Standards for Interstate Highways in the United States are defined by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials in the publication A Policy on Design Standards: Interstate System. For a certain highway to be considered an Interstate Highway, it must meet these construction requirements or obtain a waiver from the Federal Highway Administration; these standards are, as of May 2016: Controlled access: All access onto and off the highway is to be controlled with interchanges and grade separations, including all railroad crossings. Interchanges are to provide access to and from both directions of the highway and both directions of the crossroad. Interchanges should be spaced 3 mi apart in rural areas. In urban areas, there should be no driveways or other access points to adjacent properties along the crossroad for at least 100 feet from entrance and exit ramps, in both directions, for at least 300 feet in rural areas. In urban and suburban areas, consideration should be given to accommodating bicycles and pedestrians along crossroads.
Minimum design speed: A minimum design speed of 70 mph is to be used, except in mountainous and urban areas, where the minimum is 50 mph. The sight distance and superelevation of the highway should follow the current edition of AASHTO's A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets for the chosen design speed. Maximum grade: The maximum permissible vertical angle, or grade, along the highway is determined from terrain and design speed, with up to 6% allowed in mountainous areas, 5% in rolling terrain, 4% on level terrain. An additional 1% is allowed in urban areas. Minimum number of lanes: There are to be least two lanes in each direction, unless more are necessary for an acceptable level of service, according to the current edition of AASHTO's A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets. Climbing lanes and emergency escape ramps should be provided. Minimum lane width: The minimum lane width is 12 feet, identical to most US and state highways. Shoulder width: The minimum width of the left paved shoulder is 4 feet, of the right paved shoulder 10 feet.
With three or more lanes in each direction, both shoulders are to be at least 10 feet wide. In mountainous terrain, a left shoulder of 4 feet and a right shoulder of 8 feet are acceptable, except where there are at least four lanes in each direction, in which case the both shoulders are to be at least 8 feet wide. In places with higher truck traffic, over 250 Directional Design Hour Volume, wider shoulders should be considered. Pavement sloping: On straight sections of the highway, the roadway is to have a cross slope of at least 1.5%, preferably 2% to ensure proper drainage, with up to 2.5% in areas of heavy rainfall. The cross slope of both the left and right shoulders should be between 2% and 6%, but not less than the main lanes. Median width: The median should have a width of least 50 feet, preferably 60 feet, in rural areas, 10 feet, plus a barrier, in urban or mountainous areas. Recovery areas: There should be no fixed objects in the clear zone, the width of which should be determined by the design speed in accordance with the current edition of AASHTO's Roadside Design Guide.
When this is not possible, breakaway supports or barriers guarding the objects should be used. Special care should be taken in depressed highways, where piers and walls should be placed at least 2 feet beyond the outer edge of either shoulder. Slopes in the clear zone should be at most 1:4, should be 1:6. Curbs: No curb is to be placed nearer to the roadway than the outside edge of the paved shoulder. Any curb is to have a sloping, not a vertical, face and be no more than 4 inches in height. Special care should be taken. Vertical clearance: The minimum vertical clearance under overhead structures, such as bridges, is 16 feet, including both paved shoulders and an allowance for extra layers of pavement. Through urban areas, at least one routing is to have 16-foot clearances, but others may have a lesser clearance of 14 feet. Sign supports and pedestrian overpasses must be at least 17 feet above the road, except on urban routes with lesser clearance, where they should be at least 1 foot higher than other objects.
The cross bracing of truss bridges has a special additional clearance requirement of 17.5 feet. Bridges: Bridges less than 200 feet long should carry the full width of the roadway, including the paved shoulders. Longer bridges can reduce the width of both shoulders to 4 feet. Existing bridges can remain part of the Interstate system if they have at least 12-foot-wide lanes with 3.5-foot shoulder on the left and a 10-foot shoulder on the right, except that longer bridges can have 3.5 feet shoulders on both sides. For all bridges, the railing should be upgraded. Tunnel clearance: Tunnels should not differ from bridges, but because of the high costs of tunnels, the width of both shoulders may be reduced to 4 feet. An exit walkway 4 feet wide is required, which should either be elevated or separated from the roadway with a barrier. In addition, access for emergency responders needs to be accommodated; the minimum vertical clearance is the same. The standards have been changed over the years, resulting in many older Interstates not conforming to the current standards, yet others are
Nōpera Panakareao was a New Zealand tribal leader and assessor. Of Māori descent, he identified with the Te Rarawa iwi. Nōpera lived at Kaitaia, he became a friend of William Gilbert Puckey, the son of William Puckey, who worked with Joseph Matthews to establish the Church Missionary Society mission station at Kaitaia in 1833. He was called Noble Pana-kareao by the missionaries. Nōpera signed the Treaty of Waitangi, he stated his understanding of the Treaty as, "Ko te atarau o te whenua i riro i a te kuini, ko te tinana o te whenua i waiho ki ngā Māori", meaning. Nōpera reversed his earlier statement – feeling that the substance of the land had indeed gone to the Queen, his wife Ereonora signed the treaty beside his name. In 1842 a dispute arose over land at Oruru and Manganui, belonged to Panakareao by hereditary right from Poroa; some of his distant relatives - the father of Pororua, others - having no land on which to live, were permitted by Poroa to live at Oruru. Panakareao wished to expel those people when Pororua's relatives took the liberty of selling large portions at Oruru and Manganui to Europeans.
Governor William Hobson and the Land Commissioner visited Kaitaia to conciliate a settlement between the disputants. During the Flagstaff War he supported Tamati Waka Nene and his brother Eruera Maihi Patuone in opposing Hōne Heke and Te Ruki Kawiti. Nopera Pana-kareao participated in the Battle of Ruapekapeka together with Tāmati Wāka Nene, Eruera Maihi Patuone, Tawhai and about 450 warriors, his wife Ereanora died in March 1848, was buried on 22 March with William Puckey reading the lesson, Joseph Matthews delivering the prayer
Sean Julian Danielsen is an American musician and artistic painter, best known as the guitarist and lead vocalist of American rock bands Smile Empty Soul and World Fire Brigade. In addition to creating one studio album and two independent extended play albums, Danielsen has collaborated on Noise Refinery compilation album Anger Management with former He Is Legend rhythm guitarist Mitchell Ray Marlow; as the son of Jerry Danielsen, recording artist and owner of Busy Signal Studios, Danielsen was born in California. In the three years leading up to his tenth birthday, Danielsen lived in the midst of a desolate summer camp in Maine. After performing in his first rock band at age 11, Danielsen moved to California midway through his teens to live with his father. Shortly after moving across the country, Danielsen met percussionist Derek Gledhill and bassist Ryan Martin while attending neighboring high schools in Santa Clarita, California, it was through this partnership in 1998. Shortly after releasing their gold certified eponymous album in early 2003, Danielsen performed on and helped compose "My Father's Daughter", released as a track on American rock vocalist Nina Storey's fifth studio album 24 Off the Board.
In 2009, Danielsen formed rock band World Fire Brigade with Brett Scallions of American rock band Fuel. After working with former Shinedown bassist Brad Stewart, the band recruited music producer Eddie Wohl to play keyboard for the band. On August 28, 2012, debut album Spreading My Wings, featuring Candiria percussionist Ken Schalk, in addition to guitarists Mike McCready and Rob Caggiano was released via FrostByte Media. On 16 April 2013, Danielsen released Enjoy the Process; the EP, produced by Eddie Wohl, featured six acoustic tracks. The songs used on the album were described by the singer as delicate, low key songs that are best accompanied by light guitar and diverge from tunes performed by his first major label band. After publishing the EP, PureGrainAudio.com released a free copy of "The Breaks", the first song on the album. Between the publishing of his first two albums, he worked with former He Is Legend guitarist Mitchell Ray Marlow on "Away" and "Best in You", two songs featured on Anger Management, a compilation album released on February 27, 2014 by West One Music.
Danielsen's second solo album, entitled Food Chain, featured a full band and was recorded in Babylon Studios in Van Nuys, California. Released in November 2014, the album gave Danielsen more flexibility in the music he was able to play. During late 2014 and early 2015, the vocalist toured the United States in support of his second EP. In September 2015, Danielsen stated that he plans to publish his next solo EP in late 2016. In October 2016, Danielsen posted on his Facebook page, that in January 2017, he planned to release Product of Isolation, his first full-length solo studio album. Early the following month, the singer announced that 13 January 2017 is the planned release date for that work. In March 2017, the guitarist announced that he plans to release Mind Control to Steal the Soul, his third solo EP, some time in July of that year; the following month, Danielsen announced the release date as well as potential song titles. In February 2019, the singer released a compilation album entitled The Best of Sean Danielsen Solo, with The Best of Sean Danielsen Solo Material, Vol. 2 arriving two months later.
In July 2013, he began selling his own paintings via Facebook. In June 2016, he married a woman that he had been in the relationship with since 2005. For his entire music career, he has used Schecter acoustic guitars, he cited Jerry Cantrell and Kim Thayil as his favorite guitarists. Sean has switched from Schecter to Dean and no longer using Schecter. Sean is an official artist of Dean as per Dean's official website. Official website
Community Effort Orlando is an annual fighting game event held in Daytona Beach, Florida. Prior to 2018, CEO was held in Florida. Introduced in 2010 and organized by Alex Jebailey, the event is known for its strong ties to the fighting game community. Fighting game players compete in a wrestling ring during the event's tournaments, CEO has been a mainstay of the Capcom Pro Tour since its establishment in 2014. An annual side-event titled CEOtaku was initiated in 2015. Described in 2016 as one of the biggest fighting game community events in the United States by Red Bull, CEO has been running annually since 2010 and has grown exponentially every year. Organized by Alex Jebailey, the event is known for emphasizing community spirit. Jebailey's goal for CEO is to ensure the entertainment of all its attendees; the event has an "infamous" wrestling ring in which tournament players compete and those who reach the finals make "WWE style entrances". Jebailey himself has been interested in video game competition since 1993, when he won a local Street Fighter II Turbo tournament on the Super Nintendo Entertainment System.
He has competed in various tournaments during the 1990s and 2000s, including Mortal Kombat and Killer Instinct competitions, as well as professional trading card game contests. Here, he got the experience to become a tournament organizer. Jebailey joined Iron Galaxy in 2014. In 2010, there was a fighting game event, "supposed to" happen in Orlando, but things did not come together until Alex Jebailey was assigned as Tournament Organizer three weeks prior to when the event was planned, he named the event'Community Effort Orlando', managed the tournament brackets on his own, ran the stream with one colleague. Florida was not known for having an active fighting game community, though the 2010 open tournament totaled 300 players. CEO was held on June 10–12 in 2011. Orlando Business Journal reported in 2012 that CEO was growing having reached 1,600 attendees and 30,000 online viewers. Jebailey stated that his presence on social media such as Twitter and Facebook has allowed the event to grow in size.
At this point, CEO was part of the "Road to Evo" series of major ranking events. CEO 2013 had over 1,800 attendees; the day after winning a CEO tournament, Marvel vs. Capcom 3 player Noel Brown was arrested for domestic abuse after attacking a fellow tournament player. CEO was held on June 27–29 in 2014 and was one of the ten Premier Events of the first annual Capcom Pro Tour, meaning that high-ranking players of the Ultra Street Fighter IV tournament at CEO could qualify for the 2014 Capcom Cup. CEO 2014 was sponsored by One Frame Link, Jebailey sold CEO-themed T-shirts based on the various games played during the event in order to crowdfund the prize pool of each tournament. CEO, taking place on June 26–28, was one of the sixteen Capcom Pro Tour events of the 2015 season, the winner of its Ultra Street Fighter IV tournament automatically qualified for the 2015 Capcom Cup. Capcom revealed the first playable demo of Street Fighter V at CEO 2015. Held at the Wyndham Orlando Resort, CEO 2015 brought in over 3,000 attendees.
At the CEO 2015 Ultra Street Fighter IV tournament, well-known players such as Infiltration, Yusuke Momochi, Daigo Umehara were all eliminated before reaching the finals. The tournament was won by Kazunoko, who beat 801 Strider in the winner's bracket semi-final and defeated Fuudo in the Grand Final; as a response to the consistent success of Super Smash Bros.-player Gonzalo "ZeRo" Barrios throughout the 2015 season, Jebailey gave out a prize to whoever could knock him out of the CEO 2015 tournament. As a response, Smashboards owner Chris "AlphaZealot" Brown added more money to the "bounty". Regardless, ZeRo won the tournament. CEO 2016 took place two weeks after the Orlando nightclub shooting. Jebailey responded to people's worries regarding personal safety on social media that he would redouble the event's security. In an interview with Red Bull, Jebailey stated that "We understand bad things happen in the world, but if I can spend a weekend with my community and get away from it... I can’t imagine anything better."CEO 2016, again a Capcom Pro Tour Premier Event, featured ten major fighting game tournaments, including Ultra Street Fighter IV side-to-side with Street Fighter V. Jebailey stated in an interview that there was a large amount of interest in the older game within the Florida fighting game community.
Orlando Business Journal reported that the event had over 4,000 attendees from 46 states and more than 25 countries. Besides major tournaments of new games such as Pokkén Tournament, King of Fighters XIV, Guilty Gear Xrd, the event included a "free-to-play" video game arcade and a guest appearance of professional wrestlers Xavier Woods and Kenny Omega. Jebailey announced in July 2016 that CEO 2017 would move away from its traditional late-June date in order for the event to be held in a new venue; the event may move to a different city. CEO 2017 was announced to be held again in the Wyndham Resort in Orlando from June 16 to 18; the event featured tournaments for Street Fighter V, Tekken 7, Super Smash Bros Melee, Super Smash Bros for Wii U, Injustice 2, Pokken Tournament, Ultimate Marvel vs Capcom 3, Killer Instinct, The King of Fighters XIV, Guilty Gear Xrd, BlazBlue: Central Fiction. Microsoft Studios announced at CEO 2017 that the 2013 version of Killer Instinct would be released on the Steam platform.
In 2018, it was announced that New Japan Pro-Wrestling would host an event at the tournament, held Saturday night following the end of the day's matches. The event was named CEOxNJPW:. Jebailey made his wrestling debut at the event, took on wr
Thorney was a rural district in England from 1894 to 1974, situated to the east of Peterborough. It was created under the Local Government Act 1894, covering the parishes of Stanground, it was considered part of the administrative county of the Isle of Ely. In 1904 Stanground was split, with the new parish Stanground North remaining in the district, while the remainder, Stanground South, became part of the Old Fletton urban district in Huntingdonshire. In 1965, when Isle of Ely was merged with Cambridge to form Cambridgeshire and the Isle of Ely, Thorney RD was instead transferred to the administrative county of Huntingdon and Peterborough. In 1974, the district was abolished under the Local Government Act 1972, its area going to form part of the Peterborough district, in the new non-metropolitan county of Cambridgeshire. Https://web.archive.org/web/20071001021144/http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/relationships.jsp?u_id=10108378
Jay Hind! was an Indian standup comedy show made for the internet platform. It was launched on 15 August 2009. Due to its popularity on and beyond the internet, the concept is translated and aired on television under a new name - The Late Night Show on Colors TV, it aired every Saturday and Sunday at 11 pm. The show was a brave effort by Indian standards where the anchor and the characters create dark humor around some most powerful people of the society; some prominent people like Anupam Kher and Prasoon Joshi have featured in this show. The show has been conceptualised by Undercover Productions Ltd, a production house founded by Mrinal and Abhigyan Jha. Abhigyan Jha's is the same team that made Shakers, featuring Shekhar Suman. Abhigyan was the creative director of the same. Sumeet Raghavan was the show's anchor; the show covers news in the world and in India, focusing on current trends and news. The writer's team is led by Varun Grover and Rahul Patel, comprises Sorabh Pant, Nishant Mehta, Jeevak Muntode, Vivek Vishwam, Gursimranjeet Khamba, Andy Reghu.