Interstate 610 (Texas)
Interstate 610 is a freeway that forms a 38-mile-long loop around the inner city sector of city of Houston, Texas. Interstate 610, colloquially known as The Loop, Loop 610, The Inner Loop, or just 610, traditionally marks the border between the inner city of Houston and its surrounding areas, it is the inner of the three Houston beltways, the other two being Beltway 8 and State Highway 99, of which various segments are under construction or planning. In Houston the area inside the 610 Loop is the urban core. Jeff Balke of the Houston Press wrote that the freeway "is as much a social and philosophical divide as a physical one". Major segments of Interstate 610 are known as the North Loop, the South Loop, the East Loop, the West Loop; the North Loop runs from U. S. Highway 290 to U. S. Highway 90; the East Loop runs from Highway 90 to State Highway 225. The West Loop runs from Highway 290 to the South Post Oak Road spur, the South Loop runs from South Post Oak Road to Highway 225. Sometimes, a direction name is added as a suffix to denote a more specific part of a portion of the loop and this does not denote the direction of traffic flow.
For example: North Loop West Freeway refers to the portion of the North Loop between Highway 290 and Interstate 45. North Loop East refers to the portion between Interstate 45 and Highway 90. East Loop North Freeway refers to the portion of the East Loop between Highway 90 and Interstate 10. East Loop South refers to the portion between Interstate 10 and State Highway 225. South Loop East Freeway refers to the portion of the South Loop between State Highway 225 and State Highway 288. South Loop West refers to the portion between the South Post Oak Road spur. West Loop South Freeway refers to the portion of the West Loop between the South Post Oak Road spur and Buffalo Bayou. West Loop North refers to the portion between Buffalo Bayou and Highway 290. Starting at U. S. Highway 290, moving in a clockwise direction, mainlane counts are as follows: 4 lanes each way between U. S. Highway 290 and Interstate 45 6 lanes each way between Interstate 45 and Interstate 69/U. S. Highway 59 4 lanes each way between Interstate 69/U.
S. Highway 59 and Interstate 10 5 lanes each way between Interstate 10 and State Highway 225 4 lanes each way between State Highway 225 and State Highway 288 5 lanes each way between State Highway 288 and South Post Oak Road spur 5 lanes northbound, 4 lanes southbound between South Post Oak Road spur and Bissonnet exit 5 lanes northbound, 5 lanes southbound between Bissonnet exit and Bellaire Boulevard exit 4 lanes northbound, 5 lanes southbound between Bellaire Boulevard exit and Woodway Drive 5 lanes each way Woodway Drive and Interstate 10/U. S. Highway 90 6 lanes each way between Interstate 10/U. S. Highway 90 and U. S. Highway 290 The concept of building a bypass highway around Houston was first proposed in 1931, but plans did not begin to formalize until 1941; the loop was proposed to transport troops and materials around the city. On May 3, Harris County voters approved a bond to build the "Defense Loop", it was designated as Loop 137 in 1942, the North Loop was approved by the Texas Transportation Commission.
World War II delayed construction of the Loop until the 1950s. In July 1953, the city of Houston asked the Texas Transportation Commission to include 2 new sections of Loop 137 as part of the state's highway system, it was rejected, but in October 1954, the North Loop was upgraded to a freeway, the West and South Loops were approved as freeways. When the Interstate Highway system was authorized in 1956, the C-shaped Loop 137 was adopted into the plan; the East Loop would not be approved until 1960. That segment was finished in 1973 with the opening of the Sidney Sherman Bridge over the Houston Ship Channel. Construction on the North Loop began in 1950. Construction was sporadic throughout the 1960s, it was completed in 1976 with the interchange that connects Loop 610 to Interstate 10 east of Houston. In the early 1990s, TxDOT proposed a widening project for the West Loop, which at the time was the busiest freeway in Houston. One of the proposals was for a dual-dual freeway with a total of 24 lanes in some places, which would have made it the widest freeway in the world.
Amid vocal opposition and little apparent support, the plans for expansion were cancelled. In the late 1990s, the need to repave and reconstruct portions of the West Loop became evident; the reconstruction project was only as a "no-capacity-added" project. However, some Houston residents have noted that merging lanes and exit ramps are long and in effect, serve as additional lanes; as of 2014, the segment of the West Loop from the Katy Freeway to the Southwest Freeway is ranked by TxDOT as the most congested roadway in the state, based on annual hours of delay per mile. Parts of I-610 flooded during Hurricane Harvey in 2017; the entire highway is in Harris County. I-610 Ship Channel Bridge 3-Digit Interstates profile for I-610
Garland is a city in the U. S. state of Texas. It is a part of the Dallas -- Fort Worth metroplex, it is located entirely within Dallas County, except a small portion located in Collin and Rockwall counties. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 226,876, making it the 87th-most populous city in the United States of America and the 12th-most populous city in the state of Texas. In 2017, the population rose to 238,002. Garland is second only to the City of Dallas in Dallas County by population and has easy access to downtown Dallas via public transportation including two Dart Blue line stations and buses. In 2008, Garland was ranked #67 on CNN and Money magazine's list of the "Top 100 Places to Live"; as of 2014 the city was considered the 6th "Best City for Working Parents". In 2014 Garland was ranked the 7th best city for saving money; this ranked Garland 2nd best in Texas. In 2015, Garland was listed #17 overall and #5 best mid-sized city to purchase a home for "First-Time Home Buyers".
In 2015, Garland was labeled the 8th "Best Run City in America". Move.org rated Garland as the "8th best city in America to raise a family". In 2017 Garland was named the "2nd best City in Texas and 17th overall for jobs". Smartasset ranked Garland as the "3rd best City for living the American Dream in 2017". In 2018, Garland will have the "5th highest employment growth in the country". Immigrants began arriving in the Peters colony area around 1850, but a community was not created until 1874. Two communities sprang up in the area: Embree, named for the physician K. H. Embree, Duck Creek, named for the local creek of the same name. A rivalry between the two towns ensued. To settle a dispute regarding which town should have the local post office, Dallas County Judge Thomas A. Nash asked visiting Congressman Joe Abbott to move the post office between the two towns; the move was completed in 1887. The new location was named Garland after U. S. Attorney General Augustus Hill Garland. Soon after, the towns of Embree and Duck Creek were combined, the three areas combined to form the city of Garland, incorporated in 1891.
By 1904, the town had a population of 819 people. In 1920, local businessmen financed a new electrical generator plant for the town; this led to the formation of Garland Power and Light, the municipal electric provider that still powers the city today. On May 9, 1927, a devastating F4 tornado struck the town and killed 15 people, including the former mayor, S. E. Nicholson. Businesses began to move back into the area in the late 1930s; the Craddock food company and the Byer-Rolnick hat factory moved into the area. In 1937, KRLD, a major Dallas radio station, built its radio antenna tower in Garland, it is operational to this day. During World War II, several aircraft plants were operated in the area, the Kraft Foods company purchased a vacant one after the war for its own use. By 1950, the population of Garland exceeded 10,000 people. From 1950 to 1954, the Dallas/Garland area suffered from a serious and extended drought, so to supplement the water provided by wells, Garland began using the water from the nearby Lake Lavon.
The suburban population boom that the whole country experienced after World War II reached Garland by 1960, when the population nearly quadrupled from the 1950 figure to about 38,500. By 1970, the population had doubled to about 81,500. By 1980, the population reached 138,850. Charles R. Matthews served as mayor in the 1980s. In the 2000s, Garland added several notable developments in the northern portion of the city. Hawaiian Falls waterpark opened in 2003.. The Garland Independent School District's Curtis Culwell Center, an arena and conference facility, opened in 2005; that year, Firewheel Town Center, a Main Street-style outdoor mall, owned by Simon Property Group, opened in October 2005. It includes an AMC theater. In 2009, the city, in conjunction with the developer Trammell Crow Company, finished a public/private partnership to develop the old parking lot into a new mixed-use, transit-oriented development named 5th Street Crossing. Catercorner to both City Hall and the downtown DART Rail station, the project consists of 189 residential apartment units, 11,000 square feet of flex retail, six live-work units.
The southeast side of Garland suffered a major blow on the night of December 26, 2015 after a large EF4 tornado struck the area, moving north from Sunnyvale. At least eight fatalities were confirmed in the city from this event. Garland is located at 32°54′26″N 96°38′7″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 57.1 square miles, all land. Buckingham North Duck Creek Centerville Eastern Hills Embree Firewheel Oaks Rose Hill Spring Park Travis College Hill Addition Valley Creek* The 5 Oakridge Brentwood Place Brentwood Village Garland is part of the humid subtropical region; the average warmest month is July, with the highest recorded temperature being 111 °F in 2000. On average, the coolest month is January, with the lowest recorded temperature was −3 °F in 1989; the maximum average precipitation occurs in May. As of the 2010 census, 226,876 people, 75,696 households, 56,272 families resided in the city; the population density was 3,973.3 people per square mile.
The 80,834 housing units averaged 1,415.7 per square mile. The
Mesquite is a suburban city located east of the city of Dallas. Most of the city is located in Dallas County; as of 2017 census estimates the population was 143,949, making it twenty-first most populous city in the U. S. state of Texas. Mesquite is positioned in the crossroads of four major highways, making locations such as downtown Dallas, Lake Ray Hubbard, Dallas Love Field, DFW International Airport, accessible. According to legislative action, the city is the "Rodeo Capital of Texas". In 2016, Mesquite received a Playful City USA designation, for the fourth year in a row; the city has been named a Tree City USA for over 25 years. The city of Mesquite holds the 10th longest reign in all of Texas. Unique to suburbs of Dallas and Fort Worth, the city of Mesquite is served by its own local airport, Mesquite Metro Airport. Companies and institutions with a major presence in the city are the United Parcel Service, Sears, AT&T, Eastfield College, the Texas A&M University–Commerce Mesquite Metroplex Center, Ashley Furniture, FedEx.
Centuries before American settlers moved into the area, Mesquite was an open prairie land and a key trading ground for indigenous peoples. The Ionies were the western tribe located close to present day Fort Worth; the Tawakonies were in present-day Dallas. The Caddo were the native farmers of the Mesquite land. From 1680 to 1790, after harvest was over, these three tribes held an annual tournament and trading fair; the city of Mesquite was founded on March 14, 1878, on land along the Texas & Pacific Railway, which ran from Dallas to Shreveport, Louisiana. The locals named the town after Mesquite Creek; the city was incorporated on December 3, 1887, after electing Mayor J. E. Russell. In the city's earliest years it was known for many outlaws residing in the area. A prominent outlaw was Sam Bass known for his train robberies in Texas. In 1878 he robbed a train in downtown Mesquite, escaping with $30,000; the Mesquiter, established in 1882 by R. S. Kimbrough, was Dallas County's longest running newspaper.
Mesquite prospered through the late 19th and early 20th centuries as a farming community growing cotton, hay and sugar and using the railroad to ship raw goods. The town remained predominantly agrarian until after World War II when the suburban boom took root in Mesquite. In 1946, the Mesquite Rodeo was founded by Charlie Columbus McNally, was one of the only rodeos that had a permanent location. By the mid 1980s, the events were being broadcast by ESPN. In 1959, Big Town Mall opened as the first air conditioned shopping mall in the United States; the mall was demolished in the summer of 2006 and FedEx opened a logistics center on the property in 2017. By 1970, LBJ Freeway was constructed, connecting Mesquite to its neighbors, Garland to the north and Balch Springs to the south. In 1971, Town East Mall was constructed; the mall was used by director Ron Howard to film portions of the movie Cotton Candy in 1978. The mall's associated traffic and shops would continue to grow the town. In 1986, the Mesquite Arena opened its doors as the new home for the Mesquite ProRodeo.
By 1998, the facility was expanded to include a Convention Center, Exhibition Hall and a Hampton Inn & Suites. By the 1990 census, the city had grown to from 1,696 residents in 1950 to 101,484 people, nearly twice the population twenty years earlier. 2011 saw Mesquite pass a law that allows wine sales in the city. The measure had been considered several times for many years, but was always blocked by strong protest against the proposed sales, it was one of the few cities without beer and wine sales in eastern Dallas County before the law came into effect. In June 2015, the Mesquite Arts Center added on a Freedom Park exhibit, in memorial of September 11; the park displays a 15-foot beam, recovered from the remains of Ground Zero. Mesquite Fire Department received the beam in 2011. Mesquite is located at 32°46′58″N 96°36′36″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 46.2 square miles, of which 46.0 square miles is land and 0.52 square kilometres, or 0.33%, is water.
Mesquite is a principal city of the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington metroplex, in which one quarter of all Texans live. Like most cities in the DFW area, Mesquite has a humid subtropical climate characteristic of the Southern Plains of the United States, it is continental, characterized by a wide annual temperature range. Located at the lower end of Tornado Alley and the rest of Dallas-Fort Worth are prone to extreme weather. On average, the warmest month is July; the highest recorded temperature in Mesquite was 112 °F in 1980. The average coolest month is January; the lowest recorded temperature was 1 °F in 1989. May is the average wettest month; as of the 2010 United States Census, Mesquite had a population of 139,824. In July 2017, the population was estimated at an increase of 4,125 people. Per the American Community Survey in 2017, the median age was 32.8. According to the 2010 census, 64.9% of Mesquite was White, 25.0% was Black or African American, 0.6% American Indian or Alaska Native, 2.8% Asian, 0.0% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 38.9% of Hispanic or Latino origin, 3.2% from two or more races.
At the American Community Survey estimates of 2017, 0.1% of the American Indian population was Cherokee. 1.1% of the city's Asian community was Indian, 0.1% Chinese, 0.6% Filipino, 0.0% Japanese, 0.0% Korean, 0.6% Vietnamese, 0.3% of other Asian origin. 56 residents were estimated to be Chamorro. The m
Interstate 35W (Texas)
Interstate 35W, an Interstate Highway, is the western half of Interstate 35 where it splits to serve the Dallas/Fort Worth metropolitan area. I-35 splits into two branch routes, I-35E at Hillsboro. I-35W runs north for 85.20 miles. It runs through Fort Worth before rejoining with I-35E to reform I-35 in Denton, it is the more direct route for long-distance expressway traffic, as is noted on signs on I-35 leading into the I-35W/I-35E splits. Other interstates were given directional suffixes. On every other interstate, the directional suffixes were phased out by giving the route a loop or spur designation. In the case of I-35, since both branches return to a unified interstate beyond the cities of Dallas and Fort Worth, the AASHTO committees allowed the suffixes to remain. I-35 splits into I-35E and I-35W in Minneapolis–Saint Paul, Minnesota. During the 1970s, billboards existed on I-35 encouraging travelers to take the faster and shorter I-35W route. Interstate 35 splits into two separately named interstate highways just north of Texas.
The routes fork to the northwest and northeast, with Interstate 35W taking the northwest route and Interstate 35E travelling off to the northeast toward Dallas. I-35W travels northwest past the Hillsboro airport through rolling farm and ranchlands, it intersects with US Route 67 on the west side of Alvarado. It continues northwest into the southern edge of Fort Worth. At an intersection with State Highway 174 the route turns due north into greater Fort Worth, passing just west of Fort Worth Spinks Airport. Further north, the road reaches a five level interchange with Interstate 20; the route continues north. Here it reaches intersections with Interstate 30, U. S. Highway 287, U. S. Highway 377. I-35W travels north away from downtown concurrent with US 287, next intersecting Interstate 820 just east of Fort Worth Meacham International Airport. Just north of this intersection, US 287 splits to the northwest, along with the southern terminus of U. S. Highway 81. I-35W gradually shifts to the northeast, passing Fort Worth Alliance Airport and Texas Motor Speedway.
It reaches its northern merging point on the southwest side of Denton, merging back together with I-35E to reform Interstate 35, which continues off to the north. When first designated, I-35W & I-35E were the only "suffixed" highways in Texas. Subsequently, I-69W, I-69E, I-69C have been designated. In May of 2014, construction began to build 2 laned express lanes from the US-287/SH-280 interchange to North Tarrant Parkway. On August 2018, construction was completed. Dallas portal U. S. Roads portal Interstate Guide: I-35E & I-35W
Interstate 20 in Texas
Interstate 20 in Texas is a major east–west Interstate Highway in the Southern United States, running east from a junction with Interstate 10 east of Kent, through the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex to the border with Louisiana near Waskom, Texas. The original distance of Interstate 20 was 647 miles from I-10 to the Louisiana border, reduced to the current distance of 636 miles with the rerouting of I-20 in the 1980s and 1990s. I-20 is known as the Ronald Reagan Memorial Highway within the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex. Interstate 20 in Texas was designated in 1959, was to replace or run parallel to U. S. Route 80. Initial construction began from east to as bypass loops around larger cities. On October 1, 1964, I-20 was rerouted. By 1967, the highway was complete from the Louisiana border to the western side of Fort Worth on a route to the south of US 80, with slower construction in the lesser populated areas of West Texas concurrent with US 80. On December 2, 1971, I-20 was rerouted across the southern side of the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex, with the old section through downtown Dallas and Fort Worth being redesignated as Interstate 30.
In 1991, the entire concurrent designation of US 80 was removed from the I-10 interchange to Dallas. I-20 begins at a junction with I-10 in a desolate region of West Texas about 6 miles east of the town of Kent. I-20 leaves the interchange with I-10 with a speed limit of 80 until Milemarker 89. Interstate 20 generally heads to the east-northeast passing by the cities of Odessa and Midland while transitioning from the West Texas desert to the prairie. I-20 runs concurrently with the La Entrada al Pacífico corridor from its junction with US 385 in Odessa to its junction with FM 1788 near Midland International Airport. Near Sweetwater, I-20 begins to head east. In Abilene, I-20 curves towards the north and transverses the northern part of the city while forming the northern arc of the loop around the city. I-20 continues heading east from Abilene until the town of Eastland when I-20 takes a more northeasterly route towards Weatherford while transitioning from the West Texas prairie to the central plains of North Texas as the terrain grows hilly.
In Weatherford, I-20 again heads back towards the east as it heads towards the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex. I-20 interchanges with I-30 west of Fort Worth with I-30 heading I-20 to the southeast. I-20 heads back towards the east when it interchanges with Interstate 820. I-20 forms the southern arc of the complete loop around the city of Fort Worth, serves as the southernmost west–east freeway in the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex. Interchanging with I-35W south of downtown Fort Worth, I-20 heads east towards Dallas passing through Arlington, where it is known as the Ronald Reagan Memorial Highway. From Arlington, I-20 passes into Dallas County at Grand Prairie and heads east in to Dallas, interchanging with I-35E south of downtown and I-45 shortly after. I-20 intersects with I-635 on Dallas' southeast side before heading east towards East Texas; the interstate varies from 4 to 10 lanes from its I-30 junction near Weatherford to its US-80 junction near Terrell. I-20 leaves the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex and heads to the east-southeast through East Texas.
I-20 begins heading to the east. The intersection of I-20 at US 69 in Lindale just north of Tyler is the highest traffic count intersection on I-20 east of Terrell to the Louisiana state line. From Lindale, I-20 continues east, going through the piney woods region of East Texas intersecting US 259 with Kilgore to the south and Longview to the north and US 59 future I-369 with Marshall just to the north and Texarkana further north along US 59 future I-369. I-20 leaves the state of Texas near Waskom and just west of the Shreveport, Bossier City, Louisiana area. Interstate 20 has one auxiliary route in Texas. Interstate 820 is a 35.2-mile loop around the city of Fort Worth. I-20 absorbed the southern section as part of its relocation to the south and I-30 being extended westward over the old alignment of I-20 through the center of town. All of the business loops within Texas are maintained by the Texas Department of Transportation. Interstate 20 has fifteen business loops in all located in western Texas.
Along I-20, TxDOT identifies each business route as Business Interstate 20 followed by an alphabetic suffix. Along Texas Interstates, the alphabetic suffixes on business route names ascend eastward and northward. There are gaps in the alphabetic values to allow for future system expansion; the alphabetic naming suffixes are included as small letters on the bottom of route shields. Texas State Loop 254 takes the place of a business route in Ranger and follows the original route of U. S. Route 80. I-20 business routes in Texas follow the path of the former US 80 through the central portions of towns now bypassed by the Interstate route. U. S. Roads portal Texas portal I-20 info page -- from dfwfreeways.info
Tarrant County, Texas
Tarrant County is a county in the U. S. state of Texas. As of 2010, it had a population of 2,054,475, it is the 16th-most populous in the United States. Its county seat is Fort Worth. Tarrant County, one of 26 counties created out of the Peters Colony, was established in 1849 and organized the next year, it was named in honor of General Edward H. Tarrant of the Republic of Texas militia. Tarrant County is TX Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 902 square miles, of which 864 square miles is land and 39 square miles is water. Denton County Dallas County Ellis County Johnson County Parker County Wise County As of the 2015 Texas Population Estimate Program, the population of the county was 1,960,741: non-Hispanic whites 916,941; as of the census of 2010, there were 1,809,034 people. Tarrant County is the second most populous county in the Dallas-Ft. Worth Metropolitan Statistical Area; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,446,219 people, 533,864 households, 369,433 families residing in the county.
The population density was 1,675 people per square mile. There were 565,830 housing units at an average density of 655 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 71.23% White, 12.80% Black or African American, 0.57% Native American, 3.64% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 9.09% from other races, 2.51% from two or more races. 19.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 533,864 households out of which 36.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.60% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.80% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.22. As of the 2010 census, there were about 5.2 same-sex couples per 1,000 households in the county. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.10% under the age of 18, 10.00% from 18 to 24, 33.50% from 25 to 44, 20.10% from 45 to 64, 8.30% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $46,179, the median income for a family was $54,068. Males had a median income of $38,486 versus $28,672 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,548. About 8.00% of families and 10.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.80% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over. Tarrant County, like all Texas counties, is governed by a Commissioners Court, which consists of the county judge, elected county-wide and presides over the full court, four commissioners, who are elected in each of the county's four precincts; the JPS Health Network operates health centers. Countywide law enforcement is provided by the Tarrant County Sheriff's Office and Tarrant County Constable's Office. All cities in the county provide their own police services, with three exceptions: Westlake contracts service from the Keller Police Department, Haslet and Edgecliff Village contract service from the Sheriff's Office.
DFW Airport, the Tarrant County Hospital District, the Tarrant Regional Water District provide their own police forces. Since the disbandment of the North Tarrant County Fire Department, no countywide firefighting services exist. Most cities operate their own ambulances, with Fort Worth being a notable exception - the city contracts paramedic apparatus from private entity Medstar. CareFlite air ambulance services operate from Harris Methodist Hospital in Fort Worth. Tarrant County is one of the largest Republican-leaning counties in the nation. Democrats are concentrated in several areas throughout the county: eastern Euless, Grand Prairie and eastern Arlington, portions of Fort Worth the area surrounding the Stockyards and Meacham Airport and eastern Fort Worth along I-35W, Forest Hill. Republicans are dominant in the rest of the county: rural areas and western Fort Worth and north of Loop 820, all suburban areas including Benbrook and western Arlington, Haltom City, Mid-Cities, the northern suburbs.
Since the late 20th century, residents of Tarrant County have supported Republican Party presidential candidates. Since 1952 the majority of voters supported the Republican presidential candidate in every election except 1964, when the county voted for Democrat Lyndon Johnson, a Texas native. In 2016, Donald Trump won the county with 51.7% of the vote, the worst showing for a Republican since Bob Dole in 1996, by a margin of 8.6%, the lowest since 1976. The first Republican elected to the State Senate from Tarrant County since Reconstruction was Betty Andujar in 1973; the county leans Republican in races for the United States Senate, but in the 2018 election, Democratic candidate Beto O'Rourke won it with a plurality. This was the first time a Democratic candidate won Tarrant County in a federal election since Lloyd Bentsen in his 1988 re-election bid for the Senate. O'Rourke is first statewide Democrat to win the county since Ann Richards in the 1990 gubernatorial election. Public schools in Texas are organized into inde
Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex
The Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex encompasses 13 counties within the U. S. state of Texas. Residents of the area refer to it as DFW, or the Metroplex, it is the economic and cultural hub of the region of North Texas, it is the largest inland metropolitan area in the United States. The Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex's population is 7,399,662 according to the 2017 U. S. Census estimate, making it the largest metropolitan area in both Texas and the South, the fourth-largest in the U. S. and the seventh-largest in the Americas. In 2016, DFW ascended to the number one spot in the nation in year-over-year population growth. In 2016, the metropolitan economy surpassed Houston to become the fourth-largest in the nation the region boasts a GDP of just over $613.4 billion in 2019. As such, the metropolitan area's economy is ranked 10th largest in the world; the region's economy is based on banking, telecommunications, energy and medical research, transportation and logistics. In 2017, Dallas–Fort Worth is home to 24 Fortune 500 companies, the third-largest concentration of Fortune 500 companies in the nation, behind New York City and Chicago.
The metroplex encompasses 9,286 square miles of total area: 8,991 sq mi is land, while 295 sq mi is water, making it larger in area than the states of Rhode Island and Connecticut combined. A portmanteau of metropolis and complex, the term metroplex is credited to Harve Chapman, an executive vice president with Dallas-based Tracy-Locke, one of three advertising agencies that worked with the North Texas Commission on strategies to market the region; the NTC copyrighted the term "Southwest Metroplex" in 1972 as a replacement for the previously-ubiquitous "North Texas", which studies had shown lacked identifiability outside the state. In fact, only 38 percent of a survey group identified Dallas and Fort Worth as part of "North Texas", with the Texas Panhandle a perceived correct answer, being the northernmost region of Texas. Collin County Dallas County Denton County Ellis County Hood County Hunt County Johnson County Kaufman County Parker County Rockwall County Somervell County Tarrant County Wise County Note: Cities and towns are categorized based on the latest population estimates from the North Central Texas Council of Governments.
No population estimates are released for census-designated places, which are marked with an asterisk. These places are categorized based on their 2010 census population. Places designated "principal cities" by the Office of Management and Budget are italicized.1,000,000+ Dallas 500,000–999,999 Fort Worth 200,000–499,999 Arlington Plano Irving Garland 100,000–199,999 Grand Prairie McKinney Frisco Mesquite Carrollton Denton Richardson Lewisville As of the 2010 United States census, there were 6,371,773 people. The racial makeup of the MSA was 50.2% White, 15.4% African American, 0.6% Native American, 5.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 10.0% from other races, 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.5% of the population. The median income for a household in the MSA was $48,062, the median income for a family was $55,263. Males had a median income of $39,581 versus $27,446 for females; the per capita income for the MSA was $21,839. The Dallas–Fort Worth, TX–OK Combined Statistical Area is made up of 20 counties in north central Texas and one county in southern Oklahoma.
The statistical area includes seven micropolitan areas. As of the 2010 Census, the CSA had a population of 6,817,483; the CSA definition encompasses 14,628 sq mi of area, of which 14,126 sq mi is land and 502 sq mi is water. Metropolitan Statistical Areas Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Sherman-Denison Micropolitan Statistical Areas Athens Bonham Corsicana Durant, OK Gainesville Mineral Wells Sulphur Springs Note: The Granbury micropolitan statistical area was made part of the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington, Texas Metropolitan Statistical Area effective 2013; as of the census of 2000, there were 5,487,956 people, 2,006,665 households, 1,392,540 families residing within the CSA. The racial makeup of the CSA was 70.41% White, 13.34% African American, 0.59% Native American, 3.58% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 9.62% from other races, 2.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.83% of the population. It is home to the fourth-largest Muslim population in the country; the median income for a household in the CSA was $43,836, the median income for a family was $50,898.
Males had a median income of $37,002 versus $25,553 for females. The per capita income for the CSA was $20,460; the metroplex overlooks prairie land with a few rolling hills dotted by man-made lakes cut by streams and rivers surrounded by forest land. The metroplex is situated in the Texas blackland prairies region, so named for its fertile black soil found in the rural areas of Collin, Ellis, Hunt and Rockwall counties. Many areas of Denton, Parker and Wise counties are locat