianapolis Star, "Cases like Ryan's and Rock Hudson have brought the panic to a high point in Indiana."

He continued, "The more people hear, that could work two ways. I can see more being educated about AIDS, or I can see more discrimination." Jones and the Civil Liberties Union accepted Ryan's case. In addition to Ryan White's case, Jones worked to persuade state legislators to support a statewide gay and lesbian rights bill in Indiana's 104th General Assembly in 1985, but failed when the legislation lost its sole sponsor, State Senator Louis Mahern, Jr. Jones spent much of his tenure speaking at events throughout the state, aiming for wider acceptance of gays and lesbians and to build support for gay and lesbian rights protections. "Indiana may be conservative, but that doesn't mean people aren't going to be at least tolerant of gays. In Indiana, the situation is getting better," he told Ball State Daily News. In a speech at Earlham College, he "described homosexuals as'a chosen people—chosen by powers beyond this world to help build that society of brotherhood.' " Indianapolis Star columnist Dan Carpenter wrote a tribute to Jones shortly before Jones left for Los Angeles.

Citing a confrontation that occurred between Jones and a young KKK heckler in which Jones met the young man with "plain old you-and-me, eye-to-eye conversation," Carpenter wrote, "It's illustrative of the temperament Jones brought to the unpaid job, a job he created at the age of 19 shortly after he had come out of closet as a homosexual." He continued: "All his trials since then—the negotiations with government officials, the protest demonstrations, the lawsuits, the legislative lobbying, the countless speeches and the struggle to help his middle-class family accept his sexual orientation–have left him not burned out but lit up…Jones has much to do with the growing militancy in the gay community here." Jones was a youthful and congenial spokesman for the gay and lesbian community at a time when few others spoke up and homophobic stereotypes were still widespread. He was able to create dialogue and open the doors for many of the community's gay people and organizations today. Jones moved to Los Angeles in 1988.

He served as editor of the local gay publication Edge Magazine and wrote extensively about the AIDS activist movement. In 1994, he was named editor of the national Genre Magazine, his experimental short fiction has been published by Dennis Cooper in the anthology "Discontents." In 2011, he wrote a book about Nothing to Fear. Jones has been active in the music industry, as a producer and label-owner, he is the father of two lives in Seattle, Washington. He is a web and application developer

Tom Sloan (television executive)

Thomas James Harman Sloan { was a British broadcaster and journalist and BBC Head of Light Entertainment in the 1960s. Sloan was born in Hertfordshire, the son of a Scottish Free Church Minister, educated at Dulwich College, he entered the BBC Sound Effects Department in 1939, but left at the start of World War II to serve in the Royal Artillery throughout the war. He had four children. In 1946 he returned to BBC radio as a talks producer and spent several years as the BBC's representative in Canada. In 1956 he joined the BBC Light Entertainment group, under Ronnie Waldman. During this period, he provided the British commentary for the Eurovision Song Contests in 1957, 1958 and the 1964 on radio, in 1959, 1961 and 1968 on BBC Television. In 1961 he was appointed Head of Light Entertainment. One of his first tasks was to attempt to hold on to one of the BBC's biggest stars of the time, Tony Hancock. After he failed to persuade Hancock to sign a golden handcuffs deal designed to prevent him defecting to ITV or the cinema, he wrote a confidential memo to the BBC Controller of Programmes on 13 April 1962, stating "Hancock is a moody perfectionist with a great interest in money and no sense of loyalty to the corporation".

He added that nothing short of handing over entire "production control" to Hancock and paying him an unprecedented £150,000 – the equivalent of £2m today – for a further 13 episodes of his TV sitcom would be enough to persuade him to stay with the BBC. In the autumn of 1961 he approached Hancock's writers, Ray Galton and Alan Simpson, with the idea of a series called Comedy Playhouse, he had ten half-hour slots and asked them to fill them with anything they wanted, insisting only that his title of Comedy Playhouse be used. The fourth episode of the series, broadcast on 5 January 1962, was entitled The Offer and starred Harry H. Corbett and Wilfrid Brambell as Steptoe and Son. Sloan badgered Ray Galton and Alan Simpson to write a series of Steptoe and Son episodes, which were broadcast between May and June 1962. A further seven series, totalling 57 episodes, would be made between 1962 and 1974. In his post as Head of Light Entertainment, Sloan provided viewers with a tougher and more critical view of comedy than was available before.

The polite, middle-class humour which had limited the BBC's vision of what television amusement should offer, was supplemented with the social realism of comedies such as Steptoe and Son and Till Death Us Do Part. Sloan once said, "Comedy ought to reflect life, it is at its best. I've no intention of giving viewers a marzipan view of life", it was claimed that Sloan attempted to invert the BBC's founding principles of "education and entertainment", giving priority to entertainment, followed by information and education. This was considered acceptable because entertainment, to him, meant not only what was cheerfully relaxing but what was vigorous, thoughtful and downright disturbing, he found the writers and the stars to provide and embody what he wanted, created a space and audience for them. Sloan held the post of Head of Light Entertainment for nine years. In this time he saw the BBC's output of light entertainment programmes increase. In 1955 BBC Light Entertainment turned out five programmes a week.

By 1969, Sloan had thirty-four producers under him, responsible for sixteen programmes a week on two channels. In a lecture given in December 1969, he said "If I drop dead tomorrow, I would not mind being remembered for having some responsibility at least for The Black and White Minstrel Show, Hancock and Son, Till Death Us Do Part, Harry Worth, Not in Front of the Children, Dad's Army, Val Doonican and Rolf Harris shows, Dixon of Dock Green". During his nine years as Head of Light Entertainment his production group carried off every major professional award in show business, including seven awards at the Montreux International Festival, he was created an Officer of the Order of the British Empire in the 1969 New Year Honours list. His last project was the Royal Television Gala, recorded on the day of his death. Sloan died on 13 May 1970 in his post as Head of Light Entertainment, he was succeeded by Bill Cotton. A memorial service was held in St Martin-in-the-Fields in the City of Westminster, London on Tuesday 23 June 1970.

Harry Secombe read Huw Wheldon gave the address. Tom Sloan on IMDb Tom Sloan references at the BBC Archives

Wildlife of Afghanistan

Afghanistan has long been known for its rich and diverse wildlife, as recorded in Baburnamah. Many of the larger mammals in the country are categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as globally threatened; these include the snow leopard, Marco Polo sheep, Siberian musk deer, markhor and the Asiatic black bear. Other species of interest are the ibex, the gray wolf, the brown bear, striped hyenas, numerous bird of prey species. Most of the Marco Polo sheep and ibex are being poached for food, whereas wolves, snow leopards and bears are being killed for damage prevention; the fur, however, is being sold to foreign soldiers as souvenirs on local markets. A leopard was recorded by a camera-trap in Bamyan Province in 2011; the long-lasting conflict in the country badly affected both predator and prey species, so that the national population is considered to be small and threatened. Between 2004 and 2007, a total of 85 leopard skins were seen being offered in markets of Kabul.

Contemporary records do not exist for any of the smaller cat species known to have been present in the country, all of which were threatened in the 1970s by indiscriminate hunting, prey depletion and habitat destruction. For the majority of the Afghan people, natural resources are the source of their livelihood and the basis of their existence. "Virtually the entire land surface of Afghanistan has been used for centuries – whether for local farming or, on a more wide-reaching basis, for livestockgrazing, fuelwood collection and hunting," said Pekka Haavisto, Chairman of the Afghanistan Task Force of the United Nations Environment Programme and former Finnish Minister for Environment. In 2003, a Post-Conflict Environment Assessment Report revealed how warfare in the country had degraded the environment; the report also focused on the dramatic decrease of wildlife due to poaching, outlines ways to respond to these threats. With five million returning expatriates between 2002 and 2014, the pressure on Afghanistan's natural resources are set to increase further.

The UNEP Report makes it clear that environmental restoration must play a major part in the reconstruction efforts in Afghanistan. Altai weasel Asiatic black bear Asiatic brown bear Eurasian otter Geoffroy's bat Gray wolf Hare Ibex Kashmir cave bat Leopard Lesser horseshoe bat Long-tailed marmot Lynx Marco Polo sheep Markhor Mehely's horseshoe bat Mouflon Pallas' cat Pikas Red fox Sind bat Snow leopard Stoat Stone marten Wild goat Zarudny's jird The Asiatic cheetah is considered to be extirpated in Afghanistan since the 1950s. Two cheetah skins were seen in markets in the country, one in 1971, in 2006; the latter was from Samangan Province. The Caspian tiger used to occur along the upper reaches of Hari-Rud near Herat to the jungles in the lower reaches of the river until the early 1970s. Uncertain is the historical presence of the Asiatic lion in the country, as locality records are not known, it is thought to have been present in southern Afghanistan. In March 2017, border guards arrested and confiscated six white lions near Kandahar at the border to Pakistan.

The origin of the lions was unclear at first, but Border Police Commander-General Ne'matullah Haidari said that they were from Africa. In April 2017, four of the lions were taken to Kabul Zoo; the other two lions are still in Kandahar Province. Environmental issues in Afghanistan Fanged deer spotted in Afghanistan, first sighting in 60 years Elusive snow leopards discovered in remote corner of Afghanistan

Doi Phu Nang National Park

Doi Phu Nang National Park is a national park in Dok Khamtai and Chiang Muan Districts, Phayao Province, Thailand. It is located in two mountain chains of the Phi Pan Nam Range, Mae Yom and Nampi, with a not-protected area in between. There are both mixed evergreen forests, dipterocarp forest and dry deciduous forests in the park area. Doi Phu Nang, the mountain that gives its name to the park, with an altitude of 1,202 m, is the highest peak in the area; the sources of two tributaries of the Yom River are in this mountain. The park has scenic rock formations and two impressive waterfalls, Namtok Than Sawan and Namtok Huai Ton Phueng. Trees in the protected area include Malabar ironwood, Afzelia xylocarpa, Lagerstroemia calyculata, Mangifera caloneura, Ailanthus triphysa, Michelia alba, Berrya ammonilla, Schleichera oleosa, Vitex pinnata and Pterocarpus macrocarpus. A variety of birds are found the rare green peafowls, threatened by habitat destruction, which come to the park area for breeding from January to March.

Among the other animals, the fishing cat, Asiatic black bear, masked palm civet, bamboo rat, tree shrews, the Asiatic softshell turtle and the Bengal monitor deserve mention. Trekthailand - Doi Phu Nang National Park Doi Phu Nang National Park - Thai Forest Booking

Fran├žois Lavoie

François Lavoie is a Canadian ten-pin bowler from Quebec City, Canada, now making his home in Wichita, Kansas. He is a member of the Professional Bowlers Association, has been a member of Team Canada. Lavoie has won four PBA Tour titles, including two major championships. Lavoie won. In 2014, Lavoie won the Intercollegiate Singles Championship with Wichita State University. In 2015, Lavoie won the Intercollegiate Team Championship with Wichita State University, the Pan Am Games doubles gold medal in Toronto. Lavoie was a four-time member of Youth Team Canada, has been a four-time member of adult Team Canada. In 2019, Lavoie was named to Canada's 2019 Pan American Games team. Lavoie joined the Professional Bowlers Association in 2015, he was 2016 Southwest Region Rookie of the Year. Through the 2019 U. S. Open, Lavoie's PBA earnings totaled over US$270,000, he has rolled six 300 games in PBA competition. Among these perfect games, Lavoie recorded the PBA's 26th televised 300 game in the semifinal match of the 2016 U.

S. Open; this was just the sixth televised perfect game in a major tournament, the first in the U. S. Open finals. Major titles in bold type. 2016 U. S. Open. 2016 Shark Championship 2017 Xtra Frame Greater Jonesboro Open 2019 U. S. Open Lavoie owns eight PBA Regional titles, he won the PBA Regional Challenge at the 2017 World Series of Bowling in Reno, NV. +CRA = Championship Round Appearances Lavoie graduated from Wichita State University with a degree in business administration. Lavoie's Profile at PBA.com Lavoie's "Bowler" page on Facebook