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Intel 8008

The Intel 8008 is an early byte-oriented microprocessor designed and manufactured by Intel and introduced in April 1972. It is an 8-bit CPU with an external 14-bit address bus. Known as the 1201, the chip was commissioned by Computer Terminal Corporation to implement an instruction set of their design for their Datapoint 2200 programmable terminal; as the chip was delayed and did not meet CTC's performance goals, the 2200 ended up using CTC's own TTL-based CPU instead. An agreement permitted Intel to market the chip to other customers after Seiko expressed an interest in using it for a calculator. CTC formed in San Antonio in 1968 under the direction of Austin O. "Gus" Roche and Phil Ray, both NASA engineers. Roche, in particular, was interested in producing a desktop computer. However, given the immaturity of the market, the company's business plan mentioned only a Teletype Model 33 ASR replacement, which shipped as the Datapoint 3300; the case was deliberately designed to fit in the same space as an IBM Selectric typewriter and used a video screen shaped to have the same aspect ratio as an IBM punched card.

Although commercially successful, the 3300 had ongoing heat problems due to the amount of circuitry packed into such a small space. In order to address the heating and other issues, a re-design started that featured the CPU part of the internal circuitry re-implemented on a single chip. Looking for a company able to produce their chip design, Roche turned to Intel primarily a vendor of memory chips. Roche met with Bob Noyce, he said that if you have a computer chip, you can only sell one chip per computer, while with memory, you can sell hundreds of chips per computer." Another major concern was that Intel's existing customer base purchased their memory chips for use with their own processor designs. Noyce agreed to a $50,000 development contract in early 1970. Texas Instruments was brought in as a second supplier. TI was able to make samples of the 1201 based on Intel drawings, but these proved to be buggy and were rejected. Intel's own versions were delayed. CTC decided to re-implement the new version of the terminal using discrete TTL instead of waiting for a single-chip CPU.

The new system was released as the Datapoint 2200 in the spring 1970, with their first sale to General Mills on May 25, 1970. CTC paused development of the 1201. Six months Seiko approached Intel, expressing an interest in using the 1201 in a scientific calculator after seeing the success of the simpler Intel 4004 used by Busicom in their business calculators. A small re-design followed, under the leadership of Federico Faggin, the designer of the 4004, now project leader of the 1201, expanding from a 16-pin to 18-pin design, the new 1201 was delivered to CTC in late 1971. By that point, CTC had once again moved on, this time to the Datapoint 2200 II, faster; the 1201 was no longer powerful enough for the new model. CTC voted to end their involvement with the 1201, leaving the design's intellectual property to Intel instead of paying the $50,000 contract. Intel renamed it the 8008 and put it in their catalog in April 1972 priced at $120. Intel's initial worries about their existing customer base leaving them proved unfounded, the 8008 went on to be a commercially successful design.

This was followed by the Intel 8080, the hugely successful Intel x86 family. One of the first teams to build a complete system around the 8008 was Bill Pentz' team at California State University, Sacramento; the Sac State 8008 was the first true microcomputer, with a disk operating system built with IBM Basic assembly language in PROM, all driving a color display, hard drive, modem, audio/paper tape reader and printer. The project started in the spring of 1972, with key help from Tektronix the system was functional a year later. Bill assisted Intel with the MCS-8 kit and provided key input to the Intel 8080 instruction set, which helped make it useful for the industry and hobbyists. In the UK, a team at S. E. Laboratories Engineering led by Tom Spink in 1972 built a microcomputer based on a pre-release sample of the 8008. Joe Hardman extended the chip with an external stack. This, among other things, gave it power-fail recovery. Joe developed a direct screen printer; the operating system was written using a meta-assembler developed by L. Crawford and J. Parnell for a Digital Equipment Corporation PDP-11.

The operating system was burnt into a PROM. It was interrupt-driven and based on a fixed page size for programs and data. An operational prototype was prepared for management; the 8008 was the CPU for the first commercial non-calculator personal computers: the US SCELBI kit and the pre-built French Micral N and Canadian MCM/70. Intel offered an instruction set simulator for the 8008 named INTERP/8, it was written in FORTRAN. The 8008 was implemented in 10 μm silicon-gate enhancement-mode PMOS logic. Initial versions could work at clock frequencies up to 0.5 MHz. This was increased in the 8008-1 to a specified maximum of 0.8 MHz. Instructions took between 11 T-states, where each T-state was 2 clock cycles. Register–register loads and ALU operations took 5T, register–memory 8T, while calls and jumps took 11 T-states (4

President's Day (film)

President's Day is a 2010 comedy horror film directed by Chris LaMartina. The film follows a group of high school students being hunted by a madman in an Abraham Lincoln disguise; the film had a limited release on Presidents' Day in 2010 and was released to DVD on April 9 of the same year. Two high school students and his girlfriend Tara, are murdered in Tom's home by an unknown killer dressed in an Abraham Lincoln costume with an axe; the next day, class joker Barry Olsen is attracted to new student Joanna Bolen. After skipping class, Barry is advised to run in the student body election by Officer Kennedy in order to get to know Joanna; some time one of the candidates, Maxine, is murdered outside the school by the killer. The next day, Maxine is reported missing along with Tara. Although this causes worry to Principal Huck, it doesn't bother the student favored to win, Chelsea Blythe, as it will increase her chance at winning. Huck assigns Kennedy and Detective Kurtz to investigate the disappearances, but they don't get far with it.

At night, the killer kills another candidate and one of the election advisors, Ms. Heath, at Christian's house. News of this reaches Kennedy, who finds notes that sign him as the killer. Kennedy tells Barry to investigate the letters. Barry shows them to various students, but is only given an answer by the janitor, who shows him a picture of a ghostly Abraham Lincoln and tells him that the killer resides in the school's fallout shelter; some time two other candidates and Dennis, the janitor are killed. Joanna tells Barry that she is dropping out of the election to help with Barry's campaign, neck and neck with Chelsea. Barry agrees to stay in the election if Joanna helps him with investigating the murders and disappearances. Kennedy informs Barry that another candidate and teacher, Mr. Wright, are missing and that Kurtz only found Wright's house in disrepair and his dog dead. With Joanna's help, Barry goes to investigate Wright's house, but only finds Wright's dentures before Kurtz arrives. Afterwards, another candidate, Michelle, is killed, which causes Huck and Vice Principal Mackey to cancel the election.

The killer kills teacher Mrs. Frederica, secretary Madeline and Huck himself. Kennedy informs Barry that science teacher Mr. Roemer is the lead suspect as he quit and is attempting to frame Kennedy for a past incident. Kennedy tells Barry that Joanna has a file from when she assaulted a teacher, when he confronts her about this, she tells him that the teacher was sexually abusing her and she storms off, leaving Barry alone in the investigation. Barry goes to Roemer's house, only to see Roemer get murdered by the killer. Kennedy and Kurtz are given permission by Mackey to install a surveillance system in the school. Barry informs Kennedy of Roemer's death, who sends Kurtz to Roemer's house, where he finds all the bodies of the victims and the missing people, several of the bodies burned by sulfuric acid, as well as a note indicting Roemer of the murders. Barry hears from the newscaster that Wright and Eddie's bodies had to be identified by dental records. With the murders over, Mackey reinstates the election.

Joanna and twins Jenna and Barbara plot for Barry to win. Joanna lures Mackey outside and the twins play a tape recorder of Chelsea belittling the entire student faculty and they change their votes to Barry. Although Barry has the highest votes, Chelsea is the victor, as Mackey is being held hostage by the killer. Joanna goes to the bathroom, where she is abducted by the killer. Chelsea finds a note from Kennedy to meet in the fallout shelter, but Kurtz discovers the killer killing Kennedy on the CCTV cameras. Barry finds that the dentures are gone. Chelsea comes face to face with the killer; the killer is revealed to be Wright, having faked his own death and killed all of her opponents because he is attracted to her. Wright offers Chelsea the chance to kill Joanna, but Chelsea instead lets her go, which results in her death. Joanna escapes and runs past Kurtz, killed by Wright shortly afterwards. Barry arrives and, with Joanna's help, incapacitates Wright, they share a kiss until Wright yells at Barry "You weren't supposed to be president!", which results in Barry killing him with his axe.

Barry is elected student body president and the ending concludes with him being congratulated by Mackey, who only suffered a sprained neck, the remaining students. Bennie Mack McCoy IV as Barry Olsen Lizzy Denning as Joanna Bolen Nicolette le Faye as Chelsea Blythe Ryan Thomas as Officer Kennedy George Stover as Leonard Wright Shawn C. Philips as Dennis Ruby Larocca as Michelle Paul Fahrenkopf as Detective Kurtz Andrea Hern as Jenna Lee Armstrong as Janitor Chris Magorian as Eddie Mills Mary Jane Oelke as Mrs. Frederica Ron LaMartina as George Roemer Matthew Bowerman as Merv Perkins D. Patrick Bauer as Tom Sachmore Carley Cooper as Billie Roscoe Sheldon Lawrence as Principal Huck Laura Scott Ferro as Vice Principal Mackey Regina E. Guy as Madeline Katie Hern as Barbara Jesse Layne as Lorraine Heath Will Lurie as Christian Doddler Cory Mann as Tara Capo Carolyn Wasilewski as Maxine Melanie Glickman as Bored Student Bloody Disgusting gave President's Day four skulls and wrote that it was "a quantum leap forward for a fledgling filmmaker who has proven over the last 4-years that he’s more than capable making quality films for less."

The Baltimore City Paper praised the movie, which they called "a fun, wickedly entertaining slasher romp". President's Day on IMDb


The word gaṇa in Sanskrit and Pali means "flock, multitude, tribe, series or class". It can be used to refer to a "body of attendants" and can refer to "a company, any assemblage or association of men formed for the attainment of the same aims"; the word "gana" can refer to councils or assemblies convened to discuss matters of religion or other topics. In Hinduism, the Gaṇas live on Mount Kailash. Ganesha was chosen as their leader by Shiva, hence Ganesha's title gaṇeśa or gaṇapati, "lord or leader of the ganas". In Hinduism, the gana are attendants who reside in chthonic and liminal locations such as cemeteries and charnel grounds; the gana attend Shiva on Mount Kailash. The story of creation of Virabhadra from Shiva's lock and the destruction of Daksha by Virabhadra and his ganas are popular stories from the Puraṇas. Many books of Sanskrit literature used sanghas. Pāṇini in his Sanskrit grammar used gana as: संघोद्घौ गण प्रशंसयो Sanghoddhau gaṇa praśansayoThe Nāradasmṛti in Sanskrit mentions: It shows that the ganatantra system of rule was prevalent in India since ancient times.

A detailed analysis of the GANAS obtains in chapter 108 of Shanti Parva in which Yudhishthira asks Bhishma about the ganas: how do they increase, how do they defend themselves from the dividing-policy of enemies, what are their techniques in conquering enemies and in making friends, how do they hide their secret mantras. Bhishma's answers to these questions were recorded in the form of shlokas from 16 – 32 in Shanti Parva. Ganas were narrated in Vedas in the form of assemblies of warriors as is clear from the following sutras of Rigveda: व्रातं व्रातं गणम् गणम् Vrātam Vrātam gaṇam gaṇamGanatantra means a state run by assemblies; the representative members of clans were known as ganas and their assembly as sanghas, there chief as ganadhipati or Ganesha and Ganapati. Sangam literature of Tamil describes the offerings for Ganas. In Silapathikaram one of the five epics of Tamil by Ilango Adigal saying the offering for eighteen kind of Ganas; the Buddhist literature Mahabagga mentions that: गण पूरकोवा भविस्सामीति Gaṇa pūrkovā bhavissāmītiIt indicates that an officer used to see the number of ganas and their koram in the Rajasabha.

Buddhist books like ‘Pali-pitaka’, mahabagga, Avadana shataka mentioned ganas and sanghas. During Buddha's period India had 116 ganasanghas. In Buddhist times, Gaṇas were assemblies of the Sanghas, early democratic republics known as Gaṇa-rājyas "rule of the assembly", a term paralleling demo-kratia or soviet republic; the term was revived in the official name of the Republic of India. Buddhaghosa mentions the palaces of the Ganadeva-puttas among those seen by King Nemi as Mātali led him through the world of the devas; this term seems to be absent in the corresponding Jātaka. It is possible. Gaṇa sangha Ganachakra Ganatantra Ganesha Genos The Ganas: Hooligans of Heaven

Ronald Guzmán

Ronald Enmanuel Guzmán Rodríguez is a Dominican professional baseball first baseman for the Texas Rangers of Major League Baseball. Guzmán signed with the Texas Rangers as an international free agent in 2011, along with Nomar Mazara, he made his professional debut in 2012 with the Arizona League Rangers of the Rookie-level Arizona League. He played for the Hickory Crawdads of the Class A South Atlantic League in 2013, 2014 and at the start of 2015, he finished 2015 with the High Desert Mavericks of the Class A-Advanced California League and played in the Arizona Fall League after the season. In 2016, Guzmán played for the Frisco RoughRiders of the Class AA Texas League and for the Round Rock Express of the Class AAA Pacific Coast League, he posted a combined stat line of.274/.333/.449/.782 with 16 home runs and 67 RBI. In 2016 he was appeared in the All-Star Futures Game; the Rangers added him to their 40-man roster after the 2016 season. Guzman spent the 2017 season with the Round Rock Express, posting a stat line of.298/.372/.434/.806 with 12 home runs and 62 RBI.

After the 2017 season, the Rangers organization named him their 2017 Tom Grieve Player of the Year. Guzman returned to the Round Rock Express to start the 2018 season, playing in 5 games with them before being recalled to the major leagues for the first time; the Rangers promoted Guzmán to the major leagues on April 13, 2018. He hit his first major league home run on April 14, 2018 to tie a game against the Houston Astros in the top of the 8th inning. On August 10, 2018, he became the first rookie to hit 3 home runs against the New York Yankees in the Bronx, it was his father's first time seeing his son play in a professional game. Guzman finished his rookie season with a.235/.306/.416/.722 batting line with 16 home runs and 58 RBI in 123 games. Coming out of the 2019 Spring Training, Guzmán was named the Rangers' starting first baseman. However, he was placed on the 10-day injured list on April 2019, with a right hamstring strain, he was reactivated off the IL on May 9. However, after posting a.193/.282/.396/.678 battling line during the first four months of the season, he was optioned to Triple-A Nashville on July 23.

After slashing an impressive.316/.409/.518/.927 batting line at Nashville, he was called up on September 1 to become the Rangers' everyday first baseman. Guzmán would finish the 2019 season batting.219/.308/.414/.723 with 10 home runs and 36 RBI in 87 games. In 2014, Guzman was home in the Dominican Republic driving his vehicle when he collided with a motorcycle; the crash resulted in the death of the driver of the motorcycle. Guzman did not face any charges from the incident, as the police determined that the motorcycle driver had failed to stop at an intersection. Guzman has one daughter, named Charlotte. Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference Ronald Guzmán on Twitter Ronald Guzmán on Instagram

Michael Graham Saunders

Michael Graham Saunders, M. D. was a Neurophysiologist, Medical Doctor, Medical Researcher, fundamental in the development of the Electroencephalography, as well as a strong advocate for the advancement of computer use in medicine. He was born in London, England to Eric Graham Saunders and Rose Kate Gasson, received his early education at Launceston College, Cornwall, he attended Victoria University of Manchester, attaining a B. Sc. in 1940 in anatomy and physiology ]. B.. Ch. B. 1944. Sc. 1944 in physiology and M. D. in 1964. Dr. and Mrs. Saunders left England and came to Winnipeg, Manitoba in April 1949, he was appointed Assistant professor of Physiology specializing in Neurophysiology at the University of Manitoba, Director of the Electroencephalography Departments of the Winnipeg General Hospital and Children's Hospital and consultant EEG Services to the Department of Health, Province of Manitoba and to the St. Boniface General Hospital; as his wife was a graduate physiotherapist, Dr. Saunders' early interests in this area led to an appointment as Director of the Electromyography department of the Manitoba Rehabilitation Hospital.

In 1941 he was a founder member of the EEG Society. He held executive positions in several organizations, he was an honorary member of the Canadian Physiotherapy Association. He was Procedural Counselor, delegate-at-large, Chairman of the Rules Committee for the Vienna meeting of the International Federation of Societies for Encephalography and Clinical Physiology. Saunders was a founding member of the Canadian Board of Registration of Electroencephalograph Technologists, founded in 1972, he died on April 4, 1975

Cox-Hord House

The Cox-Hord House is a three-story brick structure in Maysville, Kentucky designed by Cincinnati architect, Edwin Anderson, built in 1880 at a cost of $49,000. The architectural style is eclectic with elements of Victorian Gothic and Victorian Romanesque, it is considered an excellent example of the "Mauve Decade" due to the "use of the finest materials and superb workmanship". Ceiling heights are 10' on the third. A variety of wood was used for interior trim including light and dark walnut, fruit wood and ebony; the house was built in 1880 for Andrew Cox and his wife, Mary Thomas Cox, daughter of a local distiller. In 1897, it was sold to wholesaler Milton Russell, sold again in 1926 to Ferdinand Hechinger for his daughter, Rebekah H. Hord,Rebekah Hord was active in Maysville civic affairs and is noted as the first elected female mayor in Kentucky, serving from 1951 to 1962. Hord's daughter and grandson were elected Mayor of Maysville in 1986 and 1999 respectively