In Greek mythology, Iphigenia was a daughter of King Agamemnon and Queen Clytemnestra, thus a princess of Mycenae. In the story, Agamemnon offends the goddess Artemis on his way to the Trojan War, she retaliates by preventing the Greek troops from reaching Troy unless Agamemnon kills Iphigenia at Aulis as a human sacrifice. In some versions, Iphigenia dies at Aulis. In the version where she is saved, she meets her brother Orestes. "Iphigenia" means "strong-born," "born to strength," or "she who causes the birth of strong offspring." Iphianassa is the name of one of Agamemnon's three daughters in Homer's Iliad The name Iphianassa may be an older variant of the name Iphigenia. "Not all poets took Iphigenia and Iphianassa to be two names for the same heroine," Kerenyi remarks, "though it is certain that to begin with they served indifferently to address the same divine being, who had not belonged from all time to the family of Agamemnon." In Greek mythology, Iphigenia appears as the Greek fleet gathers in Aulis to prepare for war against Troy.
At Aulis, the leader of the Greeks, accidentally kills a deer in a grove sacred to the goddess Artemis. She punishes him by interfering with the winds; the seer Calchas reveals that, to appease Artemis, Agamemnon must sacrifice his eldest daughter, Iphigenia. Agamemnon at first refuses but, pressured by the other commanders agrees. Iphigenia and her mother Clytemnestra are brought to Aulis under the pretext of a marriage to Achilles, but soon discover the marriage is a ruse. In some versions of the story, Iphigenia remains unaware of her imminent sacrifice until the last moment, believing that she is led to the altar to be married. In some versions, Iphigenia is not sacrificed. According to Hyginus' Fabulae, Iphigenia was not sacrificed; some sources claim that Iphigenia was taken by Artemis to Tauris at the moment of the sacrifice, that the goddess left a deer or a goat in her place. The Hesiodic Catalogue of Women called her Iphimede and told that Artemis transformed her into the goddess Hecate.
Antoninus Liberalis said that Iphigenia was transported to the island of Leuke, where she was wedded to immortalized Achilles under the name Orsilochia. In Aeschylus's Agamemnon, the first play in the Oresteia, the sacrifice of Iphigenia is given as one of the reasons that Clytemnestra and her lover Aegisthus plan to murder Agamemnon. In Euripides’ Iphigenia at Aulis, it is Menelaus who convinces Agamemnon to heed the seer Calchas's advice. After Agamemnon sends a message to Clytemnestra informing her of Iphigenia's supposed marriage, he regrets his decision and tries to send another letter telling them not to come. Menelaus intercepts the letter and he and Agamemnon argue. Menelaus insists. Clytemnestra arrives at Aulis with the infant Orestes. Agamemnon tries to convince Clytemnestra to go back to Argos, but Clytemnestra insists on staying for the wedding; when she sees Achilles, Clytemnestra mentions the marriage. Achilles, angry that Agamemnon has used him in his plot, vows to help prevent the murder of Iphigenia.
Iphigenia and Clytemnestra plead with Agamemnon to spare his daughter's life. Achilles informs them that the Greek army, eager for war, has learned of the seer's advice and now demand that Iphigenia be sacrificed. If Agamemnon refuses, it is they will turn on him and kill him and his family. Iphigenia, knowing she is doomed, decides to be sacrificed willingly, reasoning that as a mere mortal, she cannot go against the will of a goddess, she believes that her death will be heroic, as it is for the good of all Greeks. Iphigenia exits, the sacrifice takes place offstage. Clytemnestra is told of her daughter's purported death—and how at the last moment, the gods spared Iphigenia and whisked her away, replacing her with a deer. Euripides’ other play about Iphigenia, Iphigenia in Tauris, takes place after the sacrifice, after Orestes has killed Clytemnestra and Aegisthus. Apollo orders Orestes—to escape persecution by the Erinyes for killing his mother and her lover—to go to Tauris. While in Tauris, Orestes is to carry off the xoanon of Artemis, which had fallen from heaven, bring it to Athens.
When Orestes arrives at Tauris with Pylades, son of Strophius and intimate friend of Orestes, the pair are captured by the Tauri, who have a custom of sacrificing all Greek strangers to Artemis. Iphigenia is the priestess of Artemis, it is her duty to perform the sacrifice. Iphigenia and Orestes don't recognize each other. Iphigenia finds out from Orestes, still concealing his identity, that Orestes is alive. Iphigenia offers to release Orestes if he will carry home a letter from her to Greece. Orestes refuses to go. After a conflict of mutual affection, Pylades at last yields, but the letter makes brother and sister recognize each other, all three escape together, carrying with them the image of Artemis. After they return to Greece—having been saved from dangers by Athena along the way—Athena orders Orestes to take the Xoanon to the town of Halae, where he is to build a temple for Artemis Tauropolos. At the annual festival held there in honor of Artemis, a single drop of blood must be drawn from the throat of a man to commemorate Orestes's near-sacrifice.
Athena sends Iphigenia
Collage is an album by the Italian progressive rock band Le Orme. It was released in 1971, it is the first progressive-like album by the band, who had recorded only the beat-oriented Ad Gloriam of 1968. The album begins with the instrumental "Collage" continues with the sad song "Era inverno", a conversation between a man and a harlot; the third song, "Cemento armato", describes the situation in the cities. "Sguardo verso il cielo" was released as a single in 1971. "Evasione totale" is near to experimental rock, as "Immagini" is near to psychedelic rock. "Morte di un fiore" concludes the album. Side 1"Collage" - 4:49 "Era inverno" - 5:05 "Cemento armato" - 7:13Side 2"Sguardo verso il cielo" - 4:19 "Evasione totale" - 7:01 "Immagini" - 3:03 "Morte di un fiore" - 3:05 Tony Pagliuca – keyboards Aldo Tagliapietra – voice, guitars Michi Dei Rossi – drums, percussions CD Collage Philips / Universal Distribution 1990 CD Collage Philips 2004 CD Collage Universal Distribution 2004 CD Collage Universal Distribution 2007 CD Collage Universal Distribution / Universal Japan 2010 Digi Collage Mercury / Strategic Marketing 2010 Creative Commons review
The Borough of Wokingham is a local government district in Berkshire, United Kingdom. It is named after Wokingham. Other places in the district include Arborfield, Charvil, Finchampstead, Sonning, Ruscombe, Twyford, Three Mile Cross, Spencers Wood and Woodley; the district was formed on 1 April 1974 as Wokingham District, under the Local Government Act 1972, by the merger of the borough of Wokingham and Wokingham Rural District. It is governed by Wokingham Borough Council, a unitary authority since 1 April 1998, following the abolition of Berkshire County Council under the Banham Review; the district was granted borough status following a petition to the Queen. The local authority is Wokingham Borough Council, it is a unitary authority, having the powers of a non-metropolitan county and district council combined. State-funded schools in the Borough of Wokingham include nine secondary schools, two special schools and numerous primary schools. There are a number of independent schools. Bracknell and Wokingham College is the main further and adult education provider for the borough, just outside the borough its headquarters is in Bracknell.
The Borough's closest higher education provider is the main Whiteknights Park campus of the University of Reading north-west. Elevations range between 70 metres above sea level except higher in about 5 % of the borough; the highest is an escarpment containing parts of the rural and wooded northern area, the hinterland of three Thames-side villages, facing the 30-mile long Chilterns AONB, west and north. A geological part of that range of hills, Bowsey Hill reaches 137m, in Wargrave civil parish, 1 mile from the river. A right-angled triangle, the borough is long north to south, it uses as its longest edge the course of the Loddon and Thames along its north-west, with a salient-containing eastern boundary and an straight southern boundary. Clockwise the boundaries are 10, 8 and 5 miles on a direct path from point to point; the southern boundary is the Roman road from London to Bath through a coniferous Swinley Forest which sits in geology on the acidic, Bagshot Formation. The town in the district is Wokingham.
The villages are Arborfield, Charvil, Finchampstead, Sonning, Ruscombe, Twyford, Three Mile Cross, Spencers Wood and Woodley. Two villages have a wide range of small retail and visitor facilities: Twyford. In major employment areas of trading and manufacturing Winnersh and Finchampstead are prominent; the borough has the highest proportion of home ownership of the six local authorities in Berkshire: combining the social and private rented sectors, Slough's returns recorded in 2011 that its rented sector comprised 46% of its housing, whereas 18% of Wokingham's residents rented their homes. Excluding lower-tier districts, Central Government has classified Wokingham as the least needy Local Authority. Government funding is about £120 per head per year; this is the lowest among the combined category of county councils and unitary authorities, the basis on which it is overall assessed, compares with over £1000 per head in others such as the London Borough of Hackney