Ike Turner

Izear Luster "Ike" Turner Jr. was an American musician, songwriter, talent scout, record producer. An early pioneer of fifties rock and roll, he is best known for his work in the 1960s and 1970s with his then-wife Tina Turner in the Ike & Tina Turner Revue. Turner began playing piano and guitar as a child formed a group, the Kings of Rhythm, as a teenager, he employed the group as his backing band for the rest of his life. His first recording, "Rocket 88", is considered a contender for the distinction of "first rock and roll song". During the 1950s, Turner worked as a talent scout and producer for Sun Records and Modern Records, he was instrumental in the early careers of various blues musicians, such as B. B. King, Howlin' Wolf, Bobby "Blue" Bland; when Turner relocated to East St. Louis in 1954, his Kings of Rhythm became one of the most renowned acts on the local club circuit. There, he met Ann Bullock, he formed the Ike & Tina Turner Revue, which over the course of the 1960s became a soul/rock crossover success.

Turner recorded for many of the key R&B record labels of the 1950s and 1960s, including Chess, Trumpet and Sue. He progressed to larger labels such as Blue Thumb and United Artists with the Ike & Tina Turner Revue. Turner's cocaine addiction and legal troubles, together with accounts by Tina Turner of domestic violence, impacted his career in the 1980s and 1990s. Addicted to cocaine for at least 15 years, Turner was convicted of drug offenses and served 18 months in prison, he spent the rest of the 1990s drug-free, but relapsed in 2004. Near the end of his life, Turner revived his career with live performances as a front man and returned to his blues roots, he produced two albums that were critically award-winning. Hailed as a "great innovator" of rock and roll by contemporaries such as Little Richard and Johnny Otis, Turner received critical acclaim as well. Rolling Stone magazine editor David Fricke ranked Turner #61 on his list of 100 Greatest Guitarists and noted, "Turner was one of the first guitarists to transplant the intensity of the blues into more-commercial music."

Turner won five Grammy Awards, including two competitive awards and three Grammy Hall of Fame Awards. Turner was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame with Tina Turner in 1991, he is inducted into the St. Louis Walk of Fame, the Clarksdale Walk of Fame, the Mississippi Musicians Hall of Fame, the Blues Hall of Fame, the Rhythm & Blues Hall of Fame. Turner was born in Clarksdale, Mississippi, on November 5, 1931, to Beatrice Cushenberry, a seamstress, Izear Luster Turner a Baptist minister, his parents were Creole. Turner was the youngest of their two children, his sister Lee Ethel Knight was "some ten years" his senior; when Turner applied for his first passport in the 1960s, he discovered that his name was registered as Ike Wister Turner. By both of his parents were deceased, so he couldn't verify the origin of his name. According to Turner, he witnessed his father left for dead by a white mob, he was told it was an act of retaliation over a woman his father was having an affair with. His father lived for two or three years as an invalid in a tent in the family's yard before succumbing to his injuries when Turner was about five years old.

However and blues historian Ted Drozdowski claimed that Turner's father died in an industrial accident. His mother remarried. Turner described a painter, as a violent alcoholic. One day after Reese gave him a whipping, Turner knocked him out with a length of lumber and ran away to Memphis for a few days before returning home. Despite their troubled relationship, Turner moved his stepfather into one of his homes in St. Louis after his mother died in 1959 and took care of him until his death in 1961. Turner recounted that he was sexually abused at the age of six by a middle-aged lady called Miss Boozie. Walking past her house to school, she would invite him to help feed her chickens and take him to bed. Although this continued daily for some time, he was not traumatized by the experience. Turner had a sexual encounter with another middle-aged woman, Miss Reeny, before he was twelve. Reflecting on these experiences, he stated: "That's why every relationship I was in was surrounded by sex. Sex was power to me."

Turner quit school in the eighth grade and began working as an elevator operator at the Alcazar Hotel in downtown Clarksdale. During breaks he would watch DJ John Friskillo play records at the radio station, WROX, located in the hotel. WROX is noted for being the first radio station in Mississippi to employ a black DJ, Early Wright. One day Friskillo put him to work. Soon he was left to play records; this led to Turner being offered a job by the station manager as the DJ on the late-afternoon shift. On his show, "Jive Till Five," he played a diverse range of music such as Roy Milton and Louis Jordan alongside early rockabilly records. Turner was inspired to learn the piano after he heard Pinetop Perkins play at his friend Ernest Lane's house. Turner persuaded his mother to pay for piano lessons, but he did not take to the formal style of playing. Instead, he learned boogie-woogie from Perkins, he taught himself to play guitar by playing along to old blues records. At some point in the 1940s, Turner moved into Clarksdale's Riverside Hotel.

The River

Waukena, California

Waukena is a census-designated place in Tulare County, United States. Waukena is located on California State Route 137 4 miles northeast of Corcoran. Waukena has a post office with ZIP code 93282; the population was 108 at the 2010 census. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of 0.9 square miles, all of it land. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Waukena has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps; the 2010 United States Census reported that Waukena had a population of 108. The population density was 114.6 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Waukena was 86 White, 0 African American, 3 Native American, 0 Asian, 0 Pacific Islander, 19 from other races, 0 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 45 persons; the Census reported that 108 people lived in households, 0 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 0 were institutionalized. There were 37 households, out of which 17 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 18 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 4 had a female householder with no husband present, 3 had a male householder with no wife present.

There were 6 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 1 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 8 households were made up of individuals and 4 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92. There were 25 families; the population was spread out with 34 people under the age of 18, 14 people aged 18 to 24, 26 people aged 25 to 44, 27 people aged 45 to 64, 7 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 125.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males. There were 45 housing units at an average density of 47.8 per square mile, of which 15 were owner-occupied, 22 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0%. 39 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 69 people lived in rental housing units

Sierra Pelona Valley AVA

The Sierra Pelona Valley AVA is an American Viticultural Area in a valley of the Sierra Pelona Mountains, located in northwestern Los Angeles County, California. The valley is a part of the High Desert region on the southwestern edge of the Antelope Valley and Mojave Desert; the AVA is northwest of Metropolitan Los Angeles in Southern California. The Sierra Pelona Valley features a diurnal temperature variation of 40 to 50 °F, annual rainfall of less than 12 inches, most of, concentrated in the winter. Additionally, air movement along the valley helps to reduce the risk of frost, leaf fungus, insect pests; the soil is alluvial, well-drained, up to 60 inches deep. The appellation's altitude ranges from 2,400 feet to 3,400 feet above sea level. Antelope Valley of the California High Desert AVA Leona Valley AVA — Sierra Pelona