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If Day

If Day was a simulated Nazi German invasion and occupation of the Canadian city of Winnipeg and surrounding areas on 19 February 1942, during the Second World War. It was organized by the Greater Winnipeg Victory Loan organization, led by prominent Winnipeg businessman J. D. Perrin; the event was the largest military exercise in Winnipeg to that point. If Day included a staged firefight between Canadian troops and volunteers dressed as German soldiers, the internment of prominent politicians, the imposition of Nazi rule, a parade; the event was a fundraiser for the war effort: over $3 million was collected in Winnipeg on that day. Organizers believed, it was the subject of a 2006 documentary, was included in Guy Maddin's film My Winnipeg. If Day was an elaborate campaign to promote the purchase of Victory Bonds; these bonds, which were loans to the government to allow for increased war spending, were sold to individuals and corporations throughout Canada. If Day was the second Victory Loan campaign of the Second World War.

The campaign began on 16 February 1942, continued until 9 March. Manitoba's fundraising target was $45 million, including $24.5 million from Winnipeg. The Greater Winnipeg Victory Loan committee, a regional branch of the National War Finance Committee, organized If Day under chairman John Draper Perrin; the organizers believed that bringing the war to people's homes would result in a change of attitude among those not directly affected by the war. The committee drew up a map of Manitoba, divided into 45 sections, each representing $1 million of their fundraising target; as money came in from those selling Victory Bonds, the sections were "reclaimed" from the Nazi invaders. The map was posted at the city's central intersection; the campaign was publicized in local newspapers for a few days before the event, although the "invasion" took many citizens by surprise. To prevent a rush to emergency shelters, residents of neighbouring northern Minnesota were warned because radio broadcasts dramatizing the event could be received in that area.

Royal Canadian Air Force aircraft painted to look like German fighter planes flew over the city on 18 February 1942. Selkirk, a small town northeast of Winnipeg, held its own fundraising simulation, a one-hour blackout and mock bombing, on 18 February 1942 in preparation for the main If Day event; the simulation included 3,500 Canadian Army members, representing all of Winnipeg's units, making it the largest military exercise in Winnipeg to that point. The defending forces were commanded by D. S. McKay. Troops were drawn from the 18th Armoured Car Regiment, No. 10 District Engineers and Signals, the Royal Winnipeg Rifles, the Winnipeg Grenadiers, the Winnipeg Light Infantry, the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada, Veteran's Guard of Canada, a number of reserve and civilian groups. The'Nazi' troops were volunteers from the Young Men's Board of Trade, using uniforms rented from Hollywood and with painted sabre scars on their faces, they were commanded by Erich von Neurenberg. $3,000 was spent on the event.'Nazi' patrols in the city began before 5:30 am on 19 February.

A radio announcer was detained and his microphone commandeered for radio broadcasts, beginning at 5:45 am.'Nazi' troops assembled on the west side of the city half an hour after the first patrols. Canadian troops were massed at Fort Osborne barracks and the Minto and Macgregor armouries at 6:30 am, at 7:00 am air-raid sirens were sounded and a blackout ordered in preparation for the invasion; the aerial blitzkrieg began before 7 am with mock bombings. Beginning at 7:03 am, troops started their simulated attack on the city, defended by a small group of active and reserve troops assisted by local community groups; the defenders formed a perimeter around the industrial and downtown areas of the city 5 kilometres from City Hall, retreating to a 3-kilometre perimeter at 7:45. The firefight included large-scale troop movements and the simulated destruction of major bridges – coal dust and dynamite were used to create explosions. Nine troop formations held three positions each during the scripted invasion sequence.

The defensive pattern employed was similar to that used during the First World War in Paris to conduct soldiers to the front. Light tanks were stationed at rail junctions as fighting intensified. Thirty anti-aircraft vehicles fired blanks at fighter planes overhead, assisted by anti-aircraft gunners on buildings downtown; the first mock casualty was reported at 8:00 am. Dressing stations were set up at strategic points to treat the mock casualties. At 9:30 am, the defenders surrendered to the'Nazis' and withdrew to the downtown muster point, the city was occupied; the fake Nazis began a widespread harassment campaign. A tank was driven down one of the main streets of the downtown area; some people were taken to an internment camp at Lower Fort Garry.

Age International

Age International is a UK-based charity focusing on older people in developing countries. It works in over 30 middle-income countries, it was founded on 24 April 2012 by HelpAge International. The charity's working name is Age International, but the legal name of the charity is HelpAge International UK; the director of the charity is Chris Roles. Chris Roles holds a blog on the Huffington Post, where he has blogged about a number of topics related to ageing, including: Preventing HIV and Aids in Older People Across the World. Why Does Witchcraft-related Abuse of Older People Still Happen in 2016? Long-Term Health Support More Vital Than Ever on Fifth Anniversary of Syrian Conflict Why Is the World Humanitarian Summit Important for Older People? The charity focuses on four priority areas of work: poverty reduction. Age International’s vision is of a world in which all women and men everywhere can lead dignified, active and secure lives as they grow older and can say: I am given the help and information I want in emergencies I have the income I need, enjoy the best possible health and care My voice is heard by decision makers I am safe and secure, free from all forms of discrimination and abuse.

Age International is a charitable subsidiary of Age UK and is a registered charity linked to Age UK. It is the UK affiliate of the HelpAge Global Network – a network of over 100 ageing organisations in more than 70 countries; as the UK affiliate of HelpAge, Age International raises awareness of HelpAge's work in the UK, raises funds in the UK, carries out influencing and campaigning work in the UK to change global policies and practices. Age International is a member of the Disasters Emergency Committee, it is the only aid organisation within the DEC to target older people in emergencies. According to Age International, 26 million older people are affected by disasters every year. In 2014-15 Age International reached 155,000 older people in 23 countries with emergency response and recovery programmes. Since 2012, Age International has responded to 7 DEC appeals: the Philippines Typhoon. In 2015, Age International published "Facing The Facts: the truth about ageing and development"; this publication is a collection of essays which discuss the impact of an ageing world on international development.

In 2016, Age International and HelpAge International published "Older Citizen Monitoring: Achievements and learning". OCM involves older people monitoring the implementation of policies and services affecting their lives, using evidence they gather to advocate for change at local and international levels; this report offers insight into the HelpAge network's experience of OCM since 2002. A number of celebrities are affiliated with Age International, including Penny Smith, Nick Sharratt, Martina Navratilova, Sir Antony Gormley, Miriam Margolyes and Jane Fearnley-Whittingstall. A number of high-profile politicians and development experts support the work of Age International, including Baroness Barker, Lord Foulkes, Baroness Northover, Baroness Greengross, Dr. Margaret Chan, Mary Robinson, Martin Prince, Peter Lloyd-Sherlock, Nora Groce, Penny Vera-Sanso, Jane Falkingham, Duncan Green, Jonathan Glennie and Craig Mokhiber. In 2016, Age International held a photo competition and exhibition entitled'Strength for Life'.

The organisation asked for both amateur and professional photographers to submit photos that depicted strength in older age. The winning photos were exhibited at St Martin-in-the-Fields in London. Alongside the winning photos, the organisation exhibited a series of photos entitled ‘The Missing Generation of Myanmar’, from awarding-winning Guardian photographer, David Levene; these photos were published in the Guardian with an article about older people caring for their grandchildren when their parents migrate to find work and the work Age International is doing to support them. Official website Age International Annual Review 2014-2015 Age International Annual Review 2015-2016 Age International Annual Report 2014-2015 Age International Annual Report 2015-2016 Age International and Helpage International report on Older Citizen Monitoring Age International, registered charity number 1128267-8 linked to Age UK Disasters Emergency Committee HelpAge International UK Age UK "Urgent health needs in Gaza", The Huffington Post "How your clothes can restore sight in Ethiopia", The Huffington Post "Age International's Managing Director, Chris Roles, blogs on the Huffington Post", The Huffington Post "Poor monitoring renders millions of older people invisible", The Guardian "Nine countries where it is better to grow old than the UK", The Telegraph "Report ranks world government according to how they're cooping with ageing populations", DailyMail "Afghanistan the worst place to grow old- global index", Thomson Reuters Foundation "Why don't we care about older people as much as children?", The Guardian "Urgent need to deal with the rapid rise in numbers of older people", The Guardian "Chris Roles on working towards a convention on the rights of older people", UNA-UK "Ageism is baseless: we need a human rights convention for older people", The Guardian "Obtaining a inclusive framework for future generations", devex

Ian Matthews (drummer)

Ian Matthews is an English musician, best known as the drummer for the rock band Kasabian. Prior to Kasabian, Matthews played with a number of noted local Bristol bands, such as K-Passa, CCQ, Sissi, he met Kasabian in 2001. It was from these early sessions Matthews recorded with them came the single "Processed Beats", he played on "Butcher Blues" and "Club Foot" from Kasabian's self-titled debut album. He overdubbed an extra drum track over the single version of "Cutt Off", recorded the drums to the B-side "Beneficial Herbs", he was asked to tour with them in April 2004 and became a permanent member in April 2005. Matthews started his career as a young club/jazz drummer and when not touring or recording with Kasabian, he plays small jazz/funk gigs in and around Bristol, he has recorded with Bristol artist James Morton's Porkchop on Don't You Worry'Bout That album. He cites Tony Williams and Buddy Rich as his strongest drumming influences. In 2015, Matthews joined with Al Murray, Keith Keough, Stuart Warmington and Al Kitching in founding the British Drum Company.

Matthews has used various drum cymbals over the years. He is using British Drum Co Drums, Zildjian cymbals Remo Drum Heads, Vic Firth Sticks and Natal percussion. Matthews is left-handed, he broke his left hand when touring with Kasabian in Europe in February 2010 and was replaced by his drum technician Laurie Jenkins for a show and the NME Awards performance of "Vlad the Impaler". He got his first drum kit when he was four and by the time he was seven, he played his first gig in a pub and was capable of laying "a pretty good waltz, quickstep and tango". In addition to his work with Kasabian, he has recorded drums on the following: Soundisciples - Audio Manifesto, Ilya - They Died for Beauty, Bruce Parry Presents Amazon Tribe: Songs for Survival - track 9 with Skin at Robot Club feat; the Adi Tribe - "Simmer Down", BBC Earth Unplugged series Earth Files Ep2 "Salmon Strike" and Ep5 "Xmas Special", soundtrack to I Give It a Year and on the soundtrack to Fast and Furious 6. Interview with iDrum magazine, issue 6


Petróleos del Perú S. A. is a Peruvian state-owned petroleum company. Its activities include transport and commercialization of fuel and other oil derivatives, it was created on July 24, 1969, during the presidency of Juan Velasco Alvarado, using properties expropriated by Peru from local oil companies and the International Petroleum Company, a subsidiary of Esso Corporation. Those properties included the world's oldest giant oilfield, La Brea y Pariñas, first discovered in 1869 and acquired by Esso; the original title to the property was granted by Simón Bolívar himself. In 2013, it was informed that Petroperú was interested in buying all of the assets of Repsol in Peru. However, this takeover did not occur. Petroperú is responsible for the oil spill in the Peruvian Amazon in February 2016. List of petroleum companies Petroperu official site

North Carolina Highway 561

North Carolina Highway 561 is a 100-mile-long North Carolina state highway and a rural traffic artery connecting Louisburg and Ahoskie with many small-to-medium-sized towns in the Down East and Coastal Plain regions within minutes from the Virginia state line. NC 561 is a spur of NC 56, although the two highways never intersect; the eastern terminus of NC 561 is at NC 45 in Harrellsville and proceeds west to Ahoskie where it meets with U. S. Route 13 and NC 42 just outside town. All three are concurrent along Memorial Drive upon entering Ahoskie until reaching Academy Street. From there, NC 42 turns left and the other two highways turn right bypassing downtown Ahoskie to the west. NC 561 turns left onto West 1st Street, continuing westward towards Rich Square. There are two junctions along the way before merging with NC 305 near the Hertford/Northampton county line; the two highways run concurrent into Rich Square, passing NC 35 to junction with US 258. As NC 305 continues straight towards Jackson, NC 561 turns left and joins US 258 at it passes through Rich Square heading south towards Scotland Neck.

The two highways pass NC 308 south of Rich Square on its way into Halifax County, where NC 561 turns right and proceeds towards Halifax meeting NC 481 in Tillery. NC 561 turns right onto US 301, NC 903 and NC 125 just south of Halifax and turn left a short ways up and continue west towards Brinkleyville; the highway makes a right at Beaver Dam, just before its junction with Interstate 95. NC 561 meets NC 4 and NC 48 at Brinkleyville, where NC 4 runs concurrent with NC 561 past Medoc Mountain State Park; the highway breaks off heading north to Littleton. NC 43 joins the highway past Hollister for a short distance before NC 561 breaks off and travels to Centerville, crossing NC 58 in town. NC 561 continues southwest into Louisburg where it meets its western terminus at US 401 and NC 39, about 3,000 feet north of NC 56. NC 561 was established in 1925 as a new primary route between NC 56 in Louisburg, NC 58 in Centerville. Around 1928, NC 561 was extended east as new routing to US 17-1/NC 40 near Halifax.

In 1932, another extension east on new routing to US 258/NC 12 near Spring Hill. Between 1959-1963, NC 561 was extended north along US 258 to Rich Square and east along NC 305 until past Mintons Store where it split on new primary routing to Ahoskie. After a short concurrency with both US 13 and NC 45, it traveled east on new primary routing to end at NC 45, near Harrellsville. By 1963, NC 561 discontinued going to Main Street in Louisburg and was truncated at the current western terminus at US 401/NC 39. Media related to North Carolina Highway 561 at Wikimedia Commons N. C. 561

Ibiza International Piano Competition

Ibiza International Piano Competition is a European piano contest founded in 1987 by Jaume Ferrer Marí, President of the Centro Cultural de San Carlos, a charity organization located in Sant Carles de Peralta, Santa Eularia des Riu, Spain. The XXIII Ibiza International Piano Competition will take place in September 2019, it takes place at Centro Cultural de San Carlos and it is preceded by the Ibiza International Music Festival. From 1999, H. R. H. Princess Irene of Greece is the President of Honour. Since 1987, the Ibiza International Piano Competition is one of the most prestigious European contests; the main goals are to push their careers. There are two different categories: Young pianists and Pianists; the competition takes place during a week with only one round. The awards are made public in a ceremony; the winners of each contest are invited to perform a concert in the next Festival and be members of the Jury in the following edition. The competition is sponsored by private donors. Musicians from around the world are invited to be part of the Jury, according to their accomplishments in the field of music and practise music.

Past jurors have included Julian von Károlyi, George Hadjinikos, current President of the Jury, Peter Donohoe, Joaquín Soriano, Aquiles Delle Vigne, Antonio Baciero, Ilan Rogoff, Perfecto García Chornet, Lukas David, Mary Wu, Erling Dahl, Tomislav Nedelkovic-Baynov, Tatiana Franova, Thomas Hecht, María Ángeles Ferrer Forés... XXII Concurso Pianist: Shih-Hsien Yeh. Young Pianist: Miguel Iglesias Lista. XXI Concurso Pianist: Christina Hyun Ah Choi. Young Pianist: Noel Redolar. XX Concurso Pianist: Sasha Grynyuk. Young Pianist: Matias Novak. XIX Competition Pianist: Renata Benvegnù. Young Pianist: Alexander Voronstov. XVIII Competition Pianist: Fan-Chiang Yi. Young Pianist: Francisco Miguel Freire dos Reis. XVII Competition Pianist: Giovanni Doria-Miglietta. Young Pianist: Abigail Sin. XVI Competition Pianist: Alexandre Pirojenko. Young Pianist: Artiom Akopyan. XV Competition Pianist: Daria Tschaikovskaya. Young Pianist: Konstadinos Valianatos. XIV Competition Pianist: Eugeni Ganev. Young Pianist: Diana Brekalo.

XIII Competition Pianist: Sofya Melikyan. Young Pianist: Alisa Mbá Ebelele. XII Competition Pianist: Vadim Gladkov. Young Pianist: No winner. Children Pianist under 14: Gabrielle Delle Vigne. Children Pianist under 10: Beatriz Blanco Barriga. XI Competition Pianist: Liubomir Daskalov. Young Pianist: Alexandra Golubitskaya. Children Pianist under 14: Pavel Chatski. Children Pianist under 10: María Moratinos Martín. X Competition Pianist: Sung Hee Kim-Wüst. Young Pianist: No winner. Children Pianist under 14: No winner. Children Pianist under 10: María José Perete Marco. IX Competition Pianist: Vincent Ghadimi. Young Pianist: Mario Bernardo Fernández. Children Pianist under 14: Jordi Nogués Escribà. Children Pianist under 10: Pedro Guasch Ribas. VIII Competition Pianist: Isabel Clara Soler Bordería. Young Pianist: No winner. Children Pianist under 14: María del Hoyo Pérez de Rada. Children Pianist under 10: Verónica Perete Marco. VII Competition Pianist: Sergio Sapena Martínez. Young Pianist: Jesús Polonio Reberiego.

Children Pianist under 14: No winner. Children Pianist under 10: Antonio Martínez Sykora. VI Competition Pianist: Miguel Eduardo Lecueder Canabarro, Ricardo Martínez Descalzo. Young Pianist: Kiev Portella Pons. Children Pianist under 14: Alba Felipe Konecna. Children Pianist under 10: Cristina Portolés Gordillo. V Competition Pianist: Albert Díaz Rosselló. Young Pianist: Esteban Pajarón Fenollera. Children Pianist under 15: Eugenio Fernández Fernández. Children Pianist under 13: Hannah Hüglin. Children Pianist under 10: Claudio Torres del Moral. IV Competition Pianist: Marina Palmer Wulff. Young Pianist: Paula Coronas Valle. Children Pianist under 15: No winners. Children Pianist under 13: Cecilia Ribas Galumbo. Children Pianist under 10: Gema Torres del Moral. III Competition Pianist: No winner. Young Pianist: María Victoria Cortés Pomacondor. Children Pianist under 15: David Gracia Gil. Children Pianist under 13: No winner. Children Pianist under 10: David Müller Thyssen. II Competition Pianist: Julia Supinova.

Young Pianist: Paula Coronas Valle. Children Pianist under 15: María Belén Martín Piles. Children Pianist under 13: Eliseo Perales Belda. Children Pianist under 10: Carlos Moret Marín. I Competition Pianist: María Ángeles Ferrer Forés. Young Pianist: Elvira Ramón Riera. Children Pianist under 13: Natasha Grout. Children Pianist under 10: Kosima Jung. 1997. Premio Importante de Diario de Ibiza a Jaime Ferrer Marí, otorgado por Diario de Ibiza. 2008. Placa de reconocimiento, otorgado por el Excmo. Ajuntament de Santa Eulària des Riu. 2010. Placa de reconocimiento, otorgado por el Excmo. Ajuntament de Santa Eulària des Riu. 2013. Premio X