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Indiana County, Pennsylvania

Indiana County is a county located in the central west part of the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 88,880, its county seat is Indiana. Indiana County compromises the Indiana, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Pittsburgh-New Castle-Weirton, PA-WV-OH Combined Statistical Area. Prior to the American Revolutionary War, some settlers proposed this as part of a larger, separate colony to be known as Vandalia, but opposing interests and the war intervened. Afterward, claims to the territory by both the states of Virginia and Pennsylvania had to be reconciled. After this land was assigned to Pennsylvania by the federal government according to the placement of the Mason–Dixon line, Indiana County was created on March 30, 1803, from parts of Westmoreland and Clearfield counties and was formally organized in 1806. Indiana County derives its name from the so-called "Indiana Grant of 1768" that the Iroquois Six Nations were forced to make to "suffering traders" under the Fort Stanwix Treaty of 1768.

The Iroquois had controlled much of the Ohio River valley as their hunting grounds since the 17th century, Anglo-American colonists were moving into the area and wanted to develop it. Traders arranged to force the Iroquois to grant land under the treaty in relations to losses due to Pontiac's Rebellion; some of the grantees joined forces with the Ohio Company, forming a larger development company based on enlarging their grant of land. They proposed that the entire large area would become a new British colony to be called Pittsylvania or Vandalia, it was to be bordered on the north and west by the Ohio River, made up of what are now parts of eastern Kentucky, northern West Virginia, western Pennsylvania. Anglo-European colonists from Virginia and Pennsylvania had started to move into the area, identified by these various names as Indiana and the other above names on some maps of the late 1700s. Opposition from other interest groups and the American Revolutionary War intervened before Britain approved such a colony.

Afterward, some United States speculators proposed setting up a state in this area to be called Vandalia, or Westsylvania, as appears on some maps of the period. But both the states of Virginia and Pennsylvania claimed the land based on their colonial charters. In establishing the Mason–Dixon line, the federal government assigned the Indiana Grant to Pennsylvania; as population increased after the war, this county was made up in 1803 of territory from Westmoreland and Clearfield counties. Kentucky and West Virginia continued to be associated with Virginia for some time, being separately admitted as states in the early 19th century and during the American Civil War, respectively; the area in Pennsylvania was unrelated to and was physically separated from the named Indiana Territory established north of the Ohio River in 1800 by the new United States. In the 21st century, Indiana County comprises PA Micropolitan Statistical Area; this is included in PA-WV-OH Combined Statistical Area. It is in the defined region of the Pittsburgh media market.

Indiana County is served by three different area codes: 724, 814, 582. The county proclaims itself the "Christmas Tree Capital of the World", shipping over one million trees annually. Agriculture is a major part of its economy. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 834 square miles, of which 827 square miles is land and 7.3 square miles is water. Located in the county is the Buttermilk Falls Natural Area; the county has a humid continental climate, warm-summer except along the Conemaugh from below Strangford and the Kiskiminetas River where it is hot-summer. Average monthly temperatures in the borough of Indiana range from 27.2 °F in January to 70.9 °F in July. Jefferson County Clearfield County Cambria County Westmoreland County Armstrong County As of the census of 2000, there were 89,605 people, 34,123 households, 22,521 families residing in the county; the population density was 108 people per square mile. There were 37,250 housing units at an average density of 45 per square mile.

The racial makeup of the county was 96.87% White, 1.57% Black or African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.74% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, 0.58% from two or more races. 0.51 % of the population were Latino of any race. 25.9% were of German, 11.6% Italian, 10.7% Irish, 8.6% American, 7.1% English and 6.8% Polish ancestry. There were 34,123 households out of which 27.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.30% were married couples living together, 8.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.00% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.99. In the county, the population was spread out with 21.10% under the age of 18, 16.60% from 18 to 24, 24.80% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.00 males.

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.60 males. The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated Indiana County as the Indiana, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area; as of the 2010 U. S. Census the micropolitan area ranked 4th most populous in the State of Pennsylvania and the 50th most populous

Charlotte Murray, Duchess of Atholl

Charlotte Murray, Duchess of Atholl, the 8th Baroness Strange was a Scottish peeress. Born Lady Charlotte Murray, she was the daughter of the 2nd Duke of Atholl. On 23 October 1753, she married John Murray at Dunkeld, Scotland, they had nine children. On 8 January 1764, Charlotte's father died, her husband, should have been heir to the dukedom, only able to descend through the male line. Charlotte, had succeeded to her father's title of Baron Strange and held a higher position in society than her husband. Thus, just less than a month on 7 February 1764, the House of Lords deemed John as the rightful heir to his uncle's title and he succeeded him as 3rd Duke of Atholl, whereupon Charlotte became Duchess of Atholl, she inherited the sovereignty of the Isle of Man from her father on his death but sold it to the British Crown in 1765 for £70,000 and an annuity of £2,000 per year. The duchess died on her 74th birthday in 1805 at Barochey House, near Glasgow, was buried at Dunkeld

Coat of arms of Groningen (province)

The coat of arms of Groningen is an official symbol of the province. It was designed when the region was united in 1595 and formally approved in 1947 by Queen Wilhelmina; the coat of arms consists of two lions supporting a crowned shield, decorated with the shields of the city of Groningen and of the Ommelanden. In 1595, the city of Groningen and the Ommelanden or surrounding regions come to an agreement to form a united domain; the city had direct control over the regions Gorecht, Oldambt and Westerwolde. The Ommelanden were Hunsingo and Westerkwartier. A new coat of arms was designed for the domain. More than 350 years on 30 December 1947, the coat of arms was formally approved by royal decree of Queen Wilhelmina. In the coat of arms of the province of Groningen, the escutcheon or heraldic shield is a combination of the escutcheon of the city of Groningen in the first and fourth quarter and the escutcheon of the Ommelanden in the second and third quarter; the escutcheon of the city of Groningen has a golden field with a black double-headed eagle with on its chest another escutcheon with a silver field and a green fess.

The escutcheon of the Ommelanden has a silver field with three diagonal blue bendlets, representing the three regions, eleven red heart-shaped charges, representing the eleven subregions.. The other elements are a golden coronet or heraldic crown with five leaves and four pearls, two rampant golden lions supporting the main escutcheon; the lions represent the Netherlands. The province of Groningen states that the coat of arms may only be used non-commercially

St Joseph's Convent School, Bhopal

St Joseph's Convent School is an English medium girls school located at Idgah Hills Bhopal, India. Affiliated to the CBSE, the school was founded in 1956 by the Indian Province of the Sisters of St Joseph of Chambery, an order founded at Chambéry, France in 1812, it is administered by the Sisters of St Joseph's Convent, Idgah Hills, Ranked as the best school in Bhopal for the 2nd consecutive time. Bhopal; the school is an English Medium Senior Secondary School for girls, affiliated to Central Board of Secondary Education. The school conducts classes from Kindergarten to Senior Secondary level; the school is dedicated to St Joseph, aims at forming a noble character through the practice of virtues. The school has separate buildings for the kindergarten and the higher secondary section; the campus is huge with green trees and gardens. The school has an assembly hall. Sports facilities include a variety of games like Basketball, Kho Kho, Badminton etc, and has two basketball courts, one Volleyball court, a Kho Kho field and a big athletics track.

In addition to the Computer labs, the school has labs for Physics, Biology and Mathematics. The schools organises Annual Functions, Sports Meets and various other fests; the students of the school are known as the "Josephites". 1956 - Founded by Rev Mother Ignatius Steiret 1957 - Permanent Recognition from M. P. Board for Clases 1st to VIIIth. 1960 - Further recognition from M. P. board up to class XIIth and 1st batch of students appeared for 10th board exams 1961 - Introduction of NCC and House system 1962 - 1st Annual sports meet 1965 - National accolades to N. C. C. Cadet- Miss Jaya Bhaduri as the Best Cadet at All India Level 1973 - Closure of admission for boys in school 1981 - Inauguration of Women Empowerment cell-PREM SEVA KENDRA 1987 - Composite switch over from M. P. Board to C. B. S. E. Affiliation 2003 - 1st Missionary school of M. P. to obtain ISO 9000:2001 Certification 2006 - Flagged off Golden Jubilee Celebration on 9 July 2016 - Celebrated Diamond Jubilee 2016 - Students win medals in Colombo Dawar, Ramesh.

Bollywood Yesterday-Today-Tomorrow. Star Publications. ISBN 1-905863-01-2. St Joseph's Convent School, Bhopal at wikimapia Official website of the school

Chris Budgen

Lance Corporal Chris Budgen is a Rugby Union player and current serving soldier in the British Army He played for Bridgend RFC from 1999-2001 played the majority of his professional career for Exeter Chiefs and Northampton Saints in the Aviva Premiership. He made his debut for Exeter on 30 September 2008 against Esher, his position of choice is Prop. Budgen's try against Worcester for Exeter on 3 Nov 2012 made Budgen the oldest try scorer in the Aviva Premiership at 39 years and 287 days. Budgen dedicated this score to his twin sons. Budgen remains a popular and respected figure among fans of both Exeter and Northampton, with Exeter fans nicknaming him "Budgie" and Saints fans nicknaming him "Chicken". Budgen juggled most of his professional career with that of an active soldier, it was announced on 24 May 2013 that Budgen would be going into coaching with the Marlborough RFC colts team. Premiership Player Profile

Action of 16 May 1797

The action of 16 May 1797 was a naval battle that took place near Tripoli in Ottoman Tripolitania. The Danish squadron was victorious over a Tripolitan squadron that outnumbered them in terms of the number of vessels; the result was a peace treaty between the Bey of Denmark. After the newly appointed Bey of Tripoli, Sidi Yussuf, demanded an increased tribute, captured two Danish vessels, whose crews he sold into slavery, Denmark sent Captain Lorenz Fisker in the 40-gun frigate Thetis to Tripoli, he had two missions: first, to escort the annual "gift ship" to Algiers, second, to arrange for the freeing of the two Danish vessels and their crews. He arrived at Tripoli on 30 August 1796, but failed to free the captured sailors, or to agree a ransom price; the Danes therefore decided to make a second attempt. They sent Captain Steen Andersen Bille in the frigate Najaden 40, under Captain John Hoppe, to Malta, where she arrived on 2 May 1797. There the Danes met up under Captain Charles Christian De Holck.

They hired a xebec of six guns, put in a Danish crew under Lieutenant Hans Munck, of Sarpen. This squadron sailed from Malta for Tripoli. On 12 May, off the coast of Lampedusa, they met with Thetis. Fisker sailed for home. Bille's small squadron sailed past the forts guarding Tripoli on 15 May 1797. Among the guns firing on the Danish vessels from the forts were four Danish cannons that the Libyan envoy Abderahman al Bidiri had obtained from the King of Denmark in 1772. On 16 May Najaden attacked the six armed vessels there; the Tripolitan forces consisted of the 28-gun xebec Meshuda, two other xebecs of similar size and three smaller vessels. Although the Danish cannon fire caused extensive casualties among the Tripolitans, they got close to the Danish vessels and managed to board Najaden. Hoppe's deft maneuvering forestalled defeat. Although the two smaller Danish ships were more of a hindrance than a help, the Tripolitans retreated after two hours. Danish casualties were one wounded. Bille blockaded the harbor, stopping trade.

Subsequent negotiations resulted in a peace treaty on 25 May. Denmark at a reduced rate. Bille was able to buy the freedom of the Danish prisoners. Bille remained in the Mediterranean until 1801 with a force that the Danish government increased to three frigates and two brigs. After the Danish government recalled him to become the chief of the naval defense, the Danish flotilla remained, continuing to protect Danish shipping for a few more years. Bille went on to command a division of the navy in the Battle of Copenhagen. Najaden 40 Sarpen 18 Unnamed xebec Meshuda 28 2 other xebecs of 28 guns 3 smaller vessels