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Hugo van der Goes

Hugo van der Goes was one of the most significant and original Flemish painters of the late 15th century. Van der Goes was an important painter of altarpieces as well as portraits, he introduced important innovations in painting through his monumental style, use of a specific colour range and individualistic manner of portraiture. The presence of his masterpiece, the Portinari Triptych in Florence, from 1483 onwards played a role in the development of realism and the use of colour in Italian Renaissance art. Hugo van der Goes was born in Ghent or in the vicinity of Ghent around the year 1440. Nothing is known with certainty about the artist's life prior to 1467, the year in which he became a master in the painters' guild of Ghent; the sponsors for his membership of the guild were Joos van Wassenhove, master painter in Ghent from 1464, Daneel Ruthaert. It is that he had trained elsewhere before he became a master in Ghent; some historians have suggested that Dieric Bouts was the master of van der Goes but there is no independent evidence for this.

In 1468 the artist was commissioned by the city of Ghent to execute some works in connection with the grant of the Great Indulgence of the city. More commissions from the city in the following years required van der Goes to create decorations for events such as papal blazons. In 1468 he was in the town of Bruges making decorations to celebrate the marriage between Charles the Bold and Margaret of York. Hugo van der Goes is recorded again on 18 October 1468 when he and other members of Ghent's painter's guild hosted painters from nearby Tournai at the guild's assembly in Ghent to celebrate St. Luke's day together. St. Luke was the patron saint of painters. In 1469 Hugo van der Goes and Joos van Wassenhove vouched for Alexander Bening for his entry as a master in the painter's guild of Ghent. Alexander Bening married Catherina van der Goes, a cousin of Hugo van der Goes, in 1480; the artist and his workshop worked on commissions of the city of Ghent to provide heraldic decorations for Charles the Bold's Joyous Entry in Ghent in 1469 and in 1472.

When in 1470 Joos van Wassenhove left Ghent for Italy to become the court painter of Federico da Montefeltro, the Duke of Urbino, van der Goes became the leading painter in Ghent. In 1473 the Burgundian court paid van der Goes for creating the blazons used at Charles the Good's funeral; the painter was elected as deacon of the painter's guild of Ghent and served as its deacon from 1474 to 1476. It was during this period that Hugo van der Goes painted the Adoration of the Magi and worked on the commission of Tommaso Portinari for the Portinari Altarpiece, which arrived at its destination in Florence only in 1483, when the artist had died. Van der Goes achieved considerable success and secured important commissions from the Burgundian court, church institutions, affluent Flemish bourgeoisie and associations of Italian business people based in the Burgundian Netherlands; when he had reached the peak of his career in 1477 van der Goes decided to close down his workshop in Ghent to become a frater conversus at the monastic community of the Rood Klooster near Auderghem.

The Rood Klooster was part of the monastic wing of the Modern Devotion movement and belonged to the Windesheim Congregation. At the monastery he enjoyed certain privileges, he was allowed to drink wine. According to the chronicle written up in Latin some time between 1509 and 1513 by Gaspar Ofhuys, a fellow monk in the Rood Klooster, van der Goes received visits by eminent persons including Archduke Maximillian. During his time at the cloister he received in 1482 a request from the counsel of the City of Leuven to value the works for the Leuven city hall that Dieric Bouts had left unfinished at the time of his death; as a reward for this service van der Goes received a jug of Rhine wine from the city authorities. It is believed that it was van der Goes who completed Bouts' unfinished Triptych for Hyppolite Berthoz, his contribution was the painting on the left panel of the portraits of the couple who had paid for the tryptych. In 1482 the monastery sent van der Goes to Cologne together with his half-brother Nicolaes, who had taken religious vows, another brother of the monastery.

On the return leg of this trip the artist suffered an acute depression and declared himself to be damned. He made an unsuccessful suicide attempt, his companions brought him back to Brussels and to the Rood Klooster. After a brief recovery, he died not long thereafter in the Rood Klooster. There is speculation that anxiety about his artistic achievements may have contributed to his madness, for'he was troubled by the thought of how he would finish the works of art he had to paint, it was said that nine years would scarcely suffice'. A report by a German physician, Hieronymus Münzer, from 1495, according to which a painter from Ghent was driven to melancholy by the attempt to equal the Ghent Altarpiece, may refer to Hugo van der Goes; the mental breakdown of Hugo van der Goes was only rediscovered in 1863, when the Belgian historian Alphonse Wauters published the information, which he had found in Ofhuys' newly discovered chronicle. Wauters' publication inspired the late Romantic Belgian painter Emile Wauters to create his 1872 painting Portrait of Hugo van der Goes.

This painting depicts Hugo van der Goes during his period of madness and was so successful that it was awarded a Grand Medal at the Paris salon. In 1873 the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh mention

Yulia Mikhalchik

Yulia Sergeyevna Mikhalchik is a Russian folk singer and songwriter. Yulia Sergeyevna Mikhalchik was born on February 2, 1985, her parents noted her musical abilities at a young age and enrolled her in music school where she studied piano. At the age of 6 she debuted on stage at the music school performing the song "Kiss-Kiss-Meow." In 1994, she and her mother moved to St. Petersburg where Mikhalchik gave her first serious performance at the Samanta music festival. Following this she was accepted into the choir of a television program where she competed in competitions and festivals for a number of years. Several times became the winner of various international music competitions: in 1999 - Clear Voice. Since 2002, he began to work a soloist at the St. Petersburg project KORONE, which were recorded the song That's not love, Night Blues, Blue eyes and others, she graduated from secondary school in 2002. She studied at the St. Petersburg Humanitarian University of Trade Unions, specialty Public Relations, a student of the first course leading worked Youth channel on TNT, in order to participate in the television project of the First channel Fabrika Zvyozd - 3, I had to leave the university.

According to the most Julia Comedy Radio broadcast of 23 June 2013, SPGUP did not give her the opportunity to temporarily interrupt their studies, I used this situation to show their principled position. Yulia graduated from the Russian State University for the Humanities with a degree in PR. Music song White Swan in the words of Olga Korotnikovoy, which became the first album was written the Julia. In 2013, she acted in Chapaevsk on the day of the city; the composition hit the head hits the country's Golden Gramophone, in its TV version. November 20, 2005 Golden Gramophone for the song Goodbye, Piter was awarded the People's Prize; the debut album, If winter comes, was released on February 9, 2006 by Union and took 3rd place in the voting for the Best pop album of 2006, received 110,087 votes, which accounted for 25% of all voters. At the 2nd All-Russian festival of young performers 5 Stars, held in Sochi in September 2006 Yulya won the Grand Prix. In 2008 he participated in All-Russian preselection for Eurovision 2008, where he sang the English version of the song Cold Fingers, which took place in the final part.

The songs on the music Yevgeny Krylatov, Do not be afraid to fall in love by poet Yevgeny Yevtushenko and Where are you, Mom by Ilya Reznik were recorded in spring 2009, for shestnadtsatiseriynogo film director by Sergei Nikonenko Annushka. Charlotte played a role in the rock opera Perfume, set in 2009, on the play by Patrick Suskind; the husband - businessman Vladimir, met in 2009, in 2011 formalized their relationship by marriage. Son Alexander. In March 2016 the couple divorced. 1999 - Winner of the international competition Sonorous voices in the city of Vyborg 2000 - Winner of the international competition Amber Star in Jurmala 2001 - Winner of the contest Young Petersburg in St. Petersburg 2001 - Winner of the Wider Circle international festival in Narva 2001 - Grand Prix of competition Idols of the XXI Century in St. Petersburg 2003 - Third place in the Channel One Russia on Fabrika Zvyozd 2005 - Prize Golden Gramophone for the song Goodbye, Piter 2006 - Grand Prix of the festival 5 Star of young artists 2012 - Prize Star of Road Radio Official website Юлия Михальчик / биография Юлия Михальчик - Лебедь белая

Hostile vehicle mitigation

Hostile vehicle mitigation is a generic term that covers a suite of anti-terrorist protective measures that are employed around buildings or publicly accessible spaces/venues of particular significance. The design of these various vehicle security barriers and landscape treatments came about as security authorities across the globe sought to mitigate the effects of vehicle borne improvised explosive devices; the sorts of places that warrant consideration as potential terrorist targets in need of HVM include: government buildings, large railway stations, sports venues, concentrations of entertainment and crowded night time economy, etc. Common types of HVM include locally manufactured barrier systems such as the Jersey Barrier and Bremer T Wall. HVM can include adapted hard landscape features, resistive street furniture, sculpture and significant level changes. HVM when installed and fixed is designed to resist hostile vehicle penetration of certain categories of vehicle moving at a range of speeds, these vehicle security barriers undergo various destructive tests carried out by accredited test establishments.

The three standards that are quoted when specifying HVM performance are: ISO IWA 14-1 - an international working agreement BSI PAS 68 - the UK standard ASTM F2656-07 - the US standard. These standards set similar criteria for destructive impact testing, although there are differences between the three and vehicle geometries in particular are at the root of some of these differences. HVM barrier selection will be conditioned by a hostile vehicle dynamics study carried out by a suitably qualified security specialist. Ideally a protective layer of HVM should surround the building or place being protected and this HVM protection line should be stood off from the building facade or places expected to be crowded; this protective standoff distance is critical in the case of VBIEDs as'every metre counts' and distance is one of the best ways to achieve explosive blast effects mitigation. More the focus of HVM has expanded to reduce the potential for vehicle ram attacks directed at crowded events and places.

Recent non-VBIED attacks against pedestrians include: The 2016 Nice attack The 2016 Ohio State University attack The 2016 Berlin attack The 2017 Jerusalem attack The January 2017 Melbourne car attack The 2017 Sandy, Utah attack The 2017 Stockholm attack The 2017 Westminster attack The 2017 London Bridge attack The 2017 Finsbury Park attackHVM can be used to protect against ram raids which are invariably criminal attacks against high net-worth targets such as jewelers and valuables in transit depots, bullion storage facilities, art galleries, museums,'high end' fashion stores, etc. Installed HVM barrier systems should not adversely affect pedestrian permeability. Deaths by car bomb Improvised explosive device List of mass car bombings Vehicle-ramming attack Counter-terrorism Security Physical security