The House of Commons of Canada is the lower chamber of the bicameral Parliament of Canada, along with the sovereign and the Senate of Canada. The House of Commons meets in a temporary Commons chamber in the West Block of the parliament buildings on Parliament Hill in Ottawa, while the Centre Block, which houses the traditional Commons chamber, undergoes a ten-year renovation; the House of Commons is a democratically elected body whose members are known as Members of Parliament. There were 308 members in the 2011-2015 parliament, but that number rose to 338 following the election on Monday October 19, 2015. Members are elected by simple plurality in each of the country's electoral districts, which are colloquially known as ridings. MPs may hold office until Parliament is dissolved and serve for constitutionally limited terms of up to five years after an election. However, terms have ended before their expiry and the sitting government has dissolved parliament within four years of an election according to a long-standing convention.
In any case, an Act of Parliament now limits each term to four years. Seats in the House of Commons are distributed in proportion to the population of each province and territory. However, some ridings are more populous than others, the Canadian constitution contains provisions regarding provincial representation; as a result, there is some regional malapportionment relative to the population. The House of Commons was established in 1867, when the British North America Act created the Dominion of Canada and was modelled on the British House of Commons; the lower of the two houses making up the parliament, the House of Commons in practice holds far more power than the upper house, the Senate. Although the approval of both Houses is necessary for legislation to become law, the Senate rarely rejects bills passed by the Commons. Moreover, the Cabinet is responsible to the House of Commons; the prime minister stays in office only so long as they retain the support, or "confidence", of the lower house.
The term derives from the Anglo-Norman word communes, referring to the geographic and collective "communities" of their parliamentary representatives and not the third estate, the commonality. This distinction is made clear in the official French name of the body, Chambre des communes. Canada and the United Kingdom remain the only countries to use the name "House of Commons" for a lower house of parliament; the House of Commons came into existence in 1867, when the British Parliament passed the British North America Act, uniting the Province of Canada, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick into a single federation called the Dominion of Canada. The new Parliament of Canada consisted of the Senate and the House of Commons; the Parliament of Canada was based on the Westminster model. Unlike the UK Parliament, the powers of the Parliament of Canada were limited in that other powers were assigned to the provincial legislatures; the Parliament of Canada remained subordinate to the British Parliament, the supreme legislative authority for the entire British Empire.
Greater autonomy was granted by the Statute of Westminster 1931, after which new acts of the British Parliament did not apply to Canada, with some exceptions. These exceptions were removed by the Canada Act 1982. From 1867, the Commons met in the chamber used by the Legislative Assembly of Canada until the building was destroyed by fire in 1916, it relocated to the amphitheatre of the Victoria Memorial Museum—what is today the Canadian Museum of Nature, where it met until 1922. Until the end of 2018, the Commons sat in the Centre Block chamber. Starting with the final sitting before the 2019 federal election, the Commons sits in a temporary chamber in the West Block until at least 2028, while renovations are undertaken in the Centre Block of Parliament; the House of Commons comprises 338 members. The constitution specifies a basic minimum of 295 electoral districts, but additional seats are allocated according to various clauses. Seats are distributed among the provinces in proportion to population, as determined by each decennial census, subject to the following exceptions made by the constitution.
Firstly, the "senatorial clause" guarantees that each province will have at least as many MPs as Senators. Secondly, the "grandfather clause" guarantees each province has at least as many Members of Parliament now as it had in 1985; as a result of these clauses, smaller provinces and provinces that have experienced a relative decline in population have become over-represented in the House. Ontario, British Columbia, Alberta are under-represented in proportion to their populations, while the other seven provinces are over-represented. Boundary commissions, appointed by the federal government for each province, have the task of drawing the boundaries of the electoral districts in each province. Territorial representation is independent of the population; the electoral quotient was defined by legislation as 111,166 for the redistribution of seats after the 2011 census and is adjusted following each decennial census by multiplying it by the average of the percentage of
Parque García Sanabria is a public urban park in the heart of Santa Cruz de Tenerife in Tenerife. It was inaugurated in 1926, it is a large garden area, combined with architectural groups. The park is listed as a site of cultural interest by the Government of the Canary Islands, its name derives from the Mayor Garcia Sanabria. It is the largest urban park in the Canary Islands, it has an area of 67,230 square metres. In 1973 an international sculptural exposition took place there; some of the sculptures, thirteen or so, were displayed on that occasion to adorn all corners and walks in the park. The park's floral clock was manufactured in Switzerland by Favag and was a gift from the Consul of Denmark to the island of Tenerife in 1958; the flower clock is flanked by two staircases behind, the central fountain. It is characterized by being planted with flowers throughout the year. Next to the park is the Plaza Fernando Pessoa, considered the only zodiacal square of the Canary Islands and of Spain; the square is a representation of the astral situation at the time of the founding of Lisbon.
The decoration of the square is made in the image of how the sky was at the time of the constitution of the Portuguese capital. The decoration of the fountain represents the position of the planets and in the background appear the signs of the zodiac. Parque García Sanabria
Al Arabiya is a Saudi free-to-air television news channel broadcast in Modern Standard Arabic. The channel is based in broadcasts to a pan-Arab audience. Launched on 3 March 2003, the channel is based in Dubai Media City, United Arab Emirates, is owned by Saudi broadcaster Middle East Broadcasting Center; the current general manager of Al Arabiya is Adel Al Toraifi, who took over that post from Abdulrahman Al Rashed on 22 November 2014. Who had held the position since 2004 and was outspoken against Islamic extremism. A free-to-air channel, Al Arabiya broadcasts standard newscasts every hour as well as talk shows and documentaries; these programs cover current affairs, stock markets and sports. It is rated among the top pan-Arab stations by Middle East audiences; the news organization's website is accessible in Arabic, English and Persian. As of March 2018, the website's number one consumer by country was Saudi Arabia, with 20% of the entire viewership. On 26 January 2009, American president Barack Obama gave his first formal interview as president to the television channel.
As a response to Al Jazeera's criticism of the Saudi royal family throughout the 1990s, relatives of the Saudi royal family established Al Arabiya in Dubai in 2002. According to a 2008 profile in The New York Times of Al Arabiya director Abdul Rahman Al Rashed, the channel works "to cure Arab television of its penchant for radical politics and violence". Al Arabiya is said to be the second most watched channel after Al Jazeera in Saudi Arabia. Al Arabiya broadcast the email messages of Syrian president Bashar Assad in 2012 that were leaked by opposition hackers; the channel's English language website obtained emails which revealed that PR agency BLJ were behind the infamous positive profile of the Syrian first lady, Asma Assad, in Vogue magazine while her husband's regime was responsible for the crushing of peaceful demonstrations in 2011. Special Mission is Al Arabiya's longest-running investigative journalism/current affairs television program, it broadcasts on the Al Arabiya Pan Arab Channel based in Dubai.
Premiering on 19 October 2003, it is still running. The Special Mission team contributed in setting the tone of the program early on, has since maintained it. Based on the investigative Panorama concept, the program addresses a single issue in depth each week, showing either a locally produced program or a relevant documentary, in the form of stories from many areas around the world; the program has won many awards for investigative journalism, broken many high-profile stories. A notable early example of this was the show's exposé on the appalling living conditions endured by many children living in rural Africa, East Asia etc.... Issues like politics and religion are addressed. Eda'at, hosted by Turki Al-Dakhil, lasts one hour; the show consists of one-on-one interviews with influential regional figures, such as journalists, activists, etc. Rawafed is directed and hosted by Ahmad Ali El Zein, broadcast once a week. Rawafed is a series of documentaries/interviews devoted to the world of arts and culture.
Guests have included writers Tahar Ben Jelloun, Gamal El-Ghitani, poets Adunis, Ahmed Fouad Negm, Joumana Haddad, Marcel Khalifa, Naseer Shamma. Many key principle artists and politicians in the Arab world have appeared on the show. From Iraq is a socio-political, humanitarian program which strives to uncover the realities inside of Iraq; the program is presented by Mayssoun Noueihed. Inside Iran is a series which focuses on investigative reporting on political and economic issues facing Iran. Death Making is a weekly broadcast; the show provides analysis on global terror attacks around the globe, shining a spotlight on religious, social and political factors. It provides interviews with well-known figures, it is hosted by Mohammed Altoumaihi. Business Profiles is a monthly program which provides an in-depth portrait of regional business leaders; the program follows an influential business person, including outside of their office, in order to better understand their ways of thinking. It is presented by Fatima Zahra Daoui, has been on air since June 2013.
Point of Order is a weekly program, broadcast on Fridays, which conducts live interviews focusing on socio-political topics. It is known be hard-hitting and has been known to invite controversial figures, such as Jean-Marie Le Pen, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, others, it is hosted by Hasan Muawad. Political Memoirs is a weekly program which focuses on historical events, serving as a platform to discuss different views on single events, while comparing these different vantage points to recorded history, it is presented by Taher Barake, is broadcast on Fridays. Diplomatic Avenues is a monthly program focusing on the United Nations, it is broadcast live from Al Arabiya's studios in the United Nations headquarters, features interviews with high-level UN officials and diplomats. The program focuses on political, social and humanitarian issues before the UN, with an emphasis on the Arab and Islamic worlds, it is hosted by Talal al-Haj, broadcasts on the last Friday of each month. Studio Beirut is a weekly discussion program, broadcast on Sundays, which features prominent guests from the Arab world.
It is hosted by Giselle Khoury. The Big Screen is a weekly program which focu