Igbo is the principal native language of the Igbo people, an ethnic group of southeastern Nigeria. It has about 27 million speakers and is made up of over 20 dialects, though dialect levelling appears to be occurring. A standard literary language was developed in 1972 based on the Owerri and Umuahia dialects, though it omits the nasalization and aspiration of those varieties. Related Igboid languages such as Ika, Ogba are sometimes considered dialects of Igbo. Igbo is recognized as a major language of Nigeria. Other Igbo speaking communities can be found in Brazil, Jamaica, USA, Bahamas and Tobago, Sierra Leone, Ghana; the first book to publish Igbo words was History of the Mission of the Evangelical Brothers in the Caribbean, published in 1777. Shortly afterwards in 1789, The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano was published in London, written by Olaudah Equiano, a former slave, featuring 79 Igbo words; the narrative illustrated various aspects of Igbo life in detail, based on Equiano's experiences in his hometown of Essaka.
Following the British Niger Expeditions of 1854 and 1857, a Yoruba priest, Samuel Ajayi Crowther, assisted by a young Igbo interpreter named Simon Jonas, produced a primer for the Igbo language in 1857. The language was standardized in church usage by the Union Ibo Bible, shortly after completion Thomas John Dennis died in a shipping accident off the Welsh coast, but the Bible manuscript he was working on was washed ashore and found by a fisherman. Central Igbo, the dialect form gaining widest acceptance, is based on the dialects of two members of the Ezinifite group of Igbo in Central Owerri Province between the towns of Owerri and Umuahia in Eastern Nigeria. From its proposal as a literary form in 1939 by Dr. Ida C. Ward, it was accepted by missionaries and publishers across the region. In 1972, the Society for Promoting Igbo Language and Culture, a nationalist organisation which saw Central Igbo as an imperialist exercise, set up a Standardisation Committee to extend Central Igbo to be a more inclusive language.
Standard Igbo aims to cross-pollinate Central Igbo with words from Igbo dialects from outside the "Central" areas, with the adoption of loan words. Lexical categories in Igbo include nouns, numerals, adjectives, a single preposition; the meaning of na, the single preposition, must be ascertained from the context. Examples from Emenanjo illustrate the range of meaning: O bì n'Enugwū. 3sg live PREP Enugwū'He lives in Enugwū.' O bì ebe à n'ogè agha. 3sg live here this PREP time war'He lived here during the time of the war.' Ndị Fàda kwènyèrè n'atọ̀ n'ime otù. People Catholic believe PREP three PREP inside one'The Catholics believe in the Three-in-One.'Igbo has an limited number of adjectives in a closed class. Emenanjo counts just eight, which occur in pairs of opposites: ukwu'big', nta'small'. Adjectival meaning is otherwise conveyed through the use of abstract nouns. Verbs, by far the most prominent category in Igbo, host most of the language's morphology and appear to be the most basic category. Igbo pronouns are not gendered and the same pronouns are used for male and inanimate beings.
So the sentence,' ọ maka' can mean he, it is beautiful. Many names in Igbo are fusions of older original words and phrases. For example, one Igbo word for vegetable leaves is akwụkwọ nri, which means "leaves for eating" or "vegetables". Green leaves are called akwụkwọ ndụ, because ndụ means "life". Another example is train, which comes from the words igwe. Words may take on multiple meanings. Take for example the word akwụkwọ. Akwụkwọ means "leaf", but during and after the colonization period, akwụkwọ came to be linked to "paper", "book", "school", "education", to become akwụkwọ édémédé, akwụkwọ ọgụgụ, ụlọ akwụkwọ, mmụta akwụkwọ; this is because printed paper can be first linked to an organic leaf, the paper to a book, the book to a school, so on. Combined with other words, akwụkwọ can take on many forms. Igbo is a tonal language with the high and low. In some cases a third, downstepped high tone is recognized; the language's tone system was given by John Goldsmith as an example of autosegmental phenomena that go beyond the linear model of phonology laid out in The Sound Pattern of English.
Igbo words may differ only in tone. An example is ákwá "cry", àkwà "bed", àkwá "egg", ákwà "cloth"; as tone is not written, these all appear as ⟨akwa⟩ in print. In many cases, the two tones used in Igbo dictionaries do not help users pronounce words correctly; this indicates that the Igbo may have several other tones up to 8 in total. For example, the imperative form of the word bia "come" has a different tone to that used in statement O bia "he came"; that imperative tone is used in the second syllable of abuo "two". Another distinct tone appears in the second syllabus of asaa "seven" and another in the second syllabus of aguu "hunger"; the lan
Candoia carinata, known as the Pacific ground boa or the Pacific keel-scaled boa, is a species of snake in the family Boidae. The species C. carinata is found in Indonesia, New Guinea, the Bismarck Archipelago. Candoia carinata is popular as a pet in Indonesia. While the nominotypical subspecies, C. c. carinata, may be found in trees, this Papuan snake is most found terrestrially. Males of C. c. paulsoni are smaller and lighter than females, show spurs. Males are 0.9–1.0 m long, 300–400 g in weight. Females are 1.2–1.4 m in length and weigh 1.0–1.2 kg. The colour varies from dark brown to auburn, with distinct patterns, though there is the "paulsoni santa isabella ", coloured white; the subspecific name, paulsoni, is in honour of Swedish herpetologist John Paulson. Boulenger GA. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum. Volume I. Containing the Families... Boidæ... London: Trustees of the British Museum.. Xiii + 448 pp. + Plates I-XXVIII.. Schneider JG. Historiae Amphibiorum naturalis et literariae Fasciculus Secundus continens Crocodilos, Chamaesauras, Pseudoboas, Angues, Amphisbaenas et Caecilias.
Jena: F. Frommann. Vi + 374 pp. + Plates I-II
The 2001–02 Asian Club Championship was the 21st and last edition of the annual international club football competition held in the AFC region. It determined that year's club champion of association football in Asia. Suwon Samsung Bluewings of South Korea won their 2nd consecutive Asian Champions title, beating Anyang LG Cheetahs in an all-Korean final 4–2 on penalties. 1 Al-Hikma withdrew. 2 Al-Ahli withdrew. 1 Sông Lam Nghệ An withdrew. 2 Selangor FA were entered. 3 The match was played over one leg in Kashima on 24 October due to the political climate in Indonesia. Asian Club Competitions 2002 at RSSSF.com
Dayton Public Schools is the school district in the U. S. state of Ohio that serves Dayton, Ohio. The district covers 49 square miles. Dayton Public Schools is the 12th largest PreK-12 district in the state, with a 2017–2018 enrollment of about 12571. DPS has 28 schools, 18 PreK-9 schools, 2 middle schools, 6 high schools, 2 special centers. DPS operates the FM jazz radio station WDPS. Belle Haven Pre-K-8 School Charity Adams Early Girls Academy Pre-K-8 Cleveland Elementary Pre-K-6 School Dayton Boys Prep Academy E. J. Brown Pre-K-8 School Eastmont Pre-K-8 School Edison Pre-K-8 School/middle school 7-8 Fairview Pre-K-8 School Horace Mann Pre-K-8 School Kemp Pre-K-6 School Kiser Pre-K-8 School – At the site of former Kiser High School Louise Troy Pre-K-4 School Meadowdale Pre-K-8 School Wright Brothers PreK-8 School River's Edge Montessori Pre-K-6 School Rosa Parks Early Learning Center Ruskin Pre-K-8 School Valerie Pre-K-6 School Westwood Pre-K-8 School Wogaman 5-8 School World of Wonder Pre-K-8 School at Residence Park Longfellow Alternative Learning Center The following schools have been closed and, in some cases, demolished.
Allen Elementary School Bauer Elementary School Belmont Elementary School Beverly Gardens Elementary School Blairwood Elementary School Brantwood Elementary School Brown Elementary School Carlson Elementary School Central Elementary School Cornell Heights Elementary School Dorothy Lane Elementary School Drexel Elementary School Driscoll Elementary School Emerson Elementary School Fairport Elementary School Fort McKinley Elementary School Franklin Montessori School Gardendale Elementary School Garfield Elementary School Gettysburg Elementary School Green Elementary School Harman Elementary School Harshman Elementary School Hawthorne Elementary School Hickorydale Elementary School Highview Elementary School Hole Elementary School Holliday Elementary School Huffman Elementary School Irving Elementary School Jackson Elementary School Jackson Primary School Jane Addams Elementary School Jefferson Elementary School Kennedy Elementary School Lincoln Elementary School Loos Elementary School Miami Chapel MacFarlane School McGuffey Elementary School Patterson Kennedy Elementary School Shiloh Elementary School Shoup Mill Elementary School Van Cleve Elementary School Orville Wright Elementary School Willard Elementary School Westwood Elementary School McNary Park Elementary School Residence Park ElementarySchool Whittier Elementary School List of school districts in Ohio Dayton City League Official website
Eliot Lewis is an American rock, R&B and soul singer, guitarist, drummer and producer. He is best known for his work with Hall & Oates. Lewis is an integral part of Live From Daryl's House, a monthly Internet-based show hosted by Daryl Hall, now carried by several television and cable networks across the United States. In addition, Lewis maintains his own solo career as a multi-instrumentalist and singer. Lewis grew up in Norwalk, CT, the youngest of three children, in what he describes as a musical environment. Although his mother was a classical pianist, Lewis’ first instrument was the drums, which he discovered at age 10; when he was 12 years old, he formed his first band. Richard Totoian, the father of Take Off's bass player Kevin Totoian, worked for several major record labels and was instrumental in exposing young Eliot to many of the artists of the day, including The Who, Elton John, Alice Cooper, he arranged a jam session for the boys at his house with Peter Frampton. At age 16, Lewis began writing his own songs.
A few years recognizing technology's potential impact on music, he taught himself keyboards and bass, learned to program synthesizers. Today, Lewis plays five instruments, is a self-contained songwriter and musician. In his early 20s, Lewis was introduced to Dan Hartman, a singer and record producer responsible for hits such as "Free Ride," "Relight My Fire," and "I Can Dream About You." Lewis began working with Hartman, collaborating on music for some of the day's top stars and working on albums like Joe Cocker’s Unchain My Heart and Tina Turner’s Simply the Best. A few years Lewis inked his first publishing deal with Sony Tunes, where he collaborated with many other songwriters, including Porter Carroll Jr. of the band Atlantic Starr. After several years with Sony, Lewis signed with Warner Chappell Music produced a number of releases for RCA. In the late 1980s, Lewis met Alan Gorrie, one of the founders of the Scottish R&B group Average White Band. AWB had disbanded in 1983. Lewis wrote a number of songs, including "Spirit of Love," and when AWB reformed in 1989 to record AfterShock, Gorrie asked Lewis to play on the album and co-produce it.
Lewis became an official member of AWB. He spent 13 years in AWB, playing guitar and keyboards, singing lead vocals on hits including “School Boy Crush” and “Walk On By.” Lewis left AWB in 2002 to focus on his own music. A little more than a year after leaving AWB, Lewis got a call from singer and songwriter Daryl Hall, whom he'd met through Gorrie. Hall needed a keyboard player for a short tour supporting some new solo material, Lewis agreed to join him. At the end of the tour, Lewis was invited to be a permanent member of both Hall's solo band and the Daryl Hall and John Oates band, he has been with both groups longer than any member except Hall and saxophonist Charlie DeChant. As a member of the Hall & Oates band, Lewis has played some of the world's most famous venues, including the Hollywood Bowl and Japan's Budokan Arena, he has performed on popular television shows such as "The Voice," "Late Night with Conan O'Brien," and "Jimmy Kimmel Live." Lewis appeared with the Hall & Oates band in the 2010 feature film You Again He played with the Live From Daryl's House band on the anchor float in the Pasadena Tournament of Roses Parade in 2014, with the Hall & Oates band at the 2014 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame induction ceremony.
Live From Daryl's House is a critically acclaimed webcast started by Hall in late 2007. The show features Hall and his band, including Lewis, playing live, unrehearsed songs with guest artists such as veterans Smokey Robinson, Todd Rundgren, Rob Thomas, new acts like Fitz and the Tantrums, the Dirty Heads, JOHNNYSWIM. Lewis is the only member of the Live From Daryl's House band. While he is on keyboards, Lewis has played guitar on several songs, he played bass on episode # 18 with The Doors' Robby Ray Manzarek. In addition to working with other artists, Lewis has recorded and independently released seven solo CDs. Lewis sings backup and harmonies; the title song from his first CD, "Get Back What You Give," released in 2000, earned Lewis an award in the John Lennon Songwriting Contest. His CD, “Live And Up Front,” released in November 2013, is his first live recording, includes songs played during solo dates in Ohio. In August 2014, Lewis debuted his latest studio CD, an EP titled “Crusade.” Lewis takes his one-man act on the road, playing clubs and intimate venues around New England and parts of the Midwest.
His performances focus on his own material, but include tunes from AWB and Hall & Oates, plus some of his favorites songs from artists he has worked with on Live From Daryl's House. While touring the country with Hall & Oates, Lewis plays solo gigs after the band's shows, with bandmates sometimes joining him on stage. In January 2015, Lewis released his first music video, "Crusade," directed and produced by Jay Johnson and Ronald Michael, from the CD "Crusade." Lewis describes his current style as influenced by classic rock, soul and blues. Musicians who influenced his musical style include Jeff Beck, Jimmy Page, John Bonham, Jack Bruce, Stevie Wonder, Billy Preston, he lists the late musician Tom Wolk as a personal influence. Lewis describes Wolk, longtime band member and musical director
West Brunswick Township is a township in Schuylkill County, United States. Brunswick Township was formed in 1801 as one of the original townships of Schuylkill County, being named for Brunswick, Germany. In 1835, Brunswick Township was divided into West Brunswick Townships. Among the village names in the township are Molino and Frisbie. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 30.5 square miles, of which, 30.3 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,428 people, 1,323 households, 998 families living in the township; the population density was 113.0 people per square mile. There were 1,402 housing units at an average density of 46.2/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 96.65% White, 0.23% African American, 0.06% Native American, 2.22% Asian, 0.12% from other races, 0.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 0.26% of the population. There were 1,323 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.2% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.5% were non-families.
21.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.96. In the township the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 28.7% from 45 to 64, 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.5 males. The median income for a household in the township was $47,091, the median income for a family was $51,292. Males had a median income of $39,886 versus $22,398 for females; the per capita income for the township was $27,436. About 4.7% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over. Portions of the Pennsylvania State Game Lands Number 106 and Number 110 which carry the Appalachian National Scenic Trail are located along the southern border of the township