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In computing, a hyperlink, or a link, is a reference to data that the user can follow by clicking or tapping. A hyperlink points to a specific element within a document. Hypertext is text with hyperlinks; the text, linked from is called anchor text. A software system, used for viewing and creating hypertext is a hypertext system, to create a hyperlink is to hyperlink. A user following hyperlinks is said to browse the hypertext; the document containing a hyperlink is known as its source document. For example, in an online reference work such as Wikipedia, or Google, many words and terms in the text are hyperlinked to definitions of those terms. Hyperlinks are used to implement reference mechanisms such as tables of contents, bibliographies, indexes and glossaries. In some hypertext, hyperlinks can be bidirectional: they can be followed in two directions, so both ends act as anchors and as targets. More complex arrangements exist, such as many-to-many links; the effect of following a hyperlink may vary with the hypertext system and may sometimes depend on the link itself.

Another possibility is transclusion, for which the link target is a document fragment that replaces the link anchor within the source document. Not only persons browsing the document follow hyperlinks; these hyperlinks may be followed automatically by programs. A program that traverses the hypertext, following each hyperlink and gathering all the retrieved documents is known as a Web spider or crawler. An inline link displays remote content without the need for embedding the content; the remote content may be accessed without the user selecting the link. An inline link may display a modified version of the content; the full content is usually available on demand, as is the case with print publishing software – e.g. with an external link. This allows for smaller file sizes and quicker response to changes when the full linked content is not needed, as is the case when rearranging a page layout. An anchor hyperlink is a link bound to a portion of a document—generally text, though not necessarily. For instance, it may be a hot area in an image, a designated irregular part of an image.

One way to define it is by a list of coordinates. For example, a political map of Africa may have each country hyperlinked to further information about that country. A separate invisible hot area interface allows for swapping skins or labels within the linked hot areas without repetitive embedding of links in the various skin elements. A fat link or a "multi-tailed link" is a hyperlink. Tim Berners-Lee saw the possibility of using hyperlinks to link any information to any other information over the Internet. Hyperlinks were therefore integral to the creation of the World Wide Web. Web pages are written in the hypertext mark-up language HTML; this is what a hyperlink to the home page of the W3C organization could look like in HTML code: This HTML code consists of several tags: The hyperlink starts with an anchor opening tag <a, includes a hyperlink reference href="" to the URL for the page. The URL is followed by >. The words that follow identify; these words are underlined and colored.

The anchor closing tag terminates the hyperlink code. Webgraph is a graph, formed from web pages as hyperlinks, as directed edges; the W3C Recommendation called XLink describes hyperlinks that offer a far greater degree of functionality than those offered in HTML. These extended links can be multidirectional, linking from and between XML documents, it can describe simple links, which are unidirectional and therefore offer no more functionality than hyperlinks in HTML. While wikis may use HTML-type hyperlinks, the use of wiki markup, a set of lightweight markup languages for wikis, provides simplified syntax for linking pages within wiki environments—in other words, for creating wikilinks; the syntax and appearance of wikilinks may vary. Ward Cunningham's original wiki software, the WikiWikiWeb used CamelCase for this purpose. CamelCase was used in the early version of Wikipedia and is still used in some wikis, such as TiddlyWiki, PmWiki. A common markup syntax is the use of double square brackets around the term to be wikilinked.

For example, the input "" is converted by wiki software using this markup syntax to a link to a zebras article. Hyperlinks used in wikis are classified as follows: Internal wikilinks or intrawiki links lead to pages within the same wiki website. Interwiki links are simplified markup hyperlinks that lead to pages of other wikis that are associated with the first. External links lead to other webpages. Wikilinks are visibly distinct from other text, if an internal wikilink leads to a page that does not yet e

60-62 Kent Street, Millers Point

60-62 Kent Street, Millers Point are heritage-listed terrace houses located at 60-62 Kent Street, in the inner city Sydney suburb of Millers Point in the City of Sydney local government area of New South Wales, Australia. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. Millers Point is one of the earliest areas of European settlement in Australia, a focus for maritime activities. Terrace housing built during the 1860s. First tenanted by the NSW Department of Housing in 1982. A simple well proportioned two-storey Victorian terrace house with two bedrooms. Features include a cantilevered balcony over footpath, a corrugated iron verandah painted in wide stripes, french doors with fanlight on upper storey, panelled front door with fanlight and single window with slab sill and shutters on ground floor. Storeys: Two. Timber framed balcony with decorative iron lace balcony. Painted timber joinery. Style: Victorian Filigree; the external condition of the property is good. External: Some timber joinery is new.

As at 23 November 2000, this 1860s terrace forms part of a cohesive streetscape element. It is part of an intact residential and maritime precinct, it contains residential buildings and civic spaces dating from the 1830s and is an important example of 19th century adaptation of the landscape.60-62 Kent Street, Millers Point was listed on the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. Australian residential architectural styles Brooks & Associates. Department of Housing s170 Register. Lucas and Partners Pty. 58-62 Kent Street, Millers Point - Conservation Management Plan. This Wikipedia article was based on Terraces, entry number 909 in the New South Wales State Heritage Register published by the State of New South Wales and Office of Environment and Heritage 2018 under CC-BY 4.0 licence, accessed on 13 October 2018. Paul Davies Pty Ltd. "Millers Point and Walsh Bay Heritage Review". City of Sydney

The Thing (1982 film)

The Thing is a 1982 American science fiction horror film directed by John Carpenter and written by Bill Lancaster. Based on the 1938 John W. Campbell Jr. novella Who Goes There? it tells the story of a group of American researchers in Antarctica who encounter the eponymous "Thing", a parasitic extraterrestrial life-form that assimilates imitates other organisms. The group is overcome by paranoia and conflict as they learn that they can no longer trust each other and that any one of them could be the Thing; the film stars Kurt Russell as the team's helicopter pilot, R. J. MacReady, features A. Wilford Brimley, T. K. Carter, David Clennon, Keith David, Richard Dysart, Charles Hallahan, Peter Maloney, Richard Masur, Donald Moffat, Joel Polis, Thomas G. Waites in supporting roles. Production began in the mid-1970s as a faithful adaptation of the novella, following 1951's The Thing from Another World; the Thing went through several directors and writers, each with different ideas on how to approach the story.

Filming lasted 12 weeks, beginning in August 1981, took place on refrigerated sets in Los Angeles as well as in Juneau and Stewart, British Columbia. Of the film's $15 million budget, $1.5 million was spent on Rob Bottin's creature effects, a mixture of chemicals, food products and mechanical parts turned by his large team into an alien capable of taking on any form. The Thing was released in 1982 to negative reviews, it was described as "instant junk", "a wretched excess", proposed as the most-hated film of all time by film magazine Cinefantastique. Reviews both praised the special effects achievements and criticized their visual repulsiveness, while others focused on poor characterization; the film earned $19.6 million during its theatrical run. Many reasons have been cited for its failure to impress audiences: competition from films such as E. T. the Extra-Terrestrial, which offered an optimistic take on alien visitation. The film found an audience when released on home television. In the years since, it has been reappraised as one of the best science fiction and horror films made, has gained a cult following.

Filmmakers have noted its influence on their work, it has been referred to in other media such as television and video games. The Thing has spawned a variety of merchandise—including a 1982 novelization, haunted house attractions, board games—and sequels in comic books, a video game of the same name, a 2011 prequel film of the same name. A remake was announced in 2020. In Antarctica, a Norwegian helicopter pursues a sled dog to an American research station; the Americans witness the Norwegian passenger accidentally blow up himself. The Norwegian pilot fires a rifle and shouts at the Americans, but they cannot understand him and he is shot dead in self-defense by station commander Garry; the American helicopter pilot, R. J. MacReady, Dr. Copper leave to investigate the Norwegian base. Among the charred ruins and frozen corpses, they find the burned remains of a malformed humanoid which they recover to the American station, their biologist, performs autopsies on the remains and finds a normal set of human organs.

Clark kennels the sled dog, it soon metamorphoses and absorbs the station dogs. This disturbance alerts Childs uses a flamethrower to incinerate the creature. Blair autopsies the new creature and learns that it can imitate other organisms. Recovered Norwegian data leads the Americans to a large excavation site containing a buried alien spacecraft, a smaller, human-sized dig site. Norris estimates. Blair grows paranoid; the station implements controls to reduce the risk of assimilation. The "dead," malformed humanoid creature assimilates an isolated Bennings, but Windows interrupts the process and MacReady burns the Bennings-Thing. Blair sabotages all the vehicles, kills the remaining sled dogs, destroys the radio to prevent escape; the team imprisons him in a tool shed. Copper suggests a test to compare each member's blood against uncontaminated blood held in storage, but after learning that the blood stores have been destroyed, the men lose faith in Garry, MacReady takes command. MacReady and Nauls find Fuchs's burnt corpse and surmise he committed suicide to avoid assimilation.

Windows returns to base while Nauls investigate MacReady's shack. On their return, Nauls abandons MacReady in a snowstorm, believing he has been assimilated after finding his torn clothes in the shack; the team debate whether to allow MacReady inside, but he breaks in and holds the group at bay with dynamite. During the encounter, Norris appears to suffer a heart attack; as Copper attempts to defibrillate Norris, his chest transforms into a large mouth and bites off Copper's arms, killing him. MacReady incinerates the Norris-Thing, but its head detaches and attempts to escape before being burnt. MacReady is forced to kill Clark in self-defense when the latter lunges at him from behind with a knife, he hypothesizes that the Norris-Thing's head demonstrated that every part of the Thing is an individual life form with its own survival instinct. He sequentially tests blood samples with a heated piece of wire. Everyone passes the test except Palmer. Palmer infects Windows, forcing MacReady to burn them both.

Childs is left on guard. They find that Blair has escaped, has been using vehicle components to assemble a small spacecr

Baháʼí Faith in Iceland

The Baháʼí Faith in Iceland began with Baháʼís first visiting the Iceland in the early 20th century, the first Icelandic Baháʼí was Hólmfríður Árnadóttir. The Baháʼí Faith was recognized as a religious community in 1966 and the first Baháʼí National Spiritual Assembly was elected in 1972. There are around 400 Baháʼís in the country and 13 Baháʼí Local Spiritual Assemblies; the number of assemblies is the highest percentage, by population, in all of Europe. The first mentions of Iceland is when ʻAbdu'l-Bahá, the son of the founder of the religion, wrote a series of letters, or tablets, to the followers of the religion in the United States and Canada in 1916-1917; the seventh of the tablets was the first to mention several countries in Europe including beyond where ʻAbdu'l-Bahá had visited in 1911-12. He wrote "In brief, this world-consuming war has set such a conflagration to the hearts that no word can describe it. In all the countries of the world the longing for universal peace is taking possession of the consciousness of men.

There is not a soul who does not yearn for peace. A most wonderful state of receptivity is being realized.… Therefore, O ye believers of God! Show ye an effort and after this war spread ye the synopsis of the divine teachings in the British Isles, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy, Belgium, Norway, Denmark, Portugal, Serbia, Bulgaria, Andorra, Luxembourg, San Marino, Balearic Isles, Sardinia, Crete, Iceland, Faroe Islands, Shetland Islands and Orkney Islands." Following the release of these tablets a few Baháʼís began moving to or at least visiting countries across Europe. The first Baháʼí in Iceland was Amelia Collins who visited the country during a cruise in 1924. During that trip she met Hólmfríður Árnadóttir, who became the first Icelandic Baháʼí, became good friends. In 1935 Martha Root visited the country for a month and with the help of Árnadóttir proclaimed the religion in the press, during lectures, on the radio. In 1936 a Baháʼí, Nellie French, made her first visit to the country while on a trip to Norway and distributed literature.

Amelia Collins continued to support the spread of the religion in Iceland as she supported the publication of the first translation of Baháʼí literature, John Esslemont's Baháʼu'lláh and the New Era, in Icelandic in 1939. By 1949 there were still just two Baháʼís in Iceland. In February 1956 the first pioneer arrived in Iceland from Canada Marguerite Allman, this pioneer sent word of the first native Icelander joining the religion by 1957 - her name was Erica Petursson; these first contacts with Iceland returned few visible results except for Árnadóttir becoming a Baháʼí but by 1963 there was a registered group of Baháʼís in Reykjavík including two American pioneers. In 1964 a Canadian Baháʼí visited all the members of the community including a long trek to visit Jochum Eggertson who lived several months of the year in a remote location - that land he willed for the Baháʼí community and it became a site for a summer school and an endowment; the first Baháʼí Local Spiritual Assembly of Iceland is elected in 1965.

Its members were Asgeir Einarsson, Kirsten Bonnevie, Florence Grindlay, Jessie Echevarria, Carl John Spencer, Charles Grindlay, Liesel Becker, Barbel Thinat and Nicholas Echevarria. The Baháʼí Faith was recognized as a religious organization by the Icelandic government on September 29, 1966, which gave it the right to perform marriages and other ceremonies as well as entitle it to a share of the church tax in proportion to its number of adult members; until 1973, when Ásatrúarfélagið was founded, the Baháʼí Community was the only non-Christian religious organization in Iceland and it remained the largest such organization until 1999 when it was passed in numbers by the Buddhist Association of Iceland. On August 16, 1967, a Baháʼí wedding took place in Árbæjarkirkja, a church belonging to the Lutheran Church of Iceland; the bride was Icelandic and the groom Italian. The officiant was the man recognized by the government as head of the group. Ásgeir Einarsson commented that the Church of Iceland had been more friendly to the Baháʼí community than state churches in other countries and that Bishop Sigurbjörn Einarsson had given them a "favorable and sympathetic" evaluation when they applied to the government for recognition.

When word of the wedding ceremony reached the bishop, he expressed surprise that it had taken place in a Christian church and commented that he would have recommended against such an action. Suffragan bishop Sigurður Pálsson went further and suggested that the church would need to be reconsecrated before Christian ceremonies could resume in it. Bishop Sigurbjörn Einarsson disagreed, stating that the Baháʼí ceremony had been "a mistake, but not sinful action" and that the church had "not been defiled by it". In Dec 1970 Canadians Baháʼís sponsored a Victory Conference anticipating the 1972 formation of the National Assembly. At the conference 30 people enrolled in the religion. Three additional local assemblies were formed in Iceland in August 1971. In September 1971, the Baháʼís of Reykjavík were the host of the North Atlantic Baháʼí Oceanic conference. Through the first half of the 1970s Iceland was the only country in Europe that has planned and systematically carried out, year by year, a program of proclamation that has taken the Faith throughout the entire country, south and west.

Hands of the Cause John Robarts and Paul Haney were in attendance

Pill Hill, Brookline, Massachusetts

Pill Hill known as "High Street Hill," is a neighborhood of Brookline, United States, part of Greater Boston. Pill Hill became part of Brookline in 1844. Noted abolitionist, Samuel Philbrick, lived in Brookline at 182 Walnut Street during the mid-19th century, his home became a stop for the Underground Railroad. Like other Pill Hills in the United States, Pill Hill in Brookline was nicknamed for the large numbers of doctors in the neighborhood; that was due to its proximity to hospitals in the Longwood Medical and Academic Area of Boston. "High Street Hill" is the more formal name for the neighborhood. The neighborhood has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Pill Hill Historic District. Pill Hill is one of seven Local Historic Districts in Brookline. Pill Hill is centered along High Street, but includes Allerton and Cumberland Streets, Hawthorn and Edgehill Roads and Pond Avenue. Pill Hill borders other Brookline neighborhoods, including Brookline Village to its north and the working-class neighborhood known as The Point to its south.

Pill Hill lies adjacent to Olmsted Park and Leverett Pond to its east. The neighborhood is near Route 9, a major Massachusetts highway. Brookline falls under the USDA 6b Plant Hardiness zone; the most reported ethnicities/ancestries in Pill Hill are Irish, various Asian ancestries, English and Russian. Additionally, 2.4% of those living in Pill Hill have Spanish ancestry.17.9% of Pill Hill residents are foreign born. The most common language spoken in Pill Hill is English, spoken by 72.9% of households. Other languages spoken in the neighborhood include Spanish, Mandarin Chinese, French. Pill Hill is residential but has places of commerce operating along Boylston Street/Route 9; the Pill Hill neighborhood of Brookline has various examples of Victorian architecture. Philbrick Square, a park designed by Frederick Law Olmsted in the 1880s, is located in Pill Hill; the historic Free Hospital for Women has been located in Pill Hill since 1895. The historic Hotel Adelaide is located in Pill Hill on High Street.

Hotel Adelaide is no longer a functioning hotel and instead presently serves as residential apartments. Pill Hill's close proximity to Brookline Village, allows for easy access to the MBTA's Green Line D-train at Brookline Village. Additionally, Pill Hill is in close proximity to the Green Line E-train line in the Mission Hill neighborhood of Boston, notably the Riverway stop. Both D and E lines of the MBTA's Green Line have service to downtown Boston. Pill Hill is served by MBTA bus service; the local public school is the William H. Lincoln School. Samuel Philbrick, lived in Pill Hill in the mid-19th century

Rita Jolivet

Rita Jolivet was an American-born British actress of French descent in theatre and silent films in the early 20th century. She was known in private life as the Countess Marguerita de Cippico. Jolivet was born on 25 September 1884 in Castleton, Richmond County, New York, one of the three children of Charles Eugene Jolivet from Carmansville, New York, United States, an owner of extensive vineyards in France, French-born Pauline Hélène Vaillant, a talented musician who retired from the concert stage after marrying in 1879. Jolivet had a sister, Inez Henriette, a brother, Alfred Eugene, her great-great-grandmother was the only member of her family to avoid the guillotine during the French Revolution. Her grandmother Vaillant was among the beautés de Cour in the court of Napoleon III. Jolivet was an intimate of the inner society circles in London and a close friend of the family of Lord Lowther, the British ambassador to Turkey, her sister, was a noted violinist, who performed as Inez Jolivet. She had been awarded decorations from King Edward VII and Czar Nicholas II.

She began her stage career as a youth. Jolivet played Juliet for producer William Poel of London, in Romeo and Juliet. Poel maintained a company of players which performed in university towns in Britain, giving performances of Shakespeare. Jolivet was a pupil of Mademoiselle Thenaud, a leading actress of the Comédie-Française and, a personal palm reader to Queen Victoria. In 1910, Jolivet was the leading lady in George Alexander's play The Eccentric Lord Comberdene. Jolivet played the role of Marsinah in the first American stage production, produced by Harrison Grey Fiske, of Kismet in 1911; the principal role of Hajj, the beggar, was played by Otis Skinner. Kismet was staged at the Knickerbocker Theatre in March 1912. Jolivet was in the cast of A Thousand Years Ago by Percy MacKaye, presented at the Shubert Theatre in January 1914. Jolivet was a passenger on the RMS Lusitania on 7 May 1915, when it was torpedoed by a German U-boat and sank in the Atlantic ocean off the coast of Ireland, 19 kilometres kilometres off the Old Head of Kinsale.

Jolivet was standing on the bridge with Charles Frohman, a theatrical producer, grooming her for stardom, when the liner went down. Frohman's final words to her, quoting his favourite play, Peter Pan: "Why fear death? It is the most beautiful adventure in life." Jolivet climbed onto a chair and obtained a life preserver, in her stateroom. She was saved with others, she had been a rising star, both in Frohman's theatrical productions and in silent films, however after Frohman's death her theatrical career came to a halt. Jolivet testified in the Federal District Court during a hearing regarding a petition of the Cunard Steamship Company, which owned the Lusitania; the company was seeking a limitation of liabilities for the deaths and damage which occurred from the tragedy. Jolivet's brother-in-law, George L Vernon, was drowned on the Lusitania, he was going to join his wife, Jolivet's sister, Inez Vernon, residing in Europe. Inez became depressed following her husband's death and committed suicide by shooting herself at Sumner Apartments, 31 West 11th Street, New York City on 28 July 1915.

In November 1919, Jolivet's younger brother, married 29-year-old American Beatrice Witherbee, a Lusitania survivor. Her mother, Mary Cummins Brown, her three-year-old son, Alfred Scott Witherbee Jr, died in the sinking, she never publicly discussed it afterwards. On 14 November 1908 Jolivet married Alfred Charles Stern. On 27 January 1916 she married her second husband, Italian nobleman Count Giuseppe de Cippico, at Kew Gardens, Surrey, he had a son from a previous marriage. Cippico and Jolivet had no children together, the marriage ended in divorce. After the divorce, Lady Allan, another survivor of the Lusitania, introduced Jolivet to'Jimmy', her husband's popular Scottish cousin, Bryce Allan of The Cliff, Wemyss Bay, Renfrewshire, he was the son of Captain Bryce Allan of Ballikinrain Castle and his wife, daughter of Stewart Clark MP, DL, of Dundas Castle, South Queensferry. Allan was Sir Thomas Dixon, 2nd Baronet, their marriage at the Church of Scotland in Paris on 26 April 1928 was "celebrated with much fanfare".

The reception was held at Ballikinrain Castle, which Allan subsequently leased. After the World War II the couple sold Ballinkinrain, they moved to a smaller castle in Scotland, where they threw parties with royalty, heads of state and many other famous people on their lengthy guest lists. Jolivet preferred film work to theatre in some respects, because the silent drama allowed her "more scope for dramatic expression." Her film career started in Italy with the Ambrosia Company. She made Fata Morgana, Zvani, L'Onore di Morire, La Mano di Fatma, Cuore ed arte, she returned to Italy to make Teodora, in which she portrayed the Empress Theodora in a famous romance by the French dramatist Victorien Sardou. It was first shown in American cinemas in 1922. Jolivet was affiliated to Famous Players-Lasky, her first Hollywood film was The Unafraid in 1914. In 1917 Jolivet and Vincent Serrano made One Law for Bot