Incheon the Incheon Metropolitan City, is a city located in northwestern South Korea, bordering Seoul and Gyeonggi to the east. Inhabited since the Neolithic, Incheon was home to just 4,700 people when it became an international port in 1883. Today, about 3 million people live in the city, making it South Korea's third most-populous city after Seoul and Busan; the city's growth has been assured in modern times with the development of its port due to its natural advantages as a coastal city and its proximity to the South Korean capital. It is part of the Seoul Capital Area, along with Seoul itself and Gyeonggi Province, forming the world's fourth largest metropolitan area by population. Incheon has since led the economic development of Korea by opening its port to the outside world, ushering in the modernization of Korea as a center of industrialization. In 2003, the city was designated as Korea's first free economic zone. Since large local companies and global enterprises have invested in the Incheon Free Economic Zone, including Samsung which chose Songdo International City as its new investment destination for its bio industry.
As an international city, Incheon has held numerous large scale international conferences, such as the Incheon Global Fair & Festival in 2009. The 17th Asian Games Incheon 2014 was held in Incheon on 19 September 2014. Incheon has established itself as a major transportation hub in northeast Asia with the Incheon International Airport and Incheon Port; the city is home to the Green Climate Fund, an international organization addressing environmental issues. The first historical record of the Incheon area dates back to 475 CE, during the reign of King Jangsu of Goguryeo, by the name of Michuhol, supposed to be located on today's Munhak Hill; the area underwent several name changes with successive dynasties. In Goryeo era, Incheon was called Inju; the current name was turned to Incheon in 1413. Incheon County became Incheon Metropolitan Prefecture. Old Incheon consisted of today's southern Incheon and northern part of Siheung City; the city centre was Gwangyo-dong, where the local academy were located.
The "original" two remaining buildings of the Incheon prefecture office are located in Munhak Elementary School, while the newly built prefecture office buildings are right across from Munhak Baseball Stadium. Another historical name of the city, was not used until the opening of the port in 1883. After the opening of the Incheon port, the city centre moved from Gwangyo to Jemulpo. Today, either Jemulpo or Gwangyo-dong is considered "Original Incheon", it was renamed as Jinsen during Japanese rule in the Korean peninsula. In 1914, the Japanese colonial government merged outer parts of old Incheon with Bupyeong County, forming Bucheon County. Through 1936 and 1940, some part of Bucheon County was recombined into Incheon City, by which some part of "old" Bupyeong was annexed into Incheon. Incheon was part of Gyeonggi Province, but was granted Directly Governed City status on July 1, 1981. In 1989, neighbouring islands and Gyeyang township of Gimpo County were ceded to Incheon and in 1995 Geomdan township of Gimpo Country and two counties of Ganghwa and Onjin were annexed to Incheon Metropolitan City.
Incheon was known as Inchon prior to South Korea's adoption of a new Romanization system in 2000. The city was the site of the Battle of Chemulpo Bay, where the first shots of the Russo-Japanese War were fired. During the Korean War, Incheon was occupied by North Korean troops on 4 September 1950. Eleven days Incheon was the site of the Battle of Inchon, when United States troops landed to relieve pressure on the Pusan Perimeter and to launch a United Nations offensive northward; the result was a decisive UN victory and it was recaptured on 19 September 1950. The USS Inchon was named after the tide-turning battle. Incheon has hosted a series of major international events; the Global Fair & Festival 2009 Incheon was held in the Songdo District in August 2009. It was open from 7 August to 25 October for a period of 80 days, it was a comprehensive international event with global institutions and corporations as participants. Various musicians and artists performed during the event; the city hosted a meeting of the G20 Finance Ministers in February 2010.
Incheon was the site of the third Global Model United Nations Conference, held from 10th to the 14th of August 2011. It first hosted the Incheon Women Artists' Biennale in 2004 which expanded into welcoming international artists in its subsequent 2007, 2009 and 2011. Incheon hosted the Asian Games in 2014. On 27 February 2007, Incheon declared itself an "English City," and inaugurated the "Incheon Free English Zone" program; the goal of the program is to make the city as proficient in English as Hong Singapore. This is for the ultimate purpose of establishing Incheon as a commercial and business hub of northeast Asia; the official slogan of the program is "Smile with English." Incheon is home to a number of colleges and universities: George Mason University Korea Campus Ghent University Global Campus Gyeongin National University of Education Incheon campus Inha University Gachon University Medical·Ganghwa campus Gyeongin Women's College Inha Technical College Incheon Catholic University Incheo
Walter Peeters is a Belgian engineer and professor. He became president of the International Space University in 2011. Peeters was born in Antwerp on 28 June 1950, he completed primary school in Ekeren at the St.-Lambertusinstituut and afterwards at the Royal Atheneum in Antwerp. He obtained an engineering degree in nuclear engineering, a degree in Applied Economics at the Catholic University of Louvain, an MBA with the thesis on'Fleet Size Scheduling', he obtained a doctorate in engineering at the Technical University of Delft with a doctoral thesis on "The appropriate use of contract types in development contracts." Peeters worked as engineer in the construction sector and in the petrochemical sector, specializing in the field of project planning. In 1983, he joined the European Space Agency and was involved in several control and project management functions. Initial assignments were related to the extension of test facilities at ESA’s technology center ESTEC in Noordwijk before joining the Hermes project in Toulouse.
After several redesign phases the mass of the Hermes spacecraft continued to increase as well as the estimated cost-to-completion. Upon creation of the European Astronaut Center in Cologne, he became Head of the astronaut coordination office and acted in Star City, by Moscow, as coordinator of the astronaut operations during the EUROMIR missions in 1994 and 1995; as far as academic activities are concerned, after a sabbatical year he published the book ‘Space Marketing’ in 2000 and joined the International Space University as Professor in space business and management. In 2004 he was named as dean of the university, noted in the Belgian press, since 2011 elected as president. Since October 2018 he has been nominated as President-Emeritus at ISU. Research activities are focused on the commercialization of space activities as well as the development of New Space activities. Specific attention is dedicated to the transition from experimental sub-orbital space tourism to commercial spaceflights, leading to a publication for the International Academy of Astronautics on sub-orbital space tourism.
In 2009 he was elected as Founding Director of the International Institute of Space Commerce. Special interests include the role of space activities as a catalyst of international cooperation, as presented inter alia at Facing Tomorrow in Jerusalem, it led him to propose in 2014 the International Space Station as a candidate for the Peace Noble Prize. Recent emphases of Peeters includes consulting of governments such as the Baltic States, South-Australia and Oman as well as assisting young space entrepreneurs in business plan development and start-up activities, he is working together with the local authorities to promote space activities in Alsace and to transfer part of ISU as a space incubator in Alsace. In 2017 he was involved in discussions in Ireland on the possible establishment of an Irish Space Agency Full Member of the International Academy of Astronautics - Youri Gagarin Medal nr.186 in the year 2000. A; the appropriate use of contract types in development contracts, Ph. D. thesis published as ESA-STR-222, Oct. 1987.
Peeters, W. A. and in ‘t Veld, J. The Use of Alternate Contract Types in Europe as Protection Against Overruns. National Contracts Management Journal, 23, pp. 23–34, 1989. Peeters, Walter A. R.. Space Marketing. A European Perspective. Dordrecht, Boston: Kluwer Academic Publications. P. 9. ISBN 978-0-7923-6744-4. Peeters, W. Space Marketing ISBN 7-80144-866-9. 376 p. Peeters W. ISS as a Nobel Prize Nominee? Why not? SpaceNews 25, p. 19, Peeters, W. and Madauss B. A proposed strategy against Cost Overruns in the space sector: the 5C approach. Journal of Space Policy 24, May 2008, pp. 80–89. Peeters, W.. "From suborbital space tourism to commercial personal spaceflight". Acta Astronautica. 66: 1625–1632. Doi:10.1016/j.actaastro.2009.10.026. Peeters, W. Space Science: A cradle for philosophers, Astropolitics, 10:27–38, 2012 Peeters, W. et al. Private Human Access to Space, Vol.1 Suborbital Flights, June 2014, IAA report SG 3.9, ISBN 978-2-917761-35-9. Peeters, W. Is New Space Lifting Off? Prospective Stratégique, 45, pp. 60–65 Peeters, W. Towards a definition of New Space?
The entrepreneurial perspective. New Space, 6, pp. 187-190. IAF biography ISU biography
Laura Joffe Numeroff is an American author and illustrator of children's books, best known as the author of If You Give a Mouse a Cookie. Numeroff was born in Brooklyn, New York, is the youngest of three girls; as a child, Numeroff was an avid reader, by the age of 9 had decided she wanted to be a writer when she grew up. She credits her current profession to two specific childhood favorites, claiming that they "are the reason" she is a writer: E. B. White's Stuart Little and Kay Thompson's Eloise; when it came time for Numeroff to apply for college, she decided not to become a writer. Instead, she majored in fashion. Though, Numeroff decided that fashion "wasn't for me", so she went back to her childhood dream of becoming a writer, began taking a class on writing. A homework assignment for one of these classes prompted Numeroff to write the story Amy for Short. In 1975 the story was published by Macmillan Publishing, launching Laura Joffe Numeroff's writing career. Numeroff has worked with numerous illustrators including Lynn Munsinger, David McPhail, Tim Bowers, Nate Evans, Joe Mathieu, Sal Murdocca, Sharleen Collicott, Felicia Bond.
When Numeroff began her career she served as her own illustrator. Since her editor chose Felicia Bond to illustrate Numeroff's If You Give a Mouse a Cookie book, she has not illustrated another book; when asked about her earlier endeavors into illustrations during an interview, she mentioned that though she loves drawing, she decided her "strength was in writing and not in illustration" and said "I don't think I would illustrate a whole book anymore at this point". Her autobiography, If You Give an Author a Pencil, was published in 2003. Numeroff's books have been published in many languages. Numeroff resides in California. If You Give a Mouse a Cookie, published in 1985 and illustrated by Felicia Bond, was the book that launched the hit If You Give... series. It was rejected by publishers nine times before it was accepted by Harper; these stories use a circular story format. At the end of the story, the reader discovers that the characters have ended up in the same event that they started with.
It is considered a cautionary tale where the moral is that when given something out of kindness, people will continue to ask for more. The entire story is an "If ____________ ___________" scenario. If You Give a Mouse a Cookie spawned numerous more books that expanded from the mouse to include the characters of a moose, a cat, a pig, a dog; the first book in this series by Numeroff, What Mommies Do Best/ What Daddies Do Best, published in April 2008, was illustrated, in watercolors, by Lynn Munsinger. The entire series was written for children ages 4 – 8; this children's book is a two part story. On one side of the book is; this book demonstrates many of the great things that mommies do like: give piggyback rides, teach children how to ride a bicycle, sew a button on a teddy bear. Following What Mommies Do Best, the book can be flipped to reveal; this side illustrates all the special things. The stories are identical. Both mommy and daddy do the same things in each book. Subsequent books concern grandparents and aunts and uncles.
What Mommies Do Best/ What Daddies Do Best uses different animals in brightly colored illustrations to show young children the things parents do that make them so special. Each illustration shows a different animal parent with their young child. Bitsy, a pig wearing purple, loves to paint. Emily, a dog wearing pink, loves to dance. Anna, a rabbit wearing yellow, loves to read. Nicole, a cat wearing blue, loves to play soccer; the first letters of their names spell the word "BEAN". That is, their favorite place is a candy store called Petunia's. Just as jellybeans are different flavors but go well together, the girls are all different but get along great – and so they call themselves the JELLYBEANS. In 2016, Numeroff and co-creator Sean Hanrahan released Raising a Hero; the illustrated children's book about a young boy raising a puppy to become a service dog and help children with disabilities supports Canine Companions for Independence. An avid animal lover, Laura has always wanted to write a book about service dogs.
Laura Numeroff's Ten Step Guide to Living with Your Monster, illustrated by Nate Evans, was published in April 2002 for children ages 4 – 8. This book gives kids a different idea about monsters. Instead of being afraid of them this story shows you; this guide outlines Numeroff's ten basic steps to buying and dealing with your pet monster. There are things you should know like choosing a monster that can tie its shoes, how to take your monster to the vet, not to choose a monster who tries to eat your shirt, that "Fluffy" is not a good name for a monster. With each step is a bright, colorful illustration to help you choose your own pet monster. A portion of the profits from Laura Numeroff's Ten Step Guide to Living with Your Monster were donated to The Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research. Phoebe Dexter Has Harriet Peterson's Sniffles, published in January 1977, tells the woeful tale of Phoebe Dexter, stuck at home because she is sick. Upset that she is missing all the happenings of her school day, Phoebe busies herself pretending she is a dog and playing Go Fish with her grandmother who comes over to keep her compa