The Indian Ocean is the third-largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering 70,560,000 km2 or 19.8% of the water on the Earth's surface. It is bounded by Asia to the north, Africa to the west, Australia to the east. To the south it is bounded depending on the definition in use; the Indian Ocean has been known by its present name since at least 1515, when the Latin form Oceanus Orientalis Indicus is attested. The root name, originated as the Ancient Greek and Roman name for the region around the Indus River, it was called Sindhu Mahasagara "great sea of the Sindhu" by people in Ancient Indian cultures. The Indian Ocean was known as the Eastern Ocean, a term was, still in use during the mid-18th century. Conversely, Chinese explorers in the Indian Ocean, during the 15th century, called it the Western Oceans; the ocean has been known as the Hindu Ocean and Indic Ocean in various languages. In Ancient Greek geography the region of the Indian Ocean known to the Greeks was called the Erythraean Sea.
A new concept of an "Indian Ocean World" and attempts to rewrite its history has resulted in new proposed names, such as'Asian Sea' and'Afrasian Sea'. The borders of the Indian Ocean, as delineated by the International Hydrographic Organization in 1953 included the Southern Ocean but not the marginal seas along the northern rim, but in 2000 the IHO delimited the Southern Ocean separately, which removed waters south of 60°S from the Indian Ocean but included the northern marginal seas. Meridionally, the Indian Ocean is delimited from the Atlantic Ocean by the 20° east meridian, running south from Cape Agulhas, from the Pacific Ocean by the meridian of 146°49'E, running south from the southernmost point of Tasmania; the northernmost extent of the Indian Ocean is 30° north in the Persian Gulf. The Indian Ocean covers 70,560,000 km2, including the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf but excluding the Southern Ocean, or 19.5% of the world's oceans. All of the Indian Ocean is in the Eastern Hemisphere and the centre of the Eastern Hemisphere, the 90th meridian east, passes through the Ninety East Ridge.
In contrast to the Atlantic and Pacific, the Indian Ocean is enclosed by major landmasses and an archipelago on three sides and does not stretch from pole to pole and can be likened to an embayed ocean. It is centred on the Indian Peninsula and although this subcontinent has played a major role in its history the Indian Ocean has foremostly been a cosmopolitan stage interlinking diverse regions by innovations and religion since early in human history; the active margins of the Indian Ocean have an average depth of 19 ± 0.61 km with a maximum depth of 175 km. The passive margins have an average depth of 47.6 ± 0.8 km. The average width of the slopes of the continental shelves are 50.4–52.4 km for active and passive margins with a maximum depth of 205.3–255.2 km. Australia and India are the three countries with the longest shorelines and exclusive economic zones; the continental shelf makes up 15% of the Indian Ocean. More than two billion people live in countries bordering the Indian Ocean, compared to 1.7 billion for the Atlantic and 2.7 billion for the Pacific.
The Indian Ocean drainage basin covers 21,100,000 km2 identical to that of the Pacific Ocean and half that of the Atlantic basin, or 30% of its ocean surface. The Indian Ocean drainage basin is divided into 800 individual basins, half that of the Pacific, of which 50% are located in Asia, 30% in Africa, 20% in Australasia; the rivers of the Indian Ocean are shorter in average than those the other major oceans. The largest rivers are the Zambezi, Ganges-Brahmaputra, Indus and Murray rivers and the Shatt al-Arab, Wadi Ad Dawasir and Limpopo rivers. Marginal seas, gulfs and straits of the Indian Ocean include:Along the east coast of Africa the Mozambique Channel separates Madagascar from mainland Africa, while the Sea of Zanj is located north of Madagascar. On the northern coast of the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden is connected to the Red Sea by the strait of Bab-el-Mandeb. In the Gulf of Aden, the Gulf of Tadjoura is located in Djibouti and the Guardafui Channel separates Socotra island from the Horn of Africa.
The northern end of the Red Sea terminates in the Gulf of Gulf of Suez. The Indian Ocean is artificially connected to the Mediterranean Sea through the Suez Canal, accessible via the Red Sea; the Arabian Sea is connected to the Persian Gulf by the Strait of Hormuz. In the Persian Gulf, the Gulf of Bahrain separates Qatar from the Arabic Peninsula. Along the west coast of India, the Gulf of Kutch and Gulf of Khambat are located in Gujarat in the northern end while the Laccadive Sea separates the Maldives from the southern tip of India; the Bay of Bengal is off the east coast of India. The Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait separates Sri Lanka from India, while the Adam's Bridge separates the two; the Andaman Sea is located between the Bay of the Andaman Islands. In Indonesia, the so-called Indonesian Seaway is composed of the Malacca and Torres Straits; the Gulf of Carpentaria of located on the Australian north coast while the Great Australian Bight constit
Aadi Lakshmi Puraana is a 2019 Kannada romantic comedy film written and directed by V. Priya and produced by Rockline Venkatesh under his banner Rockline Entertainment Pvt Ltd; the film starring Radhika Pandit and Nirup Bhandari, set against the backdrop of a drug bust, is a story of Aadityaa, an investigation officer, Lakshmi, a happy-go-lucky girl in a travel agency, their chance meeting. The film theatrically released on 19 July 2019 and got Negative reviews. Nirup Bhandari as Aaditya Radhika Pandit as Lakshmi Tara as Shanthamma Suchendra Prasad as Ramegowda Yashwanth Shetty as Eashwer Bharath Kalyan as Ravi Sowmya Jaganmurthy as Savitha Joe Simon Vishal Nayer as Chaddha Krishna Nadig Deepak Shetty Nawab Shah Maghu Hegde The official teaser of the film was released by Rockline Entertainment on 8 February 2019; the official trailer of the film was released by Rockline Entertainment on 12 July 2019. The film theatrically released on 19 July 2019. Critics gave poor response from the audience.
The music is composed on his own lyrics. Aadi Lakshmi Puraana on IMDb
The 1997 North Carolina Tar Heels football team represented the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill during the 1997 NCAA Division I-A football season. The Tar Heels played their home games at Kenan Memorial Stadium in Chapel Hill, North Carolina and competed in the Atlantic Coast Conference; the team was coached by Mack Brown finished the season 11–1 overall, 7–1 in the conference. At the end of the season, Mack Brown left for Texas and as a result, did not coach in the Gator Bowl victory over Virginia Tech. Carl Torbush, the defensive coordinator during the regular season, became the head coach when Brown left. North Carolina credits the regular season to Mack Brown and the Gator Bowl victory to Carl Torbush