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Ian Curtis

Ian Kevin Curtis was an English singer-songwriter and musician. He was the lead singer and lyricist of the post-punk band Joy Division and recorded two albums with the group: Unknown Pleasures and Closer. Curtis was known for his bass-baritone voice, dance style, songwriting filled with imagery of desolation and alienation. Musically, Curtis was influenced by a range of artists such as David Bowie, Sex Pistols, Jim Morrison, Iggy Pop, Roxy Music, Lou Reed and Neu!, as well as lyrically by writers like William Burroughs, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Friedrich Nietzsche, Jean-Paul Sartre, Franz Kafka, Hermann Hesse, T. S. Eliot, J. G. Ballard, Yehiel De-Nur. Curtis was influenced by Iggy Pop's stage persona. Curtis, who suffered from epilepsy and depression, committed suicide on the eve of Joy Division's first North American tour and shortly before the release of Closer, his death resulted in the subsequent formation of New Order. Despite their short career, Joy Division have exerted a wide-reaching influence.

John Bush of AllMusic argues that Joy Division "became the first band in the post-punk movement by... emphasizing not anger and energy but mood and expression, pointing ahead to the rise of melancholy alternative music in the'80s."Joy Division's influence has extended from contemporaries such as U2 and the Cure to acts such as Radiohead, Nine Inch Nails, Interpol, Bloc Party and some rap artists. Curtis was born on 15 July 1956, at the Memorial Hospital in Stretford and grew up in a working-class household in Macclesfield, Cheshire, he was the first of two children born to Doreen Curtis. From an early age, Curtis was a bookish and intelligent child, displaying a particular flair for poetry, he was awarded a scholarship at the age of 11 at Macclesfield's independent King's School. Here, he developed his interests in philosophy and eminent poets such as Thom Gunn. While at King's School, he was awarded several scholastic awards in recognition of his abilities; the year after Ian had graduated from King's School, the Curtis family purchased a house from a relative, moved to New Moston.

As a teenager, Curtis chose to perform social service by visiting the elderly as part of a school programme. While visiting, he and his friends would steal any prescription drugs that they found and take them together as a group. On one occasion when he was sixteen, after consuming a large dosage of Largactil he and his friends had stolen, Curtis was discovered unconscious in his bedroom by his father and was taken to hospital to have his stomach pumped. Curtis had held a keen interest in music since the age of twelve, this interest developed in his teenage years, with artists such as Jim Morrison and David Bowie being particular favourites of his, thus influencing his poetry and art. Curtis could afford to purchase records, leading him to steal them from local shops. By his mid-teens, Curtis had developed a reputation among his peers as a strong-willed individual, with a keen interest in fashion. Despite gaining nine O-levels at King's School, studying A-Levels in History and Divinity at St. John's College, Curtis soon became disenchanted with academic life, abandoned his studies to commit himself to finding employment.

Despite abandoning his studies at St. John's College, Curtis continued to focus on the pursuit of art and music, would draw lyrical and conceptual inspiration from more insidious subjects. Curtis obtained a job at a record shop in Manchester City Centre, before obtaining more stable employment within the civil service, his employment as a civil servant saw Curtis deployed to Cheadle Hulme, where he worked for several months with the Ministry of Defence, before he was offered alternate employment within the Manpower Services Commission in a building at Piccadilly Gardens. He worked as a civil servant in Woodford, Greater Manchester, although at his request one year Curtis was posted to Macclesfield's Employment Exchange, where he worked as an Assistant Disablement Resettlement Officer. On 23 August 1975, Curtis married Deborah Woodruff, to whom he was introduced by a friend, Tony Nuttall. Ian and Deborah became friends began dating in December 1972, when both were 16 years old, their wedding service was conducted at St Thomas' Church in Cheshire.

Curtis was 19 and Woodruff 18. They had one child, a daughter named Natalie, born on 16 April 1979; the couple lived with Ian's grandparents, although shortly after their marriage, the couple moved to a working-class neighbourhood in Chadderton, where they paid a mortgage while working in jobs neither enjoyed. Before long, the couple became disillusioned with life in Oldham, remortgaged their house before returning to live with Ian's grandparents. Shortly thereafter, in May 1977, the couple moved into their own house in Barton Street, with one of the rooms of the property becoming colloquially known between the couple as Curtis' "song-writing room". At a July 1976 Sex Pistols gig at Manchester's Lesser Free Trade Hall, Curtis encountered three childhood school friends named Bernard Sumner, Peter Hook, Terry Mason; the trio informed Curtis—whom they had seen at earlier punk gigs at The Electric Circus—of their intentions to form a band, Curtis informed them of his then-recent efforts to do before proposing himself as both their singer and lyricist.

Mason became the band's drummer, but his rehearsal sessions were unproductive, he became the band's manager. The group unsuccessfully attempted to rec

Toubab Krewe

Toubab Krewe is an American instrumental band which fuses the music of Mali with American musical styles. The group's instrumentation includes kora, soku, two electric guitars, electric bass guitar, drum set, African percussion; the group, based in Asheville, North Carolina, was founded in early 2005 and has traveled to West Africa several times, working with local musicians. The band released their self-titled debut album in 2005, recorded by Steven Heller at Upstream Records in Asheville, North Carolina; the band released their second album "TK2" on September 2010 on the Nat Geo Music label. It was produced by Steven Heller. In several West African languages, including Bambara and Wolof, Toubab means "foreigner." "Krewe" is a reference to the New Orleans region's spelling of the word "Crew." Their lone television work was the main titles for the PBS series "Milk Street Television" hosted by Christopher Kimball of America's Test Kitchen. Teal Brown - drum set Vic Stafford - drum set Drew Heller - electric guitar and soku Justin Perkins - kora and electric guitar David Pransky - electric bass guitar Justin Kimmel - electric bass Luke Quaranta - percussion Terrence Houston - drum set As of 2013, the band is donating between fifty cents and one dollar on every ticket sold for their concerts to Instruments 4 Africa, a 501 organization.

These donations will go to build a music school in the Bamako, Mali area. The school will be headed by Lamine Soumano. Toubab Krewe's Official Website Toubab Krewe on MySpace Live Toubab Krewe Performances at Toubab Krewe Interview Toubab Krewe at the Festival of the Desert in Mali Toubab Krewe Interview March 2009 Toubab Krewe: Somewhere Between Worlds By Tim Newby, from

Rodney Street, Liverpool

Rodney Street in Liverpool, England is noted for the number of doctors who practise there and its Georgian architecture. It is sometimes referred to as the "Harley Street of the North". Together with Hope Street and Gambier Terrace it forms the Rodney Street conservation area. There are over 60 Grade II listed buildings on one Grade II * former church. Rodney Street was laid out in 1783 -- 1784 by others, it was named after George Brydges Rodney, 1st Baron Rodney, who, in 1782, secured a naval victory over the Comte de Grasse at the Battle of the Saintes. It was developed piecemeal up to the 1820s with houses for the affluent, escaping the old town centre. A few houses have five bays, with central doors, they were erected in pairs or short runs by different developers which led to an inconsistent roof line. Sometimes referred to in local media as the "Harley Street of the North", some buildings on Rodney Street are now used by doctors conducting private clinics, notably for cosmetic surgery. No. 9 was the birthplace of Arthur Clough, a poet born in 1819.

No. 62 was the birthplace in 1809 of William Ewart Gladstone, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom on four separate occasions through the 1860s to the 1890s, the home of his father John. No. 59 Rodney Street was home and studio to Edward Chambré Hardman, is now owned by the National Trust and is open to the public. On the north side of Rodney Street stands the disused Scottish Presbyterian Church of Saint Andrew, built in 1823–1824; the body of the church is of a simple two-storey design with round arched windows and stuccoed walls designed by Daniel Stewart. The façade of blackened ashlar, designed by John Foster Jr. is an imposing composition of Ionic entrance columns, flanked by corner towers, topped with Corinthian columns and domes. In 2012, the former church was renovated and redeveloped to provide en suite student accommodation for 100 students. Henry Booth merchant and engineer Arthur Hugh Clough and Anne Clough were born in the street William Henry Duncan, appointed as Liverpool's first Medical Officer of Health in 1847 William Ewart Gladstone was born at number 62 E. Chambré Hardman, studio at no 59 Nicholas Monsarrat, was born on the street.

William Roscoe and historian James Maury, the first United States consul from 1790 to 1829, lived at 4 Rodney Street Brian Epstein, manager of The Beatles, was born at no 4 Rodney Street in 1934 Tom Slemen, author of the popular Haunted Liverpool books, lived at 19 Rodney Street Architecture of Liverpool Grade II listed buildings in Liverpool-L1 Grade II* listed buildings in Liverpool – City Centre Notes Citations Rideout, Edna. "Rodney Street, Liverpool". Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire; the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire. 83: 61–95. Rodney Street conservation area 88 Rodney Street Website

Brighter Day (song)

"Brighter Day" is a song by Japanese recording artist Namie Amuro. Released as a single on November 12, 2014 by Amuro's label Dimension Point through Avex Trax, the release contained the B-sides "Sweet Kisses", "Still Lovin' You", it received mixed reviews from music critics. Charted as a single on the Japanese Oricon Singles Chart, it reached number eight, becoming her lowest chart single since "Alarm" which peaked at eleven; the title track was certified platinum by Recording Industry Association of Japan for digital sales of 250,000 and all three tracks charted on the Japan Hot 100. Following the trend of "Tsuki", "Brighter Day" and its three tracks were released through commercial deals and television appearances. Japanese beauty company Kosee premiered both "Still Lovin' You" and "Sweet Kisses" through a commercial. "Brighter Day" was used as the theme song for the Fuji TV film First Class. The title track was described to "open with an impressive string instrument arrangement and transitions into a vocal performance by Namie on top of a strong beat."

The lyrical content talks about helping loved ones in bad situations."Brighter Day" premiered on Japanese radio station J-Wave on October 15, 2013, followed by "Still Lovin' You" on October 16 and October 20. Although released on November 5 through Chaku-Uta, Amuro confirmed the release of "Brighter Day" on her website and was subsequently released physically in both CD and DVD formats in Japan and digitally worldwide on November 12, 2014; the DVD version came with a limited edition poster of the cover artwork and featured the videos of "Brighter Day" and "Sweet Kisses". The CD features all three tracks, along with their instrumental versions. "Brighter Day" peaked at number eight. Present for thirteen weeks in the chart, "Brighter Day" became Amuro's lowest charting single since her 2004 single "Alarm" which peaked at eleven; the single sold over 53,000 units in Japan. The title track was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of Japan for exceeding 250,000 digital sales. "Brighter Day", "Sweet Kisses" and "Still Lovin' You" charted individually on the Japan Hot 100 at three, fifty-six and forty-nine respectively.

The teaser music video to "Brighter Day" premiered on Amuro's YouTube channel on November 4, 2014, showing her in a white room in front of a car and making finger gestures. The teaser music video to "Sweet Kisses" premiered on November 11, showing Amuro in a circus-like stage with back up dancers. All three tracks were included in her Namie Amuro Live Style 2014 Tour. CD single/Digital EP"Brighter Day" – 3:51 "Sweet Kisses" – 2:45 "Still Lovin' You" – 4:09 "Brighter Day" – 3:51 "Sweet Kisses" – 2:45 "Still Lovin' You" – 4:09

Rebecca Vigil-Giron

Rebecca Vigil-Giron is an American politician, who served as a Democratic Secretary of State in New Mexico from 1987 to 1990, from 1999 to 2006. She is the longest serving Secretary of State in New Mexico history. Rebecca Vigil was born and raised in Taos, New Mexico, Vigil-Giron is an 11th generation New Mexican, she earned a bachelor's degree in French and Social Science from New Mexico Highlands University and is a graduate of the Senior Executives in State and Local Government Program at Harvard University. Vigil-Giron was first elected New Mexico Secretary of State in 1986 at age 31, becoming the highest ranking Hispanic woman statewide elected official in the country. Vigil-Giron ran unsuccessfully against Republican Congressman Steve Schiff for a seat in the United States House of Representatives in 1990, she was re-elected New Mexico Secretary of State in 1998 and served through 2006 when she was term-limited. In 2004, Vigil-Giron became the first Hispanic President in the 100-year history of the National Association of Secretaries of State.

She has served as a member of the United States Election Assistance Commission's Standards Board and Board of Advisors. Vigil-Giron once said she became interested in politics after running a successful campaign for homecoming queen at New Mexico Highlands University in 1975. In a 1998 interview she claims to have run a full-fledged campaign for the spot going, "door to dormitory door," with the help of the campus Young Democrats who sponsored her effort. After being elected in 1986, she was successful in changing some of New Mexico's restrictive voter registration requirements. New Mexico had the second-most restrictive voter registration requirements in the United States at that time. Voters were required to register 46 days prior to election day to be eligible to vote. Vigil-Giron campaigned for the law to be amended to a 14-day minimum registration period, but was forced to compromise with New Mexico legislators and the registration requirement was changed to 28 days prior to election day, the current law.

Vigil-Giron left office in 1990, limited to one term by New Mexico law. New Mexico would change that law allowing her to serve two additional terms. Vigil-Giron ran unsuccessfully for Congress against Republican Steve Schiff in 1990, worked as a consultant for the International Foundation for Electoral Systems in Nicaragua, Equatorial Guinea, the Dominican Republic, she served as a Member State Delegate with the United Nations in Angola, Africa's presidential elections, as Executive Director of the New Mexico Commission on the Status of Women. Vigil-Giron made New Mexico history in 2003, by becoming the first Secretary of State in New Mexico elected to three terms, she was elected President of the National Association of Secretaries of State from 2004–2005, the first Latino to serve in that capacity. She served on the Standards Board of the US Election Assistance Commission until 2006. Vigil-Giron aided Governor Bill Richardson in the passage of a paper-ballot requirement in New Mexico in 2006.

Vigil-Giron implemented paper ballots statewide in New Mexico for the 2006 General Election. She was criticised by Republicans in the New Mexico State Legislature for mismanagement of funds for that election; as a result, a full audit of her old office was ordered by NM Governor Bill Richardson. Richardson withdrew his appointment of her as director of the NM Film Museum until she had been cleared of all wrongdoing. In response Vigil Giron was quoted as saying "It's OK to validate or exonerate the fact that I did everything I was supposed to do.... I did not do anything I was not supposed to do." She ran for the United States House of Representatives in the 2008 elections, losing in the Democratic primary to Martin Heinrich. He won the Democratic primary on June 2008 with 44 % of the vote. Vigil-Giron ranked second with Michelle Lujan Grisham ranked third with 24 % of the vote. Vigil-Giron and three others — consultant Armando Gutierrez and husband-and-wife lobbyists Joseph and Elizabeth "Daisy" Kupfer — were indicted by a state grand jury in August 2009 on charges related to the alleged embezzlement of federal money meant for voter education.

There have been numerous disputes about the political motivations behind these indictments. New Mexico Attorney General Gary King has come under serious scrutiny by the local media for lack of evidence connecting Vigil-Giron to wrongdoing. On March 16, 2011, New Mexico District Judge Albert S. "Pat" Murdoch barred Attorney General Gary King from prosecuting Vigil-Giron's case, citing "perceptions of a conflict of interest". In November, 2012, New Mexico District Judge Reed Sheppard dropped the charges against Vigil-Giron, ruling that the 39-month delay in bringing the charges to trial weighed against the prosecution; the special prosecutor appealed Judge Sheppard's ruling to the New Mexico Court of Appeals. The appeals court ruled unanimously in favor of Vigil-Giron; the Special Procecutor appealed the decision to the New Mexico Supreme Court and they issued the following Order: This matter coming on for consideration by the Court upon petition for writ of certiorari, the Court having considered said petition, being sufficiently advised, Chief Justice Barbara J. Vigil, Justice Petra Jimenez Maez, Justice Richard C.

Bosson, Justice Edward L. Chavez, Justice Charles W. Daniels concurring. IT IS SO ORDERED. Witnessed and signed by The Honorable Barbara J. Vigil, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court to the State of New Mexico on the 17th of June, 2014. New Mexico Secretaries of State 1912-Present, 2005-2006 New Mexico

Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia

Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia Fraternity of America is an American collegiate social fraternity for men with a special interest in music. The fraternity is open to men "who, through a love for music, can assist in the fulfillment of Object and ideals either by adopting music as a profession, or by working to advance the cause of music in America." Phi Mu Alpha has initiated more than 260,000 members, known as Sinfonians, the fraternity has over 7,000 active collegiate members in 249 collegiate chapters throughout the United States. Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia was founded as the Sinfonia Club at the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston, Massachusetts on October 6, 1898, by Ossian Everett Mills, bursar of the conservatory. Two years on October 6, 1900, a delegation of members from the Sinfonia Club visited the Broad Street Conservatory of Music in Philadelphia, a group of students there petitioned to form a chapter of the club, thus establishing the organization as a national fraternity. By 1901, two additional chapters had been formed and the 1st National Convention was held in Boston to establish a national constitution.

Phi Mu Alpha operates independently from any of the major governing councils for collegiate fraternities in the United States such as the North-American Interfraternity Conference, though it is a member of other interfraternal organizations such as the Association of Fraternity Advisors, the Fraternity Communications Association, the National Interfraternity Music Council. Since 1970, Phi Mu Alpha headquarters are located at Lyrecrest, an estate on the northern outskirts of Evansville, Indiana. Membership in Phi Mu Alpha is divided into four classes: probationary, collegiate and honorary. Probationary members are those who are participating in an educational program of between four and 12 weeks in length in preparation for initiation as full, active collegiate members. Collegiate members transfer to alumni membership. Honorary membership can be bestowed under guidelines established by the National Constitution; the fraternity has local and national levels of governance. The most fundamental local unit is the collegiate chapter chartered at a university.

Phi Mu Alpha charters local alumni associations, which are issued to groups of alumni members in a particular geographic area. Chapters and alumni associations are grouped into provinces. A National Executive Committee, elected by a National Assembly at each triennial National Convention, governs the national organization. Phi Mu Alpha has several identifying symbols, including a membership badge. Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia was founded as the Sinfonia Club by Ossian Everett Mills at the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston, Massachusetts. Ossian Everett Mills, bursar of the conservatory, had been holding devotional meetings with a small group of male students since 1886. Mills was profoundly interested in the physical, mental and spiritual development of the conservatory's students. Mills sought to encourage the personal development of the young men at the conservatory through wholesome social interaction among them; this led Mills to suggested that the "Old Boys" of the conservatory invite the "New Boys" to a "get acquainted" reception on September 22, 1898.

Several of the men who attended the reception began to discuss the possibility of organizing a more permanent social club, a meeting was planned for October 6, 1898, for that purpose. The origin of the name "Sinfonia" is attributed to George W. Chadwick, the director of the New England Conservatory at the time the Sinfonia Club was founded. Chadwick was elected as the second honorary member of the club after Ossian Mills, he suggested the name "Sinfonia" after the name of a student organization he was a member of in Leipzig, Germany. Prior to 1947, the legal corporate name of the fraternity was Sinfonia Fraternity of America, though the Greek letters Phi, Mu, Alpha had been associated with the fraternity since at least 1904; the delegates to the 29th National Convention in 1946 approved changing the corporate name to Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia Fraternity of America, which it remains today. The Sinfonia Club became a national fraternity in 1900 with the admission of a group of men at the Broad Street Conservatory of Music in Philadelphia, under the direction of Gilbert Raynolds Combs.

The traditional date given in fraternity resources for the founding of Beta Chapter at Broad Street Conservatory is October 6, 1900. However, while the petitioning letter submitted by the men from Philadelphia is dated October 6, a notation made by Ralph Howard Pendleton, secretary of Alpha Chapter at the New England Conservatory, at the bottom of the letter indicates that the petition was not approved until October 8. Phi Mu Alpha continued to grow and to maintain an emphasis on the development of high character among male musicians through the next two decades. Percy Jewett Burrell, sixth Supreme President, was influential during the fraternity's early years, both because of his long tenure in office and because of his extensive writing. Burrell wrote many articles calling for members to develop within themselves the noble virtues espoused by the fraternity's exoteric and esoteric teachings; as the fraternity continued to grow in both the number of members and chapters, so did its emphasis on the advancement of music.

In 1927, the original Object statement was altered so that "to advance the cause of music in America" was put in a place of prominence. After the American victory in World War II, the young men who returned from battle to re-enter the nation's