Howard Carter was a British archaeologist and Egyptologist who became world-famous after discovering the intact tomb of the 18th Dynasty Pharaoh, Tutankhamun, in November 1922. Howard Carter was born in Kensington on 9 May 1874, the son of Samuel John Carter, an artist, Martha Joyce Carter, his father developed Howard's artistic talents. Carter spent much of his childhood with relatives in the Norfolk market town of Swaffham, the birthplace of both his parents. Nearby was the mansion of the Amherst family, Didlington Hall, containing a sizable collection of Egyptian antiques, which sparked Carter's interest in that subject. In 1891 the Egypt Exploration Fund, on the prompting of Mary Cecil, sent Carter to assist an Amherst family friend, Percy Newberry, in the excavation and recording of Middle Kingdom tombs at Beni Hasan. Although only 17, Carter was innovative in improving the methods of copying tomb decoration. In 1892, he worked under the tutelage of Flinders Petrie for one season at Amarna, the capital founded by the pharaoh Akhenaten.
From 1894 to 1899, he worked with Édouard Naville at Deir el-Bahari, where he recorded the wall reliefs in the temple of Hatshepsut. In 1899, Carter was appointed to the position of Chief Inspector of the Egyptian Antiquities Service, he supervised a number of excavations at Thebes. In 1904, he was transferred to the Inspectorate of Lower Egypt. Carter was praised for his improvements in the protection of existing excavation sites, his development of a grid-block system for searching for tombs; the Antiquities Service provided funding for Carter to head his own excavation projects. Carter resigned from the Antiquities Service in 1905 after a formal inquiry into what became known as the Saqqara Affair, a noisy confrontation between Egyptian site guards and a group of French tourists. Carter sided with the Egyptian personnel. In 1907, after three hard years for Carter, Lord Carnarvon employed him to supervise excavations of nobles' tombs in Deir el-Bahri, near Thebes. Gaston Maspero had recommended Carter to Carnarvon as he knew he would apply modern archaeological methods and systems of recording.
In 1914, Lord Carnarvon received the concession to dig in the Valley of the Kings, Carter was again employed to lead the work. However excavations and study were soon interrupted by the First World War, Carter spending these war years working for the British Government as a diplomatic courier and translator, he enthusiastically resumed his excavation work towards the end of 1917. By 1922, Lord Carnarvon had become dissatisfied with the lack of results after many years of finding little, he informed Carter that he had one more season of funding to make a significant find in the Valley of the Kings. Carter returned to the Valley of Kings, investigated a line of huts that he had abandoned a few seasons earlier; the crew cleared the huts and rock debris beneath. On 4 November 1922, their young water boy accidentally stumbled on a stone that turned out to be the top of a flight of steps cut into the bedrock. Carter had the steps dug out until the top of a mud-plastered doorway was found; the doorway was stamped with indistinct cartouches.
Carter ordered the staircase to be refilled, sent a telegram to Carnarvon, who arrived two-and-a-half weeks on 23 November. On 26 November 1922, Carter made a "tiny breach in the top left-hand corner" of the doorway, with Carnarvon, his daughter Lady Evelyn Herbert, others in attendance, using a chisel that his grandmother had given him for his 17th birthday, he was able to peer in by the light of a candle and see that many of the gold and ebony treasures were still in place. He did not yet know whether it was "a tomb or an old cache", but he did see a promising sealed doorway between two sentinel statues. Carnarvon asked, "Can you see anything?" Carter replied with the famous words: "Yes, wonderful things!" Carter had, in fact, discovered Tutankhamun's tomb. Carter's notes and photographic evidence indicate that he, Lord Carnarvon, Lady Evelyn Herbert entered the burial chamber in November 1922, before the official opening; the next several months were spent cataloguing the contents of the antechamber under the "often stressful" supervision of Pierre Lacau, director general of the Department of Antiquities of Egypt.
On 16 February 1923, Carter opened the sealed doorway and found that it did indeed lead to a burial chamber, he got his first glimpse of the sarcophagus of Tutankhamun. The tomb was considered the best preserved and most intact pharaonic tomb found in the Valley of the Kings, the discovery was eagerly covered by the world's press, but most of their representatives were kept in their hotels, much to their annoyance. Only H. V. Morton from The Times newspaper was allowed on the scene, his vivid descriptions helped to cement Carter's reputation with the British public. Towards the end of February 1923, a rift between Lord Carnarvon and Carter caused by a disagreement on how to manage the supervising Egyptian authorities, temporarily closed excavation. Work recommenced in early March; that month Lord Carnarvon contracted blood poisoning while staying in Luxor near the tomb site. He died in Cairo on 5 April 1923. Lady Carnarvon retained her late husband's concession in the Valley of the Kings, allowing Carter to continue his work.
Carter's meticulous cataloguing of the thousands of objects in the tomb continued until 1932, most being moved to the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. There were several breaks in the work, including one lasting nearly a year in
Matafeo George Latu is a barrister and solicitor. He is a former dual international rugby union player. On attending Canterbury University to study law, Latu played for the University Club in Christchurch where his contemporaries included Todd Blackadder and Steve Hansen, he represented both his father's country Tonga, as a member of the Ikale Tahi National team from 1993 to 1994, his mother's country Samoa, in the Manu Samoa National team from 1994 to 1996. He played in the Manu Samoa team in the 1995 Rugby World Cup hosted in South Africa, where he replaced the injured rugby legend Papali’itele Peter Fatialofa. Latu was a specialist tighthead prop and first played rugby whilst a boarder at New Plymouth Boys High School in New Zealand, he played in Christchurch, New Zealand in the 1990s including a few games at representative level for Canterbury, played the 1996 NPC season for Southland in Invercargill, before returning to Samoa to take up a state solicitor role in the Samoa Attorney Generals Office.
His first international cap was in 1993 for Tonga, for Samoa during a match against Tonga, at Moamoa, on June 4, 1994. He was part of the 1995 Rugby World Cup roster, his last international cap was during the Manu Samoa tour of the British Isles in 1997. Latu has been Club Captain of Vaimoso Rugby Club an honorary solicitor for the Samoa Rugby Union, he was made Vice Chairman in 2016, a position which he held until 2018. Latu has been a commentator for rugby matches for Samoa TV1 along with Mathew Vaea; as of February 2016, he was appointed as Samoa representative for Oceania Rugby. Latu is the Managing Partner of Latu Lawyers, a law firm located in Apia Samoa, is in partnership together with his wife Taulapapa Brenda Heather-Latu, a former Attorney General of Samoa and Crown Counsel with the Crown Law Office, New Zealand; the firm specialises in banking and commercial transactions. The partners undertake legal consultancies both locally and regionally. George Latu at ESPNscrum George Latu at New Zealand Rugby History
Sean McMahon is an Australian rugby union player for Suntory Sungoliath in the Japanese Top League. McMahon was born and raised in Brisbane and took his first steps in senior rugby with GPS in the Queensland Premier Rugby competition, he played in the side, runner-up in the 2013 competition and featured alongside future Rebels team-mates Colby Faingaa and Bryce Hegarty. McMahon's displays saw him named as a member of the Melbourne Rebels extended playing squad for the 2014 Super Rugby season, he was named in the number 6 jersey for the Rebels season opener against the Cheetahs at AAMI Park on 28 February 2014. McMahon played the whole 80 minutes in a 35–14 victory for the home side. On 16 April 2014, the Melbourne Rebels announced that McMahon signed a new two-year deal, running until the end of 2016. McMahon is an avid golfer and a 5 handicap. McMahon represented Australia Schoolboys in 2011, at the age of 17, before becoming the youngest player to play for the Australia Sevens team in 2011, going on to feature for the side for another two years whilst making the Australia Under-20 squad for the 2012 IRB Junior World Championship in South Africa.
In May 2014, he was named to captain Australia in the 2014 IRB Junior World Championship, to commence in Auckland in June. This followed his strong performances with the Melbourne Rebels. On 22 October 2014, McMahon was named in the Australian national team for the Wallabies 2014 End-of-year test, under the new coach of Michael Cheika, he made his first appearance against the Barbarians on 1 November, but it was a week he made his test debut against Wales at the Millennium Stadium, starting in the #6 Jersey. He was a member of the 2015 World Cup Squad, he started at no.7 in the pool matches against Uruguay and Wales, scoring 2 tries against Uruguay in a comprehensive victory. As of 21 July 2016