click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Hyundai Motor Company

The Hyundai Motor Company known as Hyundai Motors, is a South Korean multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Seoul. Hyundai Motor Company was founded in 1967 and, along with its 32.8% owned subsidiary, Kia Motors, its 100% owned luxury subsidiary Genesis Motor, altogether comprise the Hyundai Motor Group. It is the third largest vehicle manufacturer in the world. Hyundai operates the world's largest integrated automobile manufacturing facility in Ulsan, South Korea which has an annual production capacity of 1.6 million units. The company employs about 75,000 people worldwide. Hyundai vehicles are sold in 193 countries through some 5,000 showrooms. Chung Ju-Yung founded the Hyundai Engineering and Construction Company in 1947. Hyundai Motor Company was established in 1967, the company's first model, the Cortina, was released in cooperation with Ford Motor Company in 1968; when Hyundai wanted to develop their own car, they hired George Turnbull in February 1974, the former Managing Director of Austin Morris at British Leyland.

He in turn hired five other top British car engineers. They were Kenneth Barnett body design, engineers John Simpson and Edward Chapman, John Crosthwaite ex-BRM as chassis engineer and Peter Slater as chief development engineer. In 1975, the Pony, the first South Korean car, was released, with styling by Giorgio Giugiaro of ItalDesign and powertrain technology provided by Japan's Mitsubishi Motors. Exports began in the following year to Ecuador and soon thereafter to the Benelux countries. Hyundai entered the British market in 1982. In 1984, Hyundai began exporting the Pony to Canada, but not to the United States, as the Pony would not pass emissions standards there. Canadian sales exceeded expectations, it was at one point the top-selling car on the Canadian market. In 1985, the one millionth Hyundai car was built. In 1986, Hyundai began to sell cars in the United States, the Excel was nominated as "Best Product #10" by Fortune magazine because of its affordability; the company began to produce models with its own technology in 1988, beginning with the midsize Sonata.

In the spring of 1990, aggregate production of Hyundai automobiles reached the four million mark. In 1991, the company succeeded in developing its first proprietary gasoline engine, the four-cylinder Alpha, its own transmission, thus paving the way for technological independence. In 1996, Hyundai Motor India Limited was established with a production plant in Irungattukottai near Chennai, India. In 1998, Hyundai began to overhaul its image in an attempt to establish itself as a world-class brand. Chung Ju Yung transferred leadership of Hyundai Motor to his son, Chung Mong Koo, in 1999. Hyundai's parent company, Hyundai Motor Group, invested in the quality, design and long-term research of its vehicles, it added a 10-year or 100,000-mile warranty to cars sold in the United States and launched an aggressive marketing campaign. In 2004, Hyundai was ranked second in "initial quality" in a survey/study by J. D. Power and Associates. Hyundai is now one of the top 100 most valuable brands worldwide. Since 2002, Hyundai has been one of the worldwide official sponsors of the FIFA World Cup.

In 2006, the South Korean government initiated an investigation of Chung Mong Koo's practices as head of Hyundai, suspecting him of corruption. On 28 April 2006, Chung was arrested, charged for embezzlement of 100 billion South Korean won; as a result, Hyundai vice chairman and CEO, Kim Dong-jin, replaced him as head of the company. On 30 September 2011, Yang Seung Suk announced his retirement as CEO of Hyundai Motor Co. In the interim replacement period, Chung Mong-koo and Kim Eok-jo will divide the duties of the CEO position. In 2014, Hyundai started an initiative to focus on improving vehicle dynamics in its vehicles and hired Albert Biermann, former Vice President of Engineering at BMW M to direct chassis development for Hyundai vehicles. Hyundai has six research and development centers, located in South Korea, Germany and India. Additionally, a center in California develops designs for the United States. Hyundai has made an app with augmented reality, showing users how to maintain vehicles.

In 1998, after a shake-up in the South Korean auto industry caused by overambitious expansion and the Asian financial crisis, Hyundai acquired the majority of rival Kia Motors. Hyundai owns 33.88% of Kia. In 2000, the company established a strategic alliance with DaimlerChrysler and severed its partnership with the Hyundai Group. In 2001, the Daimler-Hyundai Truck Corporation was formed. In 2004, DaimlerChrysler divested its interest in the company by selling its 10.5% stake for $900 million. Hyundai has invested in manufacturing plants in North America, the Czech Republic, Russia and Turkey as well as research and development centers in Europe, North America and the Pacific Rim. In 2004, Hyundai Motor Company had $57.2 billion in sales in South Korea making it the country's second largest corporation, or chaebol. Worldwide sales in 2005 reached an 11 percent increase over the previous year. In 2011, Hyundai sold 4.05 million cars worldwide and the Hyundai Motor Group was the world's fourth largest automaker behind GM, Volkswagen and Toyota.

Hyundai vehicles are sold in 193 countries through some 5,000 dealerships. In 2006, Hyundai hired Thomas Bürkle as head of the company's

Zochova

Zochova Street is a street in Bratislava's Old Town and Zochova is the name of a major bus stop in Bratislava, located at the point where the street touches Staromestská Street, next to Nový Most in Bratislava, Slovakia. The lower half of the street formed part of the Old Town of medieval Pressburg, with the first written account confirming its existence dating from the 14th century. Zochova Street is located just 5 minutes walking distance from the historical city center and 5 minutes walking distance from the Presidential palace at Hodžovo námestie. Since 1930, the street has been named after Samuel Zoch, Slovak evangelical bishop and politician, the co-author of the Declaration of the Slovak Nation from October 30, 1918. Zoch served as the Župan of Bratislavská župa and the city of Bratislava from 1918 to 1919. While the lower part of the street has existed since the Middle Ages, the upper part above the intersection with today's Podjavorinskej Street was created in the second half of the 19th century.

The street is first mentioned in a tax register from 1379 under the name of Sluttergasse. Its name comes from the dirt silts from the hill above during storm time. In 1439, the street included 17 houses, one majer, 7 gardens, a water well, evangelical cemetery and a tavern. New houses were built over time. During that time, the street was home to winemakers and carpenters but painters and customs men. Throughout the Middle Ages, this area of Pressburg was known to be home to craftsmen. At least since 1536 the street was named Turnergasse. In the 18th century it is named Schluder Gassel. Before the street received its current name in 1930, it was called Telocvičná Street. Many of today's buildings are the result of the splitting of two large gardens – Prepoštská Garden in 1873 and Pálffy Garden in 1890. Prepoštská Garden was located at the place of Podjavorinskej Street and was 5289 square fathoms in area, it contained homestead buildings, some ploughed land and a vegetable shop, both leased out. Herbs grown in this garden were subscribed and delivered to the neighboring Slubek's distillery.

After the garden was divided into parcels, a new street was created at the place of the former garden named after Pressburg citizen and banker Teodor Edl - Edlova Street, as well as many houses on Zochova Street and Kozia Street. Pálffy Garden was situated on a hill between Zámocká Street, Škarniclova Street, Palisády Street, Zochova Street and Pilárikova Street. One of the other gardens mentioned is Heindl's garden next to Prepoštská Garden. Today, the oldest structure on the street is a short remnant of a stone wall at the upper part of the street next to the elementary school, the original wall of the huge former Pálffy Garden next to the mansion of Miklós Pálffy from mid-17th century; the second oldest existing structure is a maternity hospital and a school for midwives built in 1882 according to a project by Ignác Feigler Jr. Its initiator and first director was Dr. Ján Ambra from Beckov; the building housed the maternity and gynaecology clinic of Comenius University in Bratislava. Today, all medical services have been cancelled, but in the late 2000s the abandoned hospital building still contained needles, patients' private documentation and a small child preserved in formaldehyde, as discovered over time by children from the nearby school.

There is a dispute over the ownership of the building's contents between the Faculty Hospital of Bratislava and the Medical Faculty of Comenius University in Bratislava. Before World War II, the building was expanded. A modern wing containing maternity wards and operation rooms was added by Alexander Feigler. With this change, the building is a unique example of 19th century urbanisation in Pressburg; the maternity hospital was soon followed by the building of the state real school and a Jewish school. At the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, new schools were built on the street. Two Jewish schools were followed a few years by a meštianska school and another one at the edge of Zochova and Palisády Street; the latter building is an eclectic two-storey house with many details. Today, the building is home to Electrotechnics High School; the street contained several schools throughout its history. Among others, there was an Orthodox grammar school, a Neolog grammar school and a civil school for boys across from the Neolog grammar school.

Zochova Street was the residence of the Pressburg riding club. Together with the street's name, it was a reminder of the town's hastilude tradition. Zochova Street No. 1 is home to the building of the Faculty of Music and Dance of the Academy of Performing Arts in Bratislava. It contains a place of public performances of classical music. Zochova Street is the location of the fitness center FitRelax at Zochova Street No. 6/8 and law firms at Zochova Street No. 5. The street is residential. Zochova is the name of one of the busiest public transport bus stops in Bratislava; the following buses stop here: no. 31, no. 39, no. 80, no. 83, no. 84, no. 93, no. 94 and no. 184. Night buses no. N31, no. N34, no. N80, no. N93 and no. N95 stop here; the minibus line no. 147 stops at a separate nearby bus stop named Zochova. Both the buses headed for the Petržalka district and those headed for Slávičie údolie - where the majority of Bratislava's

Ross R-6

The Ross R-6 is a tandem two-seat, high-wing glider, designed by Harland Ross and first flown in 1956. Ross designed the R-6 as a two-seat sailplane with the intention of setting new multi-place records with it; the aircraft was designed to use the same 55 ft span wing as the successful Ross-Johnson RJ-5, but with a gross weight of 1,226 lb as opposed to the RJ-5's 850 lb this gave the R-6 one of the highest wing loadings for a glider of its day. The R-6 was constructed with a metal fuselage, a departure from Ross's earlier designs; the passenger seat is behind the pilot's seat, aft of the wing spar and has no windows, visibility is provided by a removable plastic overhead dome. The wing features dive brakes; the wingspan was increased to 60 ft, lowering the wing loading somewhat, but increasing the high aspect ratio to 28:1. Taking off from a dolly and landing on a fixed skid, the R-6 had a retractable monowheel landing gear installed. In one four-day period in 1958 Ross flew the R-6 to set four records.

He set new World Record marks for the multi-place glider category in 100 km, 200 km and 300 km speed triangles and set a US National Record for out-and-return distance of 234.66 mi. Two of the three World Records exceeded the standing single-place record at the time. In 1959, Ross flew the R-6 solo from Kent, Texas to Farley, New Mexico for his diamond distance and won the Barringer TrophyThe R-6 was owned by Bob Storck of Waldorf, Maryland who loaned it to the National Soaring Museum, where it is listed as in storage. National Soaring Museum - the sole example. Data from Sailplane directory and Soaring The World's Sailplanes:Die Segelflugzeuge der Welt:Les Planeurs du Monde Volume IIGeneral characteristics Crew: 2 / 1 Length: 24 ft 0 in Wingspan: 55 ft 0 in Height: 3 ft 10 in at cockpit Wing area: 125.0 sq ft Aspect ratio: 24.2:1 Airfoil: NACA 632615 Empty weight: 646 lb - 2-seater, 601.9 lb - single-seater Gross weight: 1,226 lb - 2-seater, 1,053.8 lb - single-seaterPerformance Stall speed: 54 mph Never exceed speed: 152 mph Rough air speed max: 112.5 mph Aerotow speed: 112.5 mph Winch launch speed: 103.8 mph g limits: +4.4 -2.6 Maximum glide ratio: 40:1 at 66.5 mph Rate of sink: 135.0 ft/min at 59 mph Wing loading: 8.9 lb/sq ft - 2-seater, - single-seater Related lists List of gliders

Cobalt Blue (comics)

Cobalt Blue is a fictional comic book supervillain, who appears in books published by DC Comics as an enemy of the Flash. He is an ancestor of the superhero Impulse and the supervillains Professor Zoom and Captain Boomerang. Malcolm Thawne was the twin brother of Barry Allen; the doctor that delivered the twins had accidentally killed a separate child that belonged to Charlene Thawne. To cover the mistake, he gave Malcolm to the Thawnes and told the Allens that one of the twins had been stillborn. Malcolm's "parents" were con artists, passing off a healing salve, used to cover the Thawnes' natural super abilities Because of his clean-cut looks and demeanor, Malcolm was most used to lure the unsuspecting victims; as an adult, he stumbled onto his twin brother, Barry Allen, by chance. Curious why there was another man with his face, he demanded the truth from his parents, they admitted everything. Malcolm refused to believe that his parents could be so heartless, he tracked down the doctor who delivered him.

The doctor confirmed the Thawnes' story and, in a rage, Malcolm murdered the doctor. The matriarch of the Thawne family, Malcolm's grandmother, who possessed the ability to control the "blue flame" was disgusted at her son's pathetic use of the gift to con people. Malcolm, on the other hand, possessed the passion required to make full use of the ability, his grandmother trained him in the secret of the flame. Fueled by Malcolm's rage and jealousy at his twin for'stealing his life', Malcolm fashioned a blue gem to contain the flame, capable of stealing Barry Allen's superspeed, his first attempt ended in failure, Malcolm was absorbed into the gem, only to re-emerge years later. By this time, Wally West had assumed the mantle of the Flash. Barry's death during the "Crisis on Infinite Earths" appeared to have cheated Malcolm out of his dreams of revenge on his brother. Instead, Malcolm focused on Allen's descendants traveling through time in a bid to exterminate them, starting with Wally West. Under the identity of Cobalt Blue, Malcolm ignited a family feud.

The feud came to a head in the late 30th century. Wally West arrived to try to protect his uncle. Flashes of all eras between the 20th and 30th centuries arrived soon after, all under the control of Thawne's spirit because they all were carrying a shard of the original Cobalt Blue gem. After defeating all the other Flashes, in the end, Wally West ended the menace of Cobalt Blue by running so fast that he skirted the edge of the Speed Force, its power poured into the gem, Thawne's spirit overloaded from the excess energy. Despite the fact that there are supposed to be many Cobalt Blues between now and the 30th century, neither Malcolm or Cobalt Blue have appeared since the "Chain Lightning" arc, it is unknown if these timelines exist following the events of Infinite Crisis. Numerous others in the future have become Cobalt Blue. There would be one every century that would take over the mantle; the Cobalt Blue of the 21st century wore a glass armor. Not much was seen of him, as he was defeated in about 30 seconds by a time travelling Jay Garrick and Iris West II.

The Cobalt Blue of this time had brutally murdered the Flash of that era's wife and had crippled his daughter, Sela. Eight months after this, the Flash killed Cobalt Blue, but his victory was short-lived as a child picked up the gem and, being consumed by its rage, killed the Flash. However, a time-travelling Max Mercury and Sela Allen, now healed, returned the boy to normal. In the 25th century, the roles of the Flash and Cobalt Blue were reversed. Now Chardaq Allen had taken the role of Cobalt Blue. Professor Zoom and Wally West returned him to normal; this Cobalt Blue ended the Allen bloodline when she infected Jace Allen with a virus. However, Jace's father Blaine, the current Flash, sacrificed himself to save his son. Ten years Jace was the Flash, he and a time-travelling Jesse Quick defeated Cobalt Blue

Drown in My Mind

"Drown In My Mind" is the second single from Story Untold's debut album Waves. Lead vocalist Janick Thibault states, "Drown In My Mind is the song, the easiest to write for me. It's just so personal to me and felt like a huge relief; the past few years of my life have been hard for me on a personal level and back when I had my hard times, I wish I would've had a song like that to listen to that would've told me "it's ok to feel like that". Musically I think. Our album, called "Waves" is more mature lyrically and musically than what we put out in the past. I think it's the perfect balance between more mature heartfelt songs. We hope you guys are gonna dig the songs as much as we do!" Digital download"Drown In My Mind" – 3:00 Janick Thibault – lead vocals, songwriting Jessy Bergy – lead guitar Jonathan Landry – drums Max Cloutier – rhythm guitar Aiden Von Rose – bass guitar Official video on YouTube

Imidacloprid

Imidacloprid is a systemic insecticide that acts as an insect neurotoxin and belongs to a class of chemicals called the neonicotinoids which act on the central nervous system of insects. The chemical works by interfering with the transmission of stimuli in the insect nervous system, it causes a blockage of the nicotinergic neuronal pathway. By blocking nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, imidacloprid prevents acetylcholine from transmitting impulses between nerves, resulting in the insect's paralysis and eventual death, it is effective via stomach action. Because imidacloprid binds much more to insect neuron receptors than to mammal neuron receptors, this insecticide is more toxic to insects than to mammals; as of 1999, imidacloprid was the most used insecticide in the world. Although it is now off patent, the primary manufacturer of this chemical is Bayer CropScience, it is sold under many names for many uses. Imidacloprid is used for pest control in agriculture. Other uses include application to foundations to prevent termite damage, pest control for gardens and turf, treatment of domestic pets to control fleas, protection of trees from boring insects, in preservative treatment of some types of lumber products.

Imidacloprid is the most used insecticide in the world. Its major uses include: Agriculture - Control of aphids, cane beetles, stink bugs, a variety of other insects that damage crops Arboriculture - Control of the emerald ash borer, hemlock woolly adelgid, other insects that attack trees Home Protection - Control of termites, carpenter ants and moisture-loving insects Domestic animals - Control of fleas Turf - Control of Japanese beetle larvae Gardening - Control of aphids and other pestsWhen used on plants, systemic, is taken up by plant roots and translocated up the plant via xylem tissue; when used on trees, it can take 30–60 days to reach the top and enter the leaves in high enough quantities to be effective. Imidacloprid can be found in the trunk, the branches, the twigs, the leaves, the leaflets, the seeds. Many trees are wind pollinated, but others such as fruit trees, linden and black locust trees are bee and wind pollinated and imidacloprid would be found in the flowers in small quantities.

Higher doses must be used to control boring insects than other types. On January 21, 1986, a patent was filed and granted on May 3, 1988, for imidacloprid in the United States by Nihon Tokushu Noyaku Seizo K. K. of Tokyo, Japan. On March 25, 1992, Inc. applied for registration of imidacloprid for turfgrass and ornamentals in the United States. On March 10, 1994, the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency approved the registration of imidacloprid. On January 26, 2005, the Federal Register notes the establishment of the' Emergency Exemptions' for imidacloprid, it use was granted to Hawaii use this pesticide on bananas and the States of Minnesota and North Dakota to use this pesticide on sunflower. Imidacloprid is a systemic chloronicotinyl pesticide, belonging to the class of neonicotinoid insecticides, it works by interfering with the transmission of nerve impulses in insects by binding irreversibly to specific insect nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. As a systemic pesticide, imidacloprid translocates or moves in the xylem of plants from the soil into the leaves, fruit and nectar of a plant.

Imidacloprid exhibits excellent translaminar movement in plants and can penetrate the leaf cuticle and move into leaf tissue. Since imidacloprid is efficacious at low levels, it can be applied at lower concentrations than other insecticides; the availability of imidacloprid and its favorable toxicity package as compared to other insecticides on the market in the 1990s allowed the EPA to replace more toxic insecticides including the acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, the organophosphorus compounds, methylcarbamates. The main routes of dissipation of imidacloprid in the environment are aqueous photolysis and plant uptake; the major photometabolites include imidacloprid desnitro, imidacloprid olefine, imidacloprid urea, five minor metabolites. The end product of photodegradation is chloronicotinic acid and carbon dioxide. Since imidacloprid has a low vapor pressure, it does not volatilize readily. Although imidacloprid breaks down in water in the presence of light, it remains persistent in water in the absence of light.

It has a water solubility of.61 g/L, high. In the dark, at pH between 5 and 7, it breaks down slowly, at pH 9, the half-life is about 1 year. In soil under aerobic conditions, imidacloprid is persistent with a half-life of the order of 1–3 years. On the soil surface the half-life is 39 days. Major soil metabolites include imidacloprid nitrosimine, imidacloprid desnitro and imidacloprid urea, which degrade to 6-chloronicotinic acid, CO2, bound residues. 6-Chloronicotinic acid is shown to be mineralized via a nicotinic acid pathway in a soil bacterium. In soil, imidacloprid binds to organic matter; when not exposed to light, imidacloprid breaks down in water, thus has the potential to persist in groundwater for extended period