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Ingrid Bergman

Ingrid Bergman was a Swedish actress who starred in a variety of European and American films, television movies, plays. She won many accolades, including three Academy Awards, two Primetime Emmy Awards, a Tony Award, four Golden Globe Awards, a BAFTA Award. Bergman was born in Stockholm to a Swedish father and a German mother, started her acting career in Swedish and German films, her introduction to Americans came in the English-language remake of Intermezzo. In addition to the classic and Best-Picture-Academy-Award winning Casablanca opposite Humphrey Bogart, her notable performances from the 1940s include the dramas For Whom the Bell Tolls, The Bells of St. Mary's, Joan of Arc, all of which earned her nominations for the Academy Award for Best Actress, she made three films with Alfred Hitchcock including Spellbound, with Gregory Peck, Notorious, opposite Cary Grant. In 1950 she starred in Roberto Rossellini's Stromboli, following the revelation that she was having an extramarital affair with the director.

The affair and marriage to Rossellini created a scandal in the U. S. that forced her to remain in Europe for several years, during which she starred in Rossellini's Journey to Italy, now critically acclaimed. She made a successful return to working for a Hollywood studio in Anastasia, winning her second Academy Award for Best Actress. In 1958, she starred for a second time with Cary Grant, this time in the popular romantic comedy Indiscreet. In her years, she won her third Academy Award, this one for Best Supporting Actress, for her small performance in Murder on the Orient Express. In 1978 she worked with director Ingmar Bergman in Autumn Sonata, for which she received her sixth Academy Award nomination for Best Actress. In her final acting role, she portrayed the late Israeli prime minister Golda Meir in the television mini-series A Woman Called Golda for which she posthumously won her second Emmy Award for Best Actress, she died on her 67th birthday from breast cancer. According to the St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, Bergman became "the ideal of American womanhood" and a contender for Hollywood's greatest leading actress.

In the United States, she is considered to have brought a "Nordic freshness and vitality" to the screen, along with exceptional beauty and intelligence. In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked Bergman as the fourth-greatest female screen legend of Classic Hollywood Cinema. Bergman was born on 29 August 1915 in Stockholm, to a Swedish father, Justus Samuel Bergman, his German wife, Frieda Henriette Auguste Louise Bergman, born in Kiel, her parents married in Hamburg on 13 June 1907. She was named after Princess Ingrid of Sweden, she grew up in Sweden, but spent the summers in Germany, spoke fluent German. When she was two years old, her mother died, her father, an artist and photographer, died when she was 13. In the years before he died, he wanted her to become an opera star, had her take voice lessons for three years, but she always "knew from the beginning that she wanted to be an actress", sometimes wearing her mother's clothes and staging plays in her father's empty studio. Her father documented all her birthdays with a borrowed camera.

After her father's death, she was sent to live with his sister, Ellen Bergman, who died of heart disease only six months later. She moved in with her Aunt Hulda and Uncle Otto, who had five children. Another aunt she visited, Elsa Adler, whom Ingrid called "Mutti" told a family legend to the 11-year-old, according to Charlotte Chandler's biography of Ingrid Bergman, that her mother may have had "some Jewish blood". One of Bergman's biographers, Aleksandra Ziółkowska-Boehm, believes the claim was an embellishment. After doing an in-depth genealogical investigation, Bergman's maternal cousin found no Jewish ancestry on Bergman's mother's side. Furthermore, an investigation of Bergman's ancestry in 1938 when she signed a contract with the German company Universum Film found only non-Jewish ancestors. Bergman received a scholarship to the state-sponsored Royal Dramatic Theatre School, where Greta Garbo had some years earlier earned a similar scholarship. After several months, she was given a part in a new play, Ett Brott, written by Sigfrid Siwertz.

Chandler notes that this was "totally against procedure" at the school, where girls were expected to complete three years of study before getting such acting roles. During her first summer break, Bergman was hired by a Swedish film studio, which led to her leaving the Royal Dramatic Theatre after just one year, to work in films full-time, her first film role after leaving the Royal Dramatic Theatre was a small part in Munkbrogreven, although she had been an extra in the 1932 film Landskamp). She went on to act in a dozen films in Sweden, including En kvinnas ansikte, remade as A Woman's Face with Joan Crawford, one film in Germany, Die vier Gesellen. Bergman's first acting role in the United States came when Hollywood producer David O. Selznick brought her to America to star in Intermezzo: A Love Story, an English language remake of her earlier Swedish film Intermezzo. Unable to speak English, uncertain about her acceptance by the American audience, she expected to complete this one film and return home to Sweden.

Her husband, Dr. Petter Aron Lindström, remained in Sweden with their daught

Prochoreutis inflatella

Prochoreutis inflatella, the skullcap skeletonizer moth, is a moth of the family Choreutidae. It is found in eastern North America; the wingspan is 9–11 mm. The forewings are dark brown with heavy whitish dusting; the basal area and postmedian area are sometimes reddish. The antemedian line is metallic silver bent outwards, but obscure; the postmedian line is metallic silver and bent outwards in the lower half. The fringe is pale with a dark brown base; the hindwings are darker towards the outer margin. There is a thin metallic silver line near the anal angle; the body is dark brown. Adults are on wing from June to September. There are several generations per year; the larvae feed including Scutellaria lateriflora. They skeletonise the leaves, bending the edges together, they feed under slight webbing. The first larvae appear in March. Pupation occurs in a multi-layered cocoon of white silk. Mothphotographersgroup microleps.org Bug Guide

José Pedro Varela, Uruguay

José Pedro Varela is a small city in the north of Lavalleja Department of southeastern Uruguay. It is named after politician José Pedro Varela; the city is located on Route 8 and the banks of Arroyo Corrales, the border with Treinta y Tres Department, about 27 kilometres south of the city of Treinta y Tres and 135 kilometres northeast of the department capital Minas. A populated centre was founded here on 24 August 1898. On 1 February 1918, its status was elevated to "Pueblo" by decree Ley N° 5.639 and on 16 October 1958 to "Villa" by decree N° 12.553 It received the status of "Ciudad" on 19 November 1967 by decree Ley Nº 13.631. In 2011, José Pedro Varela had a population of 5,118. Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística de Uruguay St. Charles Borromeo Parish Church INE map of José Pedro Varela