Indie pop is a music genre and subculture that combines guitar pop with DIY ethic in opposition to the style and tone of mainstream pop music. It originated from British post-punk in the late 1970s and subsequently generated a thriving fanzine and club and gig circuit. Compared to its counterpart, indie rock, the genre is more melodic, less abrasive, angst-free. In years, the definition of indie pop has bifurcated to mean bands from unrelated DIY scenes/movements with pop leanings. Subgenres include twee pop. Both indie and indie pop had referred to the same thing during the late 1970s. Inspired more by punk rock's DIY ethos than its style, guitar bands were formed on the then-novel premise that one could record and release their own music instead of having to procure a record contract from a major label. According to Emily Dolan, indie is predicated on the distorted music of the Velvet Underground, the "rebellious screaming" of early punk, "some of rock's more quirky and eccentric figures", such as Jonathan Richman.
Pitchfork's Nitsuh Abebe identifies the majority of indie as "all about that 60s-styled guitar jangle". Indie pop borrows from Western pop song conventions and structures with extensive use of, for example, major chords, common time and a "consistent and noticeable rhythmic element" ie. the beat. Indie pop was an unprecedented contrast from the gritty and serious tones of previous underground rock styles, as well as being a departure from the glamour of contemporary pop music. Distinguished from the angst and abrasiveness of its indie rock counterpart, the majority of indie pop borrows not only the stripped-down quality of punk, but "the sweetness and catchiness of mainstream pop". Music critic Simon Reynolds says that indie pop defines itself against "charting pop". Abebe explains: One of those things was the idea that rock music was supposed to be cool – "cool" meaning sexy, arty, fiery, or fantastical... The charts had "cool" covered – these kids, in their basements and bedrooms, were trying to hand-craft a mirror-image of it, a pop world where they were the stars... and a little bit of a raspberry blown at the larger musical world, which went right on preferring something more interesting than average white kids playing simple pop songs.
Despite their minor commercial success, the Television Personalities are regarded by critics and have been influential on the C86 generation. Simon Reynolds has said that "what we now know as indie music was invented in Scotland," with reference to the emergence of Postcard Records in 1979. However, some have posited that concept of indie music did not crystallise until the late 1980s and early 1990s. Brisbane band “The Go-Betweens” were an early influential indie pop band, releasing their first single “Lee Remick” in 1978. American indie pop band Beat Happening's 1985 eponymous debut album was influential in the development of the indie pop sound in North America. In the early 1990s, English indie pop branched off to a variety of styles; the US, which did not have as much of a scene in the 1980s, had many indie pop enthusiasts by the mid 1990s. Most of the modern notion of indie music stems from NME's 1986 compilation C86, which collects many guitar bands who were inspired by the early psychedelic sounds of 1960s garage rock.
Names that indie pop fans use for themselves are popkids and popgeeks, for the music they listen to, p!o!p, anorak and C86. Abebe says that the Scottish group the Pastels typified the "hip end of'anorak': Their lazy melodies, lackadaisical strum, naive attitude transformed the idea of the rock band into something casual and free from the pretense of cool". Everett True, a writer for NME in the 1980s, believes that C86 was not the main factor behind indie pop, arguing that Sarah Records was more responsible for sticking to a particular sound, that: "C86 didn't exist as a sound, or style.... I find it weird, bordering on surreal, that people are starting to use it as a description again". Geoff Taylor, a member of the band Age of Chance, added: "We never considered ourselves part of any scene. I'm not sure. We were just an independent band around at that same time as the others."Bob Stanley, a Melody Maker journalist in the late 1980s and founding member of pop band Saint Etienne, acknowledges that participants at the time reacted against lazy labelling, but insists they shared an approach: "Of course the'scene', like any scene existed.
Like squabbling Marxist factions, groups who had much in common built up petty rivalries. The June Brides and the Jasmine Minks were the biggest names at Alan McGee's Living Room Club and couldn't stand the sight of each other. Only when the Jesus and Mary Chain exploded and stole their two-headed crown did they realise they were soulmates. Manic Street Preachers bassist Nicky Wire remembers that it was the bands' independence that gave the scene coherence: "People were doing everything themselves - making their own records, doing the artwork, gluing the sleeves together, releasing them and sending them out, writing fanzines because the music press lost interest quickly."Many of the actual C86 bands distanced themselves from the scene cultivated around them by the UK music press - in its time, C86 became a pejorative term for its associations with so-called "shambling" and underachievement. Twee pop is a subgenre of indie pop that originates from C86. Characterised by
Bouchercon is an annual convention of creators and devotees of mystery and detective fiction. It is named in honour of writer and editor Anthony Boucher; this page details Bouchercon XXVI and the 10th Anthony Awards ceremony. The convention was held at the Broadway Media Centre in Nottingham, England on September 28, 1995; the event was chaired by organiser of the Shots in the Dark mystery convention. Lifetime Achievement award — Ruth Rendell International Guest of Honor — James Ellroy British Guest of Honor — Colin Dexter Fan Guest of Honor — Geoff Bradley Toastmaster — Reginald Hill The following list details the awards distributed at the tenth annual Anthony Awards ceremony. Winner: Sharyn McCrumb, She Walks These HillsShortlist: Michael Connelly, The Concrete Blonde Lionel Davidson, Kolymsky Heights Janet Evanovich, One for the Money Sue Grafton, "K" Is for Killer Batya Gur, Murder on a Kibbutz Reginald Hill, Pictures of Perfection Lynda La Plante, Cold Shoulde] John Lescroart, The 13th Juror Val McDermid, Crack Down Walter Mosley, Black Betty Derek Raymond, Not Till the Red Fog Rises Janwillem van de Wetering, Just a Corpse at Twilight Winner: Caleb Carr, The AlienistShortlist: David Guterson, Snow Falling on Cedars Alex Keegan, Cuckoo Dennis Lehane, A Drink Before the War Carol O'Connell, Mallory's Oracle Laura Joh Rowland, Shinjū Michelle Spring, Every Breath You Take Doug J. Swanson, Big Town Chris West, Death of a Blue Lantern Winner: Sharyn McCrumb, "The Monster of Glamis", from Royal CrimesShortlist: Robert Barnard, "The Gentleman in the Lake", from Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine June 1994 Ed Gorman, "One of Those Days, One of Those Nights", from Crime Yellow Ian Rankin, "A Deep Hole", from London Noir Winner: John Cooper & B.
A. Pike, Detective Fiction: The Collector's GuideShortlist: William L. DeAndrea, Encyclopedia Mysteriosa Martin H. Greenberg, The Tony Hillerman Companion Rosemary Herbert, The Fatal Art of Entertainment Winner: David Canter, Criminal Shadows: Inside the Mind of the Serial KillerShortlist: Mikal Gilmore, Shot in the Heart G. Russell Girardin & William J. Helmer, The Untold Story Simon Rae, The Faber Book of Murder Philip Sugden, The Complete History of Jack the Ripper Winner: Tony Hillerman, The Mysterious WestShortlist: James Ellroy, Hollywood Nocturnes Ed Gorman, A Modern Treasury of Great Detective Stories Maxim Jakubowski, London Noir Michele Slung & Roland Hartman, Murder for Halloween: Tales of Suspense Winner: Pulp FictionShortlist: The Client Disclosure The Last Seduction Shallow Grave Winner: Prime SuspectShortlist: Between the Lines Cracker Homicide: Life on the Streets N. Y. P. D. Blue
The German special forces include the Special Operations Command of the German Army and the Naval Special Forces Command of the German Navy. Both are regular units and integrated in the branches of the German Armed Forces. During operations, special forces are led by the special operations division of the Bundeswehr Joint Operations Command in Potsdam, which belongs to the Joint Support Service. Beside KSK and KSM, there is a numerous of specialized units which are able to support special forces operations. Most German special forces are part of the Kommando Spezialkräfte, founded in 1996; the KSK stationed in Calw. It made up of around 1,100 soldiers. Most of them serve in the support forces department. Kommando Spezialkräfte HQ KSK Psychological Service Language Service Force Development Group Operational Forces 1st Commando Company 2nd Commando Company 3rd Commando Company 4th Commando Company Special Commando Company Training Centre Support Forces HQ & Support Company Signal Company Support Company Medical Centre The Kommando Spezialkräfte Marine was founded in 2014 and built around the Commando Frogmen Company, the oldest German special forces unit.
The KSM is part of the 1st Flotilla in Kiel. Kommando Spezialkräfte Marine HQ KSM S1 - Personnel S2/6 - Intelligence/Communications S3 - Operations S4 - Logistics Operations Support Team Air Diver Depot Vehicle Repair Squad Analysis & Development Group Special Operation Medical Support Team Commando Frogmen Company Commando Frogmen Teams Operations Support Team Sea Tactics and Training Group The KSK is supported by the German Army Aviation Corps and - since reorientation of the Bundeswehr in 2010 - by the helicopter force of the German Air Force. From 2015, the KSK gets its own aviation component made up of 15 EC645 T2 utility helicopters, they will be part of the Helicopter Wing 64 at the Holzdorf Air Base. The KSM is supported by the Naval Air Wing 5 in Nordholz which operates the Westland Lynx and Westland Sea King. Established in 1979 as an international school for long-range reconnaissance patrol team, the Ausbildungszentrum Spezielle Operationen is responsible for initial and further training of special and specialized forces.
The centre has the size of a regiment, is subordinate to Army Training Commando and based in Pfullendorf. In order to close the gap between the KSK and regular infantry, the German Army developed a concept of specialized forces; this includes a numerous of army SOF units airborne forces. A distinction is made between support forces. All of them are independent units part of regular formations. In 2013, the operational forces consists of: 4 x Fallschirmjäger Commando companies with each 4 platoons 4 x Fallschirmjäger pathfinder platoons 1 x Longe Range Reconnaissance Patrol Company 2 x airborne engineer platoons 2 x HUMINT HQ Squads 4 x HUMINT SquadsThe support force are made up of: 2 x airborne reconnaissance companies 4 x K9 platoons of the Fallschirmjäger 4 x Fallschirmjäger Joint Fire Support Coordination Teams 4 x Fallschirmjäger Joint Fire Support Teams 1 x electronic warfare platoon several units, e.g. medics and PSYOPS From 1997 until spring 2014, both naval special forces and naval specialized forces were organized into the Naval Specialized Deployment Forces, a battalion-sized unit with four companies.
The ideas was to combine all specialized skills into one single formation. At the beginning, it was planned to create a force protection company beside the Boarding Company to support operations of the commando frogmen. Through the reorientation of the Bundeswehr, the commando frogmen got their own battaillon while naval infantry and mine clearance divers were summarized into the Naval Force Protection Battalion in Eckernförde; the formation is described as the "multi tool of the German Navy". So, the battalion is able to support special forces operations. Grenzschutzgruppe 9 der Bundespolizei abbreviated GSG 9, is the Police Tactical Unit of the German federal police, their counterparts on the state level are the Special Deployment Commandos
Harry J. Daubert was a professional baseball player from 1912 to 1919, he was a shortstop in the minor leagues and appeared in one game in Major League Baseball as a pinch hitter. Daubert weighed 160 pounds. Daubert was born in Columbus, Ohio, in 1892, he started his professional baseball career in 1912 as a shortstop for the Ohio State League's Lima Cigarmakers. In his first season, he had a batting average of.211 in 127 games. He went to the Hamilton Maroons in 1912 and batted.236. After staying in the Ohio State League for the next couple of seasons, Daubert was purchased by the National League's Pittsburgh Pirates in August 1915. In his only MLB appearance, which came on September 4 of that year, he entered the game as a pinch hitter and struck out in his only at bat. Daubert returned to the minor leagues in 1917, his career ended after the 1919 season, he retired with 682 hits and a.235 batting average in 798 minor league games. Daubert died of lobar pneumonia in 1944. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference
Thomas Northmore of Cleve in the parish of St Thomas, Exeter, in Devon was a Barrister-at-Law, a Master in Chancery and a Member of Parliament for Okehampton in Devon 1695-1708. He was the 4th son of John Northmore of Well in the parish of South Tawton and of Okehampton and East Ash, all in Devon, an Attorney of the Court of King's Bench and Forester of Dartmoor, by his wife Joan Stronge a daughter of John Stronge of Torr Hill. Thomas's eldest brother was John Northmore who in 1684 was appointed as the first town clerk of Okehampton. Thomas's younger brother was Jeffery Northmore of Well, whose descendants by his second wife Grace Risdon continued at Cleve and Well. Jeffery's great grandson was Thomas Northmore, inventor and antiquary. In 1705 he purchased the manor of Cleve in the parish of Exeter. In 1695 Northmore was elected as one of the two Members of Parliament for Okehampton; as a lawyer of the Inner Temple he acted as a business agent to various members of the Devonshire gentry, including Richard Coffin of Portledge in the parish of Alwington, Sheriff of Devon in 1685, to whom he acted as Sheriff-Deputy.
Following the defeat of the Monmouth Rebellion, he supervised the Bloody Assizes of Judge Jeffreys, commencing on 25 August 1685. He was ordered by Jeffreys to arrange for the whipping of prisoners "only in the greater and more general markets", to economise on expenditure, he informed Coffin that about 400 rebels had been condemned at Taunton and 700 at Wells, of whom 100 were to be executed and the rest transported. He added: "another such year's trouble I will not undertake for £500", he married thrice: Firstly to Anne Pridham, whose monument survives in St Thomas's Church, Exeter, by whom he had two daughters: Elizabeth Northmore, died in infancy. She died 6 years without progeny. Secondly in 1686/7 he married Elizabeth Andrew, a daughter of Soloman Andrew of Lyme Regis in Dorset, Sheriff of Dorset in 1697. Without progeny. Thirdly in 1690 to Elizabeth St Aubyn, a daughter of John St Aubyn of Clowance in Cornwall. Without progeny, he died on 25 July 1713, without male progeny, was buried in St. Thomas's Church, where survives his monument, displaying the arms of Northmore, of his first wife, of Andrew of Dorset and of St Aubyn of Clowance.
He named as his heir his nephew and son-in-law William Northmore to whom he bequeathed the manor of Cleve and several other properties in Devon and elsewhere, mortgages on the estates of Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke of Albemarle, a fellow Devonian, two-thirds of Topsham Quay in Exeter
Clement Bernard Campbell OAM is a former Australian state politician and was a member of the Parliament of Queensland from 1983 to 1998. Campbell obtained a Bachelor of Agricultural degree and worked as a Research and Regional Economist with the Queensland Department of Primary Industries, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Queensland for Bundaberg at the 1983 election, representing the Labor Party, held the seat until the 1998 election. He served as a member of various Parliamentary Committees during the term of the Wayne Goss Labor government. After Campbell's retirement from Parliament he joined the staff of Griffith University in Brisbane; as of 2008, Campbell is the founding chairman of Green Cross Australia and current chair of Earth Charter Australia. He is a director with Football Queensland. In 2013, Clem Campbell became the United Nations Association of Australia Queensland President. In 2014, Mr Campbell was awarded the Order of Australia Medal for his contribution to the community as an outstanding advocate for peace and environmental education and leadership in promoting ethics in public life