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Intel 8086

The 8086 is a 16-bit microprocessor chip designed by Intel between early 1976 and June 8, 1978, when it was released. The Intel 8088, released July 1, 1979, is a modified chip with an external 8-bit data bus, is notable as the processor used in the original IBM PC design; the 8086 gave rise to the x86 architecture, which became Intel's most successful line of processors. On June 5, 2018, Intel released a limited-edition CPU celebrating the anniversary of the Intel 8086, called the Intel Core i7-8086K. In 1972, Intel launched the first 8-bit microprocessor, it implemented an instruction set designed by Datapoint corporation with programmable CRT terminals in mind, which proved to be general-purpose. The device needed several additional ICs to produce a functional computer, in part due to it being packaged in a small 18-pin "memory package", which ruled out the use of a separate address bus. Two years Intel launched the 8080, employing the new 40-pin DIL packages developed for calculator ICs to enable a separate address bus.

It has an extended instruction set, source-compatible with the 8008 and includes some 16-bit instructions to make programming easier. The 8080 device, was replaced by the depletion-load-based 8085, which sufficed with a single +5 V power supply instead of the three different operating voltages of earlier chips. Other well known 8-bit microprocessors that emerged during these years are Motorola 6800, General Instrument PIC16X, MOS Technology 6502, Zilog Z80, Motorola 6809; the 8086 project started in May 1976 and was intended as a temporary substitute for the ambitious and delayed iAPX 432 project. It was an attempt to draw attention from the less-delayed 16- and 32-bit processors of other manufacturers and at the same time to counter the threat from the Zilog Z80, which became successful. Both the architecture and the physical chip were therefore developed rather by a small group of people, using the same basic microarchitecture elements and physical implementation techniques as employed for the older 8085.

Marketed as source compatible, the 8086 was designed to allow assembly language for the 8008, 8080, or 8085 to be automatically converted into equivalent 8086 source code, with little or no hand-editing. The programming model and instruction set is based on the 8080. However, the 8086 design was expanded to support full 16-bit processing, instead of the limited 16-bit capabilities of the 8080 and 8085. New kinds of instructions were added as well. Instructions directly supporting nested ALGOL-family languages such as Pascal and PL/M were added. According to principal architect Stephen P. Morse, this was a result of a more software-centric approach than in the design of earlier Intel processors. Other enhancements included microcoded multiply and divide instructions and a bus structure better adapted to future coprocessors and multiprocessor systems; the first revision of the instruction set and high level architecture was ready after about three months, as no CAD tools were used, four engineers and 12 layout people were working on the chip.

The 8086 took a little more than two years from idea to working product, considered rather fast for a complex design in 1976–1978. The 8086 was sequenced using a mixture of random logic and microcode and was implemented using depletion-load nMOS circuitry with 20,000 active transistors, it was soon moved to a new refined nMOS manufacturing process called HMOS that Intel developed for manufacturing of fast static RAM products. This was followed by HMOS-II, HMOS-III versions, a static CMOS version for battery powered devices, manufactured using Intel's CHMOS processes; the original chip measured minimum feature size was 3.2 μm. The architecture was defined by Stephen P. Morse with some help and assistance by Bruce Ravenel in refining the final revisions. Logic designer Jim McKevitt and John Bayliss were the lead engineers of the hardware-level development team and Bill Pohlman the manager for the project; the legacy of the 8086 is enduring in the basic instruction set of today's personal computers and servers.

All internal registers, as well as internal and external data buses, are 16 bits wide, which established the "16-bit microprocessor" identity of the 8086. A 20-bit external address bus provides a 1 MB physical address space; this address space is addressed by means of internal memory "segmentation". The data bus is multiplexed with the address bus in order to fit all of the control lines into a standard 40-pin dual in-line package, it provides a 16-bit I/O address bus. The maximum linear address space is limited to 64 KB because

Iași Sevens

Iași Sevens is an American football team, based in Iași, Romania. The team was formed in January 2008; the first try-out and practice was held on February 3rd, of the same year. The team states that their objectives are the recognition of American football as an official sport in Romania, the creation and promotion of an internal championship; the team trains at the Ciurchi soccer stadium in Iași. The home games are played on Iași. On 28 & 29 March 2009, Iasi Sevens has participated in the 4th edition of the Essone Flag Event, that took place in Paris, France; the team finished ranked 10th from 12 teams, tying another. All the teams respect the NCAA football rules. Romanian American Football Federation National American Football Championship of Romania Romania national American football team Official Website

Snow (picture book)

Snow is a children's picture book by Uri Shulevitz. It received a Caldecott Honor in 1999, it won the Charlotte Zolotow Award in 1999. This book uses lively watercolor and pen-and-ink illustrations to show the transformation of the city as snow falls; the beginning pages use a bleak palette. By the end of the book the dull city is covered in snow and looks magical and bright, it is a grey city until the first snowflakes start to fall. No one thinks those few flakes will amount to much except for his dog, he believes that it will snow, despite the numerous predictions from adults, the television, the radio that it will not. As the snow begins to pile up, disgruntled adults rush home, leaving the boy and his dog to joyfully enjoy the snow; the snow is a metaphor for "the faith young children possess in the face of an adult world lacking in vision and understanding."

Teesside

Teesside is a conurbation around Middlesbrough on the River Tees in North East England which includes Billingham, Stockton-on-Tees and Thornaby. It is a centre for heavy industry, although the number of people employed in this type of work has declined. Traditional industries steelmaking and chemical manufacture (Imperial Chemical Industries, have been replaced to a large extent by high technology activities, science development and service sector roles. In 1974, the County Borough of Teesside was absorbed into the larger non-metropolitan county of Cleveland along with the towns of Hartlepool and Guisborough; the Teesside area was partitioned between the boroughs of Stockton-on-Tees and Langbaurgh, with the wards of Billingham East & West, Hartburn, Mile House, North End, Stockton South, Thornaby East & West going to Stockton. Local government reorganisation in 1996, recommended by the Banham Review, saw the county of Cleveland broken up into the four independent unitary authority boroughs of Hartlepool, Stockton and Redcar and Cleveland.

At this time they were returned to the counties of North Yorkshire and County Durham for ceremonial purposes, with Stockton-on-Tees becoming the only district in England split between two ceremonial counties. In 1998 the neighbouring Borough of Darlington became an independent unitary authority and this along with the four former Cleveland boroughs form the sub-region of the Tees Valley, used for statistical purposes and governmental organisation; the name Tees Valley is promoted for economic and cultural connections, though Durham, Teesside and Yorkshire are used, such as the continued existence of Cleveland Police and Cleveland Fire Brigade, of the Cleveland postal county. The Teesside Built-up Area the Teesside Urban Area, identified by the ONS for statistical purposes had a population of around 376,633 according to the 2011 census, up 3% on the 2001 figure of 365,323, had the following subdivisions: Billingham High Clarence Ingleby Barwick Middlesbrough Redcar Stockton-on-Tees Thornaby-on-Tees Wolviston Eaglescliffe and Yarm are counted as a separate Yarm urban area, separated by a narrow gap, which had a population of 19,184 according to the 2011 census up 5% from the 2001 figure of 18,335.

Infilling development may join the two urban areas together. Marske-by-the-Sea is another separate Urban Area nearly contiguous with Redcar with a population of 8,282 down 7% from the 2001 figure of 8,921. Nearby Hartlepool is sometimes considered as part of Teesside; the Hartlepool area has an urban population of 88,855 an increase of 3% from the 2001 figure of 86,085 and this can be referred to as the Teesside & Hartlepool Urban Area. If this definition is taken into consideration, with the addition of the Eaglescliffe area and Marske, Teesside would have a population of 492,954 people. Teesside industry is dominated by the commodity and in many instances, integrated chemical producers of the Northeast of England Process Industry Cluster; these companies are based on three large chemical sites around the mouth of the River Tees at Wilton and Seal Sands. These companies make products such as petrochemicals, commodity chemicals and polymers. Teesport is based on the River Tees and is the third largest port in the United Kingdom, amongst the ten biggest in Western Europe.

This port handles over 56 million tonnes of goods per annum which are associated with the local petrochemical and steel processing industries. The port is an important piece of logistical infrastructure for the NEPIC cluster of process companies. Teesside continues to be used locally to refer to the entire urban area and the name can still be seen in the following uses: Teesside University Teesside retail and leisure park, founded by the now defunct Teesside Development Corporation TS postcode area, known as the'Cleveland postal area' by Royal Mail, but was formed from Teesside. Teesside International Airport and Teesside Airport railway station, the local airport and railway station serving the airport. Teesside continues to be used as signed destination on UK road signs, it is. It has been adopted for various other purposes as a synonym for the former county of Cleveland, it is common to see Teesside spelled incorrectly as "Teeside", with a single's'. Trolleybuses in Teesside Teesside Fettlers BBC Tees – the latest local news, entertainment, faith and weather

Take To The Seas

Take to the Seas are a four-piece indie rock band from Sheffield, England. They released a two track EP on Favourite Tree Records in March 2009, are working on a second, they have had positive reviews in magazines such as Sandman magazine, have had airplay on BBC Radio Sheffield's Raw Talent, on Tom Robinson's radio show on BBC 6 music.. They met in Sheffield, South Yorkshire in late 2008 following guitarist Sam and bassist Joe's time together at school in York, England. All members were in other Sheffield bands at the time, those being Hey! Robot!, Pocket Satellite, Say Things Twice. They recorded the It's Science E. P. at the Vault Studios in Sheffield, subsequently released on Favourite Tree Records 2009: It's Science E. P. Official Website Official MySpace

Asian F

"Asian F" is the third episode of the third season of the American musical television series Glee, the forty-seventh overall. Written by series co-creator Ian Brennan and directed by Alfonso Gomez-Rejon, it first aired on Fox in the United States on October 4, 2011; the episode features the introduction of Emma Pillsbury's and Mike Chang's parents, the final auditions for the McKinley High production of West Side Story, in which the competition between Mercedes Jones and Rachel Berry leads the former to quit New Directions. An advance copy of the episode was released to several reviewers, received a enthusiastic response. Once the episode aired many others were impressed, though not all. Brittany's "Run the World" performance was hailed, the entire Mike Chang storyline his rendition of "Cool" and his initial solo dance sequence received favorable notice; the musical numbers were greeted positively, among them the three that featured Mercedes "It's All Over". However, her storyline had its detractors due to the recurrence of the Mercedes versus Rachel plot, the inconsistency of her characterization with past appearances.

All six songs were released as singles, available for download, two, "Fix You" and "Run the World", charted on the Billboard Hot 100, "Fix You" charted on the Canadian Hot 100. Upon its initial airing, this episode was viewed by 8.42 million American viewers and garnered a 3.6/10 Nielsen rating/share in the 18–49 demographic. The total viewership and ratings for this episode were down from the previous episode, "I Am Unicorn". After Mike receives an "A−" on a chemistry exam, his father is upset by this "Asian F" and the danger it poses to his chances of attending Harvard, insists that Mike focus more on his studies and give up glee club and his girlfriend Tina, helping him improve his singing. Mike begs for one more chance and promises to meet with a tutor, but decides to follow his dreams and auditions for the role of Riff in West Side Story, performing "Cool", he misses a tutoring session and is confronted by his mother, when he admits he wants to be a dancer rather than a doctor, she reveals that she gave up dreams of becoming a dancer and doesn’t want her son to do the same.

To promote her candidacy for senior class president, Brittany sings a rousing song of female empowerment—"Run the World"—at an impromptu assembly, with the help of the Cheerios and Santana, who has rejoined New Directions unbeknownst to cheerleading coach Sue Sylvester. The enormous enthusiasm of the school's entire female population worries Kurt, the other candidate in the race. Kurt has given up his dream to play Tony in the musical, gives a bouquet of roses to his boyfriend Blaine, the choice as Tony. Will is insecure about his relationship with Emma because she hasn’t asked him to meet her parents, so he invites them to dinner without telling her, they mock their daughter’s OCD, which angers Will, display an extreme hair-color obsession—Emma refers to them as "ginger supremacists". Her OCD suffers a severe resurgence under the stress of their visit. A helpless Will apologizes, joins Emma when she prays. Mercedes, supported by her boyfriend Shane, auditions for the role of Maria and impresses the directors—Emma, Coach Beiste and Artie —with her rendition of "Spotlight".

They schedule a callback between Rachel to help them decide who should be cast in the role. Mercedes is angry about what she perceives as continued favoritism shown to Rachel in the awarding of solos, when Will pushes her in the glee club's extra dance rehearsals that Rachel is excused from, she decides she has had enough and quits glee club; when Mercedes and Rachel compete by singing "Out Here On My Own" in the callbacks, Mercedes gives a performance that Rachel concedes was better, which prompts Rachel to begin a last-minute candidacy for senior class president to improve her college prospects. The three directors decide to offer the role of Maria to both contenders, with each to do half the performances, but Mercedes is convinced she deserved to win the part outright and refuses to accept half a role, she withdraws from contention, which leaves Rachel as the sole Maria, volunteers to join Shelby Corcoran's new glee club. The cast list is posted, with Rachel as Maria, Blaine as Tony, Santana as Anita, Mike as Riff, Kurt as Officer Krupke.

The episode began filming on August 29, 2011. The script was written by series co-creator Ian Brennan and the episode was directed by Alfonso Gomez-Rejon. Two new sets of parents are introduced during the episode. Emma's parents and Rusty Pillsbury, are played by Valerie Mahaffey and Don Most. Mays was excited when she learned Most, who played Ralph Malph on the 1970s sitcom Happy Days, had been cast, exclaimed, "What? He's my father?!" Both Most and Mahaffey were so funny during the shooting of their sequence that she had to apologize for causing a portion to have to be reshot, telling them, "I'm so sorry, the back of my shoulders were shaking because I was laughing so hard."Mike's parents, who may become recurring characters, are Tamlyn Tomita in the role of Julia Chang, Keong Sim as Mike Chang, Sr. Recurring guest stars appearing in the episode include Principal Figgins, football coach Shannon Beiste, student Laur