YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California. Three former PayPal employees—Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, Jawed Karim—created the service in February 2005. Google bought the site in November 2006 for US$1.65 billion. YouTube allows users to upload, rate, add to playlists, comment on videos, subscribe to other users, it offers a wide variety of corporate media videos. Available content includes video clips, TV show clips, music videos and documentary films, audio recordings, movie trailers, live streams, other content such as video blogging, short original videos, educational videos. Most of the content on YouTube is uploaded by individuals, but media corporations including CBS, the BBC, Hulu offer some of their material via YouTube as part of the YouTube partnership program. Unregistered users can only watch videos on the site, while registered users are permitted to upload an unlimited number of videos and add comments to videos. Videos deemed inappropriate are available only to registered users affirming themselves to be at least 18 years old.
YouTube and its creators earn advertising revenue from Google AdSense, a program which targets ads according to site content and audience. The vast majority of its videos are free to view, but there are exceptions, including subscription-based premium channels, film rentals, as well as YouTube Music and YouTube Premium, subscription services offering premium and ad-free music streaming, ad-free access to all content, including exclusive content commissioned from notable personalities; as of February 2017, there were more than 400 hours of content uploaded to YouTube each minute, one billion hours of content being watched on YouTube every day. As of August 2018, the website is ranked as the second-most popular site in the world, according to Alexa Internet. YouTube has faced criticism over aspects of its operations, including its handling of copyrighted content contained within uploaded videos, its recommendation algorithms perpetuating videos that promote conspiracy theories and falsehoods, hosting videos ostensibly targeting children but containing violent and/or sexually suggestive content involving popular characters, videos of minors attracting pedophilic activities in their comment sections, fluctuating policies on the types of content, eligible to be monetized with advertising.
YouTube was founded by Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, Jawed Karim, who were all early employees of PayPal. Hurley had studied design at Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Chen and Karim studied computer science together at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign. According to a story, repeated in the media and Chen developed the idea for YouTube during the early months of 2005, after they had experienced difficulty sharing videos, shot at a dinner party at Chen's apartment in San Francisco. Karim did not attend the party and denied that it had occurred, but Chen commented that the idea that YouTube was founded after a dinner party "was very strengthened by marketing ideas around creating a story, digestible". Karim said the inspiration for YouTube first came from Janet Jackson's role in the 2004 Super Bowl incident, when her breast was exposed during her performance, from the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Karim could not find video clips of either event online, which led to the idea of a video sharing site.
Hurley and Chen said that the original idea for YouTube was a video version of an online dating service, had been influenced by the website Hot or Not. Difficulty in finding enough dating videos led to a change of plans, with the site's founders deciding to accept uploads of any type of video. YouTube began as a venture capital-funded technology startup from an $11.5 million investment by Sequoia Capital and an $8 million investment from Artis Capital Management between November 2005 and April 2006. YouTube's early headquarters were situated above a pizzeria and Japanese restaurant in San Mateo, California; the domain name www.youtube.com was activated on February 14, 2005, the website was developed over the subsequent months. The first YouTube video, titled Me at the zoo, shows co-founder Jawed Karim at the San Diego Zoo; the video was uploaded on April 23, 2005, can still be viewed on the site. YouTube offered the public a beta test of the site in May 2005; the first video to reach one million views was a Nike advertisement featuring Ronaldinho in November 2005.
Following a $3.5 million investment from Sequoia Capital in November, the site launched on December 15, 2005, by which time the site was receiving 8 million views a day. The site grew and, in July 2006, the company announced that more than 65,000 new videos were being uploaded every day, that the site was receiving 100 million video views per day. According to data published by market research company comScore, YouTube is the dominant provider of online video in the United States, with a market share of around 43% and more than 14 billion views of videos in May 2010. In May 2011, 48 hours of new videos were uploaded to the site every minute, which increased to 60 hours every minute in January 2012, 100 hours every minute in May 2013, 300 hours every minute in November 2014, 400 hours every minute in February 2017; as of January 2012, the site had 800 million unique users a month. It is estimated that in 2007 YouTube consumed as much bandwidth as the entire Internet in 2000. According to third-party web analytics providers and SimilarWeb, YouTube is the second-most visited website in the world, as of December 2016.
Ger Duany Born in Akobo, Greater Upper Nile in South Sudan, 39 years ago, Ger is a self-described “village boy”. He remembers vividly his early childhood as a herd boy tending his family’s cattle in the ways of his forefathers. Recollections of roaming vast grassy plains in search of pasture, of playing in the waters of the White Nile are etched in his memory. Ger had his first experience of war at the age of seven, it marked the end of his idyllic childhood. His family and community were uprooted. At age 13 war separated him from his mother, like others he resorted to becoming a child soldier as a means of survival during South Sudan’s struggle for independence. Ger became a refugee in Ethiopia and Kenya, was resettled to the United States from Dadaab camp at the age of 15. In this unfamiliar environment Ger struggled, he had to learn to adapt. He went to school and developed a love for basketball. “Sports grounded me,” he says. “I felt frustrated and angry. But I realized. So I learned to quiet my fears.
I learned to listen and always to pay attention to small things.” Ger went on to earn a college degree. He built a successful career as an actor and fashion model. Most he played a leading role in the American drama film, The Good Lie, which tells the story of three refugees who are resettled from Kakuma camp to the United States, their struggles to integrate. Like many former “Lost Boys of Sudan”, many more refugees and former refugees throughout the world, Ger is driven by the urge to give back to the cause of forced displacement. In his role as UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador, he has undertaken to use his story and his influence to help spread awareness about the plight of refugees and other populations that the UN refugee agency serves. Duany made his debut as an actor in the 2004 philosophical comedy film I Heart Huckabees, in which he played a refugee called Stephen Nimieri. Duany was picked for the role because the film's producer and director David O. Russell wanted someone who had endured the real-life experience of being a refugee.
In 2010, Duany made an uncredited appearance in another Russell film, The Fighter, starring Mark Wahlberg and Christian Bale. He had an important role in the 2011 drama Restless City. In mid-2011, he co-produced and starred in the documentary Ger: To Be Separate, about his journey from war child to refugee to Hollywood actor and international model; the film showed his return to South Sudan, voting for the first time and celebrating the country's newly acquired independence on 9 July 2011. Duany played a limo driver in the 2012 film, Isn't It Delicious? by director Michael Patrick Kelly. In 2014 he appeared alongside other refugees and award-winning Reese Witherspoon in The Good Lie, inspired by the story behind the Lost Boys of Sudan; as a model, Duany has appeared on the cover of numerous magazines such as Heed, Bleu Magazine, Numéro. During the 2015 World Refugee Day, Duany was announced as the UNHCR's Goodwill Ambassador for the East and Horn of Africa Region by the Kenya Country Representative, Raouf Mazou in Kakuma.
Duany is one of the UNHCR's high profile supporters as its Goodwill Ambassador. Ger Duany on IMDb United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees profile: http://www.unhcr.org/pages/556834296.html
Mary Jean "Lily" Tomlin is an American actress, writer and producer. Tomlin began her career as a stand-up comic as well as performing Off-Broadway during the 1960s, her breakout role was on the variety show Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In from 1969 until 1973. She stars on the Netflix series Grace and Frankie as Frankie Bergstein. In 1974, Tomlin was cast by Robert Altman in her first film. In 1977, her performance as Margo Sperling in The Late Show won her the Best Actress Award at the Berlin International Film Festival and nominations for the Golden Globe and BAFTA Award for Best Lead Actress, her other notable films include 9 to 5, All of Me, Big Business, Flirting with Disaster, Tea with Mussolini, I Heart Huckabees, Grandma. Her signature role was written by her partner, Jane Wagner, in a show titled The Search for Signs of Intelligent Life in the Universe which opened on Broadway in 1985 and won Tomlin the Tony Award for Best Lead Actress in a Play, she is known as the voice of Ms. Frizzle on the children's series The Magic School Bus.
She won her first Emmy Awards in 1974 for producing her own television special, Lily. Tomlin won a Grammy Award for her 1972 comedy album This Is a Recording. In 2014, she was given Kennedy Center Honors and in 2017 she received the Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award. Tomlin was born in Detroit, the daughter of Lillie Mae, a housewife and nurse's aide, Guy Tomlin, a factory worker, she has a younger brother named Richard Tomlin. Tomlin's parents were Southern Baptists who moved to Detroit from Paducah, during the Great Depression, she is a 1957 graduate of Cass Technical High School. Tomlin attended Wayne State University and studied biology, she auditioned for a play, it sparked her interest in a career in the theatre and she changed her major. After college, Tomlin began doing stand-up comedy in nightclubs in Detroit and in New York City, she continued studying acting at the HB Studio. Her first television appearance was on The Merv Griffin Show in 1965. In 1969, after a stint as a hostess on the ABC series Music Scene, Tomlin joined NBC's sketch comedy show Rowan and Martin's Laugh-In.
Signed as a replacement for the departing Judy Carne, Tomlin was an instant success on the established program, in which in addition to appearing in general sketches and delivering comic gags, she began appearing as the regular characters she created. Ernestine snorted when she let loose a barbed response or heard something salacious, her opening lines were the comical "one ringy dingy... two ringy dingy", and, "is this the party to whom I am speaking?" In the sketches, Ernestine was at her switchboard taking calls. She called her boyfriend, Vito, a telephone repair man, or her pal Phoenicia, another operator. Tomlin reprised the role in 2016 for a TV ad as part of PETA's campaign against SeaWorld, Tomlin has reprised the role on several episodes of Sesame Street. Edith Ann is a precocious five-and-a-half-year-old girl who waxes philosophical on everyday life, either about life as a kid or things for which she feels she has the answers, although she is too young to understand, she ends her monologues with "And that's the truth", punctuating it with a noisy raspberry.
Edith Ann sits in an oversized rocking chair with her rag doll and talks of life at home with her battling parents and bullying older sister, Mary Jean. Edith Ann has an oversized, playfully aggressive dog named Buster and a boyfriend named Junior Phillips, a unrequited love. Tomlin voiced her in two prime-time cartoon adaptations of the character that aired on ABC in 1994. Mrs. Judith Beasley is a housewife and mother from Calumet City, chosen for television commercials and offers "good consumer advice", she appears in the film The Incredible Shrinking Woman as the lead character's neighbor. Mrs. Earbore is a somewhat prudish and prissy, conservatively dressed middle-aged apolitical woman who dispenses advice on gracious living and a life of elegance. Susie the Sorority Girl is a blonde collegiate. Humorless and melodramatic, her biggest worries are the likes of who took her missing album by The Carpenters; the Consumer Advocate Lady is a dour, austere woman who rigidly inspects and tests products for their alleged value.
The Consumer Advocate Lady is something of a variation of Mrs. Beasley. Lucille the Rubber Freak is a woman addicted to eating rubber, whose monologue details her habit from its beginning to her obsessive rock bottom. Tomlin performed this character as part of her Laugh-In audition. Tess/Trudy is a homeless bag lady who accosts theater-goers and various passers-by with her offbeat observations and tales of communications with extraterrestrials. Bobbi-J
Shania Twain, OC is a Canadian singer and songwriter. She has sold over 100 million records, making her the best-selling female artist in country music history and among the best-selling music artists of all time, her success garnered her several honorific titles including the "Queen of Country Pop". Raised in Timmins, Twain pursued singing and songwriting from a young age before signing with Mercury Nashville Records in the early 1990s, her self-titled debut studio album saw little commercial success upon release in 1993. After collaborating with producer and husband Robert John "Mutt" Lange, Twain rose to fame with her second studio album, The Woman in Me, which brought her widespread success, her third studio album, Come On Over, became the best-selling studio album of all-time by a female act in any genre and the best-selling country album, selling nearly 40 million copies worldwide. Come On Over produced twelve singles, including "You're Still the One", "From This Moment On" and "Man! I Feel Like a Woman!", earned Twain four Grammy Awards.
Her fourth studio album, Up!, was certified Diamond in the United States. In 2004, Twain retired from performing and began an indefinite hiatus from music, revealing years that diagnoses with Lyme disease and dysphonia led to a weakened singing voice, she chronicled her vocal rehabilitation on the OWN miniseries Why Not? with Shania Twain in 2011 and released her first single in six years, "Today Is Your Day", as well as publishing her autobiography, From This Moment On. Twain returned to the concert stage the following year with an exclusive concert residency at The Colosseum at Caesars Palace, Shania: Still the One, which ran until 2014. In 2015, she launched the North American Rock This Country Tour, billed as her farewell tour. Twain released her fifth studio album and first in 15 years in 2017, embarked on the Shania Now Tour in 2018. Twain has received five Grammy Awards, 27 BMI Songwriter Awards, stars on Canada's Walk of Fame and the Hollywood Walk of Fame, an induction into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame.
According to the RIAA she is the only female artist in history to have three albums certified Diamond by the RIAA. Making her the sixth best-selling female artist is the United States. Altogether, Twain is ranked as the 10th best-selling artist of the Nielsen SoundScan era. Twain was born Eilleen Regina Edwards in Windsor, Ontario on August 28, 1965 to Sharon and Clarence Edwards, she has two sisters and Carrie Ann. Her parents divorced when she was two and her mother moved to Timmins, Ontario with her daughters. Sharon married Jerry Twain, an Ojibwa from the nearby Mattagami First Nation, they had son Mark together. Jerry adopted the girls and changed their surname to Twain; when Mark was a toddler and Sharon adopted Jerry's baby nephew Darryl when his mother died. Because of Twain's connection to Jerry, the media have reported that she is of Ojibwe descent, but she stated in an interview that her biological father was part Cree, a claim his family denies, her confirmed ancestry includes English and Irish.
Through a maternal great-grandmother, she is a descendant of French carpenter Zacharie Cloutier. Her Irish maternal grandmother, Eileen Pearce, emigrated from County Kildare. Twain has said, her parents earned little money and food was scarce in their household. Twain did not confide her situation to school authorities, her mother and stepfather's marriage was stormy at times, from a young age she witnessed violence between them. Her mother struggled with bouts of depression. In mid-1979, while Jerry was at work, at Twain's insistence, her mother drove the rest of the family 420 miles south to a Toronto homeless shelter for assistance. Sharon returned to Jerry with the children in 1981. In Timmins, Twain started singing at bars at the age of eight to try to help pay her family's bills. Although she expressed a dislike for singing in those bars, Twain believes that this was her own kind of performing-arts school on the road, she has said of the ordeal, "My deepest passion was music and it helped. There were moments when I thought,'I hate this.'
I hated being with drunks. But I loved the music and so I survived." Twain wrote her first songs at the age of 10, "Is Love a Rose" and "Just Like the Storybooks," which were rhyming fairy tales. She states that the art of creating, of writing songs, "was different from performing them and became progressively important". At age 13, Twain was invited to perform on the CBC's Tommy Hunter Show. While attending Timmins High and Vocational School, she was the singer for a local band called Longshot, which covered Top 40 music. In the early 1980s, Twain spent some time working with her father's reforestation business in northern Ontario, which employed some 75 Ojibwe and Cree workers. Although the work was demanding and the pay low, Twain said, "I loved the feeling of being stranded. I'm not afraid of being in my own environment, working hard. I was strong, I walked miles and miles every day and carried heavy loads of trees. You can't shampoo, use soap or deodorant, or makeup, nothing with any scent.
It was a rugged existence, but I was creative and I would sit alone in the forest with my dog and a guitar and would just write songs."
Dustin Lee Hoffman is an American actor and director. Hoffman has been called one of the greatest actors of all time, he is known for his versatile portrayals of antiheroes and vulnerable characters. He is the recipient of various accolades including two Academy Awards, six Golden Globe Awards, four BAFTAs, three Drama Desk Awards and, two Emmy Awards. Hoffman received the AFI Life Achievement Award in 1999 and the Kennedy Center Honors Award in 2012. Hoffman first drew critical praise for starring in the play, Eh?, for which he won a Theatre World Award and a Drama Desk Award. His breakthrough film role was as Benjamin Braddock in critically iconic The Graduate. Since that time, Hoffman's career has been focused on the cinema, with sporadic returns to television and to the stage. Hoffman's films include Midnight Cowboy, Little Big Man, Lenny, Marathon Man, All the President's Men, Kramer vs. Kramer, Rain Man and Wag the Dog, he made his directorial debut with Quartet. Hoffman was born on August 8, 1937, in Los Angeles, the second son of Lillian and Harry Hoffman.
His father worked as a prop supervisor at Columbia Pictures before becoming a furniture salesman. Hoffman was named after stage and silent screen actor Dustin Farnum, his elder brother, Ronald, is a economist. Hoffman is Jewish, from an Ashkenazi Jewish family of immigrants from Kiev, Russian Empire, Iași, Romania, his upbringing was nonreligious, he has said, "I don't have any memory of celebrating holidays growing up that were Jewish," and that he had "realized" he was Jewish at around the age of 10. Hoffman graduated from Los Angeles High School in 1955 and enrolled at Santa Monica College with the intention of studying medicine, he left after a year to join the Pasadena Playhouse, although when he told his family about his career goal, his Aunt Pearl warned him, "You can't be an actor. You are not good-looking enough." He took classes at the Neighborhood Playhouse in New York City. Hoffman hoped to become a classical pianist, having studied piano during much of his youth and in college. While at Santa Monica College, he took an acting class, which he assumed would be easy, "caught the acting bug."
He recalls: "I just was not gifted in music. I did not have an ear." Now an aspiring actor, he spent the next ten years doing odd jobs, being unemployed, struggling to get any available acting roles. He composed a song called "Shooting the Breeze," and Bette Midler wrote the words, his first acting role was at the Pasadena Playhouse, alongside future Academy Award–winner Gene Hackman. After two years there, Hackman headed with Hoffman soon following. Hoffman and Robert Duvall lived together in the 1960s, all three of them focused on finding acting jobs. Hackman remembers, "The idea that any of us would do well in films didn't occur to us. We just wanted to work." During this period, Hoffman got occasional television bit parts, including commercials but, needing income, he left acting to teach. In 1960 Hoffman was cast in a role in an off-Broadway production and followed with a walk-on role in a Broadway production in 1961. Hoffman studied at Actors Studio and became a dedicated method actor. Sidney W. Pink, a producer and 3D-movie pioneer, discovered him in one of his off-Broadway roles and cast him in Madigan's Millions.
Through the early and mid-1960s, Hoffman made appearances in television shows and movies, including Naked City, The Defenders and Hallmark Hall of Fame. His first critical success was in the play Eh?, by Henry Livings, which had its U. S. premiere at the Circle in the Square Downtown on October 16, 1966. Hoffman made his film debut in The Tiger Makes Out alongside Eli Wallach. In 1967 after wrapping up principal filming on The Tiger Makes Out, Hoffman flew from New York City to Fargo, North Dakota, where he directed productions of William Gibson's Two for the Seesaw and William Saroyan's The Time of Your Life for the Fargo-Moorhead Community Theatre; the $1,000 he received for the eight-week contract was all he had to hold him over until the funds from the movie materialized. In 1966 director Mike Nichols auditioned Hoffman for a lead role in the Broadway musical The Apple Tree but rejected him because he could not sing well enough and gave Alan Alda the part, but Nichols was so impressed with Hoffman's overall audition he cast him as the male lead in the movie The Graduate.
Hoffman played the character of Benjamin Braddock, who returns to his wealthy parents' home in California after graduating from college. Confused about what to do with his life, he is seduced into having an affair with Mrs. Robinson, an alcoholic and a neurotic, the wife of his father's law partner; this was Hoffman's first major role, he received an Academy Award nomination for it but lost to Rod Steiger in In the Heat of the Night. Although Life magazine joked that "if Dustin Hoffman's face were his fortune, he'd be committed to a life of poverty", The Graduate was a gigantic box-office hit for Embassy Pictures, making Hoffman a major new star at the same time; the film received near-unanimous good reviews. Time magazine called Hoffman "a symbol of youth" who represented "a new breed of actors." The film's screenwriter, Buck Henry, notes that Hoffman's character made conventional good looks no longer necessary on screen: A whole generation changed its idea of what guys should look like....
I think Dustin's physical being brought a sort of social and visual change, in the same way people first thought of Bogart. They called him ugly. Hoffman biographer Je
Richard James Appel is an American writer and former attorney. Since 2012, he has served as co-showrunner of Family Guy on Fox, he wrote for the Harvard Lampoon. Following in his mother's footsteps, Appel instead became a lawyer. After attending law school, he started out as a law clerk for Judge John M. Walker Jr. before becoming a federal attorney, serving as assistant U. S. attorney for the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York for three years. In 1994, he moved into comedy writing when he was hired for The Simpsons, writing seven episodes of the show including "Mother Simpson", he moved on to become showrunner and executive producer of King of the Hill before creating the sitcom A. U. S. A.. He worked on The Bernie Mac Show, Family Guy and American Dad! before co-creating The Cleveland Show. He was married to the writer Mona Simpson. Richard James Appel was born May 21, 1963 in New York City and raised in Wilmette, Illinois, to Nina and Alfred Appel, his mother was a lawyer and served as dean of Loyola University Chicago's law school from 1983–2004, where she continues to teach Tort Law today and his father was professor of English at Northwestern University and an expert on Vladimir Nabokov.
Appel has Karen Oshman. Appel lived in California while his parents taught at Stanford University before the family moved to Wilmette, where Appel went to North Shore Country Day School. While there, he co-edited his senior yearbook with writer and poet Philip Brooks. After leaving NSCDS, he attended Harvard University and wrote for the Harvard Lampoon, alongside Conan O'Brien and Greg Daniels, both of whom he beat for the chance to give the comic graduation speech, the Ivy Oration. Tad Friend noted: "Everyone thought it would be Conan automatically, but Rich's speech was funny and self-deprecating, in a way, both silly and profound." After graduation in 1985 with a degree in history and literature, Appel attended Harvard Law School rather than moving into comedy, because the idea of following his mother and grandfathers into the legal profession "appealed" to him. He worked for two years as a law clerk for Judge John M. Walker, Jr. of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, working on the trials of people such as Michael Milken and Leona Helmsley.
Subsequently, for three years from 1990, Appel served as an assistant U. S. attorney for the Southern District of New York. Fellow attorney Geoffrey Berman stated, he was good on his feet, with a sense of the law, common-sensical, more intuitive than based on books."Appel still had dreams of becoming a comedy writer despite the security working as a lawyer offered him, but only in 1993, after his wife became pregnant, was Appel "reminde that this was life and could shape it." Three months he had retained an agent, had written and submitted two spec-scripts, had moved to California. When starting out as a comedy writer, Appel recalled: "One reason I caught up to my contemporaries is that when I started to send out my scripts, the idea that I'd been on the Lampoon 8 or 10 years before, was a credential I could use." Appel got his first television job when David Mirkin hired him for the writing staff of The Simpsons in 1994 on a ten-week contract, served as a writer and producer there for four years.
There, he wrote seven episodes employing the use of "joke sequences, a narrative approach to humor that eschews the quick laugh in favor of something that develops over time."Appel found work on The Simpsons to be a learning curve because it was a "very tough show to write for." His first episode was season seven's "Mother Simpson". Appel was trying to think of a story idea to show and decided that he had to reach out and opted to do something about Homer's mother, who had only been mentioned once, he named her Mona Simpson, after his wife. Many of the writers could not believe that an episode about Homer's mother had not been produced; the writers used the episode to solve several little puzzles, such as where Lisa's intelligence came from. For season seven he penned "Bart on the Road", in which he utilized the plot devices of "go to work with your parents day" and Bart getting a driving license, contributed to the episode "22 Short Films About Springfield". Appel wrote two episodes from season eight, "Bart After Dark" and "The Secret War of Lisa Simpson", as well as season nine's "The Two Mrs Nahasapeemapetilons" and season 10's "When You Dish Upon A Star".
Daniels hired Appel as executive producer and showrunner on King of the Hill in 1997, leading the show's writing process and overseeing all aspects of the show. Daniels noted: "It was essential that Rich was a good writer who could deal with people, who could help manage the business in the room, but important was the fact that he was someone I could trust, who had a similar sense of taste and values." He stayed until 2001. For his work on The Simpsons and King of the Hill, Appel won three Primetime Emmy Awards. Appel created the short-lived series A. U. S. A. Which aired in 2003, which he based on his own experiences as an assistant U. S. attorney. He conceived it in 2001 and NBC ordered 13 episodes the following year. Appel noted of the show: "There's a sense sometimes in Hollywood that writers and producers who come from animated shows maybe have something to prove to jus
Jon Brion is an American singer, multi-instrumentalist, record producer, composer. He performed with The Excerpts, The Bats, The Grays before becoming an established producer and film score composer. Brion has produced music for artists like Fiona Apple, Kanye West, Aimee Mann, Brad Mehldau, of Montreal, Rufus Wainwright, Robyn Hitchcock, Sky Ferreira, his film scores include Hard Eight, Punch-Drunk Love, Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind and I Heart Huckabees, New York, ParaNorman, Lady Bird, Christopher Robin. He released his debut solo album, Meaningless, in 2001. Brion was born in New Jersey, he comes from a musical family. His brother and sister became a violinist, respectively. Brion had difficulties at Hamden High School and at the age of 17 left education, opting instead to play music professionally. From 1980–85 Jon was part of the band The Excerpts, along with Stephen Harris, Dean Falcone, Jim Balga, Bobby Butcher & Spike Priggen. In the early 1980s, Brion and musician/producer Bill Murphy began a writing collaboration in New Haven, Connecticut.
They enlisted bassist Don "Riff" Fertman and together formed The Bats. The Bats released a single, "Popgun", one album, How Pop Can You Get?, on Gustav Records in 1982. The recordings had much critical acclaim, but little commercial success, the trio disbanded. In 1987, Brion moved to Boston, where he played solo gigs, formed the short-lived band World's Fair and became a member of the last touring version of Aimee Mann's new wave band'Til Tuesday, he contributed guitar work to Jellyfish's 1993 album Spilt Milk, in 1994, joined Dan McCarroll, Buddy Judge and ex-Jellyfish guitarist Jason Falkner in the short-lived pop band The Grays. He played guitar on The Wallflowers' hit song "One Headlight", using a screwdriver, sitting atop a nearby amp as a slide. Brion played numerous instruments on Sam Phillips' 1996 release Omnipop. Brion is featured as keyboardist and drummer on Marianne Faithfull's 2003 album, Kissin Time, co-wrote a song, "City of Quartz", for her next work, 2005's Before the Poison.
After being recognized as an accomplished session player, Brion branched out into production on then-girlfriend Mann's 1993 solo debut and its follow-up, I'm With Stupid. He has produced albums by Fiona Apple, Rufus Wainwright, Eleni Mandell, Rhett Miller, Robyn Hitchcock, Brad Mehldau and Evan Dando, co-produced Kanye West's Late Registration in 2005. In the fall of 2002, Brion began producing the album Extraordinary Machine with Fiona Apple, but she brought in producers Mike Elizondo and Brian Kehew to complete the album. Brion's versions leaked onto the Internet, where the album gained a cult following long before its official release. Brion performed on some of the tracks for Sean Lennon's 2006 album Friendly Fire. Lennon said. It's like having a weird alien prodigy in your room."More Brion has produced recordings by British pop performer Dido and Keane, as well as 2010's False Priest by Of Montreal. Brion produced Best Coast's second album, released in early 2012. Brion was signed to the Lava/Atlantic label in 1997, but was released from his contract after turning in his solo debut album Meaningless.
He is rumored to be working on his second solo full-length album at Abbey Road Studios. Brion is an accomplished film composer, having started scoring by working with director Paul Thomas Anderson, with whom he has a preferential working relationship. In addition to scoring many of his films, Brion contributed music to Boogie Nights and had a cameo in the film as a moustached guitar player. In his film soundtracks, Brion is noted for his use of early analog sampling instruments the Chamberlin and Optigan, to create near-realistic emulations of certain instruments, he has earned Best Score Soundtrack Album Grammy nominations for his work on 1999's Magnolia and 2004's Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind. Brion was hired at the last minute to write the incidental music for The Break-Up, he has scored and provided original music for I Heart Huckabees, Punch-Drunk Love, Step Brothers, ParaNorman, The Future, New York, Greta Gerwig's Lady Bird and Disney's Christopher Robin. He did live composition for a musical commentary on the Step Brothers DVD.
He composed the score to the Disney/Pixar short film, The Blue Umbrella, working alongside Sarah Jaffe. He dated comedic actress Mary Lynn Rajskub for five years until they broke up in the fall of 2002. Brion is renowned for his regular Friday-night gigs at the Los Angeles club Largo, which feature covers and original songs, a variety of instruments and occasional guest musicians and comedians, he works instead using audience suggestions as a jumping-off point. His extraordinary use of layered loops and frequent adoption of a "jigsaw puzzle" approach to performing songs have captivated the capacity crowds at Largo and earned Brion a strong following. Recent shows have featured spontaneous appearances with singer-songwriter Jackson Browne, Gillian Welch, vocalists Fiona Apple and Rickie Lee Jones, singing old jazz standards like "My Funny Valentine", with upright bassist Stephen Patt (