Harper's Magazine is a monthly magazine of literature, culture and the arts. Launched in June 1850, it is the second-oldest continuously published monthly magazine in the U. S.. Harper's Magazine has won 22 National Magazine Awards. Harper's Magazine began as Harper's New Monthly Magazine in June 1850, by the New York City publisher Harper & Brothers; the company founded the magazines Harper's Weekly and Harper's Bazaar, grew to become HarperCollins Publishing. The first press run of Harper's Magazine—7,500 copies—sold out immediately. Circulation was some 50,000 issues six months later; the early issues reprinted material pirated from English authors such as Charles Dickens, William Makepeace Thackeray, the Brontë sisters. The magazine soon was publishing the work of American artists and writers, in time commentary by the likes of Winston Churchill and Woodrow Wilson. Portions of Herman Melville's novel Moby Dick were first published in the October 1851 issue of Harper's under the title, "The Town-Ho's Story".
In 1962, Harper & Brothers merged with Peterson & Company, becoming Harper & Row. In 1965, the magazine was separately incorporated, became a division of the Minneapolis Star and Tribune Company, owned by the Cowles Media Company. In the 1970s, Harper's Magazine published Seymour Hersh's reporting of the My Lai Massacre by United States forces in Vietnam. In 1971 editor Willie Morris resigned under pressure from owner John Cowles, Jr. prompting resignations from many of the magazine's star contributors and staffers, including Norman Mailer, David Halberstam, Robert Kotlowitz, Marshall Frady and Larry L. King: Morris's departure jolted the literary world. Mailer, William Styron, Gay Talese, Bill Moyers, Tom Wicker declared that they would boycott Harper's as long as the Cowles family owned it, the four staff writers hired by Morris—Frady among them—resigned in solidarity with him. Robert Shnayerson, a senior editor at Time magazine, was hired to replace Morris as Harper's ninth editor, serving in that position from 1971 until 1976.
Lewis H. Lapham served as managing editor from 1976 until 1981. On June 17, 1980, the Star Tribune announced it would cease publishing Harper's Magazine after the August 1980 issue. But, on July 9, 1980, John R. MacArthur and his father, obtained pledges from the directorial boards of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, the Atlantic Richfield Company, CEO Robert Orville Anderson to amass the $1.5 million needed to establish the Harper's Magazine Foundation. It now publishes the magazine. In 1984, Lapham and MacArthur—now publisher and president of the foundation—along with new executive editor Michael Pollan, redesigned Harper's and introduced the "Harper's Index", "Readings", the "Annotation" departments to complement its fiction, essays and reviews; as of the March 2011 issue, contributing editor Zadie Smith, a noted British author, writes the print edition's New Books column. Under the Lapham-MacArthur leadership, Harper's Magazine continued publishing literary fiction by John Updike, George Saunders, others.
Politically, Harper's was an vocal critic of U. S. domestic and foreign policies. Editor Lapham's monthly "Notebook" columns have lambasted the Clinton and the George W. Bush administrations. Since 2003, the magazine has concentrated on reportage about U. S. war in Iraq, with long articles about the battle for Fallujah, the cronyism of the American reconstruction of Iraq. Other reporting has covered abortion issues and global warming. In 2007, Harper's added the No Comment blog, by attorney Scott Horton, about legal controversies, Central Asian politics, German studies. In April 2006, Harper's began publishing the Washington Babylon blog on its website, written by Washington Editor Ken Silverstein about American politics. Since that time these two blogs have ceased publication. Another website feature, composed by a rotating set of authors, is the Weekly Review, single-sentence summaries of political and bizarre news. Editor Lewis H. Lapham was criticized for his reportage of the 2004 Republican National Convention, which had yet to occur, in his essay "Tentacles of Rage: The Republican Propaganda Mill, a Brief History," published in the September 2004 issue which implied that he had attended the convention.
He apologized in a note. Lapham left two years after 28 years as Harper's editor in chief, launched Lapham's Quarterly; the August 2004 issue contained a photo essay by noted photojournalist Peter Turnley, hired to do a series of photo essays for the magazine. The eight-page spread in August 2004 showed images of death and funerals from both sides of the U. S. war in Afghanistan. On the U. S. side, Turnley visited the funeral of an Oklahoma National Guard member, Spc. Kyle Brinlee, 21, killed when his vehicle ran over an improvised explosive device in Afghanistan. During his funeral, Turnley shot the open casket as it lay in the back of the high school auditorium where the funeral was held to accommodate 1,200 mourners, this photo was used in the photo essay. Subsequently, the family sued the magazine in federal court; the case ended in 2007 when the U. S. Supreme Court, although saying the unauthorized publication wa
Integrated Authority File
The Integrated Authority File or GND is an international authority file for the organisation of personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies from catalogues. It is used for documentation in libraries and also by archives and museums; the GND is managed by the German National Library in cooperation with various regional library networks in German-speaking Europe and other partners. The GND falls under the Creative Commons Zero licence; the GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements. It comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format; the Integrated Authority File became operational in April 2012 and integrates the content of the following authority files, which have since been discontinued: Name Authority File Corporate Bodies Authority File Subject Headings Authority File Uniform Title File of the Deutsches Musikarchiv At the time of its introduction on 5 April 2012, the GND held 9,493,860 files, including 2,650,000 personalised names.
There are seven main types of GND entities: LIBRIS Virtual International Authority File Information pages about the GND from the German National Library Search via OGND Bereitstellung des ersten GND-Grundbestandes DNB, 19 April 2012 From Authority Control to Linked Authority Data Presentation given by Reinhold Heuvelmann to the ALA MARC Formats Interest Group, June 2012
SmithGroup is an American architectural and planning firm. Established in Detroit in 1853 by architect Sheldon Smith, along with Luckett and Farley, SmithGroup is the longest continually operating architecture and engineering firm in the United States, not a wholly owned subsidiary; the firm's name was changed to Field, Hinchman & Smith in 1903, it was renamed Smith, Hinchman & Grylls in 1907. In 2000, the firm changed its name to SmithGroup. In 2011, the firm incorporated its sister firm, JJR, into its name, becoming SmithGroupJJR; as of August 1, 2018, the firm changed its name back to SmithGroup. As of 2018, it ranks among the top 50 architecture firms according to Architect Magazine, the official magazine of AIA and ranked as the 6th largest architecture/engineering firm in the U. S; the firm is composed of client industry-focused practices serving Cultural, Healthcare, Higher Education, Mixed-Use, Parks & Open Spaces, Science & Technology, Senior Living, Urban Environments and Workplace markets.
The firm has offices in 14 cities: Ann Arbor, Chicago, Denver, Los Angeles, Phoenix, San Diego, San Francisco and Washington, D. C; the firm expanded outside North America by opening an office in Shanghai, China, in December 2013. Notable architects from the firm include Minoru Yamasaki, Wirt C. Rowland, C. Howard Crane, Rosa T. Sheng. Hill, Eric J. and John Gallagher. AIA Detroit: The American Institute of Architects Guide to Detroit Architecture. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-3120-3. Meyer, Katherine Mattingly and Martin C. P. McElroy with Introduction by W. Hawkins Ferry, Hon A. I. A.. Detroit Architecture: A. I. A. Guide Revised Edition. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-1651-4. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list Thomas J Holleman & James P Gallagher. Smith, Hinchman & Grylls: 125 Years of Architecture and Engineering, 1853-1978. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-1615-8. SmithGroup company website
John Lawrence Mauran, FAIA was an American architect responsible for many downtown landmarks in St. Louis, Missouri, he was active in Wisconsin and Texas. Mauran studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology from 1885 through 1889 under the French-American educator Eugene Letang, entered the Boston office of Shepley and Coolidge as a young draftsman. There he helped the 1894 Art Institute of Chicago. Sent by the firm to establish a branch office in St. Louis, his employers closed shop there in 1900 and Mauran formed his own partnership, Russell & Garden, which evolved into Mauran, Russell & Crowell in 1911; the firm carved out a niche designing Carnegie libraries in towns in Missouri and Kansas. Mauran had married a local socialite, Isabel Chapman, in 1899, which aided his social connections, bringing commissions for local churches, office buildings, a number of sizable mansions in St. Louis's new private places, he himself lived on the most prestigious street in the city. From 1902 Mauran became a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects, was appointed by Theodore Roosevelt to the first United States Commission of Fine Arts in 1910.
In 1915 he was elected President of the AIA. Mauran died unexpectedly after an appendicitis attack in 1933, at the family's summer home in New Hampshire. Stylistically versatile through its decades of activity, Mauran's office was more commercially than artistically oriented, with work concentrated in the St. Louis area and a large number of hotel commissions in Texas; the St. Louis high-rises of the 1900s and 1910s show a clear influence from the Sullivan skyscrapers they stand next to, like the Wainwright Building, without Sullivan's distinctive ornament; the stripped-classical style of the St. Louis Soldiers' Memorial, in 1939 a late example of its kind, is appropriate for its civic presence. Like other public buildings in the downtown Civic Plaza, the initial plans were far more elaborate, before delay and budget pressures left the actual results simplified and scaled down. W. O. Mullgardt joined the firm in 1930; when Mauran died in 1933, this left William Crowell as its principal designer.
The modernist 1941 Post-Dispatch Printing Plant, with its long ribbons of windows, preceded other International Style buildings in St. Louis by about nine years; this was the firm's final major work. All in St. Louis unless otherwise noted: Laclede Power Company plant on the north riverfront, 1901 First Church of Christ Scientist, 1903. St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad Building, Missouri, 1913 Federal Reserve Bank of St Louis, 1923 Union Market, 1924 Southwestern Bell Building, 1926 Police Headquarters and Police Academy, 1927-1928 Missouri Pacific Building, 1928 Blackstone Hotel, Fort Worth, Texas, 1929 St. Louis Globe-Democrat Building, 1931 Federal Courts Building, 1932-1934 Soldiers' Memorial, with architectural sculpture by Walker Hancock, 1936 St. Louis Post-Dispatch Printing Plant, 1941 online biography with photograph Architecture in Texas, 1895-1945, by Jay C. Henry National Historic Register application discussing Mauran's career emporis list of commissions
American Society of Architectural Illustrators
The American Society of Architectural Illustrators, is a professional organization representing the business and artistic interests of architectural illustrators throughout North America and around the world. ASAI’s principal mandate is to foster of communication and networking among its members, raise the standards of architectural drawing, bring awareness to the general public of this type of work and the value of their drawings as a conceptual and representational tool in architecture; the office for the ASAI moved from California to Maine in 2013. A new website and logo debuted in 2016. Architecture In Perspective is an international architectural competition that architectural representations for publications and exhibition. Architecture In Perspective is launched each year at the ASAI's annual convention; the Society's highest award, the Hugh Ferriss Memorial Prize is awarded each year in recognition of excellence in the graphic representation of architecture. The ASAI has worked to establish an international network of delineators throughout the US, England, Japan, Australia and other countries.
Membership with the ASAI brings official affiliations with: Australian Association of Architectural Illustrators Japan Architectural Renderers Association Korean Architectural Perspectivists Association The American Institute of Architects The Architectural Society of China The New York Society of Renderers Society of Architectural Illustration, United Kingdom Philippine Association of Architectural Renderers Design Communication Association, United StatesIn 2007, The American Society of Illustrators Partnership was established with ASAI as one of the 6 founding organizations. The primary stated purpose of the ASIP was to educate its members and others regarding the rights of illustrators to receive royalties and licensing fees for the use of their work. Other member organizations of ASIP include: Illustrators Partnership of America Association of Medical Illustrators National Cartoonists Society Guild of Natural Science Illustrators San Francisco Society of Illustrators Pittsburgh Society of Illustrators American Society of Aviation Artists Society of Illustrators of San Diego Society of Illustrators of Los Angeles Illustrators Club of Washington DC, Maryland & Virginia Association of American Editorial Cartoonists and Illustrators-at-Large who are nonaffiliated American Society of Architectural Illustrators website
Harold Van Buren Magonigle
Harold Van Buren Magonigle was an American architect and author best known for his memorials. He achieved his greatest success as a designer of monuments, but his artistic practices included sculpture, painting and graphic design. Born in New Jersey, Magonigle worked for Calvert Vaux, Rotch & Tilden and Ditmars and McKim Mead & White before opening his own practice in 1903, he was the designer of the McKinley Memorial Mausoleum in Canton and the Liberty Memorial in Kansas City, Missouri both commissions won through competitions. He designed the Core Mausoleum at Elmwood Cemetery. Magonigle and sculptor Attilio Piccirilli collaborated as architect and artist on two familiar monuments in New York City: the Monument to the USS Maine in Columbus Circle, on the Fireman's Memorial on Riverside Drive and West 100th Street, he designed the setting for Albert Weinert's Stevens T. Mason Monument in Detroit and for Robert Atken's Burritt Memorial in New Britain, Connecticut. Magonigle's wife, was a muralist who collaborated with her husband on a number of his projects.
Magonigle's papers are held by the New York Public Library and by the Drawings and Archives Department in the Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library at Columbia University. Typescript: Biography and competition design for Canberra, Cornell University Library Photograph of Magonigle, ca. 1930, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution Harold Van Buren Magonigle architectural drawings and papers, circa 1894-1944, held by the Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University
Harvey Wiley Corbett
Harvey Wiley Corbett was an American architect known for skyscraper and office building designs in New York and London, his advocacy of tall buildings and modernism in architecture. Corbett was a San Francisco native, he was an 1895 graduate of the engineering program at the University of California and was educated at the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris. After his graduation in 1900, he started work in the firm of Cass Gilbert. One of Corbett's early commissions during the 1910s was for the landmark Springfield Municipal Group, two large municipal buildings with a tower in Springfield, Massachusetts As part of the firm of Helmle & Corbett, Harvey Wiley Corbett designed Bush Tower, a 30-story Neo-Gothic skyscraper built for the Bush Terminal Company on 42nd St. near Times Square, Manhattan. The tower, "with its prominent position and slight setbacks in buff and black brick, marked his début as an influential skyscraper designer."Corbett's next major commission was in London, where again working for Irving T. Bush and the Bush Terminal Co. he was the architect for Bush House, a massive and American-style office building built within the limits of strict London building codes.
In the 1920s, Harvey Wiley Corbett was part of one of the three firms that designed Rockefeller Center in New York. Corbett, left the Rockefeller Center project in 1928, so he could work on plans for the Metropolitan Life North Building, designed as a 100-story skyscraper and the world's tallest building, but built as a 32-story tower during the Great Depression. Corbett, continued to design some structures during the Great Depression, notably the massive New York City Criminal Courts Building in downtown Manhattan, the northern tower of, the Manhattan Detention Center; the complex was designed with Charles B. Meyers and completed in 1941. According to his obituary in the New York Times, Corbett was a longtime and ardent champion of skyscrapers and modernism. In 1922, Corbett commissioned delineator and architect Hugh Ferriss to draw a series of four step-by-step perspectives demonstrating the architectural consequences of New York's "setback" zoning law; these four drawings would be used in Ferriss's 1929 book "The Metropolis of Tomorrow".
By demonstrating how architecture might evolve, Corbett's commission and Ferriss's book continue to influence popular culture. In the late 1920s, the impact of skyscrapers on cities and downtowns was still hotly debated. Harvey Corbett defended the benefits of tall buildings against skyscraper detractors in articles published in the New York Times Magazine and the National Municipal Journal in 1927. In 1930, Corbett described modernism in architecture as a "freeing of the shackles of style that for years have forced architects to erect duplicates of Grecian temples for bank buildings, regardless of modern requirements for light and utility."H. W. Corbett lectured at the Columbia School of Architecture at Columbia University in New York from 1907 to the 1930s, further influencing a generation of architects. In addition to his work on skyscrapers, office buildings, municipal buildings, Harvey Wiley Corbett designed monuments such as the Peace Arch on the Canada–US border and the George Washington Masonic National Memorial in Virginia.
Corbett shaped the course of architecture by heading the architectural committee of the 1933 World's Fair in Chicago. He was chairman of the advisory committee of architects that created the theme for the modernistic 1939 New York World's Fair. Both fairs were influential examples of modern architecture; because of his work in America and England, Harvey Corbett was a fellow of the American Institute of Architects and the Royal Institute of British Architects. One month before his death, the New York Chapter of the American Institute of Architects granted him their annual award for career achievement. In 1926, he was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Associate Academician, became a full Academician in 1930. Today, Corbett's papers are contained within the collection of the Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library at Columbia University. New York School of Applied Design for Women Bush Tower Peace Arch Navy – Merchant Marine Memorial Bush House, London 1 Fifth Avenue Pennsylvania Power & Light Building at 28 stories, the tallest building in Allentown, Pennsylvania Master Apartments 310–312 Riverside Drive, New York City Metropolitan Life North Building George Washington Masonic National Memorial New York City Criminal Courts Building Springfield Municipal Group in Springfield, Massachusetts Corbett, Harvey Wiley on artnet.com, derived from the Grove Dictionary of Art Harvey Wiley Corbett architectural drawings and papers, circa 1914-1949.
Held by the Department of Drawings & Archives, Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library, Columbia University. Stoller, Paul D.. The Architecture of Harvey Wiley Corbett Madison: University of Wisconsin-Madison Libraries Willis, Carol. "Corbett, Harvey Wiley." Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects, ed. Adolf K. Placzek. New York: The Free Press, pp. 451–452