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Joy Division

Joy Division were an English rock band formed in Salford in 1976. The group consisted of vocalist Ian Curtis, guitarist/keyboardist Bernard Sumner, bassist Peter Hook and drummer Stephen Morris. Sumner and Hook formed the band after attending a Sex Pistols concert. While Joy Division's first recordings were influenced by early punk, they soon developed a sound and style that made them one of the pioneers of the post-punk movement, their self-released 1978 debut EP An Ideal for Living drew the attention of the Manchester television personality Tony Wilson, who signed them to his independent label Factory Records. Their debut album Unknown Pleasures, recorded with producer Martin Hannett, was released in 1979. Curtis suffered from personal problems including a failing marriage and epilepsy; as the band's popularity grew, Curtis's condition made it difficult for him to perform. He killed himself on the eve of the band's first US/Canada tour in May 1980, aged 23. Joy Division's second and final album, was released two months later.

The remaining members regrouped under the name New Order. They were successful throughout the next decade, blending post-punk with electronic and dance music influences. On 20 July 1976, childhood friends Bernard Sumner and Peter Hook separately attended a Sex Pistols show at the Manchester Lesser Free Trade Hall. Both were inspired by the Pistols' performance. Sumner said that he felt the Pistols "destroyed the myth of being a pop star, of a musician being some kind of god that you had to worship"; the following day Hook borrowed £35 from his mother to buy a bass guitar. They formed a band with Terry Mason, who had attended the gig. After their schoolfriend Martin Gresty declined an invitation to join as vocalist after getting a job at a factory, the band placed an advertisement for a vocalist in the Manchester Virgin Records shop. Ian Curtis, who knew them from earlier gigs and was hired without audition. Sumner said that he "knew he was all right to get on with and that's what we based the whole group on.

If we liked someone, they were in."Buzzcocks manager Richard Boon and frontman Pete Shelley have both been credited with suggesting the band name "Stiff Kittens", but the band settled on "Warsaw" shortly before their first gig, a reference to David Bowie's song "Warszawa". Warsaw debuted on 29 May 1977 at the Electric Circus, supporting the Buzzcocks and John Cooper Clarke. Tony Tabac played drums that night after joining the band two days earlier. Reviews in the NME by Paul Morley and in Sounds by Ian Wood brought them immediate national exposure. Mason became the band's manager and Tabac was replaced on drums in June 1977 by Steve Brotherdale, who played in the punk band Panik. Brotherdale tried to get Curtis to leave the band and join Panik, had Curtis audition. In July 1977, Warsaw recorded five demo tracks at Oldham. Uneasy with Brotherdale's aggressive personality, the band fired him soon after the sessions: driving home from the studio, they pulled over and asked Brotherdale to check on a flat tyre.

In August 1977, Warsaw placed an advertisement in a music shop window seeking a replacement drummer. Stephen Morris, who had attended the same school as Curtis, was the sole respondent. Deborah Curtis, Ian's wife, stated that Morris "fitted perfectly" with the band, that with his addition Warsaw became a "complete'family'". To avoid confusion with the London punk band Warsaw Pakt, the band renamed themselves Joy Division in early 1978, borrowing the name from the sexual slavery wing of a Nazi concentration camp mentioned in the 1955 novel House of Dolls. In December, the group recorded their debut EP, An Ideal for Living, at Pennine Sound Studio and played their final gig as Warsaw on New Year's Eve at the Swinging Apple in Liverpool. Billed as Warsaw to ensure an audience, the band played their first gig as Joy Division on 25 January 1978 at Pip's Disco in Manchester. Joy Division were approached by RCA Records to record a cover of Nolan "N. F." Porter's "Keep on Keepin' On" at a Manchester recording studio.

The band April 1978 writing and rehearsing material. During the Stiff/Chiswick Challenge concert at Manchester's Rafters club on 14 April, they caught the attention of music producer Tony Wilson and manager Rob Gretton. Curtis berated Wilson for not putting the group on his Granada Television show So It Goes. Gretton, the venue's resident DJ, was so impressed by the band's performance that he convinced them to take him on as their manager. Gretton, whose "dogged determination" was credited for much of the band's public success, contributed the business skills to provide Joy Division with a better foundation for creativity. Joy Division spent the first week of May 1978 recording at Manchester's Arrow Studios; the band were unhappy with the Grapevine Records head John Anderson's insistence on adding synthesiser into the mix to soften the sound, asked to be dropped from the contract with RCA. Joy Division made their recorded debut in June 1978 when the band self-released An Ideal for Living, two weeks their track "At a Later Date" was featured on the compilation album Short Circuit: Live at the Electric Circus.

In the Melody Maker review, Chris Brazier said that it "has the familiar rough-hewn nature of home-produced records, but they're no mere drone-vendors—there are a lot of good ideas here, they could be a interesting band by now, seven months on". T

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Nevada

As of year-end 2017, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints reported 183,38 members in 42 stakes, 339 Congregations, three missions, two temples in Nevada. Stakes are located in Carson City, Ely, Henderson, Las Vegas, Mesquite, North Las Vegas, Reno and Winnemucca. A brief history can be found at MormonNewsroom.org. On July 1, 1975, the Nevada Las Vegas Mission was organized from the Arizona Tempe, California Sacramento missions. Due to growth of missionary work in the area, the Nevada Las Vegas Mission split creating the Nevada Las Vegas West Mission. On July 1, 2012, the Las Vegas and Las Vegas West Missions were realigned, the Nevada Reno Mission was created. Nevada has 2 temples in operation. Latter-day Saints had a significant role in establishing and settling communities within the "Mormon Corridor", including the following in Nevada: Harry Reid - U. S. Senate Majority Leader Dean Heller- Junior senator from Nevada Cresent Hardy - U. S. Representative from Nevada, 4th district Lloyd D. George - U.

S. District Court Judge, Federal Courthouse Namesake Jim Gibbons - Governor of Nevada John Jay Lee - Mayor of North Las Vegas Andy Hafen - Mayor of Henderson Mark Hutchison - Lieutenant Governor of Nevada Gladys Knight - Rock N Roll Hall of Fame Inductee, Grammy Award Winner Dan Reynolds - Songwriters Hall of Fame Inductee, Grammy Award Winner Brandon Flowers - 5x UK Albums Chart Topper, Grammy Award Nominee Mormon Station State Historic Park Old Las Vegas Mormon Fort State Historic Park State of Deseret LDS Newsroom Facts and Statistics The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints - Official Site The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints - Visitors Site

Tycoon (TV series)

Tycoon is a British reality television show, based on the existing Peter Jones/Simon Cowell production American Inventor, which began on 19 June 2007 at 9.00pm. It was fronted by Peter Jones, who searched for entrepreneurs with ideas that he helped turn into profit-making companies; the winner is chosen by the public. The entrepreneurs compete for support from the other companies' profits; the series included a viewers' competition in which 25% of the winning company's shares were divided between 2,000 viewers. After two weeks Tycoon was pulled from its slot at 9pm on Tuesday night due to disappointing ratings. After missing a week, the series returned on Monday 9 July at 10pm, cut from one hour to 30 minutes and reduced from six episodes to five; the final of Tycoon took place on Monday 23 July with Kate Thornton as host. Iain Morgan was announced the winner of the series. Ages are as of 2007. Iain Morgan, from Portsmouth WINNER: Importing and selling new radio controlled toy helicopters under the business name Bladez Toyz.

Morgan was the first of the contestants to bid for additional investment from Jones, having impressed him with his pre-orders for the toys which are manufactured in China. Cathy Caudwell-Todd and Helen James, from Yorkshire SECOND PLACE: A gardening products company called Girlie Gardeners and aimed at women. However, inspired by Jones, they changed their name to "Sod" and began to sell sweatshirts branded with the Sod logo, they were the early front-runners in the competition, turning a profit within the first two weeks. Justin Chieffo, from Worcester THIRD PLACE: An environmentally friendly portable carrier bag dispenser, he was hampered by a lack of confidence in pitching his product. Lauren Pope, from Torquay FOURTH PLACE: "Hair Rehab" 100% Human Hair Extension. Lauren's hair extensions would clip in and out, she made a strong start, developing a prototype which impressed Jones, but failed to secure funding for a trip to China to source suitable hair for use in the product. Elizabeth Hackford, from London CLOSED DOWN WEEK 3: A natural alcoholic fruit drink for women called Take2.

The drink would be made with natural fruit juices and vodka and have an alcoholic content of 4%. Coming into a competitive market, the product's branding was seen as important, but Hackford found it difficult to come up with a name which met with Peter Jones' approval. Tom Thurlow, from Cheltenham CLOSED DOWN WEEK 2: A free newspaper for teenagers called Snap News. Although Jones liked the idea and the title of Tom's paper, he lost confidence in Tom's focus and business ability after he hired an ex-editor of OK! magazine to design his paper. Jones felt it shut down Tom's business in the second show. Critical response to the series was negative. Radio Times, despite running a three-page feature on the show and making it one of "Today's Choices" for 19 June, described it as "a wasted opportunity". Helen Rumbelow in The Times dismissed it as "a shameless rip-off of The Apprentice", while Paul Whitelaw in The Scotsman declared it "ITV's shameless rip-off of both The Apprentice and Dragons' Den". Thomas Sutcliffe in The Independent was more positive, suggesting that "it might take", though berating Peter Jones for trying too hard to emulate Sir Alan Sugar.

Ally Ross in The Sun dubbed the show "The Crapprentice", noting that "where The Apprentice filled its hour with brilliant tasks and epic firing scenes, Tycoon has, nothing really". Episode 1: The show's overnight ratings for the first episode were an average of 2 million with a peak of 2.3 million, a 9% share and the lowest audience of the five major TV channels in its timeslot. Episode 2: The second episode of Tycoon attracted just 1.9m at 9pm, only managing to outperform BBC Two by the smallest of margins. Episode 3: Now shortened to half an hour at a new time of 10pm on a Monday night, the show pulled in 1.5 million viewers. Episode 4: 1.4 million people tuned in to the fourth instalment of the programme, on Monday 16 July at 10pm. Episode 5: The live final of Tycoon was watched by 1.3 million people on Monday 23 July. Tycoon at itv.com Sod Gardening - Cathy Caudwell-Todd and Helen James' company Bladez Toyz - Iain Morgan's radio-controlled toy company Be-Eco Bag - Justin Chieffo product Hair Rehab London - Lauren Pope's company Tom Thurlow's official website Take2 - Elizabeth Hackford's company