The Institute of Contemporary Arts is an artistic and cultural centre on The Mall in London, just off Trafalgar Square. Located within Nash House, part of Carlton House Terrace, near the Duke of York Steps and Admiralty Arch, the ICA contains galleries, a theatre, two cinemas, a bookshop and a bar. Stefan Kalmár became its director in 2016; the ICA was founded by Roland Penrose, Peter Watson, Herbert Read, Peter Gregory, Geoffrey Grigson and E. L. T. Mesens in 1947; the ICA's founders intended to establish a space where artists and scientists could debate ideas outside the traditional confines of the Royal Academy. The model for establishing the ICA was the earlier Leeds Arts Club, founded in 1903 by Alfred Orage, of which Herbert Read had been a leading member. Like the ICA, this too was a centre for multi-disciplinary debate, combined with avant-garde art exhibition and performances, within a framework that emphasised a radical social outlook; the first two exhibitions at the ICA, 40 Years of Modern Art and 40,000 Years of Modern Art, were organised by Penrose, reflected his interests in Cubism and African art, taking place in the basement of the Academy Cinema, 165 Oxford Street.
The Academy Cinema building included the Pavilion, a restaurant, the Marquee ballroom in the basement. With the acquisition of 17 Dover Street, Piccadilly, in May 1950, the ICA was able to expand considerably. Ewan Phillips served as the first director, it was the former residence of Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson. The gallery and offices were refurbished by modernist architect Jane Drew assisted by Neil Morris and Eduardo Paolozzi. Paolozzi designed a metal and concrete table with student Terence Conran. Ewan Phillips left in 1951, Dorothy Morland was asked to take over temporarily, but stayed there as director for 18 years, until the move to the more spacious Nash House; the critic Reyner Banham acted as assistant Director during the early 1950s, followed by Lawrence Alloway during the mid- to 1950s. In its early years, the Institute organised exhibitions of modern art including Picasso and Jackson Pollock. A Georges Braque exhibition was held at the ICA in 1954, it launched Pop art, Op art, British Brutalist art and architecture.
The Independent Group met at the ICA in 1952–1962/63 and organised several exhibitions, including This Is Tomorrow. With the support of the Arts Council, the ICA moved to its current site at Nash House in 1968. For a period during the 1970s the Institute was known for its anarchic programme and administration. Norman Rosenthal director of exhibitions, was once assaulted by a group of people who were living in the upper floors of the building: a bloodstain on the wall of the administrative offices is preserved under glass, with a note reading "this is Normans's blood". Rosenthal claims the group. Bill McAllister was ICA Director from 1977 to 1990, when the Institute developed a system of separate departments specializing in visual art. A fourth department lectures. Iwona Blazwick was Director of Exhibitions from 1986 to 1993. Other notable curatorial and programming staff have included Lisa Appignanesi, James Lingwood, Michael Morris, Lois Keidan, Catherine Ugwu, MBE, Tim Highsted and Jens Hoffmann.
Mik Flood took over as director of the ICA in 1990 after McAllister's resignation. Flood announced that the Institute would have to leave its Mall location and move to a larger site, a plan that came to nothing, he oversaw a sponsorship scheme whereby the electrical goods company Toshiba paid to have their logo included on every piece of ICA publicity for three years, in effect changed the name of the ICA to ICA/Toshiba. He was replaced as Director in 1997 by Philip Dodd. In 2002, the ICA Chairman Ivan Massow criticised what he described as "concept art", leading to his resignation. Following the departure of Dodd, the ICA appointed Ekow Eshun as Artistic Director in 2005. Under Eshun's directorship the Live Arts Department was closed down in 2008, the charge for admission for non-members was abandoned, the Talks Department lost all its personnel, many commentators argued that the Institute suffered from a lack of direction. A large financial deficit led to resignations of key staff. Art critic JJ Charlesworth saw Eshun’s directorship as a direct cause of the ICA's ills.
Problems between staff and Eshun, sometimes supported by the Chairman of the ICA Board, Alan Yentob, led to fractious and difficult staff relations. Eshun resigned in August 2010, Yentob announced he would leave. In January 2011, the ICA appointed as its Executive Director Gregor Muir, who took up his post on 7 February 2011. Muir was replaced by former Artists Space director Stefan Kalmár. 1948: 40 Years of Modern Art, the ICA's first exhibition organised by Herbert Read and Roland Penrose.1948: 40,000 Years of Modern Art, the ICA's second exhibition organised by Herbert Read and Roland Penrose.1950: London-Paris: New Trends in Painting and Sculpture launched
Elmhurst High School was a public high school with a comprehensive intake and over 1,000 students. Elmhurst High School was a part of the Fort Wayne Community Schools school district, serving those living in the Waynedale area of Fort Wayne, it received accreditation from the Indiana Department of Education and the North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools. On March 22, 2010, a vote was taken by the FWCS School Board to accept a recommendation of the FWCS administration regarding ways to reduce the 2010 district budget by $15 million; the administration's report included the step of closing Elmhurst High School. The budget moves were required because current economic conditions reduced federal and state funds available to the school district; the closing of Elmhurst has been a debated topic over the past several years, the Board, by a unanimous vote of 7-0, agreed to accept the administration's recommendation. With that action, the 2009/10 school year was the final year of operations for the school.
Returning students were reallocated to other high schools in the FWCS system. The mission of Elmhurst High School was to guarantee that all students were prepared to meet or exceed Indiana Standards by narrowing the achievement gap, by increasing the successful completion of advanced courses, by improving student achievement. Dating back to 1929, Elmhurst High School had nine principals, including three female principals. In 1979, Elmhurst High School underwent drastic renovations; the renovations were costly and took a long time to complete but when they were finished, Elmhurst was equipped with an auxiliary gym and 600 seat auditorium. The auditorium was designed to double as a movie theater, with the use of a 20'x20' retractable movie screen to be installed after the construction of the auditorium; the school has had a rich tradition of musicians. Annually, the school hosted an ISSMA Jazz Fest. Back in the era of jazz, there were many big names. Among them were: Stan Kenton, Woody Herman, the Duke Ellington Orchestra, Maynard Ferguson, many others.
The school had many college bands perform there as well. Along the band room wall, you could see various posters dating back to when the tickets were on sale. Elmhurst's athletic department consisted of more than 20 IHSAA sports including the following for both boys and girls: cross-country, tennis, marching band and field, swim and dive and golf. Football and baseball were offered for boys, while softball, volleyball and cheerleading were offered for girls. All sanctioned sports competed in the Summit Athletic Conference. In its final year, the Elmhurst Boys' Basketball team won the 3A Regional title. In 2010 the Elmhurst robotics team won both the state and world championships competing against students from Countries including Canada and China. On March 7, 2009, the Elmhurst Girls' Basketball team brought home the first state championship for any team sport in the school's history, defeating Owen Valley 62-59 to win the Class 3A title. On August 21, 2009, the football team won their first game since the'04 campaign under head coach Kyle Beauchamp in their final year before shutting their doors- defeating Ft. Wayne Northrop, 21-13.
James Hardy, professional football player, NFL Buffalo Bills June Peppas, first basewoman and pitcher, All-American Girls Professional Baseball League David C. Turnley, Pulitzer Prize-winning photojournalist Jack Wolfe, Executive Developer for the Disney Development Co Peter Turnley, photojournalist Elmhurst High School Alumni Page Elmhurst Past Football Records
Robert Dean Boyd was a National Football League cornerback who played for the Baltimore Colts in a nine-year career from 1960 to 1968. Boyd played as quarterback in college at the University of Oklahoma under Bud Wilkinson from 1958 to 1959, he played as a defensive back and returned punts for the team. He was drafted by the Baltimore Colts in the 10th round of the 1960 NFL Draft. In his first season, he played while having 7 interceptions for 132 yards; the following season, he played in 14 games. He returned 18 punts for 173 yards, finishing 4th in the former category and 3rd in the latter category in the league. In his next season, he played in every game once again, he recovered four fumbles along with returning 3 punts for 23 yards and having 2 carries for 13 yards. He played in 12 games in the 1963 season, but he had 3 interceptions for 17 yards along with recovering 2 fumbles for 34 yards and one touchdown. In the 1964 season, he had 9 interceptions for 185 yards, both career highs while having one fumble recovery.
He one carry for 25 yards. He was named First Team All-Pro and the Pro Bowl in 1964, he played in his first playoff game that year, playing in the 1964 NFL Championship Game, which the Colts lost 27-0. The following season, he had 9 interceptions for 78 yards with one touchdown and 2 fumble recoveries, leading the league in interceptions that year, he was named First Team All-Pro once again. In the Western Conference playoff against the Green Bay Packers, he had one interception for six yards in the controversial 13-10 loss. In his next season, he had 6 interceptions for 114 yards and one touchdown while having one fumble recovery, he was named to the First Team All-Pro by Pro Football Writer and UPI and the Second Team All-Pro by the New York Daily News and the Associated Press. In his penultimate season, he had 6 interceptions for 145 yards and one touchdown and one fumble recovery, he was named 1st Team All-Conference by the Sporting News and to the 2nd Team by UPI. 1968 was his final season, he had 8 interceptions for 160 yards and one touchdown while having a fumble recovery.
He participated in the Colts' playoff run that season. In the Western Conference Championship game, he had an interception off Joe Kapp, returning it for 20 yards; the Colts won the 1968 NFL Championship Game that year, beating the Cleveland Browns 34-0 to advance to Super Bowl III. In his final game, the Colts lost 16-7 to the New York Jets. After the season, he was named First Team All-Pro and to the Pro Bowl, he finished his career with 57 interceptions, which he returned for four touchdowns. He is tied for 13th in all-time interceptions, he had 12 fumble recoveries. In 2017, the Professional Football Researchers Association named Boyd to the PFRA Hall of Very Good Class of 2017 Boyd retired after the season in order to join the coaching staff of the Colts, he was on the staff led by Don McCafferty when they won Super Bowl V in 1970. After five years, he left coaching, he became partners with Johnny Unitas in the restaurant business in the city, doing so until he retired to his hometown of Garland, Texas with his wife in 1986.
He was named to the National Football League 1960s All-Decade Team. Boyd died on August 28, 2017, of bladder cancer, in Garland, aged 79. Career statistics and player information from NFL.com · Pro-Football-Reference