Interstate 71 is a north–south Interstate Highway in the Great Lakes/Midwestern and Southeastern region of the United States. Its southern terminus is at an interchange with I-64 and I-65 in Louisville and its northern terminus at an interchange with I-90 in Cleveland, Ohio. I-71 runs concurrently with I-75 from a point about 20 miles south of Cincinnati, into downtown Cincinnati. Three-quarters of the route lies east of I-75, thereby putting it out of its proper place in the Interstate grid. While most odd numbered Interstates are north–south, I-71 however is designated more of a northeast–southwest highway and a regional route, serving Kentucky and Ohio, it links I-80 and I-90 to I-70, links to I-40. Major metropolitan areas served by I-71 includes Louisville, Cincinnati and Cleveland. In Kentucky, I-71 begins east of Downtown Louisville at the Kennedy Interchange, where it meets I-64 and I-65; this interchange is sometimes called the "Spaghetti Junction". From Louisville, it follows the Ohio River in a diagonal path toward Northern Kentucky.
Between Louisville and Cincinnati, I-71 is a four-lane highway, except for the approach to Kentucky Speedway in Sparta in which it runs three lanes each way for about 2 miles. Near the town of Carrollton, there are signs marking the location of a tragic accident that occurred on May 14, 1988, when a drunk driver crossed the median and struck a church bus full of children and teenagers, causing the bus' fuel tank to ignite into flames and killing 27 people on board, it is one of the worst bus accidents in state and national history. After having run 77 miles from Louisville, I-71 merges with Interstate 75 near Walton after which it intersects Interstate 275, the Cincinnati beltway. After passing through Covington, the freeway crosses the Ohio River via the lower level of the Brent Spence Bridge and continues into Cincinnati. In Cincinnati, I-71 splits from I-75 and heads due east onto Fort Washington Way, where it continues through downtown Cincinnati concurrently with US-50 for less than a mile.
Just east of downtown, US-50 continues east. I-71 heads in a general northeast direction through urban Cincinnati and into its surrounding suburbs. After another interchange with the Interstate 275 beltway, the freeway leaves the metropolitan area and heads towards Columbus, it continues northeast until it reaches South Lebanon, where it begins cutting east across the flat plains of southwest Ohio. The freeway crosses the Little Miami River on the Jeremiah Morrow Bridge, a continuous truss bridge and the tallest bridge in Ohio at 239 feet above the river. I-71 heads towards Columbus intersects with the bypass I-270 before heading north into urban Columbus, where it junctions I-70. About a mile north of the I-70 junction, it intersects with I-670. After another interchange with the I-270 bypass, the highway exits out of Columbus and continues north until near Delaware, where it again turns northeast. Beginning its path to Cleveland, I-71 enters the rolling farm country on the edges of the Allegheny Plateau.
It continues in this fashion to Lodi/Westfield Center and its junction with I-76, which provides access to Akron. Heading north to Medina, it meets the terminus of I-271; the highway continues north into urban Cuyahoga County and Cleveland's suburbs, intersecting the Ohio Turnpike/I-80. Passing Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, I-71 meets I-480 and enters Cleveland's west side, continuing on to downtown, it junctions with terminates at Interstate 90 on the Innerbelt. The first section of I-71 in Louisville opened in December 1966 between its terminus at Spaghetti Junction and Zorn Avenue, its first exit, its junction with I-264 opened in July 1968, the complete Kentucky portion of the interstate was opened to the public in July 1969. At that point, it replaced U. S. Route 42 as the primary link between Louisville. Much of Interstate 71 in Ohio was intended to be State Route 1. State Route 1 was planned in the 1950s as a second Ohio Turnpike extending southwest to northeast across the state.
It was planned to run from Cincinnati to Conneaut and connect with an extension built across the panhandle of Pennsylvania to the New York State Thruway. As the highway was being planned, the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956 was enacted, the project was converted from a toll road to a freeway, it was designated as State Route 1, since the Interstate Highway numbering system had not yet been implemented. Portions of the freeway began to be completed and opened in 1959 with the new Interstate Highway funding, they were marked as State Route 1 as well as with their new Interstate Highway number. Since large gaps existed along the corridor where no freeway had yet been completed, existing two-lane or four-lane highways were designated as State Route 1 in order to complete the route; the State Route 1 signage was removed in 1966 as the Interstate Highway numbers adequately marked the route by and the state highway numbering was superfluous. In Columbus, the portion of Interstate 71 that bounds Worthington's eastern edge was called the North Freeway.
Costing US$13.8 million, it was constructed south from Route 161, arriving at 11th Avenue by August 1961. It took another year to construct the portion between 11th Avenue and 5th Avenue due to the need to construct a massive underpass under the Pennsylvania Railroad's Grogan Yard. Today, only two tracks cross the viaduct, the rest of the structure supports a large, weedy field. By August 1962, the freeway h
Emma Louise Harrison CBE, is an entrepreneur. She is a key shareholder of A4e, she was the company's chairperson until 24 February 2012. A graduate engineer of the University of Bradford, Harrison founded A4e in 1991, she was appointed as a voluntary troubled families'Family Champion' by Prime Minister David Cameron in 2010, despite civil servants recommending propriety and ethics checks on her. Harrison resigned from the post on 23 February 2012, following allegations of fraud at A4e and controversy over her £8.6m personal dividend payment. On 29 February 2012, David Cameron announced he had launched an inquiry into her appointment, saying he had not been aware of fraud allegations at A4e when he appointed her. In February 2012, it was revealed that Harrison was paid an £8.6 million dividend on her shares in 2011, in addition to her £365,000 annual salary. The company's chief executive, Andrew Dutton, stated that Harrison's dividend payment reflected her personal risk as a shareholder. MP Stephen Barclay said the payment's size was of concern with regard to the DWP receiving value for money.
He questioned the justification of paying management fees not linked to performance, adding that "It's not A4e's fault if they get paid for poor delivery." The payment was criticised by former Secretary of State for Work and Pensions and current Chair of the Public Accounts Committee Margaret Hodge as "ripping off the State". On 25 February it emerged that in addition to her £365,000 annual salary and £8.6m shares dividend, A4e paid Harrison and her partner around £1.7m over two years for leasing properties, including their 20-bedroom stately home, to her own firm. On 24 February 2012, Harrison announced her resignation as Chairman of A4e, stating, "I do not want the continuing media focus on me to be any distraction for A4e..." In March 2015 six former employees were jailed for forging files in a scam that cost the taxpayer £300,000. Another four ex-members of staff received suspended prison sentences for what Judge Angela Morris said were "deceitful and unscrupulous" practices, they had falsified employer details, time sheets and job-seeker signatures to inflate the numbers they said they had helped into work.
Emma Harrison has appeared in Channel 4's Make me a Million and Series 1 of The Secret Millionaire. While behind the bar in a working men's club in the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham for the show, she heard racist language that made her feel "physically sick" and she left after two and a half hours. Harrison was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 2010 New Year Honours, she has received honorary doctorates from the University of Derby, Sheffield Hallam University, the University of Bradford. Emma Harrison is a trustee of the Eden Project She is married to Jim Harrison and chairman of Thornbridge Brewery, They have four children and have homes in London and at Thornbridge Hall, Derbyshire
The Tsuen Wan line is one of the eleven lines of the metro network in Hong Kong's MTR. It is indicated in red on the MTR map. There are 16 stations on the line; the southern terminus is Central station on Hong Kong Island and the northwestern terminus is Tsuen Wan station in the New Territories. A journey on the entire line takes 35 minutes; as a cross-harbour route that goes through the heart of Kowloon and densely populated Sham Shui Po and Kwai Chung, the line is heavily travelled. The Tsuen Wan line was the second of the three original lines of the MTR network; the initial plan for this line is somewhat different from the current line in the names and the construction characteristics of the New Territories section. The original plan envisioned a terminus in a valley further west of the present Tsuen Wan station; that Tsuen Wan West station is different from the current Tsuen Wan West station on the West Rail line, located under land reclaimed at a much time. The line was supposed to run underground in Tsuen Wan rather than as on the ground level.
The final route design allowed for a truncated line. The construction of the branch line to Tsuen Wan commenced soon afterwards; the new section from Tsuen Wan to Lai King and skipping all intermediary stations to Prince Edward opened on 10 May 1982 and joined the section under Nathan Road in Kowloon, in service since 1979 as part of the Kwun Tong line. At opening, Prince Edward was an interchange-only station with no option to exit, it did not become a standard station until the remaining stations on the line in Sham Shui Po District, i.e. Sham Shui Po, Cheung Sha Wan, Lai Chi Kok and Mei Foo, opened a week later. Several stations differ in names or location from the initial plan. During planning, Kwai Hing was named Kwai Chung, Kwai Fong was Lap Sap Wan, Lai Wan was Lai Chi Kok, Lai Chi Kok was Cheung Sha Wan, Cheung Sha Wan was So Uk; these stations were all renamed in Chinese before service began. Upon the opening of the Island line, Chater and Argyle named based on the streets crossing or above the stations, Chater Road, Argyle Street, Waterloo Road were renamed to Central, Yau Ma Tei, Mong Kok, resembling the names of the station in Chinese.
Lai Wan was renamed to Mei Foo in both Chinese. Mong Kok station was planned to be built a bit further north of its present location and Sham Shui Po a bit further south of its present location before the need to accommodate an intermediary station, Prince Edward; when the Tung Chung line was constructed, Lai King was selected as an interchange so that passengers did not have to go all the way to Hong Kong Island to change trains. The northbound tracks on the Tsuen Wan line were moved to run above the southbound tracks at Lai King to support cross-platform interchange with the Tung Chung line; the original platform 1 for Tsuen Wan-bound trains was removed and filled, becoming part of the current, wider low-level island platform. This allowed interchange with platform 4 for Hong Kong-bound Tung Chung line trains, which run on tracks further away from the original platform; the new platform was opened in 1997. Tracks were built to the south of Lai King station linking the Tsuen Wan line and Tung Chung line.
To cope with extensions and new lines, Mei Foo and Tsim Sha Tsui stations had new subsurface walkways added to connect to West Rail line's Mei Foo and East Tsim Sha Tsui stations. The interchange facilities at Mei Foo opened in 2003; the interchange located at Tsim Sha Tsui entered service in 2004, along with the completion of the East Rail line's extension to East Tsim Sha Tsui. 1967: Tsuen Wan line was included in Hong Kong Mass Transport Study 1970: Tsuen Wan line was included in Hong Kong Mass Transit Further Studies, as Kong Kow line and Tsuen Wan Branch 1977: Construction was approved and, not long after, started on 1 March 1979 16 Dec 1979: Jordan and Tsim Sha Tsui opened as part of Kwun Tong line 16 Dec 1979: Waterloo and Argyle opened as part of Kwun Tong line 12 Feb 1980: Admiralty and Chater opened as part of Kwun Tong line 26 Apr 1982: The original Kwun Tong line was split into two sections: the new Kwun Tong line ran as far as Waterloo, while Tsuen Wan line ran from Chater to Argyle.
23 May 1986: Central became an interchange station upon the extension of the Island line to Sheung Wan 11 Mar 1991: The line broke down and public transport was adversely affected 23 Apr 1993: Two interlinking carriages disconnected during operation within the section between Tsuen Wan and Tai Wo Hau. Nobody was hurt, MTRC reported that a hook between the two concerned carriages was not fastened, leading to the incident 2 Jul 1997: The new platform 1 situated on the new high-level platform at Lai King opened 20 Mar 2003: To connect with the new KCR West Rail Mei Foo station, a passageway was built between the two stations, with a new exit D on about midway of the passageway 5 Jan 2004: A fire started in a train on its way to Admiralty station with 14 people injured
Joseph Calasanz, Sch. P. known as Joseph Calasanctius and Josephus a Matre Dei, was a Spanish Catholic priest and the founder of the Pious Schools, providing free education to the sons of the poor, the Religious Order that ran them known as the Piarists. He is honored as a saint by the Catholic Church. Calasanz was born at the Castle of Calasanz near Peralta de Calasanz in the Kingdom of Aragon, on September 11, 1557, the youngest of the eight children, second son, of Pedro de Calasanz y de Mur, an infanzón and town mayor, María Gastón y de Sala, he had two sisters and Cristina. His parents gave him a good education at home and at the elementary school of Peralta. In 1569, he was sent for classical studies to a college in Estadilla run by the friars of the Trinitarian Order. While there, at the age of 14, he determined; this calling, met with no support from his parents. For his higher studies, Calazanz took up philosophy and law at the University of Lleida, where he earned the degree of Doctor of Laws cum laude.
After those studies, he began a theological course at the University of Valencia and at Complutense University still at its original site in Alcalá de Henares. Joseph's mother and brother having died, his father wanted him to carry on the family, but a sickness in 1582 soon brought Joseph to the brink of the grave, which caused his father to relent. On his recovery, he was ordained a priest on December 17, 1583, by Hugo Ambrosio de Moncada, Bishop of Urgel. During his ecclesiastical career in Spain, Calasanz held various offices in his native region, he began his ministry in the Diocese of Albarracín, where Bishop de la Figuera appointed him his theologian, synodal examiner, procurator. When the bishop was transferred to Lleida, Calasanz followed him to the new diocese. During that period, he spent several years in La Seu d'Urgell; as secretary of the cathedral chapter, Calasanz had broad administrative responsibilities. In Claverol, he established a foundation. In October 1585, de la Figuera was sent as apostolic visitor to the Abbey of Montserrat and Calasanz accompanied him as his secretary.
The bishop died Calasanz left, though urgently requested to remain. He hurried to Peralta de Calasanz, he was called by the Bishop of Urgel to act as vicar general for the district of Tremp. In 1592, at 35, Calasanz moved to Rome, he hoped to secure some kind of benefice. He lived there for most of his remaining 56 years. In Rome, Calasanz found a protector in Cardinal Marcoantonio Colonna, who chose him as his theologian and charged him with the spiritual direction of the staff, once he managed to express himself in Italian; the city offered a splendid field for works of charity for the instruction of neglected and homeless children, many of whom had lost their parents. He joined the Confraternity of Christian Doctrine and gathered the boys from the streets and brought them to school; the teachers, being poorly paid, refused to accept the additional labor without remuneration. The pastor of the Church of Santa Dorotea in Trastevere, Anthony Brendani, offered him two rooms just off of the parish sacristy and promised assistance in teaching, when two other priests promised similar help, Calasanz, in November 1597, opened the first free public school in Europe.
On Christmas Day in 1598, the Tiber flooded to historic levels, reaching a height of nearly 20 m above its normal height. The devastation was widespread. Hundreds of the poor families who lived along the river's banks were left homeless and without food; the death toll was estimated at about 2,000. Calasanz threw himself into the response, joining a religious fraternity dedicated to helping the poor, began to help in the cleanup and recovery of the city. In 1600, he opened his “Pious School” in the center of Rome and soon there were extensions, in response to growing demands for enrollment from students. Pope Clement VIII gave an annual contribution and many others shared in the good work so that in a short time Calasanz had about 1,000 children under his charge. In 1602, he rented a house at Sant'Andrea della Valle, commenced a community life with his assistants, laid the foundation of the Order of the Pious Schools or Piarists. In 1610, Calasanz wrote the Document Princeps in which he laid out the fundamental principles of his educational philosophy.
The text was accompanied for students. On September 15, 1616, the first public and free school in Frascati was started up on Calasanz' initiative. One year on March 6, 1617, Pope Paul V approved the Pauline Congregation of the Poor of the Mother of God of the Pious Schools, the first religious institute dedicated to teaching, by his brief "Ad ea per quae." On March 25, 1617, he and his fourteen assistants received the Piarist habit and became the first members of the new congregation. They were the first priests to have as their primary ministry teaching in elementary schools. Emphasizing love, not fear, St. Joseph wrote: "if from the earliest years, a child is instructed in both religion and letters, it can be reasonably hoped that his life will be happy." While residing in Rome, Joseph endeavored to visit the seven principal churches of that city every evening, to honor the graves of the Roman martyrs. During one of the city's repeated plagues, a holy rivalry existed between him and St. Camillus in aiding the sick and in carrying away for burial the bodies of those who had be
Claire Born was a German operatic soprano. A long-term member of the Vienna State Opera and the Semperoper in Dresden, she appeared at leading international opera houses and festivals, in roles such as Donna Elvira in Mozart's Don Giovanni, Eva in Wagner's Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg and the title role of Ariadne auf Naxos, she performed in world premieres including Hindemith's Cardillac and Othmar Schoeck's Vom Fischer un syner Fru. Born in Bayreuth, Born received her voice training in Vienna, she began her artistic career in 1917 at the Theater Chemnitz where she worked until 1920. From 1920 to 1929 she belonged to the Vienna State Opera, she was successful with roles of the lyric-dramatic soprano repertoire, such as the Countess in Mozart's Le nozze di Figaro, Pamina in his Die Zauberflöte, Agathe in Weber's Der Freischütz, Rosalinde in Die Fledermaus by Johann Strauss. She appeared with the Vienna State Opera in Amsterdam in 1924 in the title role of Ariadne auf Naxos by Richard Strauss, In 1925, she was Donna Elvira in Mozart's Don Giovanni at the Paris Opera.
She made her Bayreuth Festival debut that year, as Eva in Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg and as Gutrune in Götterdämmerung. She performed at the Salzburg Festival, as the Countess in Figaro between 1922 and 1929, as Donna Elvira between 1922 and 1927, as Ariadne in 1926. From 1926 to 1932, Born was a member of the Dresden Semperoper as one of the leading singers, she performed in the premiere of Hindemith's Cardillac on 9 November 1926 as the Daughter, in the premiere of Othmar Schoeck's Vom Fischer un syner Fru on 3 October 1930 as Ilsebill, a title character. In 1924 she appeared at the Deutsche Oper Berlin, in 1935 at the Graz Opera, her roles included Dorabella in Mozart's Così fan tutte, Micaela in Bizet's Carmen, Alice Ford in Verdi's Falstaff, Irene in Wagner's Rienzi, Senta in his Der fliegende Holländer, Elsa in his Lohengrin and both Freia and Fricka in his Das Rheingold, Minneleide in Pfitzner's Die Rose vom Liebesgarten, the Duchess of Parma in Busoni's Doktor Faust, Nedda in Leoncavalo's Bajazzo, Maddalena in Giordano's Andrea Chénier, Lauretta in Puccini's Gianni Schicchi and Suzel in Mascagni's L'amico Fritz.
Born was married to the banker Richard Kronstein. Because of her Jewish origin, she had to leave Germany in 1933, after the Anschluss in 1938 Austria, she moved to Switzerland and to London, where she worked as a singing teacher. After the war, she returned to Vienna, where she taught voice from 1946 to 1948, she died there on 18 December 1965. Salzburg Festival: history and repertoire, 1922–1926 Literature by and about Claire Born in the German National Library catalogue
Louis des Balbes de Berton de Crillon was a French soldier, called the man without fear and, by Henry IV the brave of the brave. Trained in Avignon and under Guise of Lorraine, Crillon became an officer in 1557 and distinguished himself in the siege of Calais and the capture of Guînes through his courage, he suppressed the conspiracy of Amboise in 1560 and fought against the Huguenots and excelled at Dreux, St. Denis and Moncontour. After the peace of St. Germain, he fought as a Maltese under John of Austria against the Turks and participated in the battle of Lepanto. Condemning the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre, he fought at the Siege of La Rochelle. Henry III, whom he accompanied to Poland named him governor of Lyon. In the war with the League, he forced La Fère to surrender and was made captain of a regiment of the guard, member of the royal council and general lieutenant of the infantry and took Provence in 1586, he spoke out against Henry III's plan to assassinate the Duke of Guise. He was the only support of the weak Henry III and became a friend and counsel of Henry IV under whom he took part in the battle of Ivry and the siege of Paris.
In his war against Spain, he again commanded an army in Savoy. After the peace, he retired to Avignon; the name Crillon passed to his third brother, Thomas des Balbes de Berton de Crillon, to whose descendants in the fourth generation, Francois Felix des Balbes de Berton de Crillon, the title of duke was bestowed. The place Crillon in Avignon and the village Crillon in the Vaucluse département of Provence were named Crillon-le-Brave in his honour