click links in text for more info

Colonel Ephraim and Sarah Doolittle Farm

The Colonel Ephraim and Sarah Doolittle Farm is a historic farm property on Doolittle Road in Shoreham, Vermont. It is one of the oldest colonial farm properties in western Vermont, established in 1766 by Colonel Ephraim Doolittle, a veteran of the French and Indian War and the American Revolutionary War, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1995. The Doolittle Farm is located in northern Shoreham, on 180 acres bounded on the west by Vermont Route 22A, the south by Doolittle Road, the north by the Shoreham-Bridport town line; the western portion of the farm is wooded, includes Prickly Ash Brook, which flows northeasterly across the property. The eastern portion is open, with fields of agriculture; the farm complex is set on the north side of Doolittle Road, east of the brook between the cleared and wooded areas. In addition to the c. 1800 farmhouse, the complex includes a carriage barn, three agricultural barns from the mid-to-late 19th century, several smaller outbuildings.

The farmhouse is a fine example of early Federal period architecture, built of brick laid in common bond and covered by a hip roof. The farm was established in 1766 by Colonel Ephraim Doolittle, a colonial militia officer who helped build the Crown Point Military Road, the area's first road, part of which runs along Doolittle Road. Doolittle established a gristmill and sawmill on Prickly Ash Brook, whose foundational remnants survive. Doolittle was one of the founding proprietors of Shoreham, chartered in 1788, was a prominent local citizen for many years; the house, dating about 1800, was built by Job Lane Howe, a prominent area builder credited with building other fine Federal period houses in the region. National Register of Historic Places listings in Addison County, Vermont

Czechoslovak 11th Infantry Battalion

The Czechoslovak 11th Infantry Battalion – East was a Czechoslovak infantry battalion in the Second World War. It served under the British Middle East Command in the Middle East Theatre. Several thousand Czechoslovak soldiers served in the Battle of France. 206 Czechoslovak Army volunteers were in Beirut, waiting to be posted to join the Czechoslovak 1st Infantry Division in France when France capitulated to Nazi Germany. Vichy France could have interned the men and surrendered them to the German military authorities, had not the Czechoslovak Consul-General in Jerusalem secured visas for them to move to Mandatory Palestine; the Czechoslovaks were housed in a camp at Al-Sumayriyya north of Acre. Further arrivals increased the group to 280 and it was formed into the 4th Infantry Regiment as part of the Czechoslovak 1st Infantry Division; the regiment was transferred south to a camp at Gedera near Tel Aviv to be armed and trained. On 1 October 1940 at Gedera the regiment was reconstituted as the 11th Infantry Battalion.

Lt-Col Karel Klapálek was appointed commanding officer. In December 1940 the battalion received acclimatization training and was posted to Egypt, where it was assigned guard duty at camps first at Sidi Bishr and at Agami. On 30 May it was put under the command of the British 23rd Infantry Brigade and posted to Sidi Haneish near Mersa Matruh. In June and July 1941 the 23rd Infantry Brigade, including the Czechoslovak 11th Infantry Battalion, fought in the Allied invasion of Syria and Lebanon. In August the battalion was stationed on Syria's border with Turkey. In August 1941 the Czechoslovak government-in-exile asked for the 11th Battalion to be moved to Britain to be united with Czechoslovak forces there; the British military authorities refused, instead on 6 October 1941 transferred the battalion from the 23rd Infantry Brigade to the Polish Independent Carpathian Rifle Brigade, besieged in Tobruk in Libya. The battalion served at Tobruk including 51 in combat. At the end of December 1941 the battalion was withdrawn to the rear and transferred to the 38th Indian Infantry Brigade.

In April 1942 the battalion was returned to Palestine and in May it was reorganised as the 200th Czechoslovak Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, with Karel Klapálek continuing as its commander. The 2008 Czech film Tobruk portrays a Czechoslovak battalion in the Siege of Tobruk in 1941; the film won a Czech Lion Award. Stehlík, Eduard; the Heart of the Army, General Staff 1919–2009. Prague: Ministerstvo obrany České republiky. ISBN 978-80-7278-516-2. Hartmann, Erich. "Československý odboj na Středním Východě a v Africe". Valka

Terrier Stricken

Terrier-Stricken is a Merrie Melodies cartoon short, released in 1952, written by Michael Maltese and directed by Chuck Jones. Frisky Puppy's barking at the worst possible moments get Claude Cat into a heap of troublesome situations. In the opening scene, Claude is eating his dinner but becomes frustrated that there isn't more food in his bowl, he gets the idea. Sneaking over to the dog's food dish, he arrives at the dog dish and is about to take a bite when Frisky sneaks up behind him and barks. Claude is seen flying upward out of the scene. A moment we see him with his claws stuck into the ceiling, shaking like a leaf. Frisky downs runs off. Claude begins murmuring while looking at the audience. Frisky is seen running through the hallway where he sees his ball, pounces on it causing it to roll under the carpet, he goes after the ball by crawling under the carpet, but he's not quite sure where it is, so he takes a sniff and bites down on the ball and comes out from under the carpet, ball held in his teeth.

He throws the ball up into the air and tries to catch it in his teeth as it falls back to the floor but he misses, his empty jaws snap shut. He throws the ball up in the air again; as he's trying to figure out where the ball is, it hits him on the head. He scampers off behind a wall, yelping all the way. Angrily, he jumps out at the ball and barks at it and walks away, but has to stop for a moment as he has to scratch. A flea falls to the floor as he gives it a sniff, it jumps at him and he yelps, but as he walks away, the flea jumps back into his fur and he begins scratching again. Frisky's mistress notices him scratching away and says, "So, Mr. Frisky - I see YOU need a bath! Well, there's no time like the present." As his mistress carries him, they pass Claude, watching and sticks out his tongue at Frisky. Frisky escapes and his mistress yells, "Frisky, you come back here this minute!" Frisky hides under the couch, Claude goes over to the couch skirt and lifts it up with his hind leg as the mistress asks herself, "Where is that dog?

Oh there you are, you naughty thing!" and carries him back to the wash tub. We see her pouring boiling hot water into the wash tub, she says, "Oh dear, that phone again! Now you stay right there till I get back!" Frisky can not escape. As Claude tests the water to see how hot it is, Frisky sneaks up behind him and lets out a loud bark; this scares Claude and again he is seen leaping upward out of the scene, as he falls, he lands in the tub of hot water. Mad at the dog for scaring him, Claude picks up a pail and fills it with the hot water, runs through the house after Frisky, he pauses for a moment when he can't find the puppy, but Frisky sees him and barks loudly again, sending Claude and the hot water bucket hurtling toward the ceiling. Claude lets go of the ceiling, you know that they say - cats always land on their feet, just as he's about to hit the floor, he stops in mid-air, the bucket turns upside down and he lands on all fours. What's left of the water in the bucket empties out on to the floor, he walks on with the bucket over his body.

Frisky is outside now, Claude sneaks behind a tree to spy on him. It happens to be the same tree that Frisky is behind. Frisky lets out a loud bark sending Claude sailing through the air, he lands in a watering can. Back inside, Frisky is chewing on part of the carpet and Claude is seen with a bone attached to the line of a fishing rod, he casts the bone to Frisky but he lets go of the bone and the hook ends up hooking the rim of the fish bowl. It lands on a pillow the floor and as Claude reels it in, he thinks Frisky is at the end of it and he leaps from behind the wall to scare him, he lands with a splash into the fish bowl. Now Claude is angry, he runs through the house like an axe-wielding maniac. Frisky watches from Claude notices. Claude runs up the stairs toward Frisky but Frisky sneaks up behind Claude and lets out a loud bark, sending Claude and the axe skyward. Holding onto the axe, stuck in the ceiling, the handle comes out of the axe, Claude lands on and starts sliding down the banister.

He lands on a roller skate. As he holds on for dear life, he craftily avoids any furniture in the way and in a chain reaction, he gets shot out the front door and into a children's wagon at such speed, the wagon starts rolling and hits a brick wall, sending him sailing through the neighbour's upstairs window, freaking out the lady of the house who lets out a blood-curdling scream, she kicks him back out the window and he lands in a rain barrel at the bottom of a downspout. Frisky notices lets out a bark sending him airborne again; this time Claude has nothing to hold on to, he falls into the chimney on the way down, clumsily landing on some fire logs which roll across the room. He grabs on to a water dispenser, he and the logs and the water dispenser fall down the basement stairs with a crash. Claude comes back up the stairs but he is inside the water bottle, only his feet are outside the lip of the bottle. Frisky reappears and barks at Claude, sending him shooting toward the ceiling again; as he hits the ceiling, the glass water bottle smashes open and what's left of the water falls toward the flo

Antonia di Paolo di Dono

Antonia di Paolo di Dono was the daughter of Paolo di Dono, nicknamed Uccello, a well-known early Renaissance Florentine painter. Giorgio Vasari's biography of Uccello states that he had "a daughter who knew how to draw." Antonia was recorded in the Libro dei Morti of the painter's guild, Arte dei Medici e Speziali, as a "pittoressa." This was the first time the feminine form of the word "painter" appears in Florentine public records and the first formal recognition of a fifteenth-century woman artist. Antonia was born to Paolo di Dono and his wife Tomasa di Benedetto dei Malifici on Via della Scala in Florence, she was baptized in the Florence Baptistery on October 13, 1456. Her grandfather, a barber-surgeon, had immigrated from Pratovecchio and was of middle social status whereas her grandmother belonged to the old Florentine del Beccuto family. Following custom, Antonia was named for her grandmother, her brother Donato was an artist and both of them continued in the family tradition. Around the age of 10–13 she left home to join a Carmelite religious community.

Her father's 1469 tax return declared that he was old, could not work, his wife was sick. His testament in 1475 does not mention any convent donations, she may not have been an enclosed nun. The Florentine Carmelites began with pious women living near the church of Santa Maria del Carmine; as the community grew, the prior went to Rome and asked Pope Nicholas V for permission to have Carmelite sisters. The Pope licensed the female branch of the Carmelites in 1452. Santa Maria degli Angeli was founded c. 1450–1460, the smaller Nunziatina house appeared in May 1453. The women worked and prayed together, attending religious services at the Carmine, but were not yet subject to enclosure. Between 1479 and 1482 they were granted the scapular and adopted the enclosed lifestyle. Therefore, Antonia entered a Carmelite tertiary or lay sisters community by 1469 and became an enclosed nun in the last decade of her life. According to the Libro dei Morti, she died February 9, 1491. There are no known documented artworks by Antonia.

Several small-scale devotional paintings from Paolo Uccello's workshop have been attributed to her when she was identified as the "Karlsruhe Master," but most scholars now reject this hypothesis. These include the Adoration, the Hyland Madonna, dated 1470–1475, the Thebaid, a predella from the Beata Giulia of Certaldo Altarpiece; the miniature "Vestition of Novices from the Vecchietti Family" from San Donato Polverosa, Florence was thought to have Antonia's signature, but it is now recognized as the pledge of profession for a Benedictine nun in 1501. So far, the most reasonable hypothesis is that she helped her father after he closed his workshop in 1469–1475, she supplied drawings of small figures of saints, clothing details, or animals for Uccello's cassoni and after his death continued to provide drawings to other cassoni furniture workshops. Her art was collaborative and created in support of male artists, but she was sufficiently well known to have been publicly recognized as a woman painter.


Antonio de Guill y Gonzaga

Antonio de Guill y Gonzaga was a Spanish colonial administrator who served as Royal Governor of Panama and Royal Governor of Chile. Governor Guill y Gonzaga celebrated the "Parliament of Nacimiento" with the Mapuches in 1764, where he tried to impose his scheme to make them live in towns; this provoked the Mapuche uprising of 1766 under the command of the toqui Curiñancu, which lasted until Agustín de Jáuregui made a peace in 1774. In addition he was ordered to carry out the expulsion of the Jesuits on August 1767 from Chile. During his government, he declared Talcahuano as a “Port of registry". In 1765 he founded the Villa San Luis Gonzaga de Rere and Tucapel Nuevo, the following year San Carlos de Yumbel was founded, all of them in the region of Concepcion. On Chiloé, San Carlos de Chonchi was founded in 1767 and San Carlos de Ancud in 1768, he died in Santiago on August 24, 1768. He was succeeded by Juan de Balmaseda y Censano Beltrán as the interim governor. Arauco War Suppression of the Society of Jesus Manuel de Montiano Castedo, Leopoldo.

Resumen de la Historia de Chile de Francisco Antonio Encina. 2. Santiago, Chile: Empresa Editora Zig-Zag. Encina, Francisco Antonio. Historia de Chile: desde la prehistoria hasta 1891. I–XX. Santiago, Chile: Editorial Nascimento. Guarda, Gabriel. El Auge Fundacional. Historia urbana del Reino de Chile. Santiago, Chile: Editorial Andrés Bello. Medina, José Toribio. Diccionario Biográfico Colonial de Chile. Santiago, Chile: Imprenta Elziviriana. Pp. 383–384 of 1006. Molina, Juan Ignacio; the Geographical and Civil History of Chili. II. London, UK: Longman, Hurst and Orme