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Ibizan Hound

The Ibizan Hound is a lean, agile dog of the hound family. There are two hair types of the breed: wire; the more seen type is the smooth. Some consider there to be a third type, but the longhair is most a variation of the wire; the Ibizan Hound is an elegant and agile breed, with an athletic and attractive outline and a ground-covering springy trot. Though graceful in appearance, it is a rugged/hardy breed, its large upright ears - a hallmark of the breed - are broad at the base and frame a long and elegant headpiece. The neck is lean, it has a unique front assembly with well laid-back shoulders and straight upper arm. Coming in both smooth and wire-coated varieties, their coat is a combination of red and white with the nose, eye rims, pads of feet being a light tan color, its eyes have an alert and intelligent expression. The Ibizan may range in height, depending on which Standard you follow, from 22 to 29 inches and weigh from 45 to 65 pounds, males being larger than females. Ibizan Hounds are intelligent and engaging by nature.

They rank 53rd in Stanley Coren's The Intelligence of Dogs, being of average working/obedience intelligence, but many Ibizan owners will enjoy recounting a multitude of examples of their problem-solving abilities. They are true "clowns" of the dog world, delighting in entertaining their people with their antics. Though somewhat independent and stubborn at times, they do take well to training if positive methods are used, but will balk at punitive training methods, they are quiet, but will alarm bark if necessary, so they make good watch dogs. They are sensitive hounds, good around children and other dogs alike, they make good house dogs, but are active and athletic, therefore need a lot of daily exercise. They do not make good kennel dogs. Ibizan hounds are sweet, but they are stubborn and independent. Ibizan Hounds are "escapologists": they are able to jump incredible heights from a standstill, so they need tall fences, they have been known to climb, many can escape from crates, open baby gates and locks.

They have a strong prey drive, therefore they cannot be trusted off leash unless in a safely enclosed area. Once off the leash, they might not come back for a long time. A hound that knows where its home is and the surrounding area will return unscathed; the Ibizan Hound is typical of the Hound Group in that it suffers from hereditary illness. Minor health concerns for the breed include allergies. Ibizan Hound owners should have their dogs' eyes tested by a veterinarian before breeding. CERF and BAER testing is recommended for the breed. Ibizan Hounds are sensitive to barbiturate anesthesia, live between 12 and 14 years; this breed originates in the island of Eivissa and has been traditionally used in the Catalan-speaking areas of Spain, France where it was known under the name of le charnigue, to hunt rabbits and other small game. The Ibizan Hound is a fast dog that can hunt on all types of terrain, working by scent and sight. Hunters run these dogs in female packs, with a male or two, as the female is considered the better hunter.

Traditionally a farmer may have one dog and a well off farmer two dogs to catch rabbits for food. However, in the last twenty years it is seen as a sport where between five and fifteen dogs can be seen in the chase of one rabbit; the Ibizan Hound authority Miquel Rosselló has provided a detailed description of a working trial which characterises their typical hunting technique and action, strikingly illustrated with action photos by Charles Camberoque which demonstrate hunt behaviour and typical hunt terrain. While local hunters will at times use one dog or a brace, packs of six to eight or as many as fifteen, the working trial requires an evaluation of one or two braces. A brace is called a colla; the couples should be tested on at least two to five rabbits, without the use of any other hunting aid. An inspection and evaluation of the exterior, fitness and obedience of the dogs is recommended prior to the hunt; the trial is qualified as having 5 parts. The dogs should show: careful tracking and scenting of the rabbit, without being distracted in the least, 0-30 points.

Individual dogs are expected to show a great degree of obedience and co-operation. They should be agile, have good speed and a powerful vertical jump from a stationary position in rough and heavily covered ground, they should have excellent scent-tracking abilities, give tongue at the right time when approaching the game and otherwise be silent so that they can locate the game by sound. The Ibizan Hound is similar in function and type to several breeds, such as the Pharaoh Hound, the Cirneco dell'Etna, the Portuguese Podengo, the Podenco Canario; the Ibizan Hound is the largest of these breeds, classified by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale as primitive types. It is believed the Ibizan Hound evolves from the ancient Egyptian hunting dog. Representations of this dog on the walls of ancient tombs show a striking similarity to the modern Ibizan Hound; these dogs would have

Small-scale project management

Small-scale project management is the specific type of project management of small-scale projects. These projects are characterised by factors such as short duration, they are otherwise unique, time delineated and require the delivery of a final output in the same way as large-scale projects. Small-scale projects are by far the most common form of project enacted by institutions and large-scale organisations who may use small projects in order to accomplish a range of small-order tasks. For SME’s and micro-businesses in the creative industries, the running of small projects may be an essential component of their core business. Individuals and groups use small-scale projects as a means to delivering a range of outcomes from organising a village fete to building a garden shed; the balance between ‘process’ over ‘output’ is a key factor for consideration when looking at the effectiveness of applying project management methodologies to smaller projects. Other factors associated with large-scale project management, for example time and quality, still apply and broadly there are two approaches that can be taken: The adoption of a scaled-down version of PRINCE2 offers a flexible and reflexive approach to small-scale project management and limits the management burden while still enhancing the process.

This methodology enables the project manager to use ‘lean project planning’ as a conceptual tool that can be configured to meet the requirements of small-scale projects in a variety of environments. AGILE is a risk driven approach that relies on an iterative cycle of evaluation, it limits the'management overhead' to that, useful for the project. The process allows for creative excursions and aims to deliver value outputs over shorter time-scales; the high level of flexibility in this approach is well suited to creative and experimental project environments. The'management overhead' describes the ratio between the effort required to document or manage a process and the eventual outcome of a project. With large-scale project methodologies the quality management is an important part of a project's process and aims to provide for continual improvement and a project output that meets the requirements of the end user. On small-scale projects it is not always possible to use standard quality management approaches due to limitations of time and resources.

There is still however a need to be creative and innovative while maintaining quality standards that in the creative industries, maybe difficult to define or evaluate, may defy simple categorisation. It is important to recognise that quality is an innate characteristic that we instinctively recognise. We know quality when we find ` it' hard to say what it is in advance. Insight and creativity are indicators of quality that on a small-scale project are better evaluated on an instinctive level i.e. "is it good enough". Any lightweight, lean or small-scale project management methodology must scale back process management and documentation to an optimum level. A level which does not overburden the project with unnecessary administration and does not commit scarce resources to a quality management approach that constricts the ability to be creative and innovate. A simple evaluation based on an elaboration of the question "is it good enough" may well suffice for the purpose of many small-scale projects.

"Innovation equals creativity plus implementation", where Creativity is a balance of "imagination and analysis", implementation is a process of idea selection and commercialisation. This suggests there is a requirement for a two phase solution for the implementation of small-scale projects; the first phase being one of problem definition and critical thinking. The breaking down of the process of innovation into two fundamental stages offers the possibility for thinking about small-scale projects as a two-stage process; that of innovation and innovation implementation. The use of flexibile conceptual framework with integrated elements of the PRINCE2 methodology allows for the planning of small-scale projects to be structured a ‘Work Breakdown Schedule’ using the general headings: What is to be produced When is it to be produced By whom will it be produced How is quality to be specified and measured A statement on technical resources Stage Descriptions – following natural breakpoints, critical components, checkpoints, reviews etc.

Creative and planning phase – leading to PID Action or implementation phase – subdivided as appropriateThis approach provides an effective and flexible framework for documenting a small-scale project using a PID which includes a Project Plan at its heart. This model offers a lightweight approach to documenting the project, eminently scalable and does not add an unnecessary management burden to a small-scale project process; the framework offers a set of tools that will enhance quality and mirrors the two phases associated with innovation and innovation implementation. It therefore seems ideal for managing small-scale projects in the creative industries and can be adapted to suit industry specific work-flows and terminology. A simple risk assessment tool should be integral to the planning process and team members can be encouraged to use the risk assessment as a tool of critical enquiry that will help them identify risk factors and opportunities as part of a continual, iterative cycle offering a small project an easy and effec

Chilean Mexicans

There is a small Chilean diaspora in Mexico. According to the 2010 census, there were 5,267 registered Chilean citizens living in Mexico, an increase from the 3,848 registered in the 2000 census. Chilean immigrants constitute the fifth largest community of South Americans in Mexico and the fifteenth largest immigrant community overall; the first South Americans who came to an independent Mexico came from Chile and Peru, who passed through the ports of Acapulco and Puerto Ángel for supplies during the height of the gold rush in California in the mid-nineteenth century. Some Chilean and Peruvian migrants stayed and threw culturares roots among the coastal populations of the Mexican south Pacific. In the summer of 1849, hundreds of Chileans were deceived by American filibusters to have alliances to invade the port of Guaymas, in an attempt to found the Republic of Sonora; the Chileans were taken to the camps, but the Mexican army attacked Chilean vessels and killed many immigrants accused of supporting separatists.

After the coup that overthrew Salvador Allende in 1973, many Chileans fled the political persecution of the dictatorship of Pinochet, seeking political asylum in Mexico, accompanied by Uruguayans and Peruvians fleeing persecution carried out by their respective governments. The higher educational level of Mexico provided a platform to protect their stay in the country. Many Chileans who sought political asylum, have settled permanently in the country, they have found the same life expectancy at best to proceed with businesses and jobs that have allowed them to maintain a standard of living much better than other Hispanic American immigrants. Both countries share the Spanish language; the warmth of the people of the country has allowed them to live peacefully and in total harmony, some marrying and having families of success. There are others who are charmed with everything about Mexico and decided to settle in definitively. Without a doubt this is a unique example of coexistence between local.

Undoubtedly, one of the cultural contributions of Chile on Mexican soil is the Chilean folk and innovative tradition of the South American sailor expressed and taught in many Guerrero and Oaxaca spaces influenced by this community who arrived during and after independence from Spain. Both countries celebrate their respective anniversaries of independence during the same month, being an important link between the two nations. Although both countries have different mining industries, they have developed to a level that allows it to be profitable and competitive in foreign markets. Today, the Chilean community in Mexico is one of the largest communities of foreigners in Mexico; the presence of Chileans stands in large urban centers as sportsmen, researchers, students and artists. It may be mentioned that in the technology and transport field, both countries share in their capital a metro system in common, installed by a French consortium as the Santiago Metro and Mexico City Metro have a system trains with rubber tires, both of Alstom technology.

In the 80s, when an attack took place in Santiago, the FPMR Concarril I built for Chile a NS88 train of five cars to replace the wrecked train. Both state-owned transport companies share knowledge and strategies to optimize their respective systems. CAF, winner of a bid in Santiago, designed the NS2007 Train with similarities to the NM02 Mexicano. Source: Estadísticas históricas de México 2009 and Censo de Población y Vivienda 2010 Arap Bethke, actor Tito Davison, director Barak Fever, sports journalist Luis Gatica, actor Rodrigo Millar, footballer Natalia Lafourcade, singer Cinna Lomnitz, geophysicist Gustavo Moscoso, footballer Andrés Palacios, actor Carlos Poblete, footballer Carlos Reinoso, footballer Rodrigo Ruiz, footballer Karla Souza, actress Sussan Taunton, actress Beatriz Gutiérrez Müller, incoming First Lady of Mexico Chile–Mexico relations Mexican immigration to Chile Immigration to Mexico