Iolanthe. It is one of the Savoy operas and is the seventh of fourteen operatic collaborations by Gilbert and Sullivan. In the opera, the fairy Iolanthe has been banished from fairyland, her son, Strephon, is an Arcadian shepherd who wants to marry a Ward of Chancery. All the members of the House of Peers want to marry Phyllis; when Phyllis sees Strephon hugging a young woman, she assumes the worst and sets off a climactic confrontation between the peers and the fairies. The opera satirises many aspects of British government and society; the confrontation between the fairies and the peers is a version of one of Gilbert's favourite themes: a tranquil civilisation of women is disrupted by a male-dominated world through the discovery of mortal love. Iolanthe opened in London on 25 November 1882, at the Savoy Theatre to a warm reception, ran for 398 performances, the fourth consecutive hit by Gilbert and Sullivan, it was the first work to premiere at the Savoy and was the first new theatre production in the world to be illuminated with electric lights, permitting some special effects that had not been possible in the era of gas lighting.
The opera opened in New York, touring companies were sent around the UK and US to play the piece. The first Australasian touring production followed in 1885, the opera was revived in London beginning in 1901; the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company toured the opera nearly continuously in repertory from 1891 until 1982, made several recordings of the opera over that period. Numerous other professional and amateur productions have been given of this enduring work, various other recordings have been issued. W. S. Gilbert presented his basic idea for a new opera to Arthur Sullivan in October 1881. Gilbert's earliest ideas for the story of Iolanthe originated in his Bab Ballad, "The Fairy Curate": "Once a fairy / Light and airy / Married with a mortal." The fairy bears him a son. After her son grows up, she visits him on Earth, but she is mistaken for his lover, since fairies perpetually appear young and beautiful. Sullivan found the premise funny, Gilbert set to work on fleshing out the story. By December, he had written some lyrics for Sullivan to look at, but he struggled with the plot for several months, whereas he had dashed off earlier operas in a matter of weeks.
During these months, Sullivan took an extended trip to Egypt and elsewhere. Upon his return to London in April 1882, he moved into a new home. By the end of July 1882, Gilbert had supplied Sullivan with lyrics to several of the songs, Sullivan began work setting them to music. Over the next two months, Sullivan met Gilbert to discuss the libretto as more lyrics were completed. Music rehearsals began in September, staging began in October, scheduled around performances of Gilbert and Sullivan's previous opera, which had transferred to the Savoy Theatre a year earlier. Sullivan was still composing more numbers for the opera until 20 October, with a few modifications continuing into early November. Uncharacteristically, Sullivan composed the overture himself, instead of assigning it to an assistant. Two casts rehearsed as the opera was to open on the same night in London and New York City, a historic first for any play. Gilbert had targeted political officials for satiric treatment in earlier works.
In this opera, the House of Lords is lampooned as a bastion of the ineffective and dim-witted, whose only qualification to govern is noble birth. The political party system, the law and other institutions come in for a dose of satire. Throughout Iolanthe, both author and composer managed to couch the criticism among such bouncy, amiable absurdities and "splendid pageantry" that it is all received as good humour, with Prime Minister Gladstone complimenting the opera's good taste. In fact, Gilbert refused to allow quotes from the piece to be used as part of the campaign to diminish the powers of the House of Lords. Although titled Iolanthe all along in Gilbert's plot book, for a time the piece was advertised as Perola and rehearsed under that name. According to an often-repeated myth and Sullivan did not change the name to Iolanthe until just before the première. In fact, the title was advertised as Iolanthe as early as 13 November 1882 – eleven days before the opening – so the cast had at least that much time to learn the name.
It is clear that Sullivan's musical setting was written to match the cadence of the word "Iolanthe," and could only accommodate the word "Perola" by preceding it with "O", "Come" or "Ah". Henry Irving had produced a W. G. Wills adaptation of King René’s Daughter in London in 1880, under the name Iolanthe, in October 1882 Gilbert asked his producer, Richard D'Oyly Carte, to request Irving's permission to use the name, it is not known. Iolanthe premiered; the Savoy Theatre, opened only a year earlier, was a state-of-the-art facility, the first theatre in the world to be lit by electricity. Patience had transferred to the Savoy from the Opera Comique, upon the theatre's opening, but Iolanthe was the first show to premiere at the theatre. New lighting technologies made such special effects as sparkling fairy wands possible for the first time; the principal fairies' heads were lit by wreaths of small illuminated stars attached to a battery. T
WZOC is a radio station licensed to Plymouth, serving Michiana and the South Bend area. WZOC is owned by Mid-West Family Broadcasting; the station began broadcasting on July 20, 1966, holding the call sign WTCA-FM, a sister station to AM 1050 WTCA. The station was owned by the Kunze family's Community Service Broadcasters, its transmitter was located one mile south of Plymouth, it had an ERP of 3,000 watts at a HAAT of 220 feet. In 1981, the station's call sign was changed to WNZE; as WNZE, the station aired a country music format. In 1992, the station's transmitter was moved to Lakeville, it ERP was increased to 11,300 watts at a HAAT of 150 meters. In 1994, the station's call sign was changed to WLTA, the station adopted a soft AC format; the call sign WLTA had been held by 100.7 in Elkhart, which changed formats from soft AC to country as WBYT "B-100". In Spring 1996, the station adopted an oldies format, its call sign was changed to WZOC; the station was branded "Oldies 94.3". In Summer 1996, the station was sold to Plymouth Broadcasting for $575,000.
In March 2012, WZOC was sold to Douglas Road Radio for $2,100,000. On February 28, 2014, after the station had shifted from an oldies format to a classic hits format, it was re-branded from "Oldies 94.3" to "Z94.3". In September 2015, Schurz Communications, which held a minority interest in Douglas Road Radio, agreed to acquire full ownership of the company; the transaction is part of the $442.5 million acquisition of Schurz' broadcast interests, including WZOC, by Gray Television. Though Gray intended to keep Schurz' radio stations, on November 2, it announced that Mid-West Family Broadcasting would acquire WZOC and Schurz' other South Bend radio stations for $5.5 million. The sale to Mid-West was consummated on February 16, 2016. Official website Query the FCC's FM station database for WZOC Radio-Locator information on WZOC Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for WZOC
Pascal Pinon is a musical group from Reykjavík, Iceland and is composed of twin sisters Ásthildur and Jófríður Ákadóttir. In 2009, when they were 14 years of age, the Ákadóttir sisters formed the group; the name is a reference to the early 20th century circus performer Pasqual Piñón. The group described their music as ``... filled with both melancholy and optimism. We hope to make music that can inspire, soothe heartaches and warm you inside.” Pascal Pinon songs are sung in their native Icelandic language as well as English. The sisters have cited Tegan and Sara, Björk, Joni Mitchell, Sinead O'Connor as influences. Jófríður Ákadóttir is singer, she keyboards. Ásthildur Ákadóttir sings harmony, plays various keyboards and bassoon. They have expressed a “weak spot” for lo-fi music, cassette tape noise and toy synths; the group has performed in Europe and the UK multiple times, as well as giving concerts in China and Japan. In March and April, 2017, Jófríður and her cousin, Hildur Berglind Arndal, toured Europe with Hildur playing piano and singing harmony.
In June 2017 Jófríður announced that Albert Finnbogason would be producing an album of Pascal Pinon songs with string arrangements by Ian McLellan Davis and vocals by Jófríður and Ásthildur. In November 2017 Jófríður and Ásthildur reunited for a headlining concert at the Iceland Airwaves music festival, performing with a string section. Since the duo has performed in Iceland. In 2009 they released Pascal Pinon, it was self-produced. Re-released by the Morr Music label in 2010, it was described by Allmusic as “a lovely record”. In January 2013 the group, now a duo, released their second album, Twosomeness; the album received an 8/10 rating from Clash, with writer Gareth James calling it “a rare and beautiful treat”, it received four stars out of five from Allmusic writer Tim Sendra, who described the songs as “… magical and wrapped in warm sad mystery”. Michael Cragg of The Guardian wrote “… these Icelandic twin sisters make gorgeously intimate songs… ” In 2013, Nico Muhly named them to a New York Times “Must List” of daily music, describing their music as “… strangely catching.”In November 2015 Jófríður described their album Sundur as "… raw and real, minimalistic and a bit melancholic… " After its release in 2016, reviewers gave the album high praise: Tony Clayton-Lea in The Irish Times said that in Sundur "… the sisters manage to construct a minimal soundscape, part sad dream, part tender magic… " Derval McCloat described Sundur as "… a stirring account of humanity, loss, hope and, above all, sisterhood… " and "… a series of magical moments at times shrouded in mystery, ‘Sundur’ gives us a glimpse into the secret world of siblings, a fascinating phenomenon that transcends the physical."
Sundur was featured as one of The Line of Best Fit Fifty Essential Albums of 2016. It was named as one of Play Repeat's 10 best albums of 2016. New Noise Magazine placed Sundur in their top 16 of 2016. Jófríður was the singer for the Icelandic electronic music group Samaris, she was a member of the group Gangly. She has contributed to many other musical projects, including: Muted and Low Roar. In 2015 Jófríður began a solo career, performing under the name JFDR. Pascal Pinon, Pascal Pinon, Morr Music Twosomeness, Morr Music Sundur, Morr Music Pascal Pinon EP I wrote a song EP, A Number of Small Things Party Wolves EP Morr Music JFDR - White Sun Live. Part I: Strings, EP Morr Music