Idrottsföreningen Kamraterna Norrköping, more known as IFK Norrköping or Norrköping, is a Swedish professional football club based in Norrköping. The club is play their home games at Östgötaporten; the club colours, reflected in their crest and kit, are blue. Formed on 29 May 1897, the club have won thirteen national championship titles and six national cup titles; the club plays in the highest Swedish tier, which they first won in 1943. IFK Norrköping were most successful during the 1940s, when they won five Swedish championships and two Svenska Cupen titles under the Hungarian coach Lajos Czeizler and with players like Gunnar Nordahl and Nils Liedholm. IFK Norrköping won the 2015 Allsvenskan, their first win since 1989, which gave them a spot in the second qualification round of 2016–17 UEFA Champions League. IFK Norrköping dominated Swedish football in the post war era and won the first division 11 times in 20 years, culminating in the league triumph of 1963, it took the club another 26 years before adding championship title number 12 to the trophy cabinet.
On 31 October 2015, IFK Norrköping won their 13th championship title after defeating the defending champions Malmö FF with 2–0 away in Swedbank Stadion in Malmö in the last round of 2015 Allsvenskan. This was the second time in a row. On 8 November IFK Norrköping won supercupen against Swedish cup winners IFK Göteborg; the result was 3–0 after a dominating performance from the reigning Swedish champions. The club used to have a fierce rivalry with IK Sleipner from Norrköping, before Sleipner's fall from the higher divisions. Another historic rivalry is that against Åtvidabergs FF from the province of Östergötland, tense in the 1970s and early 2010s; this rivalry has lost importance. IFK Norrköping maintains a rivalry with Malmö FF. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality; as of 13 February 2020Note: Flags indicate national team. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. 12 – Fans of the club 1947: Gunnar Nordahl 1949: Knut Nordahl 1953: Bengt "Julle" Gustavsson 1957: Åke "Bajdoff" Johansson 1960: Torbjörn Jonsson 1961: Bengt "Zamora" Nyholm 1963: Harry Bild 1966: Ove Kindvall 1968: Björn Nordqvist 1990: Tomas Brolin 1992: Jan Eriksson Gunnar Nordahl 1944–45, 1945–46 och 1947–48 Harry Bild 1956–57 Henry "Putte" Källgren 1957–58 Ove Kindvall 1966 Jan Hellström 1989 Niclas Kindvall 1994 Imad Khalili 2013 Emir Kujović 2015 Kalle Holmberg 2017 Stefan Pettersson 1983 Bruno Santos 2005 Garðar Gunnlaugsson 2007 As of 10 January 2020 Swedish ChampionsWinners: 1942–43, 1944–45, 1945–46, 1946–47, 1947–48, 1951–52, 1955–56, 1956–57, 1960, 1962, 1963, 1989, 2015 Allsvenskan: Winners: 1942–43, 1944–45, 1945–46, 1946–47, 1947–48, 1951–52, 1955–56, 1956–57, 1960, 1962, 1963, 1989, 2015 Runners-up: 1952–53, 1957–58, 1959, 1961, 1966, 1987, 1989, 1990, 1993 Superettan: Winners: 2007 Runners-up: 2010 Mästerskapsserien: Runners-up: 1991, 1992 Svenska Cupen: Winners: 1943, 1945, 1968–69, 1987–88, 1990–91, 1993–94 Runners-up: 1944, 1953, 1967, 1971–72, 2016–17 Svenska Supercupen: Winners: 2015 Most played games: Åke "Bajdoff" Johansson, 321 games Most league goals: Henry "Putte" Källgren, 126 goals Most spectators:32 234 against Malmö FF, 7 June 1956Biggest victory:11–1 against Djurgårdens IF, 14 October 1945.
Biggest defeat:0 – 11 against Örgryte IS, 6 April 1928 and Helsingborgs IF, 22 September 1929Most expensive player:Midfielder Alexander Fransson, from FC Basel for 10 million SEK, 2018. Most expensive sale:Midfielder/Forward Arnór Sigurdsson, to CSKA Moscow for 40 million SEK, 2016. List of IFK Norrköping managers 1905– IF Sylvia Husqvarna FF IFK Norrköping maintains departments for women's football, set up in 2009, orienteering and bandy; the bandy team played in Sweden's highest division in 1937. Part of the club was an ice hockey team which played in the seasons 1950/51 and 1955/56 in the highest Swedish division; the ice hockey teams of IFK and local rivals IK Sleipner were joined in 1967 to form IF IFK/IKS, known from 1973 forward as IK Vita Hästen which evolved into today's HC Vita Hästen. IFK Norrköping – official site Peking Fanz – official supporter club site IFK Norrköpings Supporter klubb – official supporter club site for seniors gopeking.net – IFK Norrköpings oldest supporter site Parkens vita hjältar – supporter site
Freedom Jam is an event, held in Bangalore City, India every year on 15 August. The Freedom Jam is a musical gathering, it is the continuation of an old musical tradition in Bangalore, where for a few years in the early eighties at Cubbon Park but is held now at Palace Grounds, musicians used to get together and perform free on Sunday evenings and still continue to do so. The concert was revived during the Golden Jubilee celebrations of Indian Independence in 1997 featuring Ravindra Kalakshetra, it was continued in the form of monthly jams held on the first Sunday of every month and a night-long free music festival - The Freedom Jam Festival - on the eve of Independence Day. Performances have included Bangalore artists Human Bondage, Konarak Reddy, K. C. P. along with Indian artists Lucky Ali, David Rothenberg, Sarjapur Blues Band, Steve Tallis, Vasundhara Das, Threnody, Bhoomi, Thermal and a Quarter. The concert has attracted audiences of over 10,000. In 2005, the organisers of the Freedom Jam had planned for a night-long event on 15 August but had to abandon it due to terrorist activities which took place in a nearby city resulting in Bangalore being put on high alert.
The Freedom Jam of 2006 was postponed to November. The two events have served as a launchpad for many amateur artistes as well as a sort of comeback stage for established singers from Bangalore. Freedom Jam has been started in neighbouring Metropolitan city of Chennai also; this year it happens in buck's theatre YMCA nandanam on 19 August. Similar to the Freedom Jam in Bangalore, this is a free entry event; the Freedom Jam—Pondy Music Festival has been held in Puducherry, on the Bay of Bengal coast 150 kilometres south of Chennai, for the last six years supported by the Dept. of Tourism. It is now held on the Republic Day weekend in January, the'tourist season' when the weather is pleasant at several different venues showcasing music on the beachfront. In 2010 artistes like Ministry of Blues, Matt Littlewood Group, BAJA, Inside Out, Alan Rego and many more bands including a host of ethnic performers performed over two evenings and a'morning raga' recital at sunrise; the concert has been held in Chennai, once at Bucks open-air theatre, YMCA and last year at Spaces, Elliots Beach & Musee Musicale.
Indian rock Music of India Culture of Bangalore freedomjam.in
Latino punk is punk music created by Latino people in Latin America and the United States. The angst and protest qualities of punk music and style have had a strong appeal to Latino youth in the U. S. and to the people in Latin America. It is impossible to pinpoint the exact location or moment when Latinos began engaging in the punk subculture. However, Latin American rock began showing aspects of punk music during the mid-1960s with the Peruvian band Los Saicos; the Saicos were predecessors to some of the most influential proto-punk bands in the U. S. such as New York Dolls, MC5, The Stooges Johnny Thunders of the seminal New York Dolls, who played with The Heartbreakers and the Waldos, was of Latino descent and clearly played Latin-influenced scales on some of his tracks. Punk music began engaging a wider variety of artists and audience in the late 1970s and 1980s, either in Latin America or in the U. S. By the mid-1970s, the aesthetics promoted by glam rock in the United Kingdom had created a social gap between the audience and the artist.
The punk scene that began to sprout during that era shared more commonalities with the youth audience, while still retaining some attributes from glam rock. Punk music presented itself as the voice for white teenage angst, without the arrogance and verbosity of glam rock; the punk genre rooted itself in a music and style that created by the working class without the intellectual posturing of its previous genres. It was a genre created for the white working class in the United Kingdom. During the late 1970s, punk's social basis for creating commonalities with its fans, its integration of style and instruments from reggae allowed for punk bands of different ethnicities to integrate themselves into the social scene in the United Kingdom. In the late 1970s, many punk bands began appearing in Los Angeles, among them many Latino and Chicano punks like The Plugz, The Bags, The Zeros, Los Illegals, Los Angelinos, Odd Squad and the Katz, the Stains, The Brat. Most of these bands did not consider themselves Latino punk bands, but artists challenging the mainstream just like their non-Latino peers.
However, in the late 1970s Latino/Chicano punks in East L. A began organizing gigs in their own communities; these bands were part of a punk movement called The East Side Renaissance, who dedicated themselves to bringing to light the local Chicano/Latino bands in their own neighborhoods. The Latino hardcore punk scene in the U. S. exploded during the 1990s due to all the political issues facing Latinos, such as Prop 187, NAFTA and the Zapatista Uprising. Policies that targeted the Latino community all across the U. S. during the 90s pushed Latinos and Latinas to begin singing and writing hardcore punk as a form of angst and protest. Bands from cites like New York, Chicago, El Paso, Los Angeles, Santa Fe, New Mexico had prominent hardcore Latino punk bands in the 1990s. Among the most notable Latino hardcore punk bands were: In contrast to their white punk peers, these bands were discriminated against for singing about the struggles of minorities that whites did not want to hear about. Latino hardcore punk bands began to sing about the direct problems that they, their families, their Latino communities were facing.
The themes of these problems were the violation of immigrant rights. Little known outside Latin America, Latin punk was a huge sensation among teens in countries like Argentina, Brazil and Mexico during the 1970s; these countries shared a history of dictatorship and political oppression, about which these Latin American teens began to sing and play, about adversity and oppression that they had lived and suffered under. In the late 1970s, Mexico and Brazil all had popular punk bands well-established within their circuits. In both Mexico and Argentina the punk scene was large due to affluent youth who had the means to obtain the music of bands from the United Kingdom and the U. S. In Brazil on the other hand, Douglas Viscaino was interested in the ideology of the youth revolting against the military regime of the nation. Bands such as his Restos de Nada, Coquetel Molotov, AI-5, N. A. I were among the founders of Brazilian punk. In Argentina, the punk scene depended in the ability to travel and gain knowledge of the punk scene, due to the military regime's media censorship.
Bands such as Los Testiculos, Los Violadores, others who cemented punk in Argentina were followed by bands like Los Baraja, Alerta Roja, Comando Suicida, Los Inadaptables, Trixy y Los Maniaticos. The original punk bands of Mexico, such as Size, Ritmo Peligroso and others, began playing music in English, alienating them from the mass marginalized youth of their nation, yet in the north of Mexico punk was racialized with heavy influence from the United States. The 1980s would become the true fulfillment of punk in Latin America. By the 1980s punk was well established in multiple nations of Latin America. Punk became a form of resistance among the youth of Latin America, in which they spoke against the establishment of their countries, dangerous. For in Chile during the 1970s the separation of rock music, musician was one of the key points the dictatorship focused on overpowering; the youth followed the ideology of DIY, in order to create space in which created and alternative to their livelihoods.
Mexican punk had more similar roots to that of 1970s based on the fact that marginalized minorities were beginning to participate and perform. It was during this time that bands such as Rebel'd began to emerge. Reb