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Institution of Civil Engineers

The Institution of Civil Engineers is an independent professional association for civil engineers and a charitable body in the United Kingdom. Based in London, ICE has over 93,000 members, of whom three-quarters are located in the UK, while the rest are located in more than 150 other countries; the ICE aims to support the civil engineering profession by offering professional qualification, promoting education, maintaining professional ethics, liaising with industry and government. Under its commercial arm, it delivers training, recruitment and contract services; as a professional body, ICE aims to support and promote professional learning, managing professional ethics and safeguarding the status of engineers, representing the interests of the profession in dealings with government, etc. It sets standards for membership of the body; the late 18th century and early 19th century saw the founding of many learned societies and professional bodies. Groups calling themselves civil engineers had been meeting for some years from the late 18th century, notably the Society of Civil Engineers formed in 1771 by John Smeaton.

At that time, formal engineering in Britain was limited to the military engineers of the Corps of Royal Engineers, in the spirit of self-help prevalent at the time and to provide a focus for the fledgling'civilian engineers', the Institution of Civil Engineers was founded as the world's first professional engineering body. The initiative to found the Institution was taken in 1818 by three young engineers, Henry Robinson Palmer, James Jones and Joshua Field, who organised an inaugural meeting on 2 January 1818, at the Kendal Coffee House in Fleet Street; the institution made little headway until a key step was taken – the appointment of Thomas Telford as the first President of the body. Respected within the profession and blessed with numerous contacts across the industry and in government circles, he was instrumental in drumming up membership and getting a Royal Charter for ICE in 1828; this official recognition helped establish ICE as the pre-eminent organisation for engineers of all disciplines.

Early definitions of a Civil Engineer can be found in the discussions held on 2 January 1818 and in the application for Royal Chartership. In 1818 Palmer said that: The objects of such institution, as recited in the charter, reported in The Times, were After Telford's death in 1834, the organisation moved into premises in Great George Street in the heart of Westminster in 1839, began to publish learned papers on engineering topics, its members, notably William Cubitt, were prominent in the organisation of the Great Exhibition of 1851. For 29 years ICE provided the forum for engineers practising in all the disciplines recognised today. Mechanical engineer and tool-maker Henry Maudslay was an early member and Joseph Whitworth presented one of the earliest papers – it was not until 1847 that the Institution of Mechanical Engineers was established. By the end of the 19th century, ICE had introduced examinations for professional engineering qualifications to help ensure and maintain high standards among its members – a role it continues today.

The ICE's Great George Street headquarters, designed by James Miller, was built by John Mowlem & Co and completed in 1911. The institution is a membership organisation comprising 88,810 members worldwide. Membership grades include: Student Graduate Associate Technician Member Fellow ICE is a licensed body of the Engineering Council and can award the Chartered Engineer, Incorporated Engineer and Engineering Technician professional qualifications. Members who are Chartered Engineers can use the protected title Chartered Civil Engineer. ICE is licensed by the Society for the Environment to award the Chartered Environmentalist professional qualification; the Institution of Civil Engineers publishes technical studies covering research and best practice in civil engineering. Under its commercial arm, Thomas Telford Ltd, it delivers training, recruitment and contract services, such as the NEC Engineering and Construction Contract. All the profits of Thomas Telford Ltd go back to the Institution to further its stated aim of putting civil engineers at the heart of society.

The publishing division is today called ICE Publishing. ICE Publishing produces 30 books a year, including the ICE Manuals series, 26 civil engineering journals, including the ICE Proceedings in eighteen parts, Géotechnique, the Magazine of Concrete Research; the ICE Science series is now published by ICE Publishing. ICE Science consists of five journals: Nanomaterials and Energy, Emerging Materials Research, Bioinspired and Nanobiomaterials, Green Materials and Surface Innovations. ICE members, except for students receive the New Civil Engineer magazine; the ICE administers 14 Specialist Knowledge Societies created at different times to support special interest groups within the civil engineering industry, some of which are British sections of international and/or European bodies. The societies provide continuing professional development and assist in the transfer of knowledge concerning specialist areas of engineering; the Specialist Knowledge Societies are: The inst

Quartet of Five

Quartet of Five is a 1949 East German drama film directed by Gerhard Lamprecht and starring Claus Holm, Yvonne Merin and Ruth Piepho. The film's sets were designed by Karl Schneider and Erich Zander. Claus Holm as Martin Bergau Yvonne Merin as Anne Treibel Ruth Piepho as Helga Schilling Inge Keller as Irene Gabriel Ursula Rank as Betti Krull Maria Rouvel as Kathrin Winkler Harry Hindemith as Stefan Winkler Alfred Schieske as Professor Mangold Arnold Marquis as Toni Zieseler Ralph Lothar as Gaston Rockschmieder Karl Hellmer as Dinklage Margarete Schön Charlotte Ritter as Carola Schmidt-Hanke Clemens Hasse as Euler Gustav Püttjer as Kalman Walter Gross as Schelleboom Erich Dunskus as Zeitungsverkäufer Karl Hannemann as Werkstattbesitzer Johannes Bergfeldt as Beamter Alfred Maack as 1. Krankenwärter Max Paetz as 2. Krankenwärter Fredy Barten as Wirt Erik von Loewis as Oberarzt Reinhard Kolldehoff as Patient Herbert Kiper as Patient Martin Rickelt as Arzt Elka Haedrich as Besucherin im Krankenhaus Ilse Corell as Sekretärin von Dinklage Knut Hartwig as 1.

Wachtmeister Arthur Reinhardt as 2. Wachtmeister Micaela Kreißler as Kind mit Tim; the Concise CineGraph. Encyclopedia of German Cinema. Berghahn Books, 2009. Quartet of Five on IMDb

Tayseer Najjar

Tayseer Najjar is a Jordanian journalist, convicted in the United Arab Emirates to a three-year prison term for violating the country's defamation law. He was sentenced under Article 29 of the United Arab Emirates cyber crime law, by posting comments on the social network Facebook expressing support to armed groups in Gaza and criticising the UAE's support of Egypt's decision to destroy Hamas tunnels in the 2014 Israeli aggression on Gaza. Tayseer was due to be released on 13 December 2018, was facing a fine of AED 500,000, equivalent to US$136,000. Tayseer's sentence was extended six more months. On 12 February 2019, Najjar was returned to his home country, Jordan, his fine was pardoned. According to Human Rights Watch, Najjar was convicted on the basis of his Facebook posts written before he moved to the UAE and criticism on phone calls with his wife, his critical conversations with his wife over the telephone were cited by the trial judgment without disclosing how the UAE authorities obtained records of the calls.

Human Rights Watch stated that Najjar's rights to due process and a fair trial were violated by the UAE authorities by not allowing him to access a lawyer including during interrogations, for more than a year. Najjar wrote on Facebook: “Message to some journalists and writers who do not like the Gazan resistance, there is no two rights in one case, but the right one is the Gazan resistance and all else is bad - such as Israel, the UAE, el-Sisi and other regimes that are no longer ashamed of shame itself.” Najjar was questioned about expressing his support for armed groups

Poverty and Nobility

Poverty and Nobility is a 1954 Italian comedy film directed by Mario Mattoli and starring Totò. The story is taken from the Eduardo Scarpetta's play of the same name. Naples, second half of 19th century: the poor Felice Sciosciamocca tries to work being a scribe for illiterate people, while his friend Don Pasquale tries to make photographs for rich couples. Meanwhile, in the house where the two live, their wives start to fight because the apartment is mortgaged, the women don't have money to pay the rent. Luckily, rich Count Eugenio, in love with the beautiful dancer Gemma, asks Pasquale and Felice to stage a farce for him. In fact, the father of Gemma - an enriched cook - wants to meet Eugenio's family, but he knows that his real father does not approve of his love affair with the dancer. So Eugenio transforms Don Felice Sciosciamocca into his uncle and Don Pasquale has to play the true father of Eugenio; the young count entrusts a false part to each of the members of the two families, except for the second wife of Felice, Concetta.

Count Eugenio cannot find a role for her, Concetta gets angry. While Felice and Pasquale are arguing in the beautiful villa of Don Gaetano, Concetta bursts into the home and tries to compromise the plan organized by Eugenio. Don Felice manages to fix the situation and in the end all is resolved. Totò as Felice Sciosciammocca Dolores Palumbo as Luisella Enzo Turco as Pasquale Valeria Moriconi as Pupella Franca Faldini as Nadia Liana Billi as Concetta Franco Sportelli as Vincenzo Gianni Cavalieri as Don Gaetano Sophia Loren as Gemma Carlo Croccolo as Luigino Giuseppe Porelli as Marquis Ottavio aka "Bebè" Enzo Petito as Don Gioacchino "Poverty and nobility" 1954 by Mario Mattoli Poverty and Nobility on IMDb

Mikhail Levit

Mikhail Levit is a Soviet-born Israeli photographer and pictorialist. Mikhail was born in 1944 during the World War II. At that time, his family was in evacuation in Uzbek Samarkand. Soon the family moved to Cherkasy, he studied at the Cherkasy Pedagogical Institute. Photographing carried away, he started his way as a journalist photographer and in a short time was recognized as a professional. Participant with numerous exhibitions, from Singapore, to a solo exhibition in the United States. There were many exhibitions in Europe. In the 1990s, he was hired to work in Israel, where his eldest daughter lived. After a series of successful exhibitions remained on a permanent residence. Lives in Ma'ale Adummim. A most famous Mikhail Levit's series of photographs This is Me, this is Me... is dedicated to people praying at the Western Wall of Jerusalem. Photo Studio Mikhail Levit – Photography At Its Best Mikhail Levit at the

Hopper Read

Holcombe Douglas “Hopper” Read was an English cricketer who played in one Test in 1935. Read, who received his nickname from the eccentric leap in his long run-up was regarded as the fastest bowler in the world for the brief period he was able to play first-class cricket, though he could be erratic in length he was still an dangerous bowler on a lively pitch. Although a capable fast bowler, Read’s brief career was sufficient to show him among the worst “rabbits” in the history of first-class cricket. At one point in 1935 he played eight successive runless innings, overall “Hopper” scored in just 22 of the 58 innings he played in England. For Read’s whole career his runs totalled thirty percent less than his aggregate of wickets at a batting average that remains the lowest of any cricketer to play for his country; the only other Test cricketers with a first-class average of under four runs an innings are New Zealander Chris Martin, South African Alf Hall and Glamorgan paceman Jeff Jones. From Winchester College, Read never went up to either Oxford or Cambridge University but his reputation as a fast bowler in club cricket was such that Surrey gave him a trial against those two Universities in 1933 though he never claimed qualification to represent Surrey in County Championship matches.

Although he took 4 for 26 in the second innings against Cambridge, Surrey did not think it worth having Read properly qualify for them and they raised no objections when Essex asked if he might be available. Read was qualified for Essex: not only was he born there but his father, Arthur Holcombe “Arnold” Read, had played 22 games for their first eleven between 1904 and 1910. Read played only one match for Essex in 1933 and took none for 56, but the following year, coming into the team after Kent had punished the Essex bowling for 803 runs at the cost of only four wickets, he caused a sensation. In his first over, he knocked off the cap of Jack Hobbs – in his last season of first-class cricket – and bowled him. On a good pitch, Read’s speed caused him to carry all before him with seven wickets for 35. Although his training as a chartered accountant made his appearances limited, he still took 69 wickets at an average better than any fast bowler except Larwood and his Essex compatriot Ken Farnes.

For the Gentlemen against the Players at Folkestone in September Read took in two innings nine wickets for 171 runs, Wisden opined that Read was the “find of the season”. In 1935, Read’s profession prevented him playing any cricket until mid-June but when he entered the Essex side, he clicked. Despite the fact that Farnes could not help him owing to injury and Stan Nichols stood alone as a pace-bowling duo and in a sensational match at Huddersfield, their sheer pace off the pitch bowled out the otherwise unbeaten Yorkshire eleven for 31 and 99, giving Essex a win by an innings and 204 runs; this performance led to him being chosen for the last Test match against a strong South African side. On a shirt-front pitch, Read bowled well to take six wickets – all of recognised batsmen, he was chosen for a tour led by Errol Holmes to Australia and New Zealand but his form there was variable – though he did take 11 for 100 against a New Zealand XI at Dunedin. However, Read's employers at this time became so angry at his absence from duties as a chartered accountant that they threatened to sack him if he continued to play three-day cricket in the season of 1936.

The tour was the end of Read’s career in first-class cricket apart from one match in 1948 for the Marylebone Cricket Club against Ireland. Essex – who with Farnes and Read in tandem would have had the two fastest bowlers in the world and the fastest attack of any county side in history – were never able to see what the potential of the two together would have been as they only were able to play together in one match on a slow wicket at the Wagon Works Ground against Gloucestershire in late 1934. Read did play in club cricket on Saturdays for Englefield Green and The Butterflies for many years after he was no longer able to play three-day matches. First-class bowling averages