Imperial Treasury, Vienna

The Imperial Treasury at the Hofburg Palace in Vienna, Austria contains a valuable collection of secular and ecclesiastical treasures covering over a thousand years of European history. The entrance to the treasury is at the Schweizerhof, the oldest part of the palace, rebuilt in the sixteenth century in the Renaissance style under Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I; the Imperial Treasury is affiliated with the Kunsthistorisches Museum, houses in 21 rooms a collection of rare treasures that were compiled by the Imperial House of Habsburg over the course of centuries, including the Imperial Crown and Sceptre of Austria, the Imperial Regalia of the Emperors and Kings of the Holy Roman Empire, including the Imperial Crown of the Holy Roman Empire. The Imperial Treasury is divided into two collections: the secular collection and the ecclesiastical collection; the secular collection contains numerous imperial artifacts from the House of Habsburg, including jewels and precious stones that due to their unique size could not be fitted into the imperial crowns.

Like all secular treasuries, it was designed to attest to the political power and geographical reach of their owners. The ecclesiastical collection contains numerous religious treasures, including relics and objects ascribed to the private ownership of saints; the Imperial Treasury collections were set up from 1556 by the scholar Jacopo Strada, court antiquarian of Ferdinand I. In the eighteenth century, Maria Theresa had the Habsburg treasures moved to its present location, covering up the fact that the dynasty's assets had been affected by the expensive wars against rivaling Prussia; the Imperial Regalia arrived in the last days of the Holy Roman Empire around 1800 from Nuremberg, where they had been kept since 1424, in order to save them from the advancing French troops under Napoleon. After the Austrian Anschluss of 1938, the Nazi authorities took them back to Nuremberg. At the end of World War II, they were returned to Vienna by the US forces; the display was renovated in 1983-1987. The Treasury is divided into two sections - ecclesiastical.

The secular museum contains a collection of royal objects: The Imperial Regalia: insignia and jewels of the Holy Roman Empire, including the Imperial Crown, the Holy Lance and the Imperial Sword. The original insignia of the Kingdom of Bohemia, the scepter and the orb; the treasury of the Order of the Golden Fleece from the heritage of Mary's father Duke Charles the Bold. On display are various valuable gems, including one of the world's largest emeralds. Part of the treasury are the crown of the Transylvanian prince Stephen Bocskay and the two “inalienable heirlooms of the House of Austria”: a giant narwhal tooth, thought to be the horn of a unicorn and the Agate bowl from Late Antiquity, thought to be the legendary Holy Grail; the ecclesiastical collection contains numerous devotional images and altars from the Baroque era. Citations Bibliography Kaiserliche Schatzkammer Vienna Imperial Treasury Museum Vienna Tourism Office Imperial Treasury Vienna Visiting Vienna

Crisler Center

Crisler Center is an indoor arena located in Ann Arbor, Michigan. It is the home arena for the University of Michigan's men's and women's basketball teams as well as its women's gymnastics team. Constructed in 1967, the arena seats 12,707 spectators, it is named for Herbert O. "Fritz" Crisler, head football coach at Michigan from 1938 to 1947 and athletic director thereafter until his retirement in 1968. Crisler Center was designed by a member of the 1948 Rose Bowl team. Among other structures that he has designed is the Federal Reserve Bank of Los Angeles; the arena is called "The House that Cazzie Built", a reference to player Cazzie Russell, who starred on Michigan teams that won three consecutive Big Ten Conference titles from 1964 to 1966. Russell's popularity caused the team's fan base to outgrow Yost Fieldhouse and prompted the construction of the current facility. At Michigan men's basketball games, the bleacher seats behind the benches are home to the Maize Rage student section. Crisler Center has been the home of Michigan Wolverines men's basketball since its opening in 1967.

The women's basketball team has been at Crisler Center since 1974. It has been the home of Michigan's wrestling, women's volleyball and men's gymnastics teams; the gymnastics team hosted events at Crisler Center from 1978 to 1989. The wrestling team called Crisler Center its home from 1967 to 1989; the women's gymnastics team competed at Crisler Center from 1978 to 1989 before moving to Cliff Keen Arena in 1990 before returning to Crisler Center as their primary home in 2004. Despite being on a Big Ten Conference campus, the facility hosted the 1980–1982 Mid-American Conference men's basketball tournament, it has hosted Big Ten and NCAA gymnastics championships, the 1999 Big Ten wrestling championship, other events. Prior to the opening of Cliff Keen Arena, the arena was the full-time home to the men's and women's gymnastics teams and the wrestling team; the women's gymnastics team continues to hold significant meets in the arena. The arena has hosted concerts, including the opening show of Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band's The River Tour.

Elvis Presley performed at the arena on April 24, 1977. Crisler Center was the site of the famous "ten-for-two" John Sinclair Freedom Rally, featuring John Lennon & Yoko Ono in 1971; the 2014 NCAA Men's Gymnastics championship was held at Crisler Center. Michigan's Men's Gymnastics team won their second consecutive national championship in; the arena has hosted graduations, including Michigan’s Dearborn campus’ winter commencements every year. The University completed a massive renovation to the Crisler Center in 2011, in which the seats were replaced and capacity was reduced. A new scoreboard was added along with the construction of an athletic facility in between the arena and Michigan Stadium called the Junge Family Champions Center. Along with the Junge Center, the University added the Mortenson Family Plaza on the roof of the Junge Center; the outside walls were torn down and the concourse was expanded. A new grand entrance along with new boxes were expected to be ready by January 2013, but were completed just before the start of the 2012-13 Basketball season, much earlier than planned.

The renovations included renovations to the control room, updating the controllers for game stats and content for the University of Michigan football stadium and the Crisler Center. Part of the Crisler renovation included the construction of the William Davidson Player Development Center; the $23.2 million facility boasts 2 full courts with 10 baskets, weight room, sports medicine training room, two identical wings for Men's and Women's basketball offices. List of NCAA Division I basketball arenas Official Crisler Center information page Crisler Center at Stadium Journey

Olaf Beyer

Olaf Beyer is a retired East German 800 metres runner. He won the gold medal at the 1978 European Championships in Prague. In that race he beat the future world-record holder Sebastian Coe and the future Olympic Champion Steve Ovett both from the UK. Beyer's time of 1:43.84 made him temporarily the fourth-fastest 800m runner of all time. Beyer himself explained to the British sports journalist and writer Pat Butcher that he won that surprising championship because for the first and only time in his career, he had been able to train for the previous year free from injuries, he ran intelligently, not taking the lead until the final tens of metres, but at the same time following Coe and Ovett closely. In Beyer's opinion, he was in a good shape that day and could thus defeat Ovett, known as a sharp kicker. In the 1978 European Athletics Championships, he participated in 1,500 metres where he placed ninth. After 1978, he continued his competitive running career until at least 1982, but he never won a major international championship again.

In the 1980 Moscow Olympics, he was eliminated in the 800-metre semifinals, he placed seventh in the 1982 European Athletics Championships 800-metre final. Beyer has remained a keen and successful fun runner since the end of his track career