ITV Central

ITV Central known as Central Independent Television and Carlton Central and referred to as Central, is the Independent Television franchisee for the English Midlands. It was created following the restructuring of ATV and began broadcasting on 1 January 1982; the service is operated by ITV plc under the licensee of ITV Broadcasting Limited. During the 1970s ATV, the previous Midlands licence holder, was criticised for its lack of regional output and character. Although ATV had purpose-built a modern colour production complex in the centre of Birmingham, most of its major productions were recorded at its main studios at Elstree in Hertfordshire, a legacy of the period when the company had served London at the weekends until 1968, its corporate headquarters were in Central London. ATV attempted to address its problem in 1980 as part of its franchise reapplication; the company name would be changed from ATV Network Limited to ATV Midlands Limited, thus reinforcing the greater regional focus. The IBA accepted ATV's assertion that ATV Midlands Ltd planned to take a more local identity and awarded the contract to ATV Midlands Ltd on the basis that further changes were to be implemented, including that the parent company, Associated Communications Corporation, would divest 49 per cent of its shareholding in ATV Midlands Ltd in an attempt to introduce local shareholders and that ATV Midlands Ltd's registered office should be within the region.

To demonstrate this change of share structure the IBA insisted that ATV change its company name, to show that it was a new company due to the requirement for a dual region. The station began transmitting at 9:25 am on Friday 1 January 1982 with an authority announcement by duty announcer Su Evans, followed by an extended five-minute promo entitled Welcome to Central, voiced by Peter Wheeler, previewing the company's network and regional programming, the schedule for the first day of transmission. Central ran a sole pan-regional service from Birmingham, as a result of an industrial dispute which prevented its East Midlands service from Nottingham commencing before September 1983; the split allowed Central to serve the West Midlands with its own service from Birmingham. There were few differences between the East and West sub-regions, but each had its own news service and during the early years of operation, continuity; this would lead to the BBC launching its own sub-regional service for the East Midlands during the 1980s, which became a region in its own right in January 1991, with the launch of East Midlands Today.

By March 1984, the reorganisation of the company was complete, allowing pre-tax profits to double from £3.5 million to £6.5 million in its first two financial years. Shortly afterwards, Zenith Productions was established as a subsidiary of Central Television, which produced programming for the UK and the USA – most famously including the company's television adaptations of the Inspector Morse novels. Central's interests in on-screen fiction saw the company buy the Korda Film Library in 1986. In January 1987, Central acquired the European division of the American production company FilmFair for £1.5million, which went on to produce several of the station's networked children's series before being sold onto the Storm Group in 1991. On the same day, Central bought a stake in Starstream, who co-founded and operated The Children's Channel – the 22% stake was sold in November 1991 to United Artists Cable International. A few months Central became the first ITV station to broadcast its own overnight service, including short news bulletins, imported output and the long running Jobfinder service – launched in 1986 in partnership with the Manpower Services Commission – which went on to run for 17 years and won a Royal Television Society award.

Central was awarded the Queen's Award to Industry for Export twice, for selling its range of programming to over 80 countries around the world, in April 1987 and April 1989Under its growing business portfolio, Central created CTE in December 1987 and opened international bureaux in Hamburg, New York City and Sydney for sales and newsgathering operations. CTE, the company's key international distributor of programming, would represent output sales for HTV, Meridian and Carlton, who took over Central in 1994. In 1989, the company founded Zodiac Entertainment – an American entertainment firm specialising in the production and distribution of animated cartoons. Central invested $35 million in the company before deciding to discontinue its production business in 1994, leaving Zodiac to become a distributor. In 1989, Central established Television Sales and Marketing Services Ltd, a joint venture with Anglia Television providing airtime sales and program sponsorships, in part to recover production costs.

In March 1994, Anglia acquired Central's stake in the company to take full control with Central moving over to Carlton's sales department. In March 1990, Central formed a partnership with The Observer newspaper to create Central Observer, making environmental themed films for British Satellite Broadcasting and terrestrial channels, with funding from the charity Television Trust for the Environment. Central was unopposed in retaining its franchise in 1993, which allowed the company to bid only a token £2,000 a year (j

Mayfield, Staffordshire

Mayfield is a village on the outskirts of Ashbourne in Derbyshire, about 9 miles from Uttoxeter, situated in East Staffordshire. The village is divided into Mayfield, Church Mayfield, Upper Mayfield and Middle Mayfield, it has a population of 2000. It lies on the banks of the River Dove; the Dove is the boundary between the Staffordshire. Mayfield is on the Staffordshire side of the border but it has an Ashbourne postal address because its nearest postal town, Ashbourne, is in Derbyshire. Derbyshire is not used by Royal Mail. Mayfield was mentioned in the Domesday Book, in which it was called'Mavreveldt'; the name is derived from the Old English for'open land growing with madder' or perhaps,'assembly open land'. It was the scene of a siege during the retreat of Bonnie Prince Charlie, whose followers terrorised the local villagers forcing them to take refuge in John the Baptist's church. Several musket ball holes, reputedly from weapons fired during the siege, can still be seen in one of the doors of the church.

There has been a church in Mayfield for over a thousand years. The Domesday Survey of 1086 recorded a priest in Mayfield, one of only twenty-five priests recorded for the county of Staffordshire. There is now no trace of the original Church, which would have been a Saxon wooden building standing on or near to the site of the present church; the Saxon church was replaced during the reign of Henry I by a Norman stone building in about 1125. The church was extended in the 15 and 16th Centuries, with the tower being built in 1515; the final extension was in 1854. Mayfield's mill, in one form or another, has been standing on the banks of the Dove since the 12th Century. Today Mayfield Yarns produces twisted yarns; the parish is home to several farms. Henry Prince First School in Mayfield shut down in summer 2019; every summer Mayfield continues the well dressing tradition where wells and springs are decorated with tableaux created by pressing flower petals into clay. The first Well Dressing festival in Mayfield was held in 1896.

The preparation of the boards takes several days. Clay is spread over the wet boards the outline of the design pricked out with coffee beans. "Petalling" follows and the boards are erected by the wells. The wells remain for a week for people to view. There is a thriving Scout Group that opened in 2015; the Group is run by volunteers. The Group Scout Leader is Katy Lewis. Mayfield Panthers is the football Club and caters for all ages through both Summer and Winter Leagues. Mayfield Heritage Group aims to protect heritage and history in and around Mayfield; the Mayfield Memorial Hall is a charity fundraising events for the village. Mayfield Music arrange concerts of both classical and contemporary works four in a year, for the community in and around Mayfield. Senior Social is a club for the over-sixties in the village. William Barton an English hymnologist and vicar of Mayfield Sir Bertram Windle FRS, FSA, a British anatomist, archaeologist, educationalist and vitalist Listed buildings in Mayfield, Staffordshire


Fusignano is a comune in the province of Ravenna in Italy. It is located on the river Senio; the city was created in 1250 by count Bernardino of Cunio after a flood which had destroyed his castle at Donigallia. After several passages of property in the hands of local noble families, the castle of Fusignano was transferred to the Este family in 1445; when the Duchy of Ferrara was annexed to the Papal States, the fief was elevated to a marquisate, which in 1622, after a long struggle with the Corelli family, was acquired by the Calcagnini. In the 18th century the city recovered from a dark period, in 1796 became part of the French dominions. In 1815 it returned to the Roman Church. With the unification of Italy, Fusignano was separated from Ferrara and included in the province of Ravenna. During World War II, as part of the Spring 1945 offensive in Italy, Fusignano was for four months on the front line, reduced to ruins; the church of San Giovanni Battista houses a 16th-century pale portraying the Baptism of Christ.

In the church of San Savino the ancient sepulchre of the namesake saint, one of the first evangelizers of Romagna, can be seen: however, the remains it contained were transferred by Astorre II Manfredi to a chapel in the Cathedral of Faenza. Biddulph, United Kingdom. Arcangelo Corelli Italian violin player and Baroque music composer Lea Melandri feminist and writer Arrigo Sacchi Italian football manager