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Indo-Gangetic Plain

The Indo-Gangetic Plain known as the Indus-Ganga Plain and the North Indian River Plain, is a 630-million-acre fertile plain encompassing northern regions of the Indian subcontinent, including most of northern and eastern India, the eastern parts of Pakistan all of Bangladesh and southern plains of Nepal. The region is named after the Indus and the Ganges rivers and encompasses a number of large urban areas; the plain is bound on the north by the Himalayas, which feed its numerous rivers and are the source of the fertile alluvium deposited across the region by the two river systems. The southern edge of the plain is marked by the Chota Nagpur Plateau. On the west rises the Iranian Plateau; the region is known for the Indus Valley Civilization, responsible for the birth of ancient culture of the Indian subcontinent. The flat and fertile terrain has facilitated the repeated rise and expansion of various empires, including the Magadha dynasties, Imperial Kannauj, the Mughal Empire and Maratha Empire – all of which had their demographic and political centers in the Indo-Gangetic plain.

During the Vedic and Epic eras of Indian history, this region was referred to as "Aryavarta". According to Manusmṛti,'Aryavarta' is "the tract between the Himalaya and the Vindhya ranges, from the Eastern Sea to the Western Sea"; the region is referred to as "Hindustan" or the Land of the Hindus, as mentioned in the Sanskrit shloka in Vishnu Purana: हिमालयं समारभ्य यावत् इंदु सरेावरम् | तं देवनिर्मितं देशं हिंदुस्थानं प्रचक्षते || " Starting from Himalayas and extending upto Indian Ocean, this nation created by God is known as Hindusthanam". The suffix -stan, in the term Hindustan is corruption of the Sanskrit word "Sthanam" which means land; this term was used to refer to the whole of the Indian subcontinent. The term "Hindustani" is used to refer to the people and culture of the region; the Indo-Gangetic Plain is divided into two drainage basins by the Delhi Ridge. This divide is only 350 metres above sea level, causing the perception that the Indo-Gangetic Plain appears to be continuous from Sindh in the west to Bengal and Assam in the east.

A thin strip between the foothills of the Himalayas and the plain, the Bhabar is a region of porous ground consisting of boulders and pebbles that have washed down from the mountains. It is forested; the streams disappear underground here. Below the Bhabar lie the grasslands of Dooars; the many tributaries of the Indus and Ganges divide the plain into doabs, tongues of land that extend to where the tributaries meet. Close to the rivers is khadar land of new alluvium, subject to flooding. Above the flood limit, bangar land is older alluvium deposited in the middle Pleistocene; the annual rainfall increases from west towards the east. The Lower Ganges Plains and the Assam Valley are more verdant than the middle Ganga plain; the lower Ganga is centered in West Bengal. After joining the Jamuna, a distributary of Brahmaputra, both rivers form the Ganges Delta; the Brahmaputra rises in Tibet as the Yarlung Zangbo River and flows through Arunachal Pradesh and Assam, before crossing into Bangladesh. Some geographers subdivide the Indo-Gangetic Plain into several parts: the Gujarat, Punjab, Rohilkhand, Bihar and Assam regions.

The Indo-Gangetic Plain stretches across: the Jammu Plains in the north. The fertile Terai region is spread across Southern Nepal and Northern India along the foothills of the Himalayas; the rivers encompassed are the Beas, the Chambal, the Chenab, the Ganga, the Gomti, the Indus, the Ravi, the Sutlej and the Yamuna. The soil is rich in silt, making the plain one of the most intensely farmed areas of the world. Rural areas here are densely populated; the Indus–Ganga plains known as the "Great Plains", are large floodplains of the Indus and the Brahmaputra river systems. They run parallel to the Himalaya mountains, from Jammu and Kashmir and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in the west to Assam in the east and draining most of Northern and Eastern India; the plains encompass an area of 700,000 km2 and vary in width through their length by several hundred kilometres. The major rivers of this system are the Indus along with their tributaries; the Indus-Ganga belt is the world's most extensive expanse of uninterrupted alluvium formed by the deposition of silt by the numerous rivers.

The plains are flat and treeless, making it conducive for irrigation through canals. The area is rich in ground water sources; the plains are the world. The main crops grown are wheat that are grown in rotation. Others include maize and cotton; the Indo-Gangetic plains rank among the world's most densely populated areas with a total population exceeding 400 million. Until recent history, the open grasslands of the Indus-Ganga Plain were inhabited by several large species of animal; the open plains were home to large numbers of herbivores which included all three of the Asian rhinoceros. The open grasslands were in many ways similar to the landscape of m

Steve Higgins

Steve Higgins is an American writer, announcer and comedian. He serves as the announcer of The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon and as a writer and producer of Saturday Night Live. Prior to The Tonight Show, Higgins was the announcer for Late Night with Jimmy Fallon from 2009 to 2014. Higgins was born on August 13, 1963 in Des Moines, Iowa, to Marian and Harold Higgins, who managed the custodial operations in West Des Moines schools, he was one of five children, including his brothers Alan. During the 1970s, Higgins became popular in the Iowa lounge scene for eating scraps of carpet onstage. For a brief period of time, he rose to sufficient notoriety that people brought scraps of their own home carpets to his performances, in hope that he would consume theirs onstage. Interest waned quickly and Higgins moved on to more traditional standup routines. Higgins formed the comedy troupe Don't Quit Your Day Job, with brothers David and Alan, Dave Gruber Allen, they performed at notable places in Iowa including the Hotel Kirkwood, Corky's, the Spaghetti Works.

They moved to California where they started performing in Los Angeles and soon got their big break on the Comedy Central sketch comedy series The Higgins Boys and Gruber. In 1989, Higgins performed at The Vic Theatre in Chicago for HBO's One Night Stand television series, along with his brother Dave, Gruber. Alongside Nick Bakay, Higgins performed in 1993 at the Girly Magazine Party show at Theatre/Theater in Hollywood, Los Angeles, they played "a sleazoid male chauvinist comedy duo who exchange off-color ethnic jokes and prance around in suits and ties like Steve Martin on PCP". His brother, performed in the show and in a separate act. Higgins was praised for his ability of knowing "when to go over the top and when to rein it in", how he was able to be "acutely tuned in to the comings and goings around them and know how to play off each other". Soon after, Higgins went on to become a writer for the short-lived MTV programs Trashed and The Jon Stewart Show. From 1995 to 1997, Higgins was the co-head writer of Saturday Night Live.

Since 1997, he has served on the writing staff of the show, since 1996, he has served as a producer of the show. In 2000 he played the inspirational AV teacher in the last episode of Geeks, he has been nominated for several Emmy Awards, including Outstanding Variety, Music or Comedy Series and Outstanding Writing for a Variety, Music or Comedy Program in 2008, for his work on Saturday Night Live and as a writer. In a 2012 interview with The A. V. Club, former Saturday Night Live writer Michael Schur revealed that Higgins was the inspiration for the Parks and Recreation character Andy Dwyer after Higgins would playfully fight with him when they worked together at SNL. From 2009 to 2014, Higgins served as announcer on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon; when Jimmy Fallon was selected by NBC to succeed Jay Leno, Higgins was brought on as announcer for The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon. Since 2013, Higgins voiced Mr. Awesome in the Hulu original series The Awesomes, he voiced the character "the Edible Blargmonger" in the 2014 animated special Elf: Buddy's Musical Christmas.

In 2017, he won an Emmy for his work on SNL. In July 2015, while Jimmy Fallon was recovering from surgery after suffering a serious injury to his finger, Higgins was hospitalized for Lyme disease, he returned to the Tonight Show recovered and on the same night as Fallon's return. Late Night with Jimmy Fallon profile Steve Higgins on IMDb

Marie Heinekenplein

The Marie Heinekenplein is a square in Amsterdam, popularly known as the Heinekenplein. The circle-shaped square is used for various events, such as an open-air cinema. Marie Heinekenplein was constructed in the early 1990s, it lies just outside the city centre, in the neighbourhood of De Pijp, along the street Ferdinand Bolstraat. The Quellijnstraat runs along the southern edge of the square. Tram lines 16 and 24 have a stop near the square. Along the Marie Heinekenplein are a number of cafés; the square is lined with café terraces. Between the square and the Stadhouderskade street is the former Heineken brewery, now a popular tourist attraction known as the Heineken Experience. Along the northern side of the square is a modern apartment building incorporating a supermarket and other shops at ground level. One of the three restaurants of renowned Chinese restaurant chain Nam Kee is located along the square; the area was part of the Heineken brewery complex. In 1988, most of the brewery was demolished, in 1993, construction of the square was started.

The name of the square was the source of much debate in Amsterdam. It was supposed to be named after Nelson Mandela; the plan was scrapped after Winnie Mandela was convicted in 1991 of kidnapping and being an accessory to assault in connection with the death of 14-year-old James Seipei. Local street-naming rules do not allow a street to be named after someone, still alive or a company; this prevented the square to be named "Heinekenplein". The square is located in an area of De Pijp where streets are named after Dutch painters. An elegant compromise was struck by naming the square after a niece of the Heineken founder Gerard Adriaan Heineken, painter Marie Heineken. Amsterdam city archives PvdA Amsterdam